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Home » Commentaries, News » Why is it that only Amhara elites denounce Ethiopia’s ethnic federalism?

by Hundanol A. Kebede | OPride

ethiopiafederalismThere is an ongoing coordinated attack on the right of nations and nationalities to self-determination in Ethiopia. This campaign is led exclusively by the Amhara elite with the aim of creating delusions among the general public.

They deceptively attribute the failure and brutalities of EPRDF, Ethiopia’s ruling party, to its policy of ethnic federalism. Ethiopia adopted federal government arrangement in early 1990s on an ethno-linguistic basis in an effort to decentralize the Amhara-dominated highly centralized structures of imperial Ethiopia.

By attributing the failure of the ruling regime to ethnic federalism, the Amhara elites want to score two goals: to take back the Menelik palace and demolish self-determination of nations granted by the 1994 constitution, at least in theory. They curtly refer to this arrangement as tribal politics (ye-gosa poletika) and a linguistic based division (be kuankua kefafelun).

Indeed, it is difficult for ordinary individuals to disentangle the socio-economic and political failures of EPRDF from the so-called “discontents” of ethnic federalism. However, this is not due to the failure of the structure per se but rather of the regime’s unwillingness to implement constitutionally mandated rights of nations.

In their advocacy for a return to the pre-1991 centralized state structure, these elites often criticize ethnic federalism for weakening the Ethiopian identity. Whenever tribal clashes occur – including instances where the conflicting tribes share the same ethnicity – the Amhara elite deliberately blame ethnic federalism to mislead the public and whip up public opinion against the federal structure. In this context, they try to use public grievances toward the regime for their disguised agenda of reclaiming ‘one Ethiopia.”

In addition, since they cannot dismantle self-determination alone, the Amhara elites hope to ride on public grievance both to abolish ethnic federalism and overthrow the regime. However, they seem not to comprehend that such a misguided strategy risks further balkanization of the country, not to mention it’s too weak a strategy to be taken as an alternative to EPRDF.

Historical context

The current geo-political boundary of Ethiopia was formed roughly about a century ago when King Menelik II of Abyssinia conquered the states and kingdoms to the south and southeast of its territory. While his war of conquest was one of the bloodiest in the country’s history, understanding how the right to self-determination of nations came about and why it is vital to the territorial integrity of the empire requires closer analysis of the post war period.

After the forceful incorporation of southern nations into Abyssinia, Menelik and his successors designed a strategy to preserve the empire intact. At the heart of this strategy was a plan to undermine the languages, cultural heritages and the economies of conquered nations. They established a feudal system whereby the natives were required to pay at least a quarter of their hardly earned produce to landlords. In other cases, the natives were evicted to free up land for settlement of people from northern chiefdoms. Such mass evictions over a protracted period of time particularly targeted at the Oromo. For example, until 1940s and 50s, many Oromo clans from Shawa were forced to flee their original homeland and relocate to the southeastern parts of Oromia in search of a farmland. Besides economic exploitations, the feudal state also conducted extensive campaigns to exterminate native people’s cultural heritages, religious institutions and languages. In some places, the effects were so expansive that people concealed their innate identity and changed names in order to assimilate.

It was only in 1950s that organized movements to curb the exploitations of the state began to coalesce in various parts of the country. With the help of these movements, the feudal system was abolished in 1970s. While it ameliorated the sufferings of the masses to some extent, the extractive state structures were left untouched by the reform. For example, given their differential access to educational opportunities and the enabling imperial structures, the feudal Amhara rulers continued their dominance of the country’s politics and economy. Forced to study in alien language, few from other nations managed to achieve academic success in those days.

Limited reforms did not allow for self-determination of nations, either. For example, until 1990s, attempts to transform Afan Oromo to a written language were repeatedly thwarted. Those who tried to devise an Oromo writing script were targeted and killed. The awakening of oppressed nations and nationalities with access to education posed a grave danger to the status quo.

Subsequently, the brutal economic, cultural and political oppression gave birth to dozens of ethnic-based liberation fronts. In the later parts of 1980s, these forces aligned to squash the military and political power of the Amhara based rule. In 1991, they drafted a transitional constitution that became an antidote to the country’s most fundamental problems through the right to self-determination. In theory, the ethnic self-rule freed all nations from the century old economic, cultural and political domination by the Amhara ruling class. Moreover, it became a shield for endangered languages, cultural heritages and identities from the inertia of the country’s institutionalized assimilationist policies. It allowed the nations to manage their land and other resources.

In this context, it is difficult to argue against the relevance and legitimacy of the right to national self-determination. In other countries such as India, Canada and South Africa, such rights are in fact accompanied by ‘affirmative actions’ of one kind or another for historically marginalized groups

However, much like the reforms of 1970s, instead of establishing a truly decentralized and inclusive governance structure, the ruling Tigrean elite, TPLF, imposed its own prototype of extractive political and economic institutions using their comparative military advantage. It replaced forces that fought for the self-determination of other nations by quack organizations made up of incompetent, craven, self-seeking and less educated individuals from each of these nations. These individuals are used as representatives of diverse groups for the purpose of international propaganda consumption.

Nevertheless, the constitutional reform erased restrictions on the use of own language for administrative and educational purposes, and the right to preserve local culture, historical heritages and identity. TPLF’s opportunistic behavior and the inability of oppressed nations to compel the regime to respect hard earned constitutional rights is now giving the Amhara elite to tout a return to their outdated model of government. They attack self-determination while ironically accusing TPLF for hijacking the victories of the oppressed people in pursuit of its gluttonous economic exploitations and political domination.

Undivided Ethiopia

At a quick glance, one may presume that Amhara’s deep-rooted scorn for TPLF is intertwined with that of self-determination and their inability to retake the state power. I believe such a conjecture is mistaken. First, had the problem been the partially implemented self-determination, such a sentiment would have been shared by others ethnic groups. In addition, Amhara elites lament that the TPLF failed to respect the rights of individuals and nations, and that it ‘divided’ the country along linguistic boundaries.

They also argue that the current structure limits the rights of Amharic speaking people to move around the country in search of better opportunities. For example, the Ethiopian Satellite Television Service (ESAT) runs a youth talk show dubbed ‘Yewetatoch wuyiyit’, the first three rounds of which tried to “reveal” how ethnic federalism undermined the mobility and thereby economic benefits of Amharic-speaking groups. This could well be one of the downsides of ethnic federalism, but why don’t we hear Oromos, Somalis, Tigreans and other language groups complaining about this? One wonders if a return to a “one language, one nation” policy the best way out as often suggested by these groups.

So why is it only the Amharas complaining?

It is simply because they cannot afford to be equal. In the pre-1991 era, Amharic was the only official language in every corner of the country. As a result, Amhara children had no problem getting admission to schools. Upon graduating, they had no constraints in moving around the country to seek better job opportunities. The same was true for well-connected Amharic speaking business owners. They could open up a shop or restaurant in Jijiga or Nekemte without having to speak the local language. The burden of learning the language was transferred from the businessman offering the services to local residents who seek those services. In other words, the locals had to learn Amharic in order to do business with them on their own homeland.

In those days, without speaking Amharic an individual from the Somali or Oromia region, who had no access to schooling, cannot even be hired as a driver, storekeeper or gardener in any government institution.

The 1991 reform flipped the odds by putting an end to Amhara’s privileged status at the expense of three-quarters of the country’s population. For those who had been favored for so long, the leveling of the field may seem unfair. But one reality must sink: a return to an Ethiopia where Amhara’s are once again the overlords is a foregone conclusion.

These groups don’t realize that their supposed unity agenda has adverse effects on the very virtues they vow to protect. The Amhara politicians’ demagoguery is filling Amharic-speaking innocent youth with illusions and empty hopes that everything that came with TPLF will go with it – soon. As a result, instead of adjusting to the changes in the system, most Amharic-speaking groups line up behind their politicians to abolish the system.

Once while traveling from Finfinne to Adama, I sat next to a young lady who cried hysterically all the way. Hoping to commiserate with her situation, I inquired what was wrong. She state that she had just graduated from a private college in Nursing and the Oromia Bureau of Health only selected their own “applicants” – those who spoke Afan Oromo. Puzzled by her anger, I politely asked how she hoped to work in rural Oromia without speaking the language. She reasoned never envisioning that not speaking a language would be a barrier to employment, and even confessed once ridiculing or walking out of Afan Oromo classes.

Many are running into similar problems. But instead of hoping against hope for a return to ‘united’ Ethiopia with Amharic as the only official language, Amharic-speaking individuals residing in the south should consider adjusting themselves to this irreversible reality.

At the moment, two opposing political narratives are dwarfing the struggle for justice and freedom in Ethiopia. While those who advance the ‘united Ethiopia’ political paradigm are hoping to undo the country’s ethnic federalism, their opponents are struggling to consolidate the gains that came with the structural changes. Had it not been for their amnesia, there are several lessons the Amharic-speaking elite could learn from the changes of the last two decades. Eritrea went while a loose confederation could have easily been pursued. And they blame TPLF for making the country landlocked. Continued attempts to scoff at national self-determination of ethnicities will only replicate this mistake.

And the Amhara elites have only themselves to blame for it.

*The writer, Hundanol A. Kebede, can be reached at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.



126 Responses to “Why is it that only Amhara elites denounce Ethiopia’s ethnic federalism?”

  1. Thank. This is seemingly OLF but surely TPLF writing!! I agree, let us give kilils complete autonomy. Why half? Ethnic federalism is half freedom!!

    The map though violates the Federal map of Ethiopia. so Dawit (Awramba Times editor and owner) is liable to any legal implication!!

    Reply
    • Let accept the fact with out Amhara ethiopia is nothing. look what happen when tigre is leading and it would be worst if it was oromo as they did in bedeno forget the rest as they can’t bring 100 educated people togather , south ethiopia they just started learning now and gambela, somalie and afar as just for number only.
      so if we love ethiopia we need Amhara. Who keeped the country for centuries and will do for the coming century as well.
      I didn’t say there was bad happened here and there but overall Amhara is only the keeper of ethiopia. take history or religion there is always some clan choosed to lead.

      Reply
      • wedinakfa February 8, 2014

        Lets accept Ethiopia is fucked up because of Amhara shinfilatu tatbo ye,ytera hizb eyale, the so called Ethiopia will be the most back ward raw meat eating cannibals country. even with woyan the volture group are left to devour what is left of the so called dead Ethiopia.

        Reply
        • You seems to hate everything Ethiopia and AI can assume that you are an OLF gutless coward.Like it or not we the tigru saw you as a human and created kilile for your. But here you are puking and calling names. if you are man enough, which you are not you would carried a gun and either joined up with so call fighters or created your own,. But then a gay cock sucker like you only hide behind your PC and shit out. You are worthless scumbag gay.

          Reply
        • ኣታ እንታይኣዴካ ኣእትዩካ !! ፈለማ ዝብላዕ እንተሃልዩ ድለ ህዝብካ ዘሎ ኣበ ስደት ሃገርካ ጥምየት ናትካ ዘረባ ጎረቤትካ…ዋይ ኣታ ከመይ ዝበልካ ጠባን….

          Reply
      • Dr.NIMAAN JIGJIGAWI February 8, 2014

        @Sisay A. it is just pigs like you who drive ethiopian away from unity.your lack of respect for nations and nationalities will only further radicalize toward their ethnic identities.You still believe in your erstwhile “siyume Egzihabers”,huh?like it or not the “Ethiopia of your dream” has died a natural death in 1995 and you keep dreaming forever!VIVA FDRE.

        Reply
      • ayyyyyy,sesay the only thing you s know is (end sega belet korartachu)mret meshet now kkkkkkk,Djibouti,for France,Eritrea for Italy,Homora na wolkaite Tsegede from Tegray to Gonder areeee sentu yenante goooood.
        i think this person on the article,just told you as it is. and i agree 100% with him.from know on ward yous well never ever have the betre mekonen,you may have it in carbon tech you know what i mean……
        long live Ethiopia !
        long live Eprdf !
        long live woyen !

        Reply
  2. some of ur points you are right but part is shit to me why should we blame all amhara its crazy.100 fucken years ago i dont know how many oromos died .it is history a bad one shit happenes there is no clean country in the world we learn from this not repeat to all dam uss out there!!

    Reply
  3. Excellent Excellent Excellent…, I think this should be given as a course not only once, but so many times that, those who preach unity 24/7 would finally see, why their so called unity would be a disaster, and why it is outdated,and the only way forward (if we want to stay 1 and in peace) is through ethnic federalism. I think the writer should consider posting this article in those conservative media, who promote the so called agenda of unity, so that people can learn from it (it is going to be a tough ride though)!

    Reply
  4. i did’t read it since the map can tell who u r a tplf or a tplf parrot.

    Reply
  5. who ever want to create animosity between amhara and oromo for obvious reason, i say dream on.

    Reply
    • Amhare you make an enemy more than you know wake up & smell the coffee (YELEKESE NESEHA GEBU ) you will be forgiven.

      Reply
  6. Mussie G February 6, 2014

    Just another garbage.

    Reply
  7. Hundanol is mad at the Amhara “elites.” He should not be. He wondered why only the Amhara elites are against the self determination EPDRF “imposed” on the nation? I differ from his understanding that only the Amhara elites who have problem with self determination issue. True, the majority who detest self determination might be Amharas, not necessarily the Amhara elites. But there are Gurages, Tigres, Wolyatas, even Oromos who believe self determination is a political cop out which has nothing to do with Ethiopia’s backwardness. In the 1960s the Ethiopian student movement leaders embraced two ideology: Marxism and ethnic politics. Both have nothing to do addressing the real issue Ethiopians sought to be addressed. In fact, both ideology were imposed on Ethiopians by the student leaders is a fact. I agree Ethiopians were brainwashed for the last twenty-three years about ethnic politics so it might be “irreversible” as the writer noted. But his argument that EPDRF’s half way effort, his language, not mine, in decentralizing Ethiopia is laughable. He admitted the ethnic groups he seemed to care about use their language, teach in their own language, hire people whose first language is from a particular region, and what else he needs? An independent Ormoia with its own flag, which has nothing to do with Ethiopia? As the ethnic politics of today might be “irreversible,” the idea of self determination is a pipe dream which will never come true. In fact, I do not question the intelligence of Hundanol by saying if that question arises today, the TPLF is the first to oppose it. They are in the driver seat. Ethiopians who oppose ethnic politics from being the determining factor in Ethiopian politics are not saying Oromos should not be taught in their own language. And all others. What they are saying is our politicians should see Ethiopian politics first as an Ethiopian, not as an Oromo, Tigre, Gurage and so on. Not like the late Prime minister who proudly claimed I am A Tigre first and an Ethiopian second. Whatever that mean.

    Reply
  8. GETACHEW REDA February 6, 2014

    GETACHEW REDA (Editor Ethiopian Semay)
    My response to the writer:-
    ——–You said:——
    “There is an ongoing coordinated attack on the right of nations and nationalities to self-determination in Ethiopia.”
    Good!!! I am glad there is a coordinated attack on the TPLF/EPRDF- Fascist Federalism based on language like the ‘Africana’ in South African which became the leading cause of conflict and ethnic cleansing of thousands of thousands of Amharic speaking Ethiopians by different lunatic fascistic gangs of EPRDF/OLF/OPDO../- EPRDF/SPDO/-TPLF/EPRDF. It is good news, you heard it right. Ethno Fascists, your time is up!
    ——–You said:——
    “This campaign is led exclusively by the Amhara elite with the aim of creating delusions among the general public.”
    Yes, it is time be it Amhara elite or anyone to stand up and save their own population from disappearing and murder by fascist cadres like you. You have done your murder crime up on the Amhara population. Your time is up. And time to stop the ethnic cleansing crime. Yes, you heard it right!
    ——–You said:——
    —–“They deceptively attribute the failure and brutalities of EPRDF, Ethiopia’s ruling party, to its policy of ethnic federalism. Ethiopia adopted federal government arrangement in early 1990s on an ethno-linguistic basis in an effort to decentralize the Amhara-dominated highly centralized structures of imperial Ethiopia”
    Then what did they replace instead? Tigrayan supremacy replaced it. Tigrayns who defeated the Derg military government took power by gun and became highly abusive, brutal and replaced the previous systems by an ethnosized military group dominated by Tigrayans and highly centralized structures of Tigrayan supremacy Ethiopia. More importantly, they replaced ethno-oriented anarchic police in each ethnic federal territory with anti Amhara orientation. Yes, your time is up!
    ——–You said:——
    “Indeed, it is difficult for ordinary individuals to disentangle the socio-economic and political failures of EPRDF from the so-called “discontents” of ethnic federalism. However, this is not due to the failure of the structure per se but rather of the regime’s unwillingness to implement constitutionally mandated rights of nations.”
    It is not difficult to understand for ordinary Ethiopian citizens what is happening to the economy or to the unity and their own country sovereignty. It is only difficult for you to understand what is going on agasint the life of the Amhara population. Lunatic fascist writer like you and your collaborator OLF/SPDO/TPLF/EPRDF…pockets of similar mercenaries are extremely ignorant, unlearned, savages and modern feudal minded elites are missing on what impact, effect and defect of their own communist ideology is creating against the country and their own ethnic community.
    There is no differences between you and TPLF/EPRDF- if not worst and destructive. Your goal is to totally destroy Ethiopia and to establish Oromia or Sidamiya or Wolayitiya for your mercenary goals and cause a havoc on those mentioned tribe like the new South Sudan or Somalia or Eritrea. The sad thing is, you and your like will not and still do not live in that country when that happens. So, yes, you heard it right. All you Fascismo askaris -your time is up! The Amhara
    ——–You said:——

    “In their advocacy for a return to the pre-1991 centralized state structure, these elites often criticize ethnic federalism for weakening the Ethiopian identity. Whenever tribal clashes occur – including instances where the conflicting tribes share the same ethnicity – the Amhara elite deliberately blame ethnic federalism to mislead the public and whip up public opinion against the federal structure. In this context, they try to use public grievances toward the regime for their disguised agenda of reclaiming ‘one Ethiopia.”
    Hey, who is distorting here? Is this not what your fascist federalism you are dying to defend caused forced eviction and deportation of 78000 Amharas from Bench-Maji in southern Ethiopia last year alone? Hear it reads like this;-
    —————
    “A pregnant woman who only gave birth to a child during the night was thrown out on the street the following morning along with her mattress and child who is just a few hours old (neonate). Pregnant Amara women have been forced to flee their homes. Many children as young as 8 months of age have been locked up in prison along with their lactating mothers and they have nothing to eat or drink thereby suffering from hunger. A farmer who individually was able to own as many as 3000 tree plants of coffee, avocado, mango, papaya and banana has been forced to leave behind everything and flee.
    Those farmers who had many bee hives and had engaged in poultry and dairy farm had to leave behind all their wealth. All these Amara farmers were told by the local authorities that as you came empty-handed, you cannot take along with you anything. Armed government officials threaten the Amara farmers with imprisonment on false charges of burning forest, terrorist activities and illegal possession of weapons. There are farmers who have been imprisoned on such false charges and some others have appeared before the court on such false charges. After confiscating and tearing into pieces identity cards of these Amara farmers, the local government authorities have subsequently accused these Amara farmers of travelling without an identity card and roughed them up and subjected them to suffering”.

