Ethiopia: Government Welcomes Exiled Opposition Group to Come Back to Ethiopia

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8 Responses

  1. ቦጋለ ተሰማ , አርኪኦሎጂስት በአዳማ says:

    .
    የሰብል ግብርና የአፈርና ዉሃ ጥበቃ ተስፋችን ነው::
    የተፈጥሮ ሃብት ማለት የሰው ልጅ የሚጠቀምባቸው የተፈጥሮ ሃብቶች ሲሆኑ ዉሃን፣ ልዩ ልዩ እፅዋትንና እንስሳትን፣ አፈርን፣ ድንጋይን፣ ብረታብረትን፣ ወርቅን፣ ቤንዚንን፣ ጋዝን እና ሌሎችንም ይጨምራል።
    የተፈጥሮ ሃብታችንን በደንብ ባለመያዛችን አፈር ባክኗል፣ የዝናብ እጥረት ደርሷል፣ ምንጮች እና ወንዞች ደርቀዋል፣ የሰብል ምርት ቀንሷል፣ የማገዶ እና የቤት መስሪያ እንጨት ጠፍቷል፣ በርካታ የዱር እንስሳት ተሰደዋል፣ ረሃብ፣ እርዛት እና ከፍተኛ የሰው እልቂት ተከስቷል። ስለሆነም የተፈጥሮ ሃብትን በአግባቡ መጠቀም ካልተቻለ ጉዳቱ የከፋ ነው። ስለዚህም የተፈጥሮ ሃብትን መንከባበብ አስፈላጊ ነው።
    የመሬት እና የአፈር መከላት
    .
    ዴስሞዲየምን በማብቀል የአፈር ለምነትን ማሳደግ
    ዴስሞዲየም በግብርና ዉስጥ ከፍተኛ ጥቅም ያለዉ ሲሆን ገበሬዎች ይህንን ተክል እንዲጠቀሙ ይበረታታሉ፡፡
    ዴስሞዲየም ለምን ያስፈልጋል?
    • ጥሩ የከብቶች መኖ ሊሆን የሚችልና የአፈርን ለምነት የሚጨምር ነዉ፡፡
    • ስትሪጋ የተባለዉ አረም በሚያስቸግርበት ወቅት ዴስሞዲየምን በመትከል መከላከል ይቻላል
    • የዴስሞዲየም ዘር ብዙ የማይገኝና ዉድ ቢሆንም የአካባቢዉ ገበሬዎች በማምረት ማከፋፈል ይችላሉ
    እንዴት ማሳደግ ይቻላል?
    • ከግማሽ ላነሰ ሔክታር 2 ኪግ ዘር በቂ ነዉ፡፡
    • ጥሩ የችግኝ ማብቀያ መሬት ያዘጋጁ፡፡
    • በቀጥታ መስመር ይዝሩት
    • ዘሩን ከትሪፕል ሱፐርፎስፌት ማዳበሪያ ይቀላቅሉት (2 ኪግ ዘር ከ 1 ከረጢት ትሪፕል ሱፐርፎስፌት ጋ

    የመሬት መከላት ማለት የአፈር፣ የውሃ፣ የዕጽዋት እና የአየር ሁኔታዎች መዛባት ነው። የመሬት መደርመስ አንዱ ምሳሌ ነው። የአካባቢውን ጤናማ ሕይወት ይቀይራል። ቤቶች ይፈርሳሉ። የዕለት ዕለት ኑሮ ይናጋል። በተጨማሪም ለመሬት መከላት የአፈሩ አይነት ተዳፋትነት፣ የዕጽዋት ሁኔታ እና የአየር ንብረት መዛባት አስተዋፅኦ አላቸው። ስለሆነም ጥሩ የነበረው የመሬት ቅርፅ ተለውጦ ለሰው ልጆች መኖሪያ መሆኑ ይቀራል።
    የመሬትና የአፈር መከላት መገለጫዎች አያሌ ናቸው። በእንስሳት መኖ እና ማገዶ ላይ ከፍተኛ እጥረት መፈጠር ዋናው ምልክት ነው። ከዚህ በተጨማሪ፦
    • የውሃ ስርገትን ይቀንሳል
    • ለምለም እና ጤናማ ዕጽዋት አይታዩም
    • እሾህና አሜከላ ማብቀል ይጀምራሉ
    • ለሙ አፈር ተሸርሽሮ ገደላ ገደል ይሆናል
    • ለም አፈር ታጥቦ በድንጋይ ይተካል

