[Must Watch] Former Chief of Staff Speaks Out on Current Political Events and the Way Forward


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56 Responses

  1. Osyres says:

    How can man trust to this agame tribal regime, the people of Ethiopia have to say enough your tribalism politics,

    • Greater Ethiopiaโ›ช๏ธ says:

      “Oops “AL-SHABIA U landed in the wrong place!๐Ÿด

      • muleta says:

        Dawit …bravo sir…i know you have it in you but some thing is holding you back in breaking out from supporting these mafia group…..love the general..he was very articulate and precise …in some aspect he is evasive but in most he is very clear..we need more people like him…..but still he is scared ..why not openly talk with his friends…and force weyanea to change ..?

      • Beza says:

        Greater Ethiopia, you are so true, but he is not the only one his likes all over.

  2. Abegaz says:

    Bravo Dawit,

    can you see the huge difference between the so called TPLF officials, cadres and blind supporters on one hand and this gentle and wise man on the other? I wonder why they couldn’t continue together. It is a pity those deserved to be dismissed and left for nothing remained while the man like him forced to leave. This is how it looks like when things are getting upsides down and Satanists becoming the rulers of the land as we are having them for 25 painful and disaster long years.

    Let’s stop blaming someone because of his or her past or doing theoretical assumption about his/her intention. This is a very critical but also important time to forgive one another about the past and come together for the sake of the future to all of us.

    You are now having under your authority your best side/wing of media coverage working with individuals and groups like G. Tsaddqan. Your media relationship with the TPLF officials and cadres including recently at Mekkele University was shameful, not to you but them. They are brainless and uncivilized thinking they are all that. Of course they are running the nation as private property taking all the positions, resources and you name it under their merci.

    ESAT is the greatest and best Ethiopia media ever. We are hoping you will become their friendly competitors for good reasons from the base in eth country. It is also important allowing Amharic comments as well when they are useful. Having 100.000 viewers for one topic is becoming a one or two day distance phenomenon for ESAT. The people/experts they are bringing, the topics, the quality of the coverage, the professionalism and you name it, they are million times better than ECB. The genius, clever and civilized Riyot Alemu forced to leave her country she loves while the trash so called… are in the country doing nothing but they way they do. There are reasons why people live. Do really have any reason to say about that and showing it?

    Behalf Redwan Hussien, the rest on your blog were trash TPLF cadres and their servants have no idea what they are/were talking about and the language they are using, mostly mixing Amharic and English which is shame and happening this way only in Ethiopia.

    Dawit, Thanks for finding the new way of covering Medias with the people deserve to be and have something important and useful to share unlike the TPLF rats have nothing. I’m not talking about the topics and ideas he is saying right now but for you having this kind media coverage. There are millions with lots of voices in the country the TPLF Medias don’t want them to be heard but are important people to solve the problems caused by TPLF as the Wolkit issue is.

    There are lots of scholars, historians, intellectuals and so on disfranchised by the TPLF Medias despite they are more Ethiopians than them and are free from any criminal activities and very useful citizens.

    Thanks for giving the voice to those shut by the TPLF Medias. This is a very critical time and we have to do things differently including taking risks in order to find the solutions before it is too late. We must do everything not to fallen. If once we felt, that would be difficult to stand up again and become normal as before. TPLF cannot find the solution but is the cause of the problem. Others are; hoping G. Tsadkan, too.

    • yabby you says:

      “There are lots of scholars, historians, intellectuals and so on disfranchised by the TPLF Medias despite they are more Ethiopians than them and are free from any criminal activities and very useful citizens “.

      very true.
      The question is,is he (Dawit) going to venture into probing TPLF political and economic affairs without getting in hot water?

    • Can you imagine the excitement it would have generated if the General had come out on Sisay Agena’s show? It would have been electric!!!

      • Solomon says:

        Sisay agna is banda shabia keteragna .
        Banda essays keteragna would not have a chance to talk ethiopian hero.
        Sissaya wordatgna ,all day he says is (eny ende mimaslgne)all day he gusset.
        He doesn’t talk about facts.
        He is shabia propaganda.

        • Well, this is your opinion and you are entitled to it.

          There is no doubt majority of people think that Sisay Agena is the best Ethiopian journalist, may be even of all time!

          I might add that Dawit treated the General with gloves!

    • None of your m says:

      there is nothing good comes out of this people . don’t trust this people.

  3. Korem says:

    แˆตแˆœ แˆ›แŠ• แŠแ‹?

    แ‹ญแˆ†แŠ“แˆ แ‰ฅแ‹ฌ แŒˆแˆแ‰ผ
    แŠจแŠแˆฑ แˆ˜แˆ€แˆ แŒˆแ‰ฅแ‰ผ
    แˆ˜แŠ–แˆญ แŠ แˆแ‰ปแˆแˆแˆ แˆฐแˆญแ‰ผ
    แ‰ฐแˆฐแ‰ƒแ‹จแˆแŠ แˆ˜แ‹แŒซ แŠ แŒฅแ‰ผแกแก
    แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ณแˆแˆฐแ‹ˆแˆญ แŒ แแ‰ผ
    แŒ แ‰ฃแ‰‚แฃ แ‹˜แ‰ แŠ› แŠ แŒแ‰ฃแ‰ฅแ‰ผ
    แˆแŠ• แ‹ญแˆ†แŠ“แˆ‰ แ‰คแ‰ฐแˆฐแ‰ฆแ‰ผ
    แŠฅแŠ” แŠจแŠแˆฑ แ‰ฐแˆˆแ‹ญแ‰ผแกแก

    แ‰ณแ‹ฒแ‹ซ แˆแŠ• แˆแˆแŠ• แŠฅแˆตแŠจแˆ˜แ‰ผ
    แ‹แˆตแŒคแŠ• แŒจแˆจแˆตแˆแ‰ต แŠ แˆฐแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ผ
    แˆตแˆแŒฃแŠ• แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ณแˆˆแ‰… แˆแˆญแ‰ผ
    แˆ˜แˆณแˆชแ‹ซ แŠ แ‹ฐแˆจแŒ‰แŠ แ‰ แ‹ˆแŒˆแŠ–แ‰ผ
    แŒ แ‰…แˆ‹แ‹ญ แˆšแŠ’แˆตแ‰ฐแˆญ แŠ แ‹ญแ‹ฐแˆˆแˆ แˆ›แ‹•แˆจแŒ
    แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ต แ‰ฃแˆˆแ‰ แ‰ต แ‰ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐ แŠขแˆ€แŠ แ‹ฐแŒ
    แ‹™แˆชแ‹ซแ‹จแŠ• แŠจแ‰ แ‹ แŠแƒแŠแ‰ต แ‹จแˆˆแŠ
    แˆˆแˆ€แŒˆแˆญ แ‰€แˆญแ‰ถ แˆˆแŠฅแŠ”แˆ แŠ แˆแ‰ปแˆแˆแŠ

    แ‰ฝแŒแˆญ แŠ แˆˆแ‰ฅแŠ แŠ แ‰ตแ‹ˆแŠ•แŒ…แˆ‰แŠ
    แŠฅแˆ›แ€แŠ“แˆˆแˆ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ตแ‰ณแ‹ตแŠ‘แŠ
    แˆ‹แ‹ญ แˆ‹แ‹ฉแŠ• แŠฅแŠ•แŒ‚ แ‹แˆตแŒคแŠ• แŠ แ‰ณแ‹ˆแ‰แŠ