    Excerpt taken from appeal letter (dated 27 March 2012) written by the All Ethiopian Unity Party (AEUP) chairman Hailiu Shawel to prime minister Meles Zenawi regarding the forced eviction and deportation of 78000 Amharas from Bench-Maji in southern Ethiopia.
    Hereafter I reproduce personal Testimony of an Amara who has been forcibly displaced in a draconian measure that amounts to ethnic cleansing from Gura Ferda district in southern Ethiopia. It is based on an interview a VOA reporter conducted with the victim by telephone. Translation from Amharic by Dr.Assefa Negash a patriot who intimidate all secessionist criminals with his brilliant and scholar argument. He invited to debate all of them, none dare to gave their okay to debate him. An Amazing brilliant child of Ethiopia! Here is what he translated to English from Amharic. It is based on an interview a VOA reporter conducted with the victim by telephone——-/
    ——–“Amaras have been put or squeezed into a grain sack and subsequently beaten by the local officials. These Amaras were forced to feed on sand. They were yoked like draught animals and subsequently beaten. One person who was beaten in such manner has been incapacitated so much that he cannot stand any more and he is now under treatment in hospital”.———-/
    ——As I was writing this article, I heard how the houses of the displaced people, along with all belongings of the displaced Amhara peasants, were set on fire by the TPLF regime on the eve of the Ethiopian Easter so that these peasants may not have any reason to return to their houses by way of collecting or selling their properties. This is a cruel act of the TPLF regime which will go down in history as unforgettable act that we would immortalize so that posterity may not repeat such deeds that defy any rational explanation.”
    End of quote.—-

    ——-Mr.writer:- is there any worst balkanization to the people of Amhara than this crime committed up on them due to your nonsense ‘ethnic federalism’ that you dying hard in defense of self determination and up to secession- a fascistic theory obtained from Communist books? Fascists you need to stop being blood thirsty thugs! You are nothing, but ordinary thugs using politics to escalate conflict, hate and murder among farmers of Ethiopia. Amhara elite or any Ethiopian with human sense have the right to complain and reject such heinous crime against the people of Amhara or any one in the name of democracy and ethnic federalism and what and what not….Yes, blood thirsty, communist and fascist thugs , your time is up! Amhara elites or victims of Amhara or victims of TPLF/OLF/EPLF do not blame themselves for your crime. You will pay for your crime, WHEN THE TIME COMES- the crime that you and your Fascist dialogues will take the responsibility. That time, not the Amhara victims, but you and only will blame yourself for your crime when time to face justice is coming. The struggle is now getting hot! Yes, you are feeling it slowly but surely it is going be more hotter than now. You have your time, it is coming to be expired. No more tolerance and murdering Amhara farmers. The Amhar elites need to tight the knot more and more tighter to stop the thugs from killing more Amhara women, children and farmers. Enough is enough! Ethno-thugs ‘Your time’ is on its way to be expired. Politics of ethnic thugs is exposed and collapsing fast for good! Period. Ethiopia will prevail!
    Thanks GETACHEW REDA (Editor Ethiopian Semay)

    Reply
    • GETACHEW REDA
      You call your self editor of ‘Ethiopian Semay editor’, Sir let me ask you one question, what are you editing??? It is completely a paradox to see a political illiterate having a political website.
      You are spending good energy and time of your day in hunting Ethiopia Diaspora web site.
      I am not sure how many people in day visited your web site. Evidently, you are a witness that it is completely frozen.
      Sir, let’s leave aside for the moment the political mess you are into being a part time web site editor, part time rebel, full time chauvinistic so and so forth. Let me tell you something, When ever you post a comment in Awramba times, please know that there is comma and full stop in English language. You can’t throw up all your chauvinistic thought and mentality in a comment thread. This is a public forum and you need to know what to say and what you don’t have. It appears that there is no thought as hard as your deep rooted chauvinistic mentality to say good bye. Even you are not willing to say it goodbye for every good reasons. It is simply disgusting.
      Any way, ይህ ነው ሰንፋጭ ትምክህተኝነት የሚባለው that we can’t afford to live with Amhara elites.

      Our previous political culture was unproductive and unhelpful and these days Ethiopians are committed than ever before for goodness and for forgiveness of the Amhara elites. However you guys are working round the clock to open an old wound which Ethiopians been carrying for long time in their heart.
      You are an example here, Bad example.
      ሰውዬው እንዳለው: “የአማራ የትምክህት ለሀጭ ማራገፍ አለበት”
      GETACHEW REDA እኔ ደሞ: ያንተ የትምክህት ለጋግ መሀረብ ይበጅለት እላለሁ

      Reply
      • @Teshome በመጀመርያ ደረጃ ሐሳብ ሲስጥ የሰውየውን ዘር መስደብ ሳይሆን ማተኮር ያለበት ጭብጥ ላይ መሆን ነበረበት አንተ ግን በደምሳሳው ዘረኛው መንግስት በነፋልህ ፕሮፓጋንዳ ተወጥረህ ዘር ለመሳደብ ሮጥክ ደደብ ነህ ይግባህ አትዮጵያ ያማሃራ ጭምር ናት ፣ ዎራሪው ጋላ ከአትዮጵያ እንደሚባረር እወቅ መሬታችንን እንረከባለን የቦታዎቸህን ስምም ወደ ድሮው ይመለሳል ቆርቆሮ እራሱ ዎያኔ ስለጣን ይለቃል ደደብ መነጋ ለሁሉመ ግዜ አለው

        Reply
      • Teshome,
        I thought you might have some point to make on your response to Getachew Reda’s assertion but all you did was a personal attack without challenging his assertion with facts.

        Reply
      • በመጀመርያ ደረጃ ሐሳብ ሲስጥ የሰውየውን ዘር መስደብ ሳይሆን ማተኮር ያለበት ጭብጥ ላይ መሆን ነበረበት አንተ ግን በደምሳሳው ዘረኛው መንግስት በነፋልህ ፕሮፓጋንዳ ተወጥረህ ዘር ለመሳደብ ሮጥክ ደደብ ነህ ይግባህ አትዮጵያ ያማሃራ ጭምር ናት ፣ ዎራሪው ጋላ ከአትዮጵያ እንደሚባረር እወቅ መሬታችንን እንረከባለን የቦታዎቸህን ስምም ወደ ድሮው ይመለሳል ቆርቆሮ እራሱ ዎያኔ ስለጣን ይለቃል ደደብ መነጋ ለሁሉመ ግዜ አለው

        Reply
        • TO YOSEF,BERBERA,GETACHOW REDA !
          let me say this when you point your stinky
          finger at others,remember there are 3 fingers pointing at you.
          the article is pointing at the core point of the diaspora extremest political wish full thinking.and he is pointing with good reasoning including some of the ruling party errors.but oooo no the Amhara elites are untouchable,they are the perfect nommeny, privileged people for Ethiopia bla,bla,bla bulshet !!!!
          weak up,that is his call and it is mine to.
          weak up,you well never ever get in to 4 killo.
          you may get there with carbon tech.
          Now this 4 kilo well be always at the hand of the Ethiopian constitution,(nation and nationalists of Ethiopia).
          Do you know what the extremists is killing them ? Woyen is making history in Ethiopia,the history which they never Imagen it, or did it when they are in 4 killo for 100 years.
          Woyen ,Eprdf just did it with in 22 years.
          This is what is killing them sorry,guys to little to late !!!!!
          But for you Extremists i have this massage,don’t exploit the name of Ethiopia and the Ethiopian flag for your Owen personal use.
          Be EthiopianS, support the GRD OF Ethiopia. part-spate on the economic development of nation building.
          Don’t sabotage your country with the enemies of your country, like Egypt,Eritrea,and the greedy westerners who like t exploit the wealth of the nation.
          Be Ethiopians,and do as Ethiopians. Government comes, and Government goes,but Ethiopia is there for generation to come,like our ancestors, and the generation like me and you that’s all !!!
          as all ways long live Ethiopia !
          long live Eprdf !
          long live woyen !
          i am 1st tegraway and next Ethiopiawe !!!
          no one well ever take away my praied as Ethiopiawe,
          (betwan satatena-gebewan tatnalech ayhun)

          Reply
          • To axumawi.

            The most people of so called Eritrea loves Ethiopia. The People is hijacked by isayas and his hamasien qlique. So for the next time blame isayas not the people

          • it is obvious. Because not only the elites but also all the Amhara people are always thesis for the unification of Ethiopia where as some people from…? are always antithesis for Ethiopia.

    • Your inferiority complex is killing you! May God forgive you! You ran away when Woyane was eliminating your Derg , but now you are running your mouth! What a lowly man! Why you didn’t stand like a man & fight woyane? You are an Inferior man!

      Mr Getachew, may God forgive you so you can think like a human being!

      Reply
    • በለው! February 10, 2014

      >>>ወንድም ጌታቸው እረዳ አስተምርልኝ ነጭ ወረቀት መተተና ህወአት ዜና ያዳጠ ቶሎ አይሰለጥንም እምዬ መን ኢልክ ከሞተ ፻ዓመት ጃንሆይ ከሞቱ ፵ ኦነግ ሜዳ ከገባ፶ዓመት፣መንግስቱ ኀይለማርያም በበቃኝ ሳይወጡ ፲፯ ሞከሩት፣ ወያኔ አዲስአባባ ከገባ ፳፪ዓመት ሁሉም መሪዎች ሳይታደሉ ስድስት ክንድ መሬት ይዘው ሄዱ ገና ሌሎችም ይከተላሉ። ቀምነገሩ እነኝህን አስተምረህ አትለውጥም የሰው ደም፣የሀገር ጥፋት፣የንብረት ውድመት፣ ማባከንና ማምከን ተልዕኳቸው ነውና ስለጥንካሬህ አመሰግናለሁ በርታ!! ****ይህ የብሄር ብሔረሰቦች እና ሕዝቦች ጉዳይ ይገርመኛል፤ ብዙዎች ተጨቁነን፣ ማንነታችን ተረግጦ፣ ተረስተን፣ ፈዘን ደንዝዘን ይላሉ። እሺ!አሁን ምን ሆናችሁ? ማን ሆናችሁ?የት ደረሳችሁ? በመሠረቱ ይህንን ሲቀውጡ የነበሩት ቀደምት ወጣት ታጋይ አብዮተኞች ጋዝ በተሩሙስ ሞልተው ማፈንዳት ጀመሩ፣ጫት ቤት፣ ዩኒቨርስቲ ክበበብ፣ አልፎም ጠላ ቤትና አረቄ ቤት ተነደፈች ነበረች። ቀድመው ብልጦች ነጥቀው ደደቢት በረሃ ይዘዋት ተደበቁና…በእኛ የተፈጠራችሁ እኛ አገኘናችሁ ያለ እኛ የማትኖሩ ለእኛና በእኛ ብቻ የምትኖሩ አሏቸው (ሰርፕራይዝ!) ሆነ በለው!። በለስ የቀናቸው ከመግደል ከሞት የተረፉ ማርክስ ኤንግልስ ሌሊንስ ብሄር ሆነው የኮሚኒስት ውዳሴ ሃኢማኖትን ባህልና አንድነትን የማጥፋት ቅባ እሩኩስ ተቀቡ ሁሉ ተጠራሩ ሳይበላ ባስተማራቸው ድሃ፣ የዋህ፣ ጨዋና፣ማይምን ህዝብ ላይ ለበቀል መጡ! ገድለው ትልቅ ፎቆች አቆሙበት፣ሰርቀው አዘው ሌባ ይላሉ፣ እያጠፉ ልትጠፋ ነው ይሉታል…ቀለበትና አሳላጭ መንገዳቸው የት እንሚያደርስ ባልታወቀ አዙሪት ጭንቅላቱን አናወጡት! “እነርሱ ሲዞሩ ስንዞርላቸው እኛ መች አወቅን እንደዞረባቸው ተባለ አልገባንም! ለምን? ቋንቋው። የአብዮት፣የብሄር ፣ካድሬ፣ የዲያስፖራ፣የኢንቨስተር፤የላሜቦራ፣የዘር፤ፓለቲካ ፓርቲ፣ ቋንቋ ፈጥረዋል….ትልቅ ኳስ ሜዳ ላይብቻውን የቆመውን ሰው…አትጨናነቅ ይሉታል። ግለሰቡ ጭንቀት ይይዘዋል ይፈራል፣ይሸበራል።ለመናገር ለመሰብሰብ ለመዘዋወር አስፈቅድ፣ አሳውቅ፣ ይሉታል። ድሮ መብት የሌለህ ሰጠንህ አሁን አንተ የእኛ ብቻ። ድሮውን አመጋገብ፣ የአነጋገር ዜይቤ፣ ባህል፣ አዳቅለው ዘመኑ የግሎባላይዜሽን ትሩፋት ኣለም አንድ መንደር ሆነች…ለመሆኑ የበላና- ያልበላ…ጠግቦ የሚደነፋና የሚደፋ…. እርቦት የሚያለቅስና የሚደፋ አነድ ናቸውን? **ልብሱን አስውልቀው እየገረፉት አለጋው በድሮ ሥርዓት የተሰራ ስለሆነ ነው ይሉታል። ስኳር ቀምሰህ ጤፍ በልተህ የማታውቅ ብሄር ብሄረሰብ አቅርቦቱን ገታው፣ ዋጋውን አናረው፣ እድገታችችን አደናቀፈ ይሉታል።

      **ሃያ ሁለት ሕንፃ ፕሎኬት በማቆም ትምህረት መጨረሻው ደረጃ ደርሷል ሲሉ ይሳለቃሉ፣ እንኳንስ ቤተ – ሙከራና ቤተ- መፅሐፍት ይቅርና ችሎታ ያለው መምህር በሌለበት ባዶ ህንጻ ሀገሪቱ አንድ ዩኒቨርሲቲ ሲኖራት ከአፍሪካ አንደኛ አሁን ፶፫ ደረጃ ላይ ተፈጠፈጠች። ግን ህዝቡ ራሱን ጠልቶ የሰው ያስወደደው መን ይሆን? አሁን ሁለተኛው ዙር ነጻ ገበያ ዶሞክረሲ ፌዘ-ራሊዝም ፌዝ-ቡክ የርዕዮት አራማጅ ትውልድ ተተካ እንግሊዛዊ ፣ቻይናዊ ፣ኣረባዊ፣ መንግስት ሊያቋቁምም ይዳዳዋል…” የተለጠፈበት ህዝቦች” “እና” “and” …ብሄር፫ ብሔረሰቦች፪ እና ህዝቦች፩…by JACQUES VANDERLINDEN commentaries upon the Ethiopian civil code art 1-393 november10,1969 (AAU)
      የተፃፈውን ማየት በጣም ጠቃሚ ነው። ፍትሃ ነገስትንና …የፍትሐብሔር ህጉን ያደንቃሉ…የኢትዮጵያ ህግ ማንበብ መፃፍ ለማይችል የሚጠብቅ አንቀፆች አሏት። ህጋቸው ለእንግሊዘኛም ለፈረንሳይኛም እንዳይቀርብ ያደረገው ግን የአማርኛው ቋንቋ ጥብቅ መሆን ነው። ይላሉ በተለይ “ለውጭ ዜጎች ያለው አንቀፅ ሰጥቶ ይነሳል እንጂ አያፈናፍንም ይሉታል።” እንግዲህ እናንት ሞኞች.. ይህ የምታዩት ካርታ፣ የህዝብ አሰፋፋር፣ የቋንቋ ሽብርና ትርምስ፣ የጥፋት እርብርብ፣የብሄር ብሔረሰቦች ጣት ሳይሆን የእጀ እረጃችሞች እንጀራችንን የቀረጠፉና የቀረጣጠፉን የነጮች ጥቁር አሻራና መርዝ (ሹምባሽ) ፈጥረው፣ አስተምረው፣ አስምለው፣ አስታጥቀው ስለላኩብን ነው።’ግሮኮችን ተመልከቱ ጀርመንን በጦርነት አሸነፉ ዛሬ በገንዘብ አሸነፏቸው። እኛ በምን አቅማችን እንቻላቸው የሚበላው የሌለ ሕዝብ ችግሩ እንዴት ይግባው በብዙ ቋንቋ አንድ ዜና ያዳምጣል ባንዳዎች …አንድነት! ህብረት!የጋራ በጋራ! የሚባል ሁሉ ያስበረግጋቸዋል የበሉትና ያስበሉት የገዛ ወንድም እህታቸው ደም ጤና አይሰጣቸውም። የሀገር ሰላም፣ የህዝብ አብሮ መኖር፣ እንጀራቸውን ይገድባልና!!!
      አንድ ጋራ መገለጫ የሌለው ሕዝብ…አንድ የአማራ እናት ከአንድ ኦሮሞ እና ጉራጌ የተለያዩ ልጆች ቢኖሯት የግድ ቤቷን በመጋራጃ መክፈል አለባት..ሳሎን ለባለቤቱ ቢሆን ጓዳና መኝታ ቤታቸው ሰትሔድ ቋንቋቸውን መናገር አለባት አለበለዚያ ፍርድ ቤት ልሄዱ ነው፤ ወይም ሊለያዩ ነው ማለት ነው። ደግነቱ አብዮታዊ ዶሞክራሲያዊ ልማታዊው መንግስት እድርና እቁብን እያጠፋ ህዝቦችን እያመነቃቀለ፣ እናዳይተዋወቁ፣ እንዳይግባቡ፣እርስ በእርስ እንዲጠራጠሩ እያደረገ ነው። ለምሳሌ፡ እድር ቢቀጥል ጡሩንባ ነፊው ቢያንስ ሶስት የብሄር ቋንቋ አንድ የሕቦዞች ቋንቋ ቻይንኛ እንግሊዘኛ ማወቅ አለበት፡ ቀብር ላይ ሥም ሲጠራ በሶስት ወይም ከዚያ በላይ የፊደል አጠቃቀም ማወቅ አለበት ቐ..ቀ…ሌ…ለ….ለ ሎ አቤት የትርምስ ዲሞክራሲ ያለህ!አለበለዚያ እንግዲህ የመጣበትን የዘር ሐረግ እየመዘዘና እያፈላለገ ማስከካት ነው። ጅግና እነደሌለው ቀርስ እደማያከብር መጤ የቻይና መንገድ፣ የዲያስፖራ አደባባይ! የህንድ ክልል…እያለ…እራሱን ሸጦ …ቤቱን ዘግቶ ንበረቱን አስረክቦ..የሀገሩን ቁልፍ ሸልሞ… አውላላ ሜዳ ቆሞ ጠፋሁ ሲል እዩ….እግዚዎ..ከአጥፊኛ ከጥፋት ሰውረን፣ ጎጠኛ፣ ዘረኛ፣ ከፋፋይና ሹምባሽን ነቅለህ፣ እንደቀድሞው የታፈረች! የተከበረችና ተቀደሰች! ሀገረ ኢትጵያን ከሁሉም ሕዝቦቿ ጋር በሰላም፣ በፍትህ፣ በእኩልነት፣ አብሮ ሠርቶ አብሮ ለማደግ ለዘለዓለም ያኑርልን አሜን!!ወኔ ይኑረን!ቅንነት ይለምልም! በቸር ይግጠመን ከምስጋና ጋር!