    በኢትዮጵያ በአብዛኛዉ የሚመረቱ የሰብል አይነቶች እንደጤፍ፣ በቆሎ፣ ማሽላ፣ ሽምብራና እንዲሁም የተለያዩ አትክልቶች ሲሆኑ ከዚህ በተጨማሪም እንደቡና፣ ሻይ እና ሰሊጥ የመሳሰሉ ገቢ አስገኚ ዕፅዋት ይመረታሉ፡፡ በአሁኑ ጊዜ ደግሞ የአበባ ምርት በከፍተኛ ሁኔታ እየተስፋፋ ነዉ፡፡ የእነዚህን ሰብሎች ምርት ለመጨመር የተለያዩ ሁኔታዎች መሟላት ይኖርባቸዋል፡፡
    ቁጠባ ለአጭር ጊዜ ሲሆን ኢንቨስት ማድረግ ግን ለረጅም ጊዜ ነዉ፡፡
    ኢንቨስትመንት ማለት ገንዘብ ለማግኘት የሚደረግ የረጅም ጊዜ እንቅስቃሴ ነዉ፡፡ ኢንቨስት በማድረግ ዋጋቸዉ ወደድ ያሉ ቁሶችን ወይም አገልግሎቶችን (እንደቤት እና ትምህርት የመሳሰሉ) ለማግኘት ያስችለናል፡፡
    በዚህ ክፍል ዉስጥ ስለሚከተሉት ነገሮች እንመለከታለን፦
    · በቁጠባና ኢንቨስት በማድረግ መሀል ያለዉን ልዩነት
    · ለእርስዎ ትክክለኛ ኢንቨስትመንት ምንድን ነዉ?
    · የኢንቨስትመንት ጥቅሞችና አደጋዎች
    · የራስዎን ፖርትፎልዮ ማዘጋጀት
    የእንስሳት እርባታ
    በኢትዮጵያ በአብዛኛዉ የሚያዙት የእንስሳት አይነቶች እንደከብት፣ በጎች፣ ፍየሎች እና ዶሮዎች ናቸዉ፡፡ ከነዚህ እንስሳቶች ለመጠቀም ከፈለጉ ጥሩ ዝርያ መፈለግ፣ ጥሩ መኖ መመገብ፣ ጥሩ መጠለያ፣ ከበሽታዎች መጠበቅና ጥሩ የመዝገብ አያያዝ ያስፈልጋል፡፡ በተጨማሪም ሌሎች ጥሩ ገቢ ሊያስገኙ የሚችሉ እንስሳትንም ማርባት ያስፈልጋል፡፡ለምሳሌ እንደ ጥንቸልና ሰጎን የመሳሰሉትን፡፡ በዚህ ክፍል ዉስጥ ስለነዚህ ጉዳዮች በስፋት ይመልከቱ፡፡
    አሳ እርባታ
    የአሳ እርባታ ማለት አሳን በተፈጥሮ ወይም በሰው ሰራሽ የውሃ አካል ውስጥ በማራባት፣ በመጠበቅ፣ በመመገብ፣ ለግል ፍጆታ ወይም ለንግድ አገልግሎት እንዲውል የሚደረግ እንቅስቃሴ ነው። አሳ ለምግብነት ለማህበራዊና ለኢኮኖሚያዊ ጠቀሜታ የሚውል የማህል ሀገር እምቅ ሀብት ነው። አሳ የሚገኘው ከ7400 ካሬ ኪሎሜትር ከፍታ ባላቸው ሀይቆችና ግድቦች፣ 250 ካሬ ኪሎሜትር በላይ የሚሸፍኑ ትናንሽ ኩሬዎችና 7000 ኪሎ ሜትር እርዝማኔ ባላቸው ወንዞች ውስጥ ነው።
    በዓመት በግምት ከ44-49 ሺህ ቶን አሳ ይመረታል። ከሚመረተው የአሳ ሀብት ከዋና ዋና ሀይቆች 72%፣ ከወንዞች15% እና ከሰውሠራሽ ግድቦችና ከሌሎች የውሃ አካላት 13% ነው። አማራ፣ ኦሮሚያ፣ ደቡብ ብ/ብ/ህዝቦች ከግድቦችና ከሀይቆች በሚገኝ አሳ በጣም የታወቁ ናቸው። ቤንሻንጉል ጉሙዝ፣ ጋምቤላ ክልል በወንዝ አሳ የታወቁ ናቸው።
    በሀገሪቱ የአሳ አጠቃቀም አነስተኛ ነው። ይሁን እንጂ ከቅርብ ጊዜ ወዲህ የሀይቆች አሳ ምርት እየጨመረ መጥቷል። ይህም የሆነው ከሀይቆች አሳ በ1986 ዓ.ም 6200 ቶን የነበረው በ1994 ዓ.ም ወደ 10,900 ቶን ማደጉ ነው። ለዚህም ዋና ምክንያት የሆነው የግብአት ፍላጎትና የገበያ አውታሮች መዘርጋታቸው ነው። አገሪቷ የአሳ ግብርናን ለማስፋፋት አመቺ የስነምህዳር ቀጠናዎች አሏት።
    የአሳ ሀብት ክምችት
    • ከዋና ዋና ሀይቆች
    • ከዋና ዋና ወንዞች
    • ከዋና ዋና ግድቦች፣ ከትንንሽ ግድቦችና ኩሬዎች
    የወተት እንስሳት አረባብና የወተት ተዋፅኦ አመራረትና አጠቃቀም ለተለያዩ ግልጋሎቶች ማለትም ለእርሻ ጉልበት፣ ለወተትና ለሥጋ የሚውሉ የተለያዩ ዝርያዎችን በመጠቀም በባህላዊ እና በዘመናዊ አያያዝ ከሌሎች የግብርና ሥራዎች ጋር በተጓዳኝና በጣምራ የሚሰራ ነው። የወተት እንስሳት አረባብ በአብዛኛው ባህላዊ ነው። ይሁን እንጂ ከ 40 ዓመታት በፊት የተሻሻሉ የውጭ ዝርያዎች በደጋውና በወይናደጋው ክልሎች ጊደሮችን፣ ኮርማዎችንና አባላዘር በመጠቀም ዘመናዊ የአረባብ ዘዴ እንዲስፋፋ ተሞክሯል። ዘመናዊ ዘዴዎችን ለማስፋፋት የጭላሎ እና የወላይታ እርሻ ልማት ድርጅቶች ከፍተኛ ሚና ተጫውተዋል።