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  9. cursed,stupid,donkey.

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  10. Dear Admin,

    It is a nice piece but I do not understand why you post a map which does not coincide with the current Ethiopian federal map.

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  11. @Hundanol A. Kebede

    በመጀመሪያ በቀላል እንግሊዘኛ ሀሳብህን ገልፀሀል። ጥሩ ነው። ግን በእንግሊዘኛ የፃፈ ሁሉ አዋቂ ነው ማለት አይደለም።በሚሊዮን የሚቆጠሩ አሜሪካውያን፣እንግሊዞች፣ካናዳውያን እንግሊዘኛ በደንብ ይችላሉ፣ ቁዋንቁዋን የሚችሉት ሁሉ ግን ኢንጅነሮች፣ሀኪሞች፣ወዘተርፈ፣ ናቸው ማለት አይቻልም። አንተ የፃፍከው ፅሁፍ ድሮ በደርግ ዘመን ስለ 5ቱ ስርአተ ማህበር ከሶቭየት ሀብረት ኮርጀው ሲያስተምሩን ማለት (የጋርዮሽ፣የባሪያ፣የፊውዳል፣የካፒታሊዝም፣የሶሻሊዝም) እያሉ እነዲሁ እየከፋፈሉ እንደ የነበረውን አይነት ነው። አቶ ሁንዶል ከበደም መልኩዋን ለወጥ አድርገው በ5 ክፍል በ (አማራ፣ኦሮሞ፣ትግሬ፣አፋር፣ሱማሌ) ከፈሉን። ደርግ ከሶቪየት ሲቀዳ አቶ ሁንዶል ደግሞ፣ፋሺስት ጣሊያን ኢትዮጵያን በጎሳ በመክፈል፣ አማራና የተባለውን ጎሳ ታርጌት በማድረግ ይህን አይነት ሙከራ በሁለተኛው ያለም ጦርነት ሞክሮአል፣እሱዋን ኮርጀው ነው። እሱን መሰረት በማድረግ ነው። ፋሺስት ኢጣልያንም የዛሬውን ተቀራራቢ የሆነ የኢትዮጵያን ካርታ ሰርቶ ነበር። ይህም በአለም ዩኒቨርስቲዎች ተመዝግቦ ይገኛል።
    በተረፈ ፣ ግን እንደ ጤፍ የተደበላለቀን ህዝብ በአማራና፣በትግሬ ወዘተርፈ መከፋፈል አድካሚ፣አሰልቺና፣ አምታቺ ነው። አማርኛ ወይም ሌላ ቁዋንቃን መናገር ደግሞ ዘርን አይጠይቅም፣ አንተም ከበደ ተብለህ እንግሊዘኛ ታወራ አይደል?።
    በኔ አይን ሀሳብህ ከመጀመሪያ እስከ መጨረሻ የተዛባ ስለሆነ
    እንደሁኔታው የተሳሳትከበትን መንገድ ለወደፊት እገልፅልሀለው።

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    • Yeneta Angereb

      U better learn how to write English so that the youngsters especially the kids who are born here can umderstand your Yetimkihitegnnet Lehach like that the vice president Amhara Region said. The mistake he made was, he was supposed to mention your likes Gonderes, he said the truth you know it we know it. Instead of saying Amhara he should have said Ginderes. I am Amhara but I din’t have yetimkihit Lehach. But I have Tiimkihit.

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      • @መቅደስ! ልበልሽ እንጂ መቼስ ምን ልበል።
        እኔን የኔታ አነገረብ አልሽኝ? በጣም ደው ደስ ያለኝ ይህን ስልጣን ስትሰጪኝ። ይህ ስልጣን እወደዋለሁ መንፈሴን በጣም ያስደስተዋል።
        ስለ እኔ እነግሊዘኛ አለመቻል ተናግረሻል። በመጀመሪያ እኔ መቶ በመቶ እርግጠኛ ነኝ ካንቺ የተሻለ እንግሊዘኛ እችላለሁ። ለምሳሌ አንቺ የተሳሳትሽውን ቦታ ብዙውን አውቄ ዘልየው ነው እንጂ አንዳንዶችን ልጥቀስልሽ፣ እላይ የፃፍሽው umderstand ትክክል አይደለም፣ ባለፈው በልደቱ ጉዳይ ደግሞ poliyics ብለሻል ይህም ስህተት ነው። ብዙ ብዙ ስህተት አለብሽ።
        አንቺ ብዙውን ጌዜ ምንም ሀሳብ አታፈልቂም “ዲነግዴ” የተባለው ሰው እንደተናገረው “6000″ ዋት ስድብ ማመንጨት ብቻ ነው የምትችይው፣የወደፊቱ የህዳሴው ግድባችን “6000″ ዋት ኤሌክትሪክ እንደሚያመነጨው ሁሉ ማለት ነው።
        ስለ ዘርሽም አውረታሻል።ስለ አንቺ ዘር መነሳት እዚህ ውስጥ ምንም አስፈላጊ አልነበረም። የሰው ሰውነቱ የሚለካው በዘሩ ሳይሆን፣በችሎታው፣ባስተሳሰቡ፣በወዘተርፈ ነው።
        ስለ አማራው ክልል ሰውዬ ስለተናገርሽው ነገር፣ለአማራ ክልል የተመደበው ሰውዬ ጤናማ ነው? ወይስ፣እኔ እዚህ ላይ አልገባኝም። እንጂ አንድ ማሰብ የሚችል ሰው፣ በሀላፊነት ያለ ሰው አንድን ህዝብ በጅምላው መስደብ እንዴት ይችላል?። ይህ ሰው ክፉውንና ደጉን ለይቶ ሳያውቅ አስተዳዳሪ ተብሎ እነዴት ሊቀመጥ ቻለ?። ይህም የሚያሳየው ሀገራችን ውስጥ የህግ የበላይነት አለመኖሩንና ከደርግ ዘመን አለመለየቱን ነው የሚያሳየው።
        በተረፈ እንግዲህ
        “ፍጠረኝ ሳልለው ፈጥሮኝ ወደ ሁዋላ
        ስጩዋጩዋህ አድራለሁ ከመቅድሾ ጋራ”።
        እየሆነብኝ መጥቶአል።

        Reply
        • Yeneta Angereb, you afe so worried about Amhara region vp president because you have that YETIMKIHITUGNINET LEHACH with you. He has spoken the fact, to live in peace, we have to stop that backwardness. I agree wih him, Meles Zenawi has destrpyed Yetigray Timkihitegninet Lehach.. At that time right after the Victory over Eritrea they were trying to be bosses of everybody but Mele keep them at bay people like Siye Abrha. This people werr saying the same smear campaign against him. What this guy said was we have to know our problem and tacle it. If u accept it or not, it’s up to u. U were trying ro correct in my English thank you. It is called spelling error, minalbat fidelochu ategeb yalewn key bante ager kuankua litekemina chekon adrgewalehu. I will admit that is a mistake. English is my second language but there you are YEAMARIGNAW LIKNA LEAMARAW HIZB KETAGELELET ENA KEDEMALET SEW BELAY YEMITIKOREKOREW SEWYE AMARIGNAN INIWSED. Slezershim AWRETASHAL NEW EKO yalkew yegna lik. Enkuan englizgnawinin AMARGNAWIN YETEWELEDKIBETIN ATAWKIM. ANY WAY YOU GUYS ALWAYS HERE TO DIVERT ATTENTION. I give you credit for mentioning our Hidasse Gidib, you are right it is yours too eventhough you demonstrate day and night to block the aid from Donors.

          Reply
  12. Gezaee Hailemichael February 6, 2014

    Please,please, this is wrong. Dividing people by race or religion or language or ethnic or tribe or colour is 100% wrong. This Federalism is wrong. Federalism is good, but not ethnic Federalism, because ethnic Federalism means apartheid. You must ashamed by this agenda; You do not have enclave people in a primitive communal enclaves to ensure freedom. Freedom and equality can only be realized by having a good government, not by having apartheid. You must be ashamed about this. This is not amhara problem. This is not good for everyone. I do not want to live in an ethnic enclaves. I live in the perfect Federalism in the world, but no cares about race or ethnic or colour or religion or …. This fully apartheid to be honest. Those of you talking about this as a good thing, I know it is already built in into you, but it is wrong. Aparthied is not good. The South African apartheid similarly. People were not allowed to move around from their given place. I have people who tested the ethnic apartheid in Ethiopia. EPRDF must be ashamed by this. Nations and Nationality bla bla, … these question addressed by Derg fully. It is true derg could not neutralize the amhara dominance because there was no affirmative action to ensure equal opportunity, but there was no discrimination during derg time. The amhara dominance problem could have been addressed by having a system that ensure equity and equality opportunity and affirmative action instead of diving people by race or colour or language or ethnic or tribe. If we have to follow EPRDF? then Tigrai province has to be divided further into many pieces because the Kunama, Sahos, Afars, … in Tigrai also dominated by the Tigrignea speakers. The same has to take place in Amhara kilil, and the same on Oromia, the same everywhere. Then you continue dividing to subclans and then sub sub clans and you divide into family and then the wife and the husband. Your ethnic federalism is not for the 21 century but the primitive communal society only. Race, colour, ethnic, tribe,.. is becoming irrelevant.Where I live, my ethnic or religion or race or colour is irrevelant. Every one is human and everyone deserves respect regardless creed, ethnic , tribe or race or colour or religion or …. It must be hell to live in Ethiopia now. I do not think I will able to live in Ethiopia now. Oh my God.

    Reply
    • Dear Gezaee,

      I like your comments as usual. If I am not mistaken you are living in Canada or you surely know a lot about Canada. It would be helpful if you could share with us the nature of their federal arrangement. I think Belgium and few other developed countries also follow ethnic federalism or a similar arrangement. I stand to be corrected for any mistakes. In my view it is not ethnic federalism per se that brings problems but how we implement it. What harm would it bring if a child whose parents are from another nationality but born and raised in Oromya studies Oromifa? It would rather be an advantage as it gives additional flexibility.

      Keep up your insightful comments.

      Reply
  13. I’ll start by saying that this is a good article.I have heard the “I am afraid that we may not be able to communicate with one another due to the federalism” excuse from many people. These people do come from every tribe. As the author of this article rightly put it, people should simply accept what ever language is spoken in our country. I have seen people change their facial expression when they hear someone speaking anything “not Amharic” in Addis Ababa.

    When the infrastructure in our country improves, it would promote mobility.There would be movement from one end of the country to the other- People will move from South to North, East to West and so on. For these people to communicate, they will need a common language. These people may then decide to adopt Amharic, Oromigna, or “Whatever-gna”. They may even create a new language and we don’t have to fear that.

    Languages die, and new languages do come to existence. When one language gets ill and is about to die a natural death, we shouldn’t provide it with pill or vaccination. After all, 90% of the languages on this planet are expected to disappear within a century[1]. Many of the Ethiopian langues might become part of this global trend. Yes, it is most likely that in the far future we might be left with only Amharic, or any other Ethiopian language due to the inevitable economic integration that development brings. But that is ok.

    However, deliberately killing cultures and languages before their time is unacceptable and would only weaken the integrity of our country.

    1.Krauss, Michael. “The world’s languages in crisis.” Language 68.1 (1992): 4-10.

    Reply
    • zeregnaw February 7, 2014

      teshome tultula bekeken your super stupid i have no word for you super stupid or parrot

      Reply
  14. This article is wrong just from the begining. It assumes that it is only the Amharas that do not like the ethnic based federalism. I am not an Amhara and I do not like the ethnic based federalism. I know many Oromos, Tigres, Gurages, Hadiyas, Wolayitas etc., who do not like the ethnic federalism.

    There are so many people who do not want to even be identified by ethnic group. I am not saying the rights of ethnic groups should not be respected.

    Reply
    • I agree. It should be said the Urban Amhaaras and Urban non Amharas whose economic and political survival are dependent on Amharic languages. This includes some mixed ethnic family offspring. We should know at the heart of this debate is the so called ETHIOPIAWINET, as defined by Amhara culture and language was the driving force of the old system. It is not hard to imagine who the beneficiary of the system was. It is not very difficult to see why the Amharas are so upset for losing the privilege they had enjoyed for a long time. Politics is about interest, but in Ethiopian politics people try to be holier than the pope.

      There are pockets of urban dweller who are not Amharas but whose interests are with the Amharas because they speak only amharic and culturally like Teddy Afro and can’t see there future in Oromo, Sidama, Somali, or wolita speaking society.

      People like Gurages have to support the Amhara system.It is in their economic interes. Their future is in business, they don’t control a lot of area as a Gurage land therefore they have to look outside their area to grow, but the current system puts them at a disadvantage specially with the aggressive nature of the Tigrian merchant class who control the government.

      So there is no a holy side or an evil side to this, but there is an interest to fight for. The trick is in understanding each other’s interest and negotiate for the possible outcome.

      Reply
  15. One of the most shallow analysis I have ever read. The writer is one that you simply call ‘stupid’. He is either dumb or acting it…..either way, he needs to read and learn a lot! Nuff said!

    Reply
  16. I have said it before and I will say it again. Ethnic federalism In Ethiopia isn’t a matter of choice but rather a question of survival for all nation and nationalities of Ethiopia. This is the only political system that would respect individual and group right simultaneously. The toxic Diaspora, by any other name the Amhara elites lack political maturity and in many of instances, they were loud to tell us Ethiopia wouldn’t live another day if Ethnic federalism placed in Ethiopia but to the displeasure of these toxic , Ethiopia is really doing good.
    Nation and nationalists had accepted the Constitution of Ethiopia, which gave all right for Ethiopians to be the owners of their destiny—Emphasized on article 39. Twenty three years is not a simple journey, Ethiopians have said ‘Amen’ to EPRDF led Ethnic federalism.
    Ethnic politics, already sparked a lot of debate in the world and particularly in Africa countries, however Ethiopian case should be entertained differently. We can argue to the end of times pros and cons of Ethnic politics in Ethiopia but that won’t be more than political and mind masturbation. So I am gonna leave that part of the discussion here.
    Anyway, If we would like to keep alive our hopes on Ethiopia, we should unequivocally accept the Ethiopian Constitution which declared an end to a bloody day in Ethiopia. As long as it takes, The newly established ethnic politics in Ethiopia, won’t slide back. This Needs to be underscored.
    Let me say a few points on the issue the writer of this article tried to touch. Why in the first place the Amhara elites are infected with a disease of hyper-nationalist euphoria is something that should be addressed properly. The fact that the majority of Ethiopian nation and nationality don’t share the same problem with Amhara elites enlighten us the absurdity of the question.
    Why Amharas are feeling and becoming more Ethiopians than the rest of us?
    …Let me answer this question with humor and honesty, I have no clue at all.
    It is politically incorrect comment, but I have to mentioned it here. Recently, as recently as last this week, One of the senior officials of Amhara regional state commented on the chauvinistic mentality of Amhara people. He bluntly said it ” የአማራ የትምክህት ለሀጭ ማራገፍ አለበት”.
    Although Ethiopians condemned belligerent rhetoric actions and comments, it just strained common sense to think the Amhara elites don’t have such a provision.
    It is not long time ago to remember how the Amhara elites were bullying and bull-shiting the other ethnic origins..We have mountain of evidences and examples to mention here.
    Any way, I would say that, the comment of this prominent Amhara official might brought some painful feelings, but at same time I am happy that the comment came from the horses own mouth( from the insider)because the content of the comment some how has a gain of truth.

    Reply
    • Teshome,
      We all know that most of Amhara region and ANDM officials are not Amharas. How else can some one insult his own ethnic group. This is the same as a TPLF official saying ‘ We, Agames has to stop our inferiority complex’

      Reply
      • Inferiority complex???

        Wake up!!! You seem to be forgetting too soon. It was 50,000:500,000.

        Reply
    • @tsHomeበመጀመርያ ደረጃ ሐሳብ ሲስጥ የሰውየውን ዘር መስደብ ሳይሆን ማተኮር ያለበት ጭብጥ ላይ መሆን ነበረበት አንተ ግን በደምሳሳው ዘረኛው መንግስት በነፋልህ ፕሮፓጋንዳ ተወጥረህ ዘር ለመሳደብ ሮጥክ ደደብ ነህ ይግባህ አትዮጵያ ያማሃራ ጭምር ናት ፣ ዎራሪው ጋላ ከአትዮጵያ እንደሚባረር እወቅ መሬታችንን እንረከባለን የቦታዎቸህን ስምም ወደ ድሮው ይመለሳል ቆርቆሮ እራሱ ዎያኔ ስለጣን ይለቃል ደደብ መነጋ ለሁሉመ ግዜ አለው

      Reply
    • You repeat what dead Meles Zenawi said so many time I think you are like parrot , Be careful you may die soon because much hate to something is disease by itself Meles Zenawi died due to his hate to oromo and amhara

      Reply
  17. One can say with confidence that such elites have failed to genuinely learn the current political situation of Ethiopia and accept that Amhara is also a nation like any nation or nationality constituting Ethiopia.They still feel that they are superior and Ethiopia will never ever remain stable or exist without their political dominance.Well what can be done because you know chauvinism is a sickness and it may take time to cure. I believe very many the so called elites who had similar chauvinistic attitude have treated themselves by learning from the objective realities on the ground, no space for the game to play, and some others may die with that kind of attitude simply not to give up their chauvinistic whims.

    Reply
  18. you got the cart/map from OLF right?
    according to OLF Oromia extends upto Tigray…

    Reply
  19. Its not amhara am not amhara at all but what i share with most ethiopian is respecting people can learn or talk in their mother toung have no problem .
    cos stil more has to be done there are 75
    endangered languages from extinction.

    The problem is dividing nation by ethnic map and flag what that to do with freedom of expression ok if that so give every ethic flag according to their language we gone have 80 flag.

    The perfect map we had the old one every one is happy.you bring more tension nothing else.