    ከዚህም በተጨማሪ የሰው ሠራሽ ማዳቀያ ማዕከል ተቋቁሞ የተለያዩ ሰፋፊ የማራቢያ ጣቢያዎች አገልግሎት በመስጠት ዲቃላ ጊደሮች የሚሰራጩበት መንገድ ተከፍቷል። በደጋውና በወይናደጋው የወተትና የወተት ተዋፅኦ ያነጣጠረው በዳልጋ ከብት ላይ ነው። ይህም 88% የሀገሪቱ ህዝብ የሚኖርበት 70% የዳልጋ ከብት የያዘ ነው። በአርብቶ አደሩ ዘንድም ከዳለጋ ከብት፣ ከግመልና ከፍየል የሚመረተው ወተት የምግብ ምንጭና ዋስትና ነው። ይሁን እንጂ ዘመናዊ የእርባታ ዘዴው በአርብቶ አደሩ አካባቢ አልተስፋፋም። ይህም የሆነው ከፍተኛ ሀሩራማ የአየር ንብረት፣ የውሃ እጥረትና ተደጋጋሚ ድርቅ በመከሰቱ ነው።
    በዚህ ክፍል ዉስጥ የሚከተሉትን ነገሮች እንመለከታለን፦
    • ስለእንስሳቱ ዝርያዎች
    • ስለአረባብና አስተዳደር
    • ስለከብቶች መዝገብ አያያዝ
    • ስለጥጃዎች አወላለድና እንክብካቤ
    • ስለከብት መኖ
    • ስለበሽታዎች
    • ስለእንስሳቱ ተዋፅዖዎች.

  2. slick says:

    Is this the new trick by the dying regime! Getachew Reda what is the need to be idiot??
    We all know TPLF has crippled opposition parties based in Ethiopia. They can’t even call a general assembly let alone going up and dawn the country and campaign for election or introduce their programs. In a country where TPLF has a complete control are you asking opposition leaders and groups to come and work in Ethiopia? ?? This is what i can call “idiocy ” on the highest level.
    Obbo lencho clearly stated what the problem is! There is no political space.
    The door you shut behind for local opposition can not be wide open to foreign based or diaspora opposition

    Stop your idiocy!

  3. Ahmed says:

    The biggest question still not often asked and also answered is about the great and multiple divisions within the Oromo. Among the others, the Oromo are divided with 29 big clans, many sub clans, and plenty sub sub clans down to the village and family levels. The Oromos are also divided historically, culturally and traditionally in the name of Mecha and Tulema, Arsi, Negele, Jiru and Boren where the different among them is bigger than that of between some recognized ethnic groups. They are also hugely divided based on religion where more than 70% are Muslims while 27% are Christians and 3% are animates.

    That is why many of us don’t accept the Amhara and Tigre be seen as two separate ethnic groups despite 99.9% of anything both of them have is the same and long standing together as one and the same while their differences is much, much less than what is within oromo itself.

    The reason why Somalia the way she is, is because of conflicts between Clans. Somalia has 5 clans within Somalia, almost 100% Muslims, speaking the same language and living in the same area. Yet the clan differences became the reasons for her being a failed state and is now divided in three which are Somali land that was a British colony, punt land that was a kind of protectorate, and Southern Somalia that was an Italian colony. Southern Somalians are divided based on clan differences. As a result they are now starting to feel the vision of peace after the long and dark tunnel painful journey because of the federal system administrations created based on the clan differences.

    So, how come the oromos that are divided in many ways within including with 29 clans, religions, regions/the kind of Ethnic groups and the region that was illegally created in 1995 where they live is not really looking geographically nice to be easily administered, are behaving the way they are doing? They need to ask themselves about their wish to themselves while looking to do it against Ethiopia. Ethiopia has 80 Ethnic groups where the vast majorities are ready to die for her existence in peace, security and prosperity. So, they must aware of that, too.

    Much if not all of the troubles in the name of Oromo are coming not by more than 70% Muslims within oromo but those are not despite they are the minorities and they will have no place in their fantasy Oromia because of the religion and clan conflicts that is destroying the Middle East despite all of them are Muslims and speaking the same languages.

    These minority groups within Oromo need to stop for the sake of the people they belong to. The Oromo groups are the only groups in Ethiopia hugely divided within in many ways including based on clans, sub clans, sub-sub clans, religion, and the kind of Ethnicities which are Mecha and Tulema, Arsi, Negele, jiru and Boren; to mention. It is easy to blame and start something mainly for negative purposes as those None Muslims within Oromo are doing for decades despite they are the minorities with in Oromo. But it will be difficult to stop it. They must not wish about the things that will bite them back.

    • KhalidKrackn says:

      Then please just explain why is it illegal for Oromos to freely express themselves with their flags? To freely walk around speaking their language? Oromo people are living in a prison and you come speak about division within the Oromo community. That’s a small problem that can be fixed. Clearly you’re trying to go off a tangent subject and belittle the bigger problem. Go there and live as an Oromo and see the struggles with your own eyes if you haven’t yet. Also, the government to have 100% seats filled with one party??? Please stop being closed minded and educate yourself.

  4. Globalism and wahabbism says:

    “We Have Reached an Age of Disintegration: How Greedy Neoliberalism and Deadly Wars Are Destroying Modern Life

    Seven ongoing wars, ushering in an era of instablity.

    We live in an age of disintegration. Nowhere is this more evident than in the Greater Middle East and Africa. Across the vast swath of territory between Pakistan and Nigeria, there are at least seven ongoing wars — in Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, Yemen, Libya, Somalia, and South Sudan. These conflicts are extraordinarily destructive. They are tearing apart the countries in which they are taking place in ways that make it doubtful they will ever recover. Cities like Aleppo in Syria, Ramadi in Iraq, Taiz in Yemen, and Benghazi in Libya have been partly or entirely reduced to ruins. There are also at least three other serious insurgencies: in southeast Turkey, where Kurdish guerrillas are fighting the Turkish army, in Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula where a little-reported but ferocious guerrilla conflict is underway, and in northeast Nigeria and neighboring countries where Boko Haram continues to launch murderous attacks.
    All of these have a number of things in common: they are endless and seem never to produce definitive winners or losers. (Afghanistan has effectively been at war since 1979, Somalia since 1991.) They involve the destruction or dismemberment of unified nations, their de facto partition amid mass population movements and upheavals — well publicized in the case of Syria and Iraq, less so in places like South Sudan where more than 2.4 million people have been displaced in recent years.
    Add in one more similarity, no less crucial for being obvious: in most of these countries, where Islam is the dominant religion, extreme Salafi-Jihadi movements, including the Islamic State (IS), al-Qaeda, and the Taliban are essentially the only available vehicles for protest and rebellion. By now, they have completely replaced the socialist and nationalist movements that predominated in the twentieth century; these years have, that is, seen a remarkable reversion to religious, ethnic, and tribal identity, to movements that seek to establish their own exclusive territory by the persecution and expulsion of minorities.