    Reply
  20. thanks a lot Mr kebede.
    we ethiopian we are equal
    no more hate we respect each other under the counters low.
    i do note hate amhara but when you call milike, mengestu
    i hate theme becouse they are killer.
    ask any oromo
    ask any ethiopian somlia
    ask all the south peopple
    ask afare,tigray, or…
    why amhara ppl the are not happey with every thing at this time
    b/c they like powr
    no more no more nooooo
    Ethiopia is fore all.even eprdf not in the power there is now way come backe the all syesteme
    thanks to EPRDF we love you im frome south im so love with the eprdf.

    Reply
  21. Such a flawed article. It confuses Amharic speaking for amhara on many cases and makes pointless allegations on how one elite group tries to undermine the state.

    Reply
  22. I will give you one example usa before they going war to iraq there was big problem in united nation b/n USA and french
    ena ersebers ergecha gemeru.

    the one accusing the other.
    lastely the french forign minster replay to the usa a think he was collin powel
    you are doing more we are more.

    tadia yihe kemen yetnesa new kuankuachewen yeminager colony country bezu malet new atleast one yemiyaregachew neger ale yemiyagebabachew.

    tadiya ethiopia west geze alphabet men yahel mina endemichawet megenzeb yichal neber zarem its not tolet the goverment should give a chance to unit the nation.

    Reply
  23. dear Author,

    you have addressed a critical issue. during the EPRDF era, we are seeing several discontent between various language speakers because of the systematic way that the rulers have imposed. however, the basic rights are implemented. for example, people are able to learn with their own language and regions have the self determination rights. besides, despite the quality of the education, there are many students who are going to school now.

    during the Amhara rulers era, only Amhara and very few others had the chance to become educated. they imposed only Amharic as a language so that they can be able to implement their veron in other regions. this resulted the internal clashes which brought their decendance.

    the remains of those times are now trying to bring the old culture back. the country is much better off today than those era. btw, Eritrea’s case was mainly as a result of the poor mishandling of the Amhara rulers of the past. by the time EPRDF grasped power, it was too late.

    Reply
  24. great article but it is better if you include those pursing for ethnic separation like OLF. for me Ethiopian problems are some Tigrean elites want to cling to power , the Amahra chauvinist/ ” so called unity ” and the olf separating agenda !

    Reply
  25. I can tale you no oromo like me or amhara or tigrai is ofended this days every one getting on with their fedral system the only people are commenting and frustrating are the eritrean please ask your shabia leaders.in asmera.and melese zenawi.

    why keep talking minilki did this and that today the power is in your hand use it or leave it or leave us alone.

    i am not amhara but i can defend amhara than defending.italian brithish or french.you full of bullshit.

    they are who messed up our country crap
    idiotes!!!Minilik is one greatest ever God given man to africa and beyond!!!!!!!!!!love him and love the amhara from my heart.

    Reply
  26. You better change your name oromo you can’t represent us.

    the well educated people are oromo doctors first ethiopian airline pilot mind you president girma weldgiorgis is oromo more and more open your brain ,search in google ethiopian royal family tree .

    where ever you go in the world some time in procese there are domination one the other.

    go tigrai the adwa like melese zenawi or aboy sebhat and more are the think they are better than from axum and from mekele
    the axum look down to shire people.

    if you go oromo the same the shewa from welega and from jima oromo.if you go to harara you have every domination.
    i wouldn’t say it but the way they insult each other no one knows.welega think pure oromo shewa or harare are mixed we are pure oromo there so many its not good to say.

    if some thing happen in the country ethnic clash not oromo tigrai or amhara
    it will go deep root each clash each other like feudalism oromo with oromo
    amhara with amhara gonder think jegna yetwodrose hager gojam belayzeleke if you go wello the same.

    a tiny country in middeleast with even not 2 million population today the forigher are more than 11.5 million only indian origin.

    we ethiopian are more than happy to live
    together amhara not an issue here its how you brought up is the problem.

    Reply
  27. Ethiopian are going forward with federalism that the people chose! anyone can write anything,but no one is going to stop Ethiopia from is’s renaissance! individual Amhara elites plus elites from Oromo,Tigrai & other nations & nationalities had made Ethiopia their families,in laws ,friends…… employment opportunity land ,but now the people are administering themselves,therefore, the is no way of reversing the status quo! the next phase should be a more liberated federalism, so the people could take most matters on their own hands! all the federal gov”t should be collect taxes, protect the country”s security,foreign affairs…!
    God bless Ethiopia!

    Reply
  28. GETACHEW REA February 6, 2014

    From GETACHEW REDA (Editor Ethiopian Semay)
    Response to Teshome:
    Your defense to your master’s policy on the Ethnic Federalism which you and your TPLF puppets are enjoying seeing the murder and suffering of ethnic cleansing campaign against Amhara society which is believe to be equal or majority in number with the Oromo population based on the study and research of Ato Berhanu Abegaz is not nice enjoyment of freedom. You and your likes need to chill out from being a monster enjoying the murder of the Amhara children and pregnant women and elders by ETHNIC CLEANSING thugs supported by you. No one yet seen punished for murder and ethnic cleansing in court even though your leader Hailemariam Desaleng openly condemned it in his parliament. Where are the responsible parties to Hailemariam vowed to bring them to justice? What justice or freedom are you jabbering there is in Ethiopia?
    You said——
    “Nation and nationalists had accepted the Constitution of Ethiopia, which gave all right for Ethiopians to be the owners of their destiny—Eemphasized on article 39. Twenty three years is not a simple journey, Ethiopians have said ‘Amen’ to EPRDF led Ethnic federalism”.——-
    ————Puppet like you who seemed to forgot history Mobutu in Zaire stayed in power 1965 to 1997 and Mengistu stayed 17 years until your Apartheid system from Tigray mercenary gangs replaced it. So tell us if those individuals stayed longer years than your system was that mean a journey of Amen to those dictators by their respected countries? Longevity or shortening of survival in power show nothing of any indication of a system if good or bad. Stop hypnotized yourself.
    Having said that let me bring you to the other point you mention that you said ———-
    “Ethnic politics, already sparked a lot of debate in the world and particularly in Africa countries, however Ethiopian case should be entertained differently.”—–
    Indeed Ethiopia’s ethnic federalism is different than the rest of the African due to its unique Apartheid implementation. Remember TPLF or EPLF or OLF (ONLF by some European and Egypt and Arabs) were and are still supported by CIA and coached, taught by CIA institutions. Meles and Isayas of Eritrea are good example in Africa how they were puppets of the American CIA both replaced Mobutu of Zaire, and Mubarek of Misree/Egypt. We all now that CIA is the American spying agency in foreign lands with the objective of advancing the national interests of the United States. Similar to its rival the Soviet KGB, the CIA has been deeply engaged and has to a large extent met the responsibility entrusted to it. ————-

    ———-This spy agency has been engaged since its establishment, in three principal areas. It has been particularly successful in secret political infiltration and psychological warfare in foreign lands through the use of force and secret plots. Given American focus on fighting socialism, the CIA has been particularly active in infiltrating and plotting to overthrow socialist regimes, and designating in its place a puppet regime like Meles Zenawi (Wedi Zenawi) or Isayas (Wedi Afom) in Eritrea which it can manipulate as desired. Remember, Where it has not succeeded to overthrow a given regime through infiltration and secret plotting, America does not hesitate to intervene militarily and designate a puppet regime. All this is carried out in the name of “democracy and human rights”
    It was thus that (in 1969) the CIA had launched a secret operation known by the code name of “seed planting project” (nursery), at Kagnew military base (near Asmara). At that date the United States had completely lost faith in Haile Selassie government. This CIA project was therefore intended to prepare an alternative means to defend American interests in the Red Sea and the Horn of Africa. And this alternative was plotting against and sabotaging Ethiopian unity, in collaboration with Isayas Afeworki/Eritrea (EPLF) and later with Meles Zenawi/Ethiopia (TPLF). This account may not be trusted by you the puppets. And yet this account is the truth as told by no other than Tesfamichael Giorgio (Wedi Giorgio), then a governor of a district in Eritrea (Akele-Guzay), who had participated in the negotiations at Kagnew between the CIA and Isayas Afeworki. America was alerted that her position in the Red Sea and the Horn of Africa was facing danger when she realized that a guerrilla organization called JEBHA – ELF (Eritrean Liberation Front) supported by closely allied Arab countries was gaining fame through its military campaigns in the Eritrean low lands, while the Government of Haile Selassie battered from various angles was shaking unable to stand on its feet. —————

    ____________Remember- General Iyasu the then chief Ethiopian secret service who gave his account on the popular TOBIYA magazine in Ethiopia-which I still have the copy with me? The General tells us that the Foreign Intelligence Service was working in close co-operation with “our allies”, particularly, the CIA who helped them in the fights of what was considered the “principal enemy”, i.e. the Soviet Union and Soviet Communism. “Paul Henze was our advisor for 27 months (1969-1972)” the general tells us. Paul Henze was “advising” Ethiopia while Isayas was plotting with Richard Copeland in Asmara, later became chief advisor to Meles Zenawi. Infact you can see the interview of Meles Zenawi’s reveal of his hatred to the Amhara conducted by Paul Henz posted on Ethiomedia.com and other opposition media last year by the lady name (I forgot her name—?). So both TPLF (by Paul Henz) EPLF (by Richard Copland) were guided and supported by CIA agents to break Eritrea and dismember Ethiopia! ________

    ————–Ethiopian security/police/military/especial terrorist task force was and still organized by the CIA and British (Djibouti also by France). So the entire East Africa is supervised and controlled by the CIA. Do not also forget Ambassador Cohen of the London Peace Conference who is the architect of the TPLF/EPLF promoter referred both bandits who were CIA recruits as “Democrats” who is still now working hard with Ambassador David Shinn to rehabilitate their CIA recruit Isayas Afewerki to bring back to his home (CIA) with the rest of the dedicated CIA boys of Woyane Tigray.

    Why is CIA involved in the African ethnic clash? It has national interest. It has to escalate such mission under the new world order of Global control. You have seen Rwanda genocide- you have seen Amhara genocide in Ethiopia- it was ignored deliberately the damage to happen deep wide. They are there, they see it. Their United Sates African Command is based there (Camp Lemonnier in Djibouti). Their Combined Joint Task Force – Horn of Africa (CJTF-HOA) is training TPLF army (Ethiopian Army) in Tolay (four hours outside Addis) military camp. They see the ethnic cleansing and their Ambassadors in Ethiopia knows and sometimes sends secret cable to Washington that the government of TPLF is doing ethnic cleansing or bomb explosion against civilians or what not what not. But, since they are their boys, they let TPLF stay in power helping them getting billions of granted loans. To let them stay in power their Ambassadors like Yamamoto and his likes goes to Congress and advocate for them (even though they know their crime is reported by the same Ambassadors to Washington State Department).

    Ayte Teshome- that is how your masters are there for brutal 22 years distorting, torturing, cheating, intimidating, selling lands to foreign neocolonialists 99 cents for acre, borders given away to Eritrea and Sudan for power exchange and security exchange. It is the worst bandit group willing to sell and destroy their own country history never seen. ———-
    There is tense recruitment of African students even as we speak from Stanford, Howard University (black University) and Harvard to send them to Africa and do their dirty job against Africa/their own country. OLF/TPLF/TPLF are good example for it in the name of ethnic issue or democracy issue or system change. ___________

    __________Let me end with an American student lady from Howard University in the early times what she said to the African students as she became aware of the CIA recruiting African student from her school and major universities. ——
    —————-she said “
    “I should mention that all of this applies to foreign students too. The CIA has a program where they recruit “nationals” – people born in a particular country –to go back to that country as a CIA agent. We should talk about the dangers here. These students need to be alerted, need to understand whose agents they are if they work with the CIA. They will not be working in the interests of their people, but working against them…The CIA has had a long history of interfering in the internal affairs of other countries. By putting down just rebellions, of the people, destabilizing government, destroying organizations, planning and financing coups, and murdering leaders, the CIA has attempted to change the course of history in places like the Dominican Republic, Guyana, Jamaica, Cuba, Chile, Iran, the Congo, Ghana, and Angola, just to name a few…The use of black against black …is seeking to make American imperialist policy more digestible simply because it comes in black hands instead of white…We must not become the enemies of our people. We must organize against all CIA activity. We must fight the CIA.”
    ——————–Indeed “simply because it comes in black hands instead of white” Yes, your TPLF or OLF Ethnic Federalism is a plot by the European and American CIA against Ethiopia to keep their interest. So no one should wonder why OLF and other criminals who committed ethnic cleansing are still allowing to live in Europe and USA freely talking openly still vow to commit more ethnic cleansing against the people of Amhara and Christian population through their Machete Revolution. Or why TPLF stayed in power for 22 years as Teshome is compose ridiculously regardless it is know record by the entire International institutions (including their supporter countries) abusing its own people with all its mercenary acts against Ethiopia and its people. The game is CIA’s. “simply because it comes in black hands instead of white!” OLF/TPLF/ONLF are all one. They are foot soldiers of the CIA and the Arab monarchs.
    Thanks
    GETACHEW REDA (Editor Ethiopian Semay)

    Reply
    • GETACHEW REDA
      You said “Ethiopian security and terrorist task force are organized by the CIA and British”
      Another upside down compliment.
      ያንት ሰዎች ሲተርቱ….የዱባ ጥጋብ ያለ ስንቅ ያዘምታል ይላሉ.
      This is not the first time, you put your foot in your mouth. The mambo-jumbo talk you tried to relate CIA and with Ethiopia, simply showed the height of your ignorance. You are talking trash and so
      We say emphatically no, cos your analysis wasn’t made for us and it couldn’t fit with our sizes.
      You always mentioned, the eviction of Amharas from some parts of Ethiopia but for me that was both a tragedy and necessity. Hence we need to address the root cause of the problem.
      ትምክህት አደሩ GETACHEW REDA Ethiopia is different than the one you used to know: Ethiopia is now የላብ አደሩ: የሰርቶ አደሩ የወጥቶ አደሩሩ ሀገር ሆናለች.
      …Ethiopia የብሄር ብሄረሰቦች እስር ቤት መሆኑዋ ቀረቶ….መኖረያና መከበሪያ ሆናለች
      At last let me say a few things about the comments you usually post. Please please for God sake, learn how to make your points in few words. By the way do you know that comments on public forum should be like ladies skirt: short enough to be interesting and long enough to cover the essentials.
      !!!!!Make it next comment post of action!!!!!!!!!

      Reply
    • Getachew

      We know you are extreme to attract the Amhara elite & Ethiopia’s adversaries attention for the simple reason of money! what you mean is , look at me! I can hate the people of Tigrai more than you do! therefore, though I’m half cast, please accept me as one of yours! but the extremists made it clear that if you have a Tigrian blood in you,you are not one of us! we have seen it all along from ,EPRP,EPDM,Derg….! they will never accept you as one of them! the Amhara people back home will accept you & I as one of them, but not the extremists!!

      The case here is; no one is going to stop the Ethiopian renaissance supported by all nations,nationalities & people of Ethiopia! Oromos are looking for their language to serve as national language side by side with Amharic! Oromos has more people,resources & everything,therefore, they must be heard!
      Mr Getachew, may god forgive you & cleanse from the hate sickness that you are soaked in!

      Reply
  29. ምናለበት አቶ ሁንዳኦል ብሄርን እንደ ሰው ወስደህ ባትሳደብ ምናለ ብታወቅ ብሄር ይባል እንጅ ሁሉም የተለያየ ሰው ነው ለምሳሌ ካንተ ብሄር ታሪኩን ጠንቅቆ የሚያወቅ በዘር ጥላቻ ያላበደ ለሰውልጅ ብልፅግና ጥሩ ነገር የሚሰራ ለተሻለች አለም የሚሰራ ይኖራል ሁሉም እንዳንተ ተራ ደደብ ላይሆን ይችላል
    ማወቅ ያለብህ ነገር ኦሮሞን ወደመጣበት እናባርረዋለን የማይቻል ይመስልህ ዪሆናል ግን ይቻላል ለምሳሌ ሙሴ እስራኤልወችን ያስወጣቸው በስንት አመታቨው ነው
    እንግሊዘኛ እንዳንተ አላውቅም ሰው ነው ያነበበልኝ

    Reply
    • Your timkhet even lets you see youself as Moses,Israel, Yehuda etc.
      Your timkhet makes go hungry and force you to refuse while generous People offer you Food. Now you consider yourself as Israel! Jesus sees all all of us, as Equals, whom he created in his image.
      may God have mercy on you!!!

      Reply
  30. Hundanol Kebede wrote a very timely and well articulated article. I thank him.

    I found Sam and Getachew Reda’s comments amazing. 20+ years later, they didn’t learn. The principle of the Right of Nations and Nationalities is and should be a non-starter position. Sam & Getachew Reda remain relics of the past.

    Federal system is the only equitable mechanism to hold Ethiopia united and propel her to greatness.

    Mr Kebeded, thank you again.

    Reply
  31. The answer is clear and Simple.

    THEY ARE RESPONSIBLE CITIZENS.

    Reply
  32. thanks mr kebede
    bc of the federalism i speke my owen languge
    b/c of the fedralisme we are equale @ this time
    b/c of the federalisme im full ethiopian
    thanks mr.
    God bless you.

    Reply
  33. I do not I will ever go to Ethiopia,because it will be a dissdvantage for me.Tribalism only come to my mind when I visit Ethiopian websites. Where I live,I have lived many years, I never came across any single person asking what tribe I belong, what religion I belong , what ethnic I belong, what race I belong, what country I came from. No one cares where I came from , how I look and where I was born. I sometimes I wish I was born here and How I could have prospered. It is a blessing to live in my host country; it is the best country on our planet. Japanese, Chinese, African, Arabs, Europeans,… we all live without any tribal or religious or ethnic or race or colour tag but we are all human being. I do not know why this country does not go out and reach to the world to teach them how to live together as human. I have been in many countries, but this is the only country which I never experienced any sort of discrimination based on anything. The limit is only my ability. If I can fly to deep space, no one will stop me.If I am smart, I will harvest the reward, no one is jealous of my ability. In Ethiopia if you are a smart, they poison you and kill you. I know a top student in Ethiopian University poisoned and killed and his crime was because he was smart. I forgot the name of the guy, he used to study in Asmara University long ago and his smartness in mathematics amazed the University year after year. But they poissoned him and he died instantly after he food poissoned. Another young girl, a young and extremely dynamic physics lecturer murdered. Her crime was she was too smart, to beautiful and slaughtered by knive in her bed room. Another smart young boy in high school who marved the school was bewitched by black magic ( metet ) in addis ababa. These are the few I know. We do not have anything like that here. Here is it is earthly heaven. No black magic, no racism, no tribalism, no ethnicism, no religious extremism, nothing. All human from every corner of the world live happy. I laugh when i see Ethiopians claim they celebrate nations and nationalities as if Ethiopia is the only country which has different ethnics. China probable has 1 million ethnics, if China could divided into ethnic enclaves, oh my God, It could not be China.

    Ethiopia does not belong to anything; It belongs to all Ethiopia. This map is an aparthied map. You do not need aparthied to respect rights. By the way, there was nation and nationalities problem . Those issue were solved by derg long ago. I believe woyanes designed this not to benefit people, but to divided and rule people until Jesus comes.I do not see the benefit for anyone. You do not divided land to big tribes ? what about the small tribes? It is completely wrong. I swear this a full blown aparthied. We have federalism, Arabs use thier language, Africans can use their language, … no one can stop you from practicing your language. They actually help to use your language. Anyway, in Ethiopia even the bad is good. If you are used to live in bad, it becomes normal and acceptable.Divding land on the basis of ethnic is insane in this century. The country does not belong to any ethnic, it belongs to everyone who lives in its borders. I would be ashamed to write this article to be honest.

    Reply
  34. The writer seems to tell us that there is Federalism in the working now under the TPLF/EPRDF self-imposed regime. There is no denying that there are countless of us still having our heads deep in the pre-1974 Revolution days, where Solomonic dynasty was considered God-send and any uprising against the ruleership was considered a great sin. But it is a wrong of historic proportions to summarily call specific communities in the country to be adherents of that view, for the Royal Family by then only represented a small clique of people who sucked the nation’s blood up, just like today where the EPRDF represented a small circle of its own adherents that are sucking our blood up. Federalism involves a system of govt where Govt function is divided between central Govt authority and constituent political units that could be regions, states, provinces, districts or whatever. This requires an absolute decentralization of central govt role, with the significant leverage of those powers going down to the people. The writer’s assertion that we do have that in Ethiopia today is a blatant lie that doesn’t hold any truth. Ethiopia under Colonel Zenawi was as Unitary and as oppressed as under Mengistu or the Royal Family, where every single Govt decision came from Arat Kilo, with the so called Kilils– only created to try to persuade the heavily divided public and the political heat at the time the mantle of lulership was controlled by the EPRDF guerrillas. The so called regions still received instructions from the dead TPLF strong man and democratic institutions in the country were strictly controlled, and if need be absolutely pruned. Would be voices against tyranny were systematically rounded up, tortured, disappeared and killed en masse. Democracy, human rights, rule of law, good governance and government accountability were preached in EPRDF diplomatic circles and regime allied propaganda mouth pieces to appease the west and secure billions of dollars in Aid. It is not just the Amharas complaining, it is everyone in the country complaining and the reason for the complaint is simple: allow people make their own choices starting from drafting and implementing a people written Constitution, decentralize Federal Authority both horizontally and vertically, allow democratic institutions and a valid political opposition as an alternative choice to the rotten EPRDF, transfer the supreme Authority of the land from the hand picked Dedebit guerrillas in the so called house of Federation to the Supreme Court and clearly define the roles of the Executive, the Legislature and the Judiciary and make sure one doesn’t intervene in the Affairs of the other and when this happens, yes there is Federalism.

    Reply
  35. በለው! February 7, 2014

    የተማረው መጣ “የአጠቃቀስኩ ቡልጠቃ”
    (ሀ)”ለምን አማራዎች ብቻ የብሄር(የቋንቋን)መሠረት ያደረገ የራስ ገዝን ይቃመማሉ!?**ሌሎችንማ ብሔሮች በቋንቋችሁ ብቻ ተናገሩ፣ እኛ የምንሠራውም እዳታዩ፣ እንዳትጠይቁ፣..ከአማራ እንዳትገጥሙ፣ ዝምብላችሁ ጨፍሩ፣እንደተናጋሪ እንስሳ ከክልላችሁ እንዳታልፉ፣ ድሮ ያልነበራችሁ፣ ማንነታችሁ ያልተረጋገጠ እኛ የፈጠርናችሁ ለእኛ በእኛ ብቻ የምትኖሩ ያለእኛ ትጠፋላችሁ እያላችሁ የአዕምሮ ስብራት፣ ፍርሃት፣ ጭንቀት፣ ሽብር ስለነዛችሁባቸው ነው። “Ethiopia adopted federal government arrangement in early 1990s on an ethno-linguistic basis in an effort to decentralize the Amhara-dominated highly centralized structures of imperial Ethiopia.ይህ ኣረፍተነገር የሚገልጸው አማራን ለማጥፋት ተነሳችሁ እንጂ ለብሄሮች የተሻለ ሕይወት(በጤናው፣ በትምህርት፣በምግብ)የነበራቸውን ማንነት ነጥቃችሁ ደን አቃጥላችሁ መሬት መሸጣችሁና ጥቂቶች መክበራችሁ ምስክር ነው። ብሔር፫ ብሄረሰብ፪ እና ሕዝቦች፩…”የተከበራችሁ የብሄር ብሄረሰብ ሕዝቦች..የተከበራችሁ አዲስአባባ ነዋሪዎች..የተከበራችሁ የሀረሪ ክልላዊ መንግስት…የተከበራችሁ አስተማሪና ተማሪዎች..ውድ የመንገድ ላይ ተዳዳሪ ጓዶች…አቶ ኀይለመለስ ደስአላኝ ከተናገሩት..
    (ለ)በመሥረቱ ይህ ካርታ ህፃናት መዋለ ሕጻናት ውስጥ የሳሉት ነው። የትግራይ ክልል ወልቃይት ጠገዴን አላማጣና ሁመራን ሲጠቀልል ይህ የብሔር ተኮሩ የኦሮሞ ካርታ አድዋ ድረስ ይሄዷል። (ሐ)ኦሮሞ በቋንቋው ቢናገር ያኮራል አሁን ይህንን ካርታ ለጥጦ በተለጠጠ ዕቅድ ለማማሰል ካልሆነ በቀር ሁሉም ሕዝብ ተከባብሮ ኖሯል፤ የአስተዳዳር ሥሕተት የብሔር ጥፋት አደለም “መንግስቱ ኀ/ም ኦሮሞ ናቸው አባቴ ታስረዋል መንግስቱ ኦሮሞ ስለነበር ነው ብዬ ማልቀስ አለብኝ ወይንስ ያልሰለጠነ ሥርዓትና ዘመነኞች ለበቀል የወሰዱት ብልግና ብዬ ማለፍ አለብኝ!? ላለፉት ፳፪ኣመት ኦሮሞ እያፈላለኩ መናቆር ለእኔና ለአባቴ የሚሰጠው ጠቀሜታ ምንድነው? የጡት ሐውልት አቁሞ እራስን እንደኋላ ቀር ከማስገመት ለኦሮሞ ሴቶች “የጡት ነቀርሳ” መከላከያና መታከሚያ ማዕከል ሆስፒታል ቢቋቋም መልካም ነበር ነው የምንለው ።አራት ነጥብ።
    (ሐ)… but why don’t we hear Oromos, Somalis, Tigreans and other language groups complaining about this? ይህ በጣም ቀላል ነው። በሀገሩ አለመደፈር ዓለም አደነቀው ሕዝብ ቶሎ በፋፋና በወተት ዱቄት አይጃጃልም! ሌሎች አክብረውትና ፍረተውት ኖረዋልና እንግዲህ ሹማባሽ በአቶ ገብረመድክን አርዓያ ትርጓሜ(ለጠላት ዶሮና አንቁላል)የሚያቀርብ በዓላማ አንድ ናቸው።
    (መ)in those days, without speaking Amharic an individual from the Somali or Oromia region, who had no access to schooling, cannot even be hired as a driver, storekeeper or gardener in any government institution.በዚያን ዘመን ከአማራው ይልቅ ንግድ ቤት፣ትልልቅ መኖሪያ ቤት፤ ጋራዥ፣ቡና ቤት የነበራቸው ኤርትራውያን ነበሩ። እናንተም ተበድላችሁ ቢሆን እንግሊዘኛ የት ተማራችሁ።ይህ ሁሉ ዶ/ር ፐሮፌሰር የፖለቲካ ተንታኝና በታኝ ኦሮሞ ከሰማይ ወረደ?ወይንስ ከፌደራሊዝም በኋላ ከምድር ፈለቀ!?
    (ሠ)many Oromo clans from Shawa were forced to flee their original homeland and relocate to the southeastern parts of Oromia in search of a farmland.ካርታው ሲሰፋበት መቋጫው ጠፋበት…እርስ በእርሱ ሲሻሻጥ የኖረ ሁሉ አሁን ማጣፊያው ሲያጥር ተሰደን ተባረን ይላል። እንግደህ ኦሮሞ ወደ ደቡብ ሄዶ አላግባብ የብሔር ብሄረሰቦችን መሬት ነጥቆ፣ ገሎ፣ ሰልቦ፣ሰፍሯል ማለት ነው።ስለዚህ ሌሎች አይናገሩም አንተ ትመሰክራለህ። አማራ ሲሰደድ’ወረራ’ኦሮሞ ተሰዶ ባለቤት ሲሆን ‘ምግብ ፍለጋ’!? እንዴት ተቀልዷል!! የሌላችሁን ያልነበራችሁን ለሰጣችሁ ሻቢያህወአት የሙስና ሻንጣ ተሸካሚ ሆናችሁ በነፃ አውጪ ጭብል በዘር ማጥፋት፣ ጥላ ሥር ተሰግስጋችሁ ትውልድ ማምከን፣ ንብረት ማባከን፣ ታሪክ ማጥፋት፣ ዘር ማጥፋትን፣ ትውልድ ማፍዘዝ፣ተያይዛችሁታል። ይህንኑ ካርታ ይዛችሁ በሶስት ባንዲራ እያተራመሳችሁ ፖለቲካ ኢኮኖሚውን መከላከያውን ጨምሮ መያዝ አለብን፤ ፺ከመቶ ሙስሊም ነን ሁሉም ሙስሊም ከእኛ በታች ነው። “ይህንን የማይቀበል ቀና ብሎ ከተናገረ በሜንጫ አንገቱን እንለዋለን!እኛ ስንገነጠል ሁሉ ነገር ይፈታል.. አክሱምና ፋሲለደስ ላይ መጅሊስ ይሰራላችኋል” የሜንጫ አብዮተኖችና የኦሮሞ ዝምታ ደራሲ የሰላዩ ማስታወሻ እንደዘገበው።! (ረ)ሌላው በተላየዩ ሀገራትን እያተቀሱ ፌደራሊዝምን ማዋቃት ጥሩ አደለም!የተተቀሱት ሀገሮች ዕድሜያቸው ከአዲስአባባ ዕድሜ እኩል ነው። መጤ ናቸው። እንግሊዝና ፈረንሳይ ካናዳ ሲሰፍሩ “ሬድ ኢንዲያንን ንብረት ሀብትና መሬት ሲነጥቁ ልክ እንደ አሁኑ ኦሮሞና ህወአት ካርታ ነው። ፈረንሳዮቹ በፈረንሳይ ሀገር ዕድሜ ልክ የተፈረደባቸውን ነፍሰ ገዳዮች ጥንድ አድርገው አፈሰሷቸው ተራቡ…ባለመሬትና በባለሀገር ሆኑ ሬድ ኢንዲያኖቹ እንዲጠፉ ድራግና ደረቅ መጠት በነፃ ሲያድሏቸው፣እንዳይራቡ ክትባት ሲሰጣቸው ከመማር ከጤና፣ሲያግዳቸው እንደእናንተ ክልል ፈጠሩላቸው አሁን ከክልላቸው አይወጡም ቋንቋቸውን ይናገራሉ ግን የቁም እስረኛ ናቸው፡ የቋንቋና የዘር ፌደራሊዝም!ድንቄም ሲባል ተሰምቷል! (ሰ) Eritrea went while a loose confederation could have easily been pursued. And they blame TPLF for making the country landlocked. Continued attempts to scoff at national self-determination of ethnicities will only replicate this mistake.እናትህ የት ሄደች ቢሉት ያላዩባትን ልታወራ! ሜንጨኖች ገብፅ ላይ ሄደው” አባይን ግድብ አንደግፍም! ደቡብ አፍሪካ ሄደው እኛም እንደእናንተ ተጨቋኝ ነን!ሳውዲያ አረቢያ ሄደው እና ኦሮሞ ሙስሊም ነን ወንጀለኞች አደለንም አትድፈሩን አታብሩን ይላሉ..ሌለውን ደብድቡት፣ ግደሉት፣ማለታቸው ነበር። ኢትዮጵያውያን ከኦሮሞ ይውጡ!እና ኦሮሞዎች ኢትኦጳያዊ አደለንም! ታዲያ እናንተ የሌላውን ብሄር የምታዳንቁና እንገናጣጠል አንድ አደለንም የምትሉት ለነፃነትህ እንሞትልሃለን ምትሉት እነማነችሁ!እራሳችሁን ሳታውቁ ስለሌላው መመስከር አያሳዝንም አያስተዛዝብም!? (ሸ)Amharic-speaking individuals residing in the south should consider adjusting themselves to this irreversible reality. ግን በዚህ ካርታ ላይ..ኢሊባቦር፣ ከፋ፣ ጋሞጎፋ፣ ሲዳማ፣ሃረር፣ ወሎ፣ ባሌ ሸዋ አዲስአባባ በሙሉ የኦሮሞ ነው ወደ ሀቁ ስንመጣ የአማራ ልጆች ኤርትራውያንም ለዚች ሀገር ሞተዋል በእነሱ ደም ነው ኦሮሞ ያንበሳው ድርሻ የእኔ የሚለውና የሚፎልለው !? ኤርትራውያንና ትውልደ ኤርትራውያን ባለሥልጣናት በኢህአዴግ ጥላ ሥር ሀገር የሚፈርሱ ትውልድ የሚያረክሱ ብቻ ሳይሆኑ ቤታቸው የፈረሰም ይመጣሉ። ሄደዋል ብላችሁ የሚቀሩ መስሎአችሁ አትቋምጡ ብቻችሁን ለመብላትና ለማባላት መሬት አትምቱ.!!ኤርትራውያንን አማራ አትንገንጠሉ ብሎ ተዋጋ እንተ እራቁታቸውን አብርራችሁ ንብረታቸውን በላችሁ ግን ትተፉታላችሁ የቆመ ይታዘበኝ!!ይህ እነ አሮጌ ጣቃ እየቀደዳችሁ ተባላ ሙት ተጋደል ተቸፋጨፍ ምትሉት ብሄር ብሄረሰብ በቋንቋው የሚጠይቃችሁ ንፀሑህ ውሃ፤ ምግብ መጠለያ፣ ትምህርት፣ ሰላም፤ ሥራ..ከትኋን ከቅማልና ቅጫም ነፃ እንዲወጣ የእግሩ ንቃቃት በጫማ እንዲሸፈን በኩበት ጭስ ዓይኑ እንዳይጠፋ፣ አልቅትና ሞስኪቶ ተስቦ በሽታ ልጆቹን እንዳይጨርስበት ነው።**አትረብሹት ይኑርበት! “by Dr. Hourisso Gemechu, Washington, DC. ecadforum.com/2014/02/04/oromos-in-human-zoos-at-the-turn-of-the-20th-century/ ካለፈው ተምሮ፣ አዲሱን መስክሮ፣ ለነገው ተማክሮ ትውልድ ይኑርበት ጎጠኛ፣ ሆድ-አደር፣ አድር-ባይ፣ ከፋፋይ፤ አሸባሪ ምንደኛን ከመሃል አብርሮ!!”ኢትዮጵያ የሁሉም ዜጎች እኩል ቤት ትሆናለች!”የብሄር ብሄረሰብ የዜግነት አንደኛና ሁለተኛነት በታጋይነት በቋንቋና በብሔር በሕዝብ ቁጥር ብሎ ለማነገር ለመፃፍ፣ ለመሰብሰብ፣ ለመዘወዘወር፣ ቤት ንበረት ለማፍራት ማሳወቅም ማስፈቀድም ግዴታ አይኖርበትም!!ፌደራሊዝም የሰው ልጅን እንደከብት ማጎሪያ፣ማስፈራሪያም፣ ማደናገሪያም የእንቁልልጮሽም አደለም!!በቸር ይግጠመን>>>>ይቀ..

    Reply
  36. Gudu Kassa February 7, 2014

    First and foremost, racism is a road map to destroy humanity and as well it is a war on human race. It gives rise to an evil quality of human genius that tempts humans to become animal like monster. Racism knows no fear of God, no inner voice, no rational or logic that would give human tips and balances to equalize its sense of humanity in which human society is calm and able to make rational judgments. Racists treat humanity with disrespect. You must be one to find a friend and that is what Racists lack the most. Racism may be defined as the hatred of one person by anther based on his or her color of skin or ethnic background. Isn’t that what ethnic ideology is based on? So the mere idea that all ethnic based political groupings including TPLF have in common is nothing else but abhorrence they have to any races other than their own. That is the fact!
    unlike broadly based organization like that of the EPRP and other broadly based political organizations, those ethnic based organizations in MEDREK plus TPLF condemned not the systems we had in the past but AMHARAS as if all AMHARAS were in a position where all and sundry was under their control. To put it briefly, ethnically based and narrowly focused political groupings that carry out the same socio-political policy of TPLF could not be any better than TPLF itself. “The less justified a man is in claiming excellence for his own self, the more ready he is to claim all excellence for his nation, his religion, his race or his holy cause.” — Eric Hoffer

    In conclusion, there is no such thing as that Amharas are chauvinists and Tigreans are narrow nationalists so on and so forth. Because I honestly believe that the majority of Amharas, Tigreans, and Orromos are decent (CHIWA_ Ethiopians with the exception of some human animals possessed with some evil qualities called prejudice. Consequently, what the mother of all winning children needs to see most is to see her well brought up children drawing together in an effort to rescue her from cannibalism. Virtually, only the chosen individuals of divergent views in Ethiopia can live in peace together with the rest of their links. Because they are certain that they do share certain common aspirations and hopes that are more important than their differences. Both chauvinists and narrow nationalists are the products of social prejudices. Both bark at anyone whom they do think are not part of their clans. They are obsessed with anger against any clan other than their own and are always the prisoners of their own unfortunate experiences. As a result, they both believe in retaliation. With that said, the only conceivable solution there is, is to create an environment in which we all Ethiopians can become effective, helpful participants in a way of life that blends and harmonizes the abrasives and the polite individuals together within one society called Ethiopians.
    Ethiopia shall prevail!!

    Down with tribal politics and Long Live Ethioia.

    Gudu Kassa

    Reply
  37. Hundanol A. Kebede,

    You asked, “Why is it that only Amhara elites denounce Ethiopia’s ethnic federalism?”