    In the process and under the pressure of outside military intervention, a vast region of the planet seems to be cracking open. Yet there is very little understanding of these processes in Washington. This was recently well illustrated by the protest of 51 State Department diplomats against President Obama’s Syrian policy and their suggestion that air strikes be launched targeting Syrian regime forces in the belief that President Bashar al-Assad would then abide by a ceasefire. The diplomats’ approach remains typically simpleminded in this most complex of conflicts, assuming as it does that the Syrian government’s barrel-bombing of civilians and other grim acts are the “root cause of the instability that continues to grip Syria and the broader region.”
    It is as if the minds of these diplomats were still in the Cold War era, as if they were still fighting the Soviet Union and its allies. Against all the evidence of the last five years, there is an assumption that a barely extant moderate Syrian opposition would benefit from the fall of Assad, and a lack of understanding that the armed opposition in Syria is entirely dominated by the Islamic State and al-Qaeda clones.
    Though the invasion of Iraq in 2003 is now widely admitted to have been a mistake (even by those who supported it at the time), no real lessons have been learned about why direct or indirect military interventions by the U.S. and its allies in the Middle East over the last quarter century have all only exacerbated violence and accelerated state failure.
    A Mass Extinction of Independent States
    The Islamic State, just celebrating its second anniversary, is the grotesque outcome of this era of chaos and conflict. That such a monstrous cult exists at all is a symptom of the deep dislocation societies throughout that region, ruled by corrupt and discredited elites, have suffered. Its rise — and that of various Taliban and al-Qaeda-style clones — is a measure of the weakness of its opponents.
    The Iraqi army and security forces, for example, had 350,000 soldiers and 660,000 police on the books in June 2014 when a few thousand Islamic State fighters captured Mosul, the country’s second largest city, which they still hold. Today the Iraqi army, security services, and about 20,000 Shia paramilitaries backed by the massive firepower of the United States and allied air forces have fought their way into the city of Fallujah, 40 miles west of Baghdad, against the resistance of IS fighters who may have numbered as few as 900. In Afghanistan, the resurgence of the Taliban, supposedly decisively defeated in 2001, came about less because of the popularity of that movement than the contempt with which Afghans came to regard their corrupt government in Kabul.
    Everywhere nation states are enfeebled or collapsing, as authoritarian leaders battle for survival in the face of mounting external and internal pressures. This is hardly the way the region was expected to develop. Countries that had escaped from colonial rule in the second half of the twentieth century were supposed to become more, not less, unified as time passed.
    Between 1950 and 1975, nationalist leaders came to power in much of the previously colonized world. They promised to achieve national self-determination by creating powerful independent states through the concentration of whatever political, military, and economic resources were at hand. Instead, over the decades, many of these regimes transmuted into police states controlled by small numbers of staggeringly wealthy families and a coterie of businessmen dependent on their connections to such leaders as Hosni Mubarak in Egypt or Bashar al-Assad in Syria.
    In recent years, such countries were also opened up to the economic whirlwind of neoliberalism, which destroyed any crude social contract that existed between rulers and ruled. Take Syria. There, rural towns and villages that had once supported the Baathist regime of the al-Assad family because it provided jobs and kept the prices of necessities low were, after 2000, abandoned to market forces skewed in favor of those in power. These places would become the backbone of the post-2011 uprising. At the same time, institutions like the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) that had done so much to enhance the wealth and power of regional oil producers in the 1970s have lost their capacity for united action.
    The question for our moment: Why is a “mass extinction” of independent states taking place in the Middle East, North Africa, and beyond? Western politicians and media often refer to such countries as “failed states.” The implication embedded in that term is that the process is a self-destructive one. But several of the states now labeled “failed” like Libya only became so after Western-backed opposition movements seized power with the support and military intervention of Washington and NATO, and proved too weak to impose their own central governments and so a monopoly of violence within the national territory.