    First of all, you are asking the wrong question. Here is why: You used the word ONLY (my emphasis) to single out and target Amharas as woyanes/TPLF always do. Are you sure it is Amhara elites only that denounce Ethiopia’s ethnic federalism? What if I put your question like, “Why is it that only Oromo or Tigray elites denounce Ethiopia’s ethnic federalism?” Will it sound right to you? If no, that is why you are dead wrong from the stat. You must work on your vocabulary choice and usage if you want to communicate with others and pass your message correctly/properly.

    Second of all, if you are honest to yourself and others, you don’t have to labor that lot to answers your own question. The answers are out there for the last several years unless your intent is to confuse the unsuspecting and the gullible.

    Let me give you a very short answer why most Amaras and other ethnic groups are not in favor of the “Ethnic federalism” arrangement you love to death. It is a fake and a dysfunctional arrangement for the people of Ethiopia and a cover planned to empower Tigrayans and ensure their supremacy over other ethnic groups and rule for as long as needed. If this has not occurred to you so far, it is not only the “ethnic federalism” that is defective, but you and your likes.

    So, please ask your question any Amara, Oromo, Tigrayan, etc., etc., with a sound mind and their answer will not be that yours, but different to your disbelief.

    Isolating and targeting one ethnic group for any motive is tantamount to a crime against humanity. So far, Woyanes/TPLF are accountable for singling out and annihilating many ethnic groups one by one just to hang onto power. Woyane “ethnic federalism” is equivalent to woyane “apartheid” and that is one big thing most Ethiopians want to see is over. I am saying this not as an Amara, Oromo, Tigrayan, etc., but as an Ethiopian. If this is something that is not palatable or difficult to swallow to you and your likes, hard luck.

    As much as you believe you are an authority on the issue, Amaras, Oromos, Tigrayans, etc. also know the best answers to questions that are of national and regional importance. In other words, they are not ready to be lectured on an issue that is totally wrong and was unacceptable on arrival.

    Reply
    • @Mario
      ይህ ሀሳብሽና ሌላውም ለኔ በጣም ተስማሚ ነው።
      ግን በአንቺ ስም ማርዮ ብሎ እየገባ በሌላ አመለካከት የሚያምታታን አለ። ይሄን ነገር ተመልክተሽዋል?

      Reply
    • Mario.
      You know full well when he said why only Amharas are organized and made it their strategy to get rid of federalism he meant to say there are no other ethnic group whose agenda is to defeat federalism as we know it today in the Ethiopian context. Do you see any other organized ethnic based movement in Ethiopia that is opposed to federalism? If any thing their problem is with the lack of implementation of federalism in its true sense.

      Reply
  38. Its Not asif you see and hear the nation is when they speak the same language you think yha but the difference massive.

    you live in liverpool want to work in london must be joking kegter yemta yegojam tenagari malet new amarigna eysebaber man ligbabaw yichlale just like that.its every where .

    ahun yabajifar jimma le arsi oromo shekena husen menu new .

    abageda yerasu yehone astedader alew.

    yewlegaw egna temrenal kelelaw oromo yileke enante ahya nejiwoch nachu egna awroplan mejemeria abrari nene.

    arsi bale berucha ethiopian yemiasteru jegnoch nachew.

    ers bersu leunetu semai new.

    man liastedadren new torenetu yeklete new
    self govern kerto self distraction new mihonew.

    sele zer sinesa hezbun mawek yaseflegal
    oromo and yimselale shew bicha wede beklalu 60 akababi aynet oromo group ale.

    tigrai endeziaw .amahra also.

    gambela region they have the same ethnic clash if you go to hosana they call it debube hezeb goodnnes me if you count the ethnic its aroun more than 100 minimum.

    they all yinanakal.

    i can not tale you.

    the best way love your culture love the language we gone be the best in the world.

    Hayimanot yegel new hager yegara new.

    long live mothe ethiopia .
    yihen hulu teshekemalech.

    Ebelo yagerbechisa biyeoffi maltu gedisa
    ebelo yagerbechisa ethiopia maltu gedisa.

    Reply
  39. unity in diversity February 7, 2014

    The writer is not in a position to say “Why is it that only Amhara elites denounce Ethiopia’s ethnic federalism?” there are many Amharas sacrificed for the equality of Nations and Nationalities of Ethiopia; here is a good example:
    Wallelign Mekonnen said on his famous article “on the Question of nationalities in Ethiopia” published in Struggle, 17th November 1969, the article described what it implied to build “a genuine” national state which was both “democratic and egalitarian…” in which all nationalities participate equally in state affairs, it is a state where every nationality given opportunity to preserve and develop its language, music and history. It is a state where Amharas, Tigres, Oromos, Somalis, Adarees, Walaytas,…etc are treated equally. It a state where no nation dominates another nation, be it economically or culturally”.
    A. The countries of the world with multilingual, but united and strong nations are:
    1. Canada
    Canada is officially bilingual, and all services provided by the federal government are available in English and French. The selection of Ottawa as the national capital, located on the Ontario-Québec border, reflects the long-standing political and cultural importance of the two founding nations. The 2001 census reported that just 1.5 percent of Canadians lack the ability to speak at least one of the official languages; 18 percent of Canadians are fluently bilingual. The majority, 57 percent, reported English as their mother tongue in 2006, while 22 percent reported French and 20 percent declared a nonofficial language. Some of the most prevalent nonofficial languages in Canada are Chinese, Italian, German, Punjabi, Spanish, Portuguese, and Vietnamese.
    Historically, the indigenous peoples of Canada spoke dozens of different languages. More than 50 are still recognized today. Almost all fall into groups of related languages traceable from a common ancestral tongue. The largest such group is the Algonquian; Cree, an Algonquian language, is the most significant indigenous language in Canada today. Other large groups are Dene (also called Athapaskan), Iroquoian, Siouan, Salishan, Wakashan, Tsimshian, and Inuit-Aleut (Eskimaleut). There are also three indigenous languages of British Columbia—Kootenay, Haida, and Tlingit—that are not clearly related to any other known tongue.
    2. Switzerland
    The official languages of Switzerland are three: German (spoken by 64 percent of the population), French (19 percent), and Italian (8 percent). The fourth national language, Romansch, is spoken by less than 1 percent of the people. Other languages, particularly Spanish, Portuguese, and Turkish, are spoken by the remaining population.
    Most Swiss are multilingual. In a majority of the cantons the most commonly spoken language is Schweizerdeutsch (Swiss German), an Alamannic dialect of German differing vastly from other German dialects.
    3. Belgium
    A law passed in 1963 established three official languages within Belgium: Dutch was recognized as the official language in the north, French in the south, and German along the eastern border. In the city and suburbs of Brussels, both French and Dutch are officially recognized, although French speakers are the larger group. In the country as a whole, strictly Dutch speakers make up about 56 percent and French speakers 32 percent of the population. Only 1 percent of the people speak German, while some 11 percent speak more than one language. In 1971 a constitutional change was enacted giving political recognition to these three linguistic communities, providing cultural autonomy for them, and also revising the administrative status of Brussels.

    4. India
    Eighteen Indian languages, plus English, have been given official status by the federal or state governments.

    5. Guinea
    About 67 percent of the population of Guinea is Muslim, 28 percent adhere to traditional beliefs, and 4 percent are Christians. French is the official language. The country has eight national languages: Mandinka (also known as Mandingo and Malinke), Susu, Fulfulde, Kissi, Basari, Loma, Koniagi, and Kpelle.

    B. The countries of the world with monolingual or bilingual , but divided nations and they were in civil wars are:
    6. Korea
    Korea (South and North), is one of the most ethnically homogeneous countries in the world. Almost all of its people are ethnically Korean, but divided.

    7. Somalia
    One religion, Sunni Muslims, one language, one nation; this doesn’t help them for unity and in civil war for 20 years.

    8. Burundi
    The chief ethnic groups are the Hutu and the Tutsi, who have traditionally comprised 85 percent and 14 percent of the population, respectively. One language (Kirundi) and one religion (Roman Catholic) didn’t help them to avoid the genocide committed.

    Reply
  40. By the way the map you have indicate you yourself don’t recognize others territorial boundary. This is a crap written by the paranoid person…

    Reply
  41. በዚህ ድረ ገፅ ላይ ከተሳተፉት ከ90%በላይ የጎሳ ፖለቲካን የቃወማሉ። ከተሾመና ከአሊና ከቢጤዎቻቸው በስተቀር። ይህ ሁሉ ተቃዋሚ የአማራ elite ነው ማለት ነው? አይመስለኝም።የድረገፁ አዘጋጅ የአማራን eliteን ብቻ ፊልተር እያደረገ ነው የሚያወጣው?አይመስለኝም።
    እንደዛ ከሆነ፣እኒህ የጎሳን ፖለቲካ የሚቃወሙ ሁሉ የአማራ elite ካልሆኑ ማለት ነው፣
    1ኛ፣ ፀሀፊው ተሳስቶአል ማለት ነው። ምንም ጥያቄ የለውም ያው የፋሺስትን ፅንሰ ሀሳብ ነው ያፈለቀው።
    2ኛ፣ tplf አና ሌሎች የጎሳ ድርጅቶች ተሳስተዋል ማለት ነው።
    3ኛ፣ የአማራ ኤላይቶች ትክክል ናቸው ማለት ነው።
    4ኛ፣ የምእራብ ጋዜጠኛው እነደዘገበው “አቶ መለስ ዜናዊ አምባ ገነንነት ትክክል መሆኑን ለማሳመን የለፉ መሪ ናቸው” ያለው ትክክል ነው ማለት ነው።

    Reply
  42. i wouldn’t surprise if ledetu and hailushawel fighting deep in their heart there is ethnic problem thats why they never achive every where oromo never unite becouse every body want his ethnic to be on top you are from gojjam no i am from wello nooo you are from shewa oromo we better rule you welega are better.

    if one oromo ask him do you like artist tadel gemechu some say he is amhara becouse he is from shewa.

    have ever watched tilahun gessese in oromo tv not me cos this is what am saying.

    alibera for shewa oromo of for welega is nothing.

    every one of us if we become a true leader that can think for the nation not for ethnic group this a disese that never take us any where.

    ethiopian somali the same there are hawiya,darod,dir,ishak,rahnewine each have there own problem if its was not in ethiopia they could have been in trouble.

    have you heared seleshi telahun when he sing hosana kile kile the poem he is saying the number of ethnic group in debube around hosana am not saying thats bad but just to give you some example.

    i wish every singer remind us like him .
    how many ethnic realy exist.

    we never see a true ethiopian leader.

    Reply
  43. I would really be worried if the question asked in the heading was true. Why would the Amara be the only Ethiopians who resist the placement of Ethiopians in segregated Bantustans? Fortunately, after 20 years of effort to make this Amara verses all others, we now find the scheme rejected by all Ethiopians.

    I will never forget video clip I saw from ETV where an elderly Hadiya man was telling the reporter to thank Meles for everything he has done but also to ask him why he is preventing his grandchildren from learning Amharic when he himself was letting his study not only Amharic but also English. This man asked, how are they supposed to grow and hope to find jobs in other parts of their country when they do not understand anything beyond the language of their Awraja.

    So, the question is based on a false premise and no need to answer that question.

    Reply
  44. ዲነግዴ February 7, 2014

    ለ Hundanol A. Kebede

    ጤናህ እንዴት ነው?? ሰላም ነህ ??
    የተሻለህ አትመስልም : you are sick መድሀኒትህን ዋጥ :: by the way what kind of group is it ? is it like some secret group that uyou made by yourself or are they those guys talking on ESAT that damages you mind this bad ?

    ሰውን በአስተሳሰቡ እንጂ በጎሳ ማንነቱ መለካት የምናቆመው መቼ ይሆን??
    ጎሳ ጭንቅላት አይሆንም !!!
    ከመጻፍህ በፊት አስብ ፣ ማሰብ ይቀድማል: ከጽሁፍህ እንዳየሁት ተራ ጥላቻ ብቻ ነው እንጂ እውቀት አይጨምርም :
    ብታውቀው አንተ የዘር ፖለቲካ እንዴት መጥፎ እንደሆነ ማሳያ ነህ :: ማብራሪያ ብዙም አያስፈልገውም ለዚህ ::
    Get well

    Reply
  45. The land is divided based on ethnic. Amhara and other ethnic land is given to Oromo how can they accept this federalism. Do you think it is fair and logical? No by no means it is logical , Robert Mugabe colonizers land to local people to make lasting peace but here in Ethiopia the colonizer Oromo given the main land of Ethiopia including historical places like ziway, debrelibanose , wolenchitie ,menagesha etc

    Reply
  46. The Aksum Post February 8, 2014

    Every ethiopian, irrespective ethnic and religious background oppose Ethnic Federalism because it weakens our unity as a country. We need one common language and I think “Amharic” or “Ethiopic” could be our common language. Honestly, I do not like what the “Amhara” did in Ethiopia. And I do not think “Amharic” could be used as a common language, because there has been so much injutice on non-amhara ethiopians. We should use english as a common language. On the other hand, we should form a united Ethiopia. Ethnic Federalism should be replaced with democratic unitary state. People should intermingle and live together without having to make distiniction on tribal basis.

    TPLF-EPRDF should be overthrown and Ethiopia should be ruled by a democratic government. We, in “The Aksum Post” oppose Ethnic Fedralism but also condemn “Amhara tribal domination” of Ethiopia. We should respect the equality of all tribes and religions in Ethiopia.

    Reply
  47. I was also wondering why. Given the past history, current reality and ethnic diversity situation, federalism system is the only viable political option for Ethiopia`s as a modern geo-political entity. The current politico and socio-economic failure has nothing to with the federalism system per se. The selfish and myopic vision of the TPLF policy has to blamed for it.

    Reply
  48. seifu degefu February 8, 2014

    What a joke is he talking? In twenty one years the TPLF has no Federal institutions.
    No federal bureau of investigation or Federal Courts. TPLF is a joke. It is kish.
    It is farce. Every thing what is happening in Ethiopia is a joke. What the
    TPLF produced in twenty one years in power is folk song writers, costume designers, choreographers and cheap talk of federalism.

    Reply
  49. Ethnic federal and self determination of the nations,art 39, are deep rooted in ethiopia.There is no going back.
    Read below contact adress to have an idea of what is happening in UK. Scotland referundum for independance.

    http://ayyaantuu.com/europe/scottish-independence-seven-months-to-save-uk-cameron-says/

    Reply
  50. Mengesha T. February 8, 2014

    Hundanol wrote in attractive English what is in the ground. All those who contradicted him using abusive language are good examples: Yosef, Belew, Dinegde, angereb. Yosef said that he c an not understand English, then how did he write in English? Leaving that as it may, those of you who tried to defend for the Amhara elite have to do it not through abusive language, but in showing him that this elite is not as what Hundanol wrote. However, the Amhara elite does not know how to convince people, but to terrorize them. Most Amharas who reply in this page used insulting words, threatening expressions rather than convincing. Such behaviour of your fathers does not work today. Your fathers used to say when blessing: ባሪያ ጋላ ግዛ. Such things inflamed public anger and turned to revolt. So, try to think as any human being not as an Amhara.
    Recently, the Chinese, and before them the Israelis reported in their separate studies that the Ethiopians have lower IQs than the rest of the world’s population. I thought for some time how that could be. But now I found the answer: These are the Amharas.
    One last point. If nations go via self-determination, the Amharas do not loose anything. the land of Gojjam is fertile enough, and even Wello, except the scarcity of rain; and even south Gonder is fertile for the nation to feed and beyond. Nevertheless, the only looser in that is Tigray; that is why The Aksum Post is strongly for unity. Poor Tigreans will suffer. Where does they go from there? It is better not think of it, The Aksum Post.
    The Aksum Post, you said that you are against both. You have to remember that it is not only TPLF which exploits the people. It is you people from Tigray. I’m working in Tigray and the hatred towards every non-Tigrian is excessive even at this time when they are ruling the nation. They sell us things at least double than its true price. Earlier at the time of the guerrilla fighting we were called ass, sons and daughters of ass.
    In 1998 E.C. a non-Tigrean who had been there for years was to leave the region and wanted to sell his house, but they all agreed not to buy him. Finally the man left his house and that land. Another man started a restaurant with good foods, but the restaurant owners made him to be bankrupted and leave their land. So The Aksum Post, how could we agree with you?

    Reply
    • @Mengesha
      ሁንዶል ስሙን ቀይሮ መንገሻ ብሎ መጣና ማጠቃለያ ሀሳብ ሊሰጠን ነው።
      የዘጋነውን ነገር መልሶ መላልሶ ሊነግረን ፈለገ። ይህ ማለት ድመት ጭራዋን ነክሳ እዛው ቦታ በራሱዋ ዛቢያ እንደምትሽከረከረው አይነት ማለት ነው። ሁሉም ሰው ነግሮሀል የጎሳ ፖለቲካ አይጠቅምም ብለውሀል። አራት ነጥብ።
      አሁን ደግሞ መልኩዋን ቀየር አርገህ፣ አንዴ አማርኛ ቁዋነቁዋን ማጥላላት፣ አንዴ ደሞ ትግሬን ማጣጣል ጀመርክ። ይህ ሁሉ የመከፋፈል ስራህን ለመስራት ነው እንጂ አንተ ራስህ ትግሬ ነህ።
      እኔ በአማርኛ ሀሳቤን በደንብ እገልፃለሁ፣ሁሉም ይገባዋል፣አንተም ገብቶሀል። በእነግሊዘኛ ደግሞ እነ Gezaee እነ aksumite post: እነ ማርዮ ወዘተርፈ ነግረውሀል።
      እንግዲህ ምን እንሁን? አሁን አንተ የምትፈልገው፣
      ለሀገር የማይጠቅም ነገር ተቀበሉ ነው?
      ወይስ አልተሳሳትኩም ለማለት ነው?
      ወይስ ብሳሳትም ወደ ሁዋላ መመለስ ሽንፈት ይሆንብኛል ነው?
      ወይስ አማራን እያሰብክ መኖር ስለማትችል ነው?
      ወይስ ስልጣን የመያዣ ወይም የማራዘሚያ መንገድ አድረገህ ወስደህ ነው?
      እኔ ምኑም አልገባኝም?

      Reply
    • በለው! February 10, 2014

      >>መማር መማረር የሆነበት ዘመን!…ጭራሽ ፈጣሪዎቹን ህወአት ተሳዳቢው ዘሎ መንገሻ. ተ ገባ…ለመሆኑ መንገሻ ብሔር ነው ብሔረሰብ ነው ወይስ ሕዝቦች ነው። Amhara elite does not know how to convince people, but to terrorize them.(ሜንጫና ምርጫ የተማታበት ትውልድ!ባለጌ ልጅ ሲቆጡት ያለቅሳል አሉ። ኦሮሞ..ከባሌ ተራራ ወደ ኬንያና ወደ ሰሜኑ ሀገራችን ክልል ምግብ ፍለጋም ይሁን ለሠፈራ ቦታ ይዞ ኖረ ተዋለደ..ዛሬ ጭራሽ መጡብኝ እንጂ የትም አልሄዱኩም አለ። እንግዲህ አፈረሰም፣ ሰለበም፣ ገደለም፣ የነበረ ነው ሁሉም ሀገራት ያለግጭት የኖረ ሕዝብ የለውም የሚለውን አቻችሎ እንደማለፍ ሌላውን የኢትዮጵያ ብሔረሰብ አሳድሞ ፶፩ከመቶ አግኝቶ ለመገንጠል አማራን ሲወነጅል ሌላውን ከኦሮሞ በቁጥርም፣በትምህርትም፣ በሃይማኖትም፣ የበታች የሆንክ ሁለተኛ ዜጋ(ብሄር)መሆንክን አምነህ፣ ወድህና ፈቅድህ፣በሕገመንግስቱ ተቀብልሃል አማራ የጋራ ጠላታችን በቅን ግዛት ያኖረን ስለሆነ…እኛ የተበደልንና የተጨቆንን ከፍተኛው ቁጥር ባለን ጥላ ሥር ተጠቃላችሁ ኢትዮጵያዊነት አንድነትና ኅብረት የአማራ መገለጫው ስለሆነ እናጥፋው እርዱን ሲሉ ደጋፎዎቻቸውን ማጃጃል ሰጀምሩ አማራን መሳደብና ማናማናቅን ተያይዘውታል።

      **ለዚህም ዳዊት ከበደን ለማጋጨት ሲሉ ተጠናክረው መጡ.. ያገኙት መልስ Axum post said Honestly, I do not like what the “Amhara” did in Ethiopia. And I do not think “Amharic” could be used as a common language, because there has been so much injutice on non-amhara ethiopians. We should use english as a common language.ይህ ሀቅ ህወአት አማርኛን አደለም ትግርኛን አጠፋው መቆለ(ቐ..ቀ…ሌ..ላ )ትግሬ እንግሊዝ መሆን አማራው። ኦሮሞም ቶሎሳ.. ቶለሳ ሎ..ለ..ዓለም ማያ…አልማያ እያሉ ሰውን አደለም ፊደል ያሸብራሉ ።ትግራይን በጎሳ እያቧደነ እርስ በእርስ እያሸበረ ባህሉን፣ ዝናውን፣ ክብሩን፣ ሸጠው። ነባር ባሕሉ፣ወጉ፣ ሃይማኖቱ፣አጨፋፈሩ፣ጨዋነቱ ያልተበረዘ ያልጠፋ ብሄር ብሄረሰብ የቱ ነው?ፎገራሊዝምነው በለው! ከሁለት ጥንድ በሬ በላይ ያለው ሀብታም(ፊውዳል) ሁሉ አማራ መሰል ነው ይላሉ። ግን የትግራይ ወጣት ጫካ የገባው አሞራ የበላው ለሻቢያ ህወአት ኦነግና ኦብነግ ባላሥልጣናት አትራፊ ነጋዴ ለማድረግ ነበርን? 60ከመቶ ኦነግ መሪዎች ሳንዱት እየዋጡ፣ ደረቅ ጫት እየመጠጡ፣ ተሳለ ኑሮ እኖሩ ለም ደሃውን ህዝብ ተጨፋቸፍ ይሉታል። ሌሎችስ ብሔር ብሄረሰቦች ስፓንሽ፣ ጀርመን፣ ካናዳዊ፣ ዓረባዊ፣ ሕንዳዊ፣ ሊሆኑ ይሆን?
      ****Nevertheless, the only looser in that is Tigray; that is why The Aksum Post is strongly for unity. Poor Tigreans will suffer. Where does they go from there? It is better not think of it, The Aksum Post.You have to remember that it is not only TPLF which exploits the people. It is you people from Tigray.They sell us things at least double than its true price.at the time of the guerrilla fighting we were called ass, sons and daughters of ass.a non-Tigrean who had been there for years was to leave the region all Tigraians agreed not to buy him. Finally the man left his house and that land.Another man started a restaurant with good foods, but the restaurant owners made him to be bankrupted and leave their land. ***አሁን ትግሬንም መሞለጭ ጀመሩ፡ብሄር ብሔረሰብና ህዝቦች ቋንቋና ነገድን ሲያካልል እከክልኝ ልከክልህ ሥልጣን ማራዘሚያ እንጂ ቀድሞ የነበረውን ካርታ ህዝብ ማንነት ቋንቋውን ባሕልና ሃይማኖቱን ያከበረና የዜጎችን ሰብዓዊ መብት የሚያስጠብቅ ሰው መዘሩ ሳይሆን በዕውቀቱ በወዙ በላቡ ሠረቶ በሰላም የሚያኖር ፍትሃዊ ፌደራሊዝም ሀገር አውራጃ ወረዳ ቀበሌ ማዘጋጃ ቤት…በሆነ መልካም ነበር። ብላና ተባላ…ያልነበራችሁ የፈጠርናችሁ ያለ እኛ የማትኖሩ የቁም ተናጋሪ ከብቶች ማለት ግን ከአፓርታይድም በበለጠ የተለጠተና የተንበላጠጠ የውጭ ሀገር ቃርሞሽ በዚህ ማይምን የዋህና ድሃ ላይ መሞከሪያ ማድረግ አግባብ አደለም። ሌላው ፉከራ የድሮው ሽማግሌዎች ይሞታሉ ያለውን ትውልድ አፍዝዙ አደንዝዙ ግደሉ አሰድዱ አዲስ ታሪክ ፈጥራችሁ መፅሃፍ አባዙ ነበሩን አቃጥሉ ዝረፉ የሚለው አሳፋሪ ተግባር አንዳንዶች ከፓርላማና ከፓርቲ አባልነት ሲባረሩ መጽሀፍ በመሸጥ ሊከብሩ አይገባም!ተስፋዬ ገብረእባብ ይቀየማል!!!
      ***ላለፉት መሪዎቻችን ሁሉ ነፍስ ይማር ይህንንሁሉ ተሸክመው አይጠቀለሉ ምን ይሁኑ!አቶ መለስ ዜናዊ የማኒፌስቶው ብሄር ብሔረሰብ የዘር ፌደራሊዝም አንድ ገፅ ተኩል ብቸኛው ባለሙሉሥልጣን እንዲጠቀልሉና የሁሉንም ብሄር ብሄረሰብ ተረት ችለው ነበር ከሕዝቦቹ ዘ-ኢኮኖሚስትና ከቻይና ተረት ሲጀምሩ ተጠቀለሉ..ታጋይ አይሞትም!የታጋይ መጨረሻው ሞት ነው!ራዕይን እናስቀጥላላን!ብሄር በህረሰቦች የእርዳታ ንፍሮ እየነፉ አስነኩት!
      …Recently, the Chinese, and before them the Israelis reported in their separate studies that the Ethiopians have lower IQs than the rest of the world’s population. I thought for some time how that could be. But now I found the answer: These are the Amharas.ይህንን አሳቸው ኦሮሞን ብለው ነበር። anay how all are parrots (monkey sees monkey do!) stand up against poverty **defend federal democracy based on justice! love! truth! united ethiopia to all equality!ኢትዮጵያ አንድ እናት ናት ልጆቿን በብሄር ብሔረሰብ አትለያይም አታበላልጥም!!ልጆቿም ተቧድነው እናታቸውን አያጠፉም በለው!በቸር ይግጠመን

      Reply
  51. @REZIN 50000:500000 new yalshiw? derg yeteshenefew bewananet 1)be hulum ye ethiopia hizb yetetefa sileneber 2)zeregna silalnbere siltan lay ena yeserawitu keftegna shumoch ke tigrem ke eritream yeneberubet sileneber yetewesenut le tplf ena le shabia keftegna wetaderawi mereja yastelalfu sileneber enji amhara silehone aydelem. history yemtawk/ki kehone 1 neger lastawsih. ke 13th century jemro bezemenu siltan ena serawit bezer yideraj beneberebet gize lalefut 600 ena 700 ametat mulu lemulu bemibal melku siltanun yizewt yeneberut amaroch neberu. yan zemen ye tigrai hizb alneberem malet new? silezih yihe 50000:500000 yemtlewn ebrit ersaw. endante keshim hasab derg yetewakerew be amharoch bicha bihon noro tplf yashenf neber yemil neger ayseram. ke afih lemiwetaw neger tetenkek.

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  52. MR axum post let the english F????your ass then we can do it what you don’t know we ethiopian learn english from 5 grade so we have so many language even to speak the next big language is chinese so we have no problem with language thats all but instead of axum your name make it eritra so it sound better.tale the people in asmara to speak italian language .

    Reply
  53. Dawit kebede is misleading people as if only the Amahra is against ethnci federalism and secession. I am a Gurage but Iam also against the socalled ethnic federalism which is the mirror image of the previous South African aparthaid system. If secession is a solution for a country’s problems, why only Ethiopia on this planet adopted such kind of constitution?

    Reply
  54. sewerait February 9, 2014

    I agree with Hundanol on his view regrading AMhara elite who oppose Ethiopian Federalism with few corrections. 1.one has to be clear on Amhara elites. there are new elites who are working on the side of federalsim , who are equally fighting against the elites fighting to return the country to the One country one language project. The elites who dominated the opposition in side and outside the country are preaching to dismantle the federal order. Those group of people when they refer to Ethiopians they innocently mistaken with Amhara speaking people. National unity is an agenda to snatch back power . It is not about democracy, human right or election. It is to take power and destroy federalism.
    The writer did right in making things clearer. Those elites are defeated in the battlefront. the federal system was built on their death. when they lost hope we will see they will change political agenda . They are looking a sexy agenda and a sexy politician. But Ethiopian are conclusion enough on what federalism is them .
    federalism despite it is introduced by TPLF/EPRDF it is a better system. But if it is a better system what is the probelm if it supported by TPLF. What should be the options of TPLF. I beleive it is one of the most importnat forces who shakes the old regime. It defeated the DERGE and the system superimposed on Ethiopians. what moral do one have to criticize EPRDF for introducing democracy.
    Another importnat point is that some tend to forget the country is poor. What EPRDF is doing is to mobilize people to fighting poverty. we cannot blame EPRDF for poverty. we could blame it if is not helping to end poverty . the resultant is EPRDF is making history in this regards.
    EPRDF is scoring several points while the opposing elites are lurking on and on endlessly in a sort of blasphemy the name Weyane.
    stand up against poverty . defend federal democracy.

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  55. Tigray elites play with fire to gain momentary upper-hand in the field of political game.

    Don’t worry Mr Kebede, the current regime will be protected by its handles till another Melse Zenaw from Amhara emerged.

    The long project of TPLF handlers is to wait till this generation is replaced by highly ethnic oriented young generation.

    Mercenary group like Melese zenawi effectively brainwashed Tigreans to follow its advocacy for Tigrean independence.

    The same group gave an ammunition (ethnic cleansing, demonizing amhara , killing amhra leaders like Prof Asrat) to the future amhra radicals to project their ideology of independence.

    The time will come when the southerns say ” enough of Abyssinia rule”.

    I will assure you that you will cry for unity ( if you are alive by then), when the reality set in

    Thanks to Meles zenawi, the wall of separation is already erected. Yes, there will be a border conflict between each newly formed states. Again, the current TPLF handlers will step in and use this conflict as the leverage to maximize their benefit.

    Reply
  56. Tigray elites play with fire to gain momentary upper-hand in the field of political game.
    -
    Don’t worry Mr Kebede, the current regime will be protected by its handles till another Melse Zenaw from Amhara emerged.
    -
    The long project of TPLF handlers is to wait till this generation is replaced by highly ethnic oriented young generation.
    -
    Mercenary group like Melese zenawi effectively brainwashed Tigreans to follow its advocacy for Tigrean independence.
    -
    The same group gave an ammunition (ethnic cleansing, demonizing amhara , killing amhra leaders like Prof Asrat) to the future amhra radicals to project their ideology of independence.
    -
    The time will come when the southerns say ” enough of Abyssinia rule”.
    -
    I will assure you that you will cry for unity ( if you are alive by then), when the reality set in
    -
    Thanks to Meles zenawi, the wall of separation is already erected. Yes, there will be a border conflict between each newly formed states. Again, the current TPLF handlers will step in and use this conflict as the leverage to maximize their benefit.

    Reply
  57. ተከዜ February 10, 2014

    “የዝንጀሮ መንገድ የጎድን የጎድን” ይላል አዝማሪው ሲያዘምር።
    የሁንዶልም መንገድ የጎድን የጎድን ሆነብኝ።
    አንድ ሰው እንደ ሁንዶል አይነት አስተሳሰብ ያለውን ሲጠይቀው፣ “በህይወትህ ምን መሆን ትመኛለህ?” ሲለው የሁንዶል አይነቱ ደግሞ የመለሰለት መልስ፣ “እኔ በህይወቴ የምመኘው አንድ ቀን አማራ መሆንን ነው” አለው ይባላል። እንዲሁ በተመሳሳዩ ድሮ
    መንግስቱ ሀይለማርያም ሲናገር “ከሺህ አመት ባርነት የአንድ ቀን ነፃነት” እንዳለው አይነት ጋር ተመሳሳይነት አለው።

    Reply
  58. What ever you right about amhara or minilike for whom who you are today they played a bigger role.

    Before queen sabba so many kings they rulled ethiopia then the axumit for so many hundered years then amhara then tigrai then amhara NOW the axumit come back again if they join with one of theirs eritreans cusine thats a real challenge for the rest of ethiopian they want to rule for so long.

    that will be the danger we gone face.

    Reply
  59. Returing to-Madagascar February 10, 2014

    this writting is emanted from the stupid ,the worest THNIC THINKING Ideology that coause huge destruction in the world ,by erasing humans’ rational thinking & changing to wild beast.Noone is born wanting to be oromo,tigre kefa.kunta…etc so why don’t we facus on humnity?why is Hitelerism so prevalent in Ethiopia in this modern world?I WONDERED ABOUT THE MAP POSTED HERE ,IS IT A MAP FOR THE RETURN OF OROMOS TO MADAGSCAR???

    Reply
  60. Mengesha T. February 10, 2014

    angereb, u do not know any English, that is why u tried in vain to correct the word ‘umderstanding’. I think somebody did write u even the Amharic. Otherwise u would have easily understand that. That is because the two letters ‘n’ & ‘m’ are side by side that the finger slips to either of them which leads in spelling error. However, those who use a pc know that and read that word as understanding. I bet, angereb, u have never touched a computer in your life. Your name is taken from the river so that u must be one living in the bushes of angereb. Or at least u did not go after grade 8, right?.
    Now back to the Aksum post. U wanted Amharic as a ‘national’ language for the nation. Of course, u Tigreans do not feel anything of your identity. u r like beggars, a society of beggars. Tigreans in Addis Ababa spoke in Amharic, because they think that Amharic is the language of civilization. Even many Tigreans replied and talk in Amharic when their fellow speak to them in Tigrigna. Because of your poverty, u feel inferiority complex so that accept anything without question. U do not have anything what u call ‘bad’. For u everything is good as beggars. And that is what u r. If self-determination is implemented in Ethiopia, the only looser is the Tigrean. You will remain with nothing edible. Do u eat the Adigrat sandstone or the Hintalo limestone? Or do u think does the wealth u have taken to Tigray will stay u forever? No it can’t. The textile, cement and automotive plants will be meaningless then. O poor Tigray adios then.
    Why is it that u do not have identity? U r like domestic animals in hunger.

    Reply
    • @Mengesha T.

      እንደምን ዋልክ፣እንደምን አደርክ ወንድሜ።
      እኔ የመቅደስን(የመቅደሾን) ስህተት ፈልጌ እንደገና አውጥቸዋለሁ። ይህ ችግር የኪቦርድ ችግርም አይደለም። የሱዋ የራስዋ ችግር ነው። የስህተቱን ብዛት ሺፍት ኬይን ሳይጨምር እየውና፣ወይ ውረድ ወይ ፍረድ።

      umderstand
      Ginderes
      afe
      destrpyed
      werr
      ro
      fairytlae
      lLIDETu
      poliyics
      yiu
      bevause
      YHE IROMOS ARE NIT

      መቅደስ(መቅደሾ) የፃፈችውን እንዲያው መጀመሪያ ሳየው፣ዶሮ የጫረችው ነበር የመሰለኝ።
      አማርኛውንም፣እንግሊዘኛውንም በቁቤ የፃፈችውም ይመስላል።
      መንገሻ አንተ ደሞ የደህና ሰውና፣የባእድ ስም ይዘህ፣የምታመነጨው ስድብ 9000 ሜጋ ዋት ነው። ይህ ማለት የህዳሴውና፣የተከዜ ግድብ በአንድ ላይ ተደምሮ የሚያመነጩት ኤሌክትሪክን ያክላል ማለት ነው። ቢሆንም እንግሊዘኛህ ደህና ነው። አይከፋም።
      ለማንኛውም እኔ በራሴ በኩል የድሮ 8ኛን ክፍል ጨርሻለሁ፣የድሮ 4ኛ ክፍልን የጨረሰ እኮ ግን ከመቅደስ የተሻለ እንግሊዘኛ ይችላል። እንደዚህ አይነቱን ችግር የሚፈጥረው እኮ፣የጎሳ ፌደራሊዝም ነው።ለምሳሌ አነድ ሰው ኦጋዴን ክልል ተወልዶ እስከ አራተኛ ክፍል በኦጋዴንኛ ይማርና ከዛ ክልል አራት ሲዛወር እስከ 8ኛ ቁቤ ይማርና ከዛ ደግሞ ሀይ ስኩል ሲገባ እንግሊዘኛ ሲማር፣ከዛ ጠቅላላው እንዳለ ይደበላለቅበታል። ይሄም ሳይሆን አይቀርም የመቅደስም ችግሩ።

      Reply
  61. KIKIKIKi if the blood is tested all you idiot going to arab land the land belongs to oromo who built the pyramid have you ever see the arsi man and women traditional cloth stil looks exactly where in egypt nefertitit and phronic people used oromos are worriores.dedeb you mixed up with italy and arabs oromos are pure ethiopians!!!

    IF one person so called profesor or dr say to creat division this people came from india this one from madagaskar this one from china.then every one specialy some idiot my fello oromo Dr. to be more extrim and to be heared by oromos he came up with excuse yha amhara say we are from madagaskar Give me the proof lets do DNA test who came from arab land who came from madagaskar .

    am oromo man realy proved right by next flight i leave the country but you wont cos you are idot.