    In many ways, this process began with the intervention of a U.S.-led coalition in Iraq in 2003 leading to the overthrow of Saddam Hussein, the shutting down of his Baathist Party, and the disbanding of his military. Whatever their faults, Saddam and Libya’s autocratic ruler Muammar Gaddafi were clearly demonized and blamed for all ethnic, sectarian, and regional differences in the countries they ruled, forces that were, in fact, set loose in grim ways upon their deaths.
    A question remains, however: Why did the opposition to autocracy and to Western intervention take on an Islamic form and why were the Islamic movements that came to dominate the armed resistance in Iraq and Syria in particular so violent, regressive, and sectarian? Put another way, how could such groups find so many people willing to die for their causes, while their opponents found so few? When IS battle groups were sweeping through northern Iraq in the summer of 2014, soldiers who had thrown aside their uniforms and weapons and deserted that country’s northern cities would justify their flight by saying derisively: “Die for [then-Prime Minister Nouri] al-Maliki? Never!”
    A common explanation for the rise of Islamic resistance movements is that the socialist, secularist, and nationalist opposition had been crushed by the old regimes’ security forces, while the Islamists were not. In countries like Libya and Syria, however, Islamists were savagely persecuted, too, and they still came to dominate the opposition. And yet, while these religious movements were strong enough to oppose governments, they generally have not proven strong enough to replace them.
    Too Weak to Win, But Too Strong to Lose
    Though there are clearly many reasons for the present disintegration of states and they differ somewhat from place to place, one thing is beyond question: the phenomenon itself is becoming the norm across vast reaches of the planet.
    If you’re looking for the causes of state failure in our time, the place to start is undoubtedly with the end of the Cold War a quarter-century ago. Once it was over, neither the U.S. nor the new Russia that emerged from the Soviet Union’s implosion had a significant interest in continuing to prop up “failed states,” as each had for so long, fearing that the rival superpower and its local proxies would otherwise take over. Previously, national leaders in places like the Greater Middle East had been able to maintain a degree of independence for their countries by balancing between Moscow and Washington. With the break-up of the Soviet Union, this was no longer feasible.
    In addition, the triumph of neoliberal free-market economics in the wake of the Soviet Union’s collapse added a critical element to the mix. It would prove far more destabilizing than it looked at the time.
    Again, consider Syria. The expansion of the free market in a country where there was neither democratic accountability nor the rule of law meant one thing above all: plutocrats linked to the nation’s ruling family took anything that seemed potentially profitable. In the process, they grew staggeringly wealthy, while the denizens of Syria’s impoverished villages, country towns, and city slums, who had once looked to the state for jobs and cheap food, suffered. It should have surprised no one that those places became the strongholds of the Syrian uprising after 2011. In the capital, Damascus, as the reign of neoliberalism spread, even the lesser members of the mukhabarat, or secret police, found themselves living on only $200 to $300 a month, while the state became a machine for thievery.
    This sort of thievery and the auctioning off of the nation’s patrimony spread across the region in these years. The new Egyptian ruler, General Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, merciless toward any sign of domestic dissent, was typical. In a country that once had been a standard bearer for nationalist regimes the world over, he didn’t hesitate this April to try to hand over two islands in the Red Sea to Saudi Arabia on whose funding and aid his regime is dependent. (To the surprise of everyone, an Egyptian court recently overruled Sisi’s decision.)
    That gesture, deeply unpopular among increasingly impoverished Egyptians, was symbolic of a larger change in the balance of power in the Middle East: once the most powerful states in the region — Egypt, Syria, and Iraq — had been secular nationalists and a genuine counterbalance to Saudi Arabia and the Persian Gulf monarchies. As those secular autocracies weakened, however, the power and influence of the Sunni fundamentalist monarchies only increased. If 2011 saw rebellion and revolution spread across the Greater Middle East as the Arab Spring briefly blossomed, it also saw counterrevolution spread, funded by those oil-rich absolute Gulf monarchies, which were never going to tolerate democratic secular regime change in Syria or Libya.
    Add in one more process at work making such states ever more fragile: the production and sale of natural resources — oil, gas, and minerals — and the kleptomania that goes with it. Such countries often suffer from what has become known as “the resources curse”: states increasingly dependent for revenues on the sale of their natural resources — enough to theoretically provide the whole population with a reasonably decent standard of living — turn instead into grotesquely corrupt dictatorships. In them, the yachts of local billionaires with crucial connections to the regime of the moment bob in harbors surrounded by slums running with raw sewage. In such nations, politics tends to focus on elites battling and maneuvering to steal state revenues and transfer them as rapidly as possible out of the country.
    This has been the pattern of economic and political life in much of sub-Saharan Africa from Angola to Nigeria. In the Middle East and North Africa, however, a somewhat different system exists, one usually misunderstood by the outside world. There is similarly great inequality in Iraq or Saudi Arabia with similarly kleptocratic elites. They have, however, ruled over patronage states in which a significant part of the population is offered jobs in the public sector in return for political passivity or support for the kleptocrats.
    In Iraq with a population of 33 million people, for instance, no less thanseven million of them are on the government payroll, thanks to salaries or pensions that cost the government $4 billion a month. This crude way of distributing oil revenues to the people has often been denounced by Western commentators and economists as corruption. They, in turn, generally recommend cutting the number of these jobs, but this would mean that all, rather than just part, of the state’s resource revenues would be stolen by the elite. This, in fact, is increasingly the case in such lands as oil prices bottom out and even the Saudi royals begin to cut back on state support for the populace.
    Neoliberalism was once believed to be the path to secular democracy and free-market economies. In practice, it has been anything but. Instead, in conjunction with the resource curse, as well as repeated military interventions by Washington and its allies, free-market economics has profoundly destabilized the Greater Middle East. Encouraged by Washington and Brussels, twenty-first-century neoliberalism has made unequal societies ever more unequal and helped transform already corrupt regimes into looting machines. This is also, of course, a formula for the success of the Islamic State or any other radical alternative to the status quo. Such movements are bound to find support in impoverished or neglected regions like eastern Syria or eastern Libya.
    Note, however, that this process of destabilization is by no means confined to the Greater Middle East and North Africa. We are indeed in the age of destabilization, a phenomenon that is on the rise globally and at present spreading into the Balkans and Eastern Europe (with the European Union ever less able to influence events there). People no longer speak of European integration, but of how to prevent the complete break-up of the European Union in the wake of the British vote to leave.
    The reasons why a narrow majority of Britons voted for Brexit have parallels with the Middle East: the free-market economic policies pursued by governments since Margaret Thatcher was prime minister have widened the gap between rich and poor and between wealthy cities and much of the rest of the country. Britain might be doing well, but millions of Britons did not share in the prosperity. The referendum about continued membership in the European Union, the option almost universally advocated by the British establishment, became the catalyst for protest against the status quo. The anger of the “Leave” voters has much in common with that of Donald Trump supporters in the United States.
    The U.S. remains a superpower, but is no longer as powerful as it once was. It, too, is feeling the strains of this global moment, in which it and its local allies are powerful enough to imagine they can get rid of regimes they do not like, but either they do not quite succeed, as in Syria, or succeed but cannot replace what they have destroyed, as in Libya. An Iraqi politician once saidthat the problem in his country was that parties and movements were “too weak to win, but too strong to lose.” This is increasingly the pattern for the whole region and is spreading elsewhere. It carries with it the possibility of an endless cycle of indecisive wars and an era of instability that has already begun.”

  5. us with us for us says:

    Al Jazera is a CIA and MI6 project designed to destroy the Middle East and Africa using the tiny desert and Dictatorial evil wahabbi Qatar’s name. Those behind Al jazera from top to down are the Zionists/Jews from UK, USA, Canada, Australia and the likes while for tactical and trick reasons they are using some dark skinned slaves to spread their lies and inflammatory propaganda wars in other country.

    How come a tiny desert dictatorial absolute wahabbi Qatar can have the kind of media al jazera is and able to manage it the way it is while its native population is not even 300.000(three hundred thousands)? It is a clandestine desert locust breeding breathing gas while serving the masters that created her some 35 years ago and made her the way she is which is evil in the desert behaving satanic and demonic in the name of religion.

    If Al jazera really cares about human rights including the right of women, rule of law, democracy, election and anything they are preaching in other nations for bad reasons, why don’t they start first at home in the Tiny Qatar? No, they don’t do that. Because their mission is not really about the issues they are vomiting about other nations, but creating conflicts, chaos, destructions, killings, refuges, displacements, homelessness, desperation and failed states as it is going on in Yemen, Iraq, Syria, Libya, and Egypt and so on using those things as reasons.

    Iraq, Syria, Yemen, Libya, Egypt, Tunisia, Afghanistan before 1992 and so on had secular governments, religion freedoms, peace, constitutions, elections and parliaments. But they forced to leave power and the nations have turned to be the ways they are which is failed states run by the Sunni wahabbi extremists like the Saudis, Qataris, UAE, Kuwaitis and Bahrainis are. The CIA USA and MI6 England had created them and are guarding and supporting the wahhabi absolute dictators in order to use them the ways it is going for years which is against other nations.

    So, what al jazera stands for from day one is not really about what it is talking from the base where the absolute Dictators are ruling with fear and crimes against humanity but the CIA and MI6 project in the region and Africa as well; camouflaging behind it while using own people to operate. Almost all of the so called journalists and managements at al jazera are from BBC, CNN, ITV, Sky, CBC, ABC and the likes Medias from UK, USA, Canada, Australia and so on.

    So, what al jazera is talking, filming and writing are always what CIA and MI6 are telling them in order to implement their damaging agendas and plans in the ME and Africa. This is an open secret known by everyone. Their goal is also not secret. Look at Iraq, Syria, Libya, Tunisia, Yemen, Afghanistan and also Egypt. All of them had secular governments, constitutions and the citizens living conditions was among the best. And look at them today because of CIA and Mi6 involvements using the absolute wahabbi dictators they are keeping them on power as they created them decades ago such as the wahabbi dictator families in Saudi Arabia, Qatar, UAE, Kuwait, Bahrain and Jordan. Where is the democratic process, human rights, rule of law, election, parliament, minority rights and even the constitution in these absolute monarch whabbai nations?

    Saudi Arabs which is waging an indiscriminate war against the innocent Yemeni people doesn’t have even a constitution, parliament, any form of democratic process or even any kind of human right including the rights of religion freedom, women and girls. Yet, thanks to USA and UK, it is waging the worst form of war against Yemen in the name of legitimacy; which is restoring the elected leader although he was legally deposed from power by the Yemenis.

    This is how bad this world is corrupted and stinks. This is how the USA and UK lead political system and economic theft and looting is working ever since it was designed after the WWII. We are hoping it is now closer to its dead end knowing the world is having enough with it including with the Globalists/NWO criminals criminal alliance with the absolute dictator gulf Monarchs where al jazera is created from to serve them as propaganda war machine for the implementation of divisions, conflicts, wars, destructions, killings, displacements, refuges, sufferings and failed states in the region and Africa targeting those in peace and doing well as Ethiopia is.

    Before April 12, 2011, there was no a single homeless person in Syria as it was the case in Libya too. Both of them had any single dollar foreign debt but huge surplus and reserve. It was the same in Iraq, too despite it was under attack since 1991 with the absolute wahabbi monarchies cooperation and participations. Look at these nations today. This is what they are looking to happen to Ethiopia, too.