    If you walk in the rest of the world you can not find a single human being simlar to tigrai,oromo,amhara,generaly ethiopians ,

    you are close to the red sea we will push to where you belong we ethiopian oromo we belongs to our mother earth ethiopia.

    keep deam like your banda leader!!

    Reply
  62. Well,where do i start Melese is killed by CIA he is not coming back TPLF die with him. There people don’t even have water that means they eating dirt like before. At they end they all finish what is the problem case close Ha Ha Ha!!!!! I love Ethiopian people when they think to much.God bless Ethiopia & there land.

    Reply
  63. Dear All

    I am reconsidering my stand on freedom of speech for which we are praying and advocating. Having seen all the opinion forwarded in here, I think we (all of us) deserve neither democracy in general and freedom of speech in particular. Most of the people expressing their idea here are diaspora ( I think) they have been living in a more democratic states (nations) per say but they don’t let others to express their opinion.

    Let people express their opinion, ask question about history etc. for example I am wondering that when people say Oromo migrated in the 16th or 17th century. How? if you see the existing settlement by Oromos, land is surrounded by different indigenous tribes how do they get access to the presumed Abyssinia land? Have they been given access by some tribes? if yes why?

    Questioning human history is not crime the same goes for asking for political and economic transformation…..

    Reply
  64. 10q hundaol

    Reply
  65. Why the goverment doesn’t keep the begeres off the road lemagn kesemayi yemizenbe aydelem evry one has place where to live even a land every begers should be registered like any national in the country should have identity card there is budget to every federals so who ever move to other city for work ok but begers the federal should take care and responsible for poor treatement of the people who lives there its about commitement.

    corraption start here.

    Reply
  66. I feel so sorry specialy taxi weyala every one reject them with those old notes.
    Dam the money we are using it stings am saying its realy sad where ever taxi i travel where ever caffe i went to the money beyond recognition dirty torn upart you can’t even put it in your purse.

    millions of money in the bank has been told to get rid of them burn or destroy.

    But officials they share the money .
    they won’t do it its only for superviser paper work its signed and off you go the money came back again rolling into the steet. what sad.

    there are so many one birr coin no one want to accept it goverment should say to busines people to use it media should do some thing.

    don’t say thats the excuse for those all old notes,you can start from 10,5,1 birr
    all beyond recognition.

    easy get rich.

    Reply
  67. Sometimes there is wrong understanding of
    state and government by some Ethiopians as a result of defected governmental administrations by previous regimes.
    When it said that all Ethiopians should
    participate it doesn’t mean 90 million of
    them should be in the legislative chamber
    of the parties and governments.People are
    only represented by politicians and staetsmen from legitimate representative
    parties which often are two main ones with many supporting sub parties under their wings.And also it is good to know
    what state,citizen and party means properly in the right context and history
    of the state in question than geting mixed up by the many meanings and uses by different states and countries of the terms.

    Reply
  68. I said this because we do not have a coomon understanding of what or who
    exactly Ethiopia is and its real history.
    For some people Ethiopia is the deformed
    stae that HSI created by deforming the original one in his 1961 adventure.
    For some others Ethiopia is minute and
    belaugered state(practically SHEWA) which
    was at war with all the other member states.
    Still for others southern Ethiopia is considered as the whole of Ethiopia and
    the Northern parts and peoples have to conform to the central seat at Addis Ababa.
    For some urbanites ADDIS means Ethiopia.
    In sum all what this tells is we almost
    90% are in DELUSION and DELUSIONAL thinking which needs urgent attention and treatment.

    Reply
  69. Means of Genocide February 14, 2014

    ጎሰኝነት /የጎሳ ብሄርተኝነት ስነ ልቦና /the Psychology of Ethnic Nationalism

    በጎሰኝነት የታጨቀ አስተሳሰብ የሰው ልጅ ህሊና በማሰወር ከሰውነት ደረጃ አውጥቶ ወደ
    አውሬነት በመቀየር ስብዕና የተላበሰ አስተሳሰብን ያጠፋል!!!

    በአገራችን በፋሽስቶቹ ናዚ-ወያኔዎች እየተቀነቀነለት ያለው በሽታ ጎሰኝነት ይባላል ፡፡ጎሰኝነት በባህሪው አንድ የጎሳ ቡድን ስለራሱ የበላይነት የሚሰብክበት የተለየን ነን የሚል አስተሳሰብ በማዳበር፣የራሱን ጎሳ የተለየ አድረጎ ሚመለከት ፣እና እስከ ማምልክ የሚያደርስ እራሱን በእብሪት ፣በትምክት የሚወጥርበት ፣ከሱ ጎሳ ውጪ ያሉ ሰዎችን እንደ ሰባዊ ፍጡር የማይመለከት ፣የሰውን ልጂ ህሊና በማሳወር ከሰውነት ደረጃ አውጥቶ ወደ አውሬነት የሚቀይር የስነልቦና ለውጥ የሚያመጣ እናም አስክሮ የሚያሳብድ አደገኛ በሽታ ነው፡፡ጎሰኝነት መሰረቱ ታሪኮችን በማዛበትና ጥላቻን ሊፈጥሩ የሚችሉ የውሸት ታሪኮችን በመፍጠር በአንድ አንድ ጎሳ ህበረተሰብ ውስጥ ጥላቻን በማስረጽ ነው፡፡ዛሬ የትግሬ ጎሰኞች እዚህ ውስጥ ነው ያሉት አይታወቃቸውም ልክ እንደ ሂትለር ዘመን በአርያን ጎሰኝነት እንደበዱትና አይሁዶችን በጠላትንት ፈርጀው የዘር ማጥፋት እንደፈጸሙባቸው እነሱም የትግሬ ጎሰኝነት አሳብዷቸው በውልቃይት ጠገዴ፣ሁመራ፣ዳንሻ የሚኖሩ አማሮቸ ላይ የዘር ማጥፋት ፈጽማዋል በቦታውም የራሳቸውን ከ500ሺ በላይ የትገሬ ጎሳ አስፍርዋል ፣በሰሜን ወሎ ሬያ፣አላማጣ፣መሆኒ፣አበርገሌ..ወዘተ ሚኖሩ አማሮቸን አፈናቅለዋል ፣አሁንም የዘር ማጥፈትና የዘር ማፅዳት ወንጀል በመፈጸም ላይ ይገኛሉ፡፡ስለሆም ጎሰኝነት ሰውን ልጅ ሂሊና እንደሚሰውርና አስክሮ ከሰውነት ደረጃ አውጥቶ ወደ አውሬነት በመቀየር የስነልቦና ለውጥ እንደሚያመጣ ለህብረተሰቡ ሰፊ ግንዛቤ ማስጨበጥ ያፈልጋል፡፡

    Reply
  70. Habtamu S February 16, 2014

    In all nations, there is a leading ethnic in it. In Ethiopia the leading ethnic is Amhara and all others are in favor or against Amhara’s thinking and they have no thought of their own. Thank you

    Reply
  71. To: The editor,
    Awuramba Times

    Dear Sir,

    Please kindly block comments that aren’t worth any reader’s attention. I think there is such a practice at major on line magazines & newspapers.

    Thanks.

    I have read Ato Hundaol’s article & I am grateful both for the writer who took the time to opine on it & yourselves who have posted it on your website.

    Whoever says what,I proudly identify myself with the Amhara people. I do not agree with more than 50% of the allegations concocted by the writer against

    Reply
  72. first of all are you ethiopians that you comments on amhara nation negatively and positively,i disagreed with all of you. we ethiopians had passed good and bad events in ethiopia and it is our commen given and history

    the current ethiopia is equal to all ethiopian nations and naionalities we do not need narrowism and chauvinism principles and idelogy. be cause this does not bring us as one country even it lead us to big conflict.any way now aday ethiopia does not only belongs to oromo,amhara .tigray.or other nation and nationalities it is belong to the 80 million peoples .yhinn satgenezbu enie ethiopyawi ney .amhara. tigray . oromo ney wzete ayseram. kalhone degmo btkikl yalememezen virus alebachu malet new. ebakachu tekebaberu ,tegbabu lyuinet wbet enji yegichit awdma aidelem alebelziyama merzegnochna yeenternat anbosoch bicha nachu

    Reply
  73. Let me tell for all pro-centralized government system that if Amhara come back to governmental position once again with nefarious and guilty ideology as before,I will be the first man to throw away Ethiopian nationalism personally and claim my killil as different nation rather part of Ethiopia, moreover,it will be fertile land for all minority ethnic to seek for independence soon ,,,to avoid this problem I insist current governal system is preferred governing system for all Ethiopian and horn African generally. AMHARA claiming their lost property by the name of Ethiopian unity and nationalism, but all Ethiopian have learned from past experience so never be deceived now by amhara elite who is eager to destroy minority ethnics and their right, therefore I could say regardless how much harsh situation under tigre dominated ruling part is, we are in favor of ethnic federalism as of now in Ethiopia

    Reply
    • Robito,
      -
      You are cluless Weyane cadre. Thanks to Meles, Amharas and Tigreans’ influence is at the cliff to go down to histroy bin and be chased out from the rest of Ethiopia but their respective Killil. Your ” Amhara will come back” parania will cost tremoundess suffering for coming generations Tigreans and amharas.
      -
      I called you clules because you have no clue to the damage already done to Tigreans and Amharas by your beloved leader, Melese. BTW, amharas’s back bone was broken by the Derg.
      -
      Your parania denies you rational thinking and leave you live in donkey mentality( Ene Kemotiku Serdo Aybekel) till you die.

      Reply
  74. Yonas Michael February 22, 2014

    I really appreciate this writing. Thanks for letting us read such a wonderful balanced report. I am tired of reading chauvinistic views which filled the web. In order to live in Germany, I sat with kids and learnt German Language. I will let my kids learn Oromiffa and make Ethiopia a safe heaven for them.

    Reply
  75. For stupid people like you who doesn’t deserv a freedom at all until we accept our beloved country like every one in america enjoy his freedom and love the country belive it or not even if you live like america the states co of the weyane will never change until the end of the world.

    i will support them to the end a donkey either pull him or smak him from the back always needs a guid a donkey robito like you.

    oromo 35 million amhar 27 million tigrai 8 million etc if you go back thousend of years what we gone left with hundered of the population who lives in ethiopia that will make us one little family.

    no one came from mars stop fighting with yourself for a dead body of minilk nothing to with amhara today.

    Are Children Responsible for the Sins of Parents?no way !

    kuakua manew mimi eski hijina berun kefech
    manew esu papa said baby said yetelat hager kunkua minager new. thats what some eritrean family teach their kids.

    let us not teach your kids about ethnic problem no child born with hate family are responsible at the end of the day you make things worst for your own child.

    wanni inbekene inasiyini if you are oromo.

    Reply
  76. The amhara elites are always selfish nonintelligent donkeys who can never see anything beyond their nose, who can never think at all except filling their nonsatisfying stomach with dirty meat of donkey like their donkey mind, who can do nothing practical work to their country except to speak nonsense amharized chauvenistic speeches which vividly disclose their already thrown and defeated trash amhara identity, and who always purchase deadly enemies through garbage narrow-minded thoughts that facilitate their extermination both fisically and mentally from ethiopia since they are extremely stupid subhumanbeings with inferior mentality which might analyze nothing but to eat waste food to fill their huge hollow stomach and to think about fucking the ass of their shauvenistic amhara so-called elite ladies. So never take for serious any amharized comment or so called analytical literature as it can never talk about positive and constructive ideas to take our country one step forward. Please note cautiously that amhara so called elites can not talk good things from their amhara nature.

    Reply
  77. its not hard to tale how they brought you up because i would not point on any ethnic group i only point my finger into people like you.

    eritrean they are brothers its only the politiciance have problem .

    the rest of ethiopians the same but i would not say to any ethnic group in general
    there are so many down to earth people out there its so bad to make such a comment.

    i can tale you ,you never been ethiopian school and learn gebregeb.how to behave.

    balegen kasadegew yegedelew stedeke:
    balege lej welajun yasedebal.

    sed adeg DOMA.

    Reply
  78. That does’t suprise when you live in the west from tricky pimp window watching live private part going to amstrdam watching on the stage live what ever you want .

    its a matter of you press the keyboard button that will show you every thing .

    people who ever comment on this websit are more are welinformed.

    but i personlay feel sorry for dawit awrambatimes allowing such name porn what ever is inaproperait kids might see and type the web sit.

    thanks god weyane does’t open those internet accese back home.

    Reply
  79. I would like to comment regarding recently one of our minster on tweter.

    regarding gebre sodomawi.

    Mr mosivine has done a good job regarding the law every one should follow befere its to let i know its out of the topic but i will use the oportunity i begge your pardon first of!

    onec in englize hager men tebale it was 1990 that was prime minster john Major.
    its to late to control.

    in the parlament there used to be a debate bebezatu bezih besheta yetlekefu men yilalu he edme gap zek yiblelen we even 18-16-14 keza parlament west tekawemo kerebe.

    betam anger west yegebu yeparlama abal edih belewal .endemewen zek madreg yefelegut leje teru degun bemayleyebet ye edme kelel west haijak lemadrege new meknyatum ande ketlekefu mewetate endemaichelu yawkutal.

    neger gen le akme adam yederesen lej endih betelew aynu eyaye aygebabetem.

    lelaw degmo beteseboch leu halafinet beteley degmo ye haimanot abatoch tenkekew yawkutal ke seytan gar yeteyayaze kestet lemehonu.

    in the west big businese yehonew be metet weyem witch craft bemetekem yehenen aynet dergit tenegnawen(healthy person) sew wed sodomawi indelewet madrege new yeh beteseb metenkeke yalebet guday new.

    in iran men aynet heg ale meselachu and sew endezia aynet sodomawi semet ketfeterebet privet partun maslewet yichlale wendu set lehun kale genderun mekeyer maskoret ena set mehone.enji wend hono setm mehon aychelem.

    freedom of expression menden new while children sitting two adults making some taboo act how that would be acceptable.

    endezih aynet act ye adam ena ye hewan eytkelekele yenezih mebtachin yikeber yemigerm new.

    this people if they get the chance and get treatement when they are in pure state of mine they will never face the community becouse at the moment they are in the influence of a devil but they will never admit it but in some part of country like afganistan has been wittnesed when they shout and say like in our own country tebel west endemiaschohut.

    Our goverment is wel informed abou it but
    family should let know and take care of their kids form this evil people in the country specialy in night clubs taking advantage of youngs putting some evil sprit in their drink damaging their well being.

    thank you
    i am not leaving topic for debate!!!!!!!!

    Reply
  80. This is exactly what I wanted to ask. Your analysis is perfect. Thank you man!

    Reply
  81. I read some of the comments to the article written above including Getachew Reda,s. It is obvious his writing in the English language is excellent.
    Readers should not be deceived by this articulated writing.
    Emotional writing with no substance.
    MY friend,
    Amhara domination is gone for good and there is nothing you can do about it.
    Dead. It will never come back.
    Also we have to keep in mind not all Amaras have benefited from Amara domination for so many years. Currently brave Amara’s are working day and night with other nationalities to make poverty history.
    Getachew Reda keep saying your time is up. What? I just keep laughing.
    Also my friend, if you are an editor for something as you claim to be, please read Time Magazine for March 12 Edition.
    Then ask yourself, if you have some ignorance in you at least for insulting the Ethiopian people.

    Reply
  82. wedinakfa!!! Eating Raw meat is not backwardness, do you know row meat is eaten in France this day. They put French masters but Ethiopian put butter and hot pepper. Cannibals country, in that you are wrong because the word cannibalism means human eating human or chicken eating chicken or lion eating lion.

    Reply
    • Mimi Dadi March 19, 2014

      I support the article. There is no way all Ethiopian to learn Amharic language.Even now a days I am so angry when our singer sing only the norther Ethiopia Culture, beauty, cities or something..gogame, gondere or weloye …Please sing a song about gurage hard working, Oromo generous and good looking and the south culture.

      Reply
  83. yegorebet hager we are happy every one is chosese which language to speak we are today in 2006 you are sleeping wake up donkoro.there are so many language are disapearing in years to come even every one trying to keep it going for the next generation.you don’t tale the ethiopians what to speak cos we were not influenced by forighn language.

    the proof for that every one stile speaks its mother thoung at home or any where.

    if yoy go to algeria or tunisia they are muslims who write and read quran and the bigest language arabic couldn’t break the influence of french language.
    whhere is today barbersk language which is spoken algeria tunisia,moroco,part of egypt,chad,its disapeared.

    that is what am talking about .

    thank you to our all past leaders speacialy Emiye MINILIK!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

    Reply
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    abercrombie milano orari http://www.hornet2e.it/abercrombiemilano.html

    Reply
  85. it is so pathetic in a country where thousand s of Chinese Indians Europeans Americans are employed working in many project with out language barrier…. how come an amhara or tigre or somali person can’t be employed in thier own country….do the forigners speak amharic or oromifa or any local language …..

    my another point is as amahara person i suport fedralism … but why is the on going attack agianst amhara since TPLF take over ????? developmnet in amahara region is almost none … but the region tax revenue is almost higher than the most ….no housing development no road no water no electricity even …. so many prop[lems ….only harrasment…

    Reply
  86. Dear all,

    This is statement already in my heart, I once more state that Amhara elites lost the rule of the game because the politics of Ethiopia today heavily incline to identity of own language and culture. Hence, if you are intending your own language and culture on others i feel you should not play the game because u like your ancestors with out foot and hand in my langauge we call it “harka qabdu mila qabdu bakka qaban hin qabdu” It is roughly translated Amhara elits politcs can be compared with a man with out a leg and hand after all were do you catch him.

    I think the best thing for Amhara elits is to go to their region and develop those the poorest people of Africa. Be frank with your self, self imposed boosting can be possible but in reality though Amhara is second populas what Amhara region contribute for GDP of Ethiopia. Even smallest Tigray by far better than Amhara in generating income. No coffee, No Gold, No live stock, No chat, No spice….I know sesame is grown in North Gonder (part which will be soon to Sudan), I know Amharas are good in prostitution, and disminateing HIV/AIDs to people of Oromia and South. Which region do you think will accept your backward language (Amharic) look this scenario of the regions. Region1 (Tigray): Tigray is the working language 2. Afar clear Afargna
    4. Oromia Afan oromo as working language of the region 40% precent in Ethiopia + Northern kenya.
    5. South: the regional working language but the zonal sidama for sidamigna wolaita…Gurague..etc all zones so it nearly death for Amharic ….uuuuuuuuuuu
    ENOGH is Enough with Amharic! I recommend Ethiopia to adopt Neutral language as federal language, if truely Ethiopian should live together otherwise …..UKRAINE…..SOMALIA>>

    Reply
  87. Neutral language means (ENGLISH)!!

    Freedom for all people of Ethiopia except the backward Amhara!!

    Reply

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