    However, they will never ever succeed even the tiny portion of their satanic agenda and plan to be implemented on the innocent Ethiopians. Ethiopia was the only free and independent nation in Africa for millenniums including during the latest brutal English, French and the likes colonization of the Continent, Middle East, Asia and all over the world. So, we will hunt down and destroy to death any mercenary they are sheltering, training, financing, sending and supporting including with none stop propaganda media wars based on lies and misinformation. They will never ever succeed in Ethiopia the way they are doing in other nations. Instead it will backlash on them including in USA knowing not the USA citizens but the few criminals that are controlling everything where power, money, wealth, influence and domination is are behind all these. And we all know them starting from Wall Street, media, banks, entertainments such as Hollywood and so on.

    We all know CIA, MI6 and others from USA and UK are behind all these working secretly for years from behind while they are sending their people in the name of NGO, aid agencies, Charities, Missionaries, peace corp., and you name it to hide their true identity and reach any place they want to meet the people they are looking to use them against their own nation. Most of those running the foreign policies, securities, medias, finance, and all very important sectors in USA, UK, France and the west in general are the Zionists/Jews and ethnic English that are having the criminal blood line connections with the criminal establishment that is still here with us despite the horrible and damaging crimes it caused against the world for centuries.

  6. በለው! says:

    ክቡር ሌንጮ ባቲ ቀና አመለካከት አላቸው ፡፡
    *** ተነጥሎ በወሬ ብቻ መወጠር ለድሃው ኦሮሞ አልጠቀመም፡፡
    *** ፶ ዓመት እሄዳለሁ ብሎ አያት ቅድመ አያቱ በአጥንት በደሙ ያስከረውን ሀገር በመፈቃቀርና በመፈቃቀድ አስረክቦ በባዶ እጅ ማጨብጨብም ያሳዝናል፡–
    *** በማስረጃ አልባ ወሬ የተዋለደና አብሮ የኖረን ሕዝብ አራርቆና አቆራርጦ ብልጣብልጥ ሲበላ ኦሮሞ በቁራጭ የግጦሽ መሬት ተከልሎና ተከልክሎ የበይ ተመልካች ያደረገው የጥቂት ቦልጥቀኞች “በሜንጫ አብዮት” መደንቆራቸው ነው።
    *** ሕዝብን ቀርቦ የተሻለ አመራርን በተለየ ሐሳብ ህወአት/ኢህአዴግን ተ ግተን ፖለተቲካል ኢኮኖሚውን ፡መከላከያውን: ደህንነቱን: መጋራት የሚለው አቀራረብ ተመልሶ ልማታዊ ራዕይ አስቀጣይ አያሰኝምን?
    *** በእርግጥ ይህንን ቀና ተሞክሮ የጀዋሪያንና የተስፋ ግብረ እባብ ቡድን ይለቃቸዋልን ?
    *** ሁሉም ኦሮሞ ዓላማው አንድ ነው ከብሔር ፌደራሊዝም ተጠቅመናል እየተባለና መሬት እስኪሰነጠቅ እየተጨፈረ ኦፌኮን አዳንቆ ኦህዴድን ማናናቅ እውነት አቶ ሌንጮ ባቲና ሌንጮ ለታ እረጅም ዕድሜ ያለው ፓርቲ ይኖራቸዋልን? ወይንስ የአንዱ ርባ ሲፋቅ የሌላውን ይመስላል የሚዲያ ገፅታ ይሆን?
    ___የሚበጀው ያረጀውን ያፈጀውን ጽንፈኝነትን አስወግዶ “ባሕሌ: ቋንቋዬ: ክልሌ እንዳይበከል: እኛ ልዩ ነን ፡ ፌደራል መንግስት አያስተዳድረኝም” የሚሉ ቱማታዎች ተወግደው የሕግ ተገዢ ሆኖ ሁሉን ባሳተፈ በአንድነትና እኩልነት ላይ በተመሠረተ የዕውቀት ግንባታና ሀገራዊ ሉዓላዊነት የሕዝብን አመኔታ ማግኘቱ ይሻላል።አራት ነጥብ። የአሁኑ አቀራረብ “ሥልጣን እንካፈል ቦታውን አስፋ በዓላማ አንድ ነን ማለት ስለሆነ ያለው ፻ ከ ፻ ህወአት/ኢህአዴግ ለዘለዓለሙ ምራን ቀጥል ተቀጥሎልሃል ማለት ነው። በለው!

  7. wedinkafa says:

    The esteemed opposition be it Oromo or Amara or Tigray or benshanngul people are telling you to leave it is not your terms now woy-ane boys, just leave or be crucified!!!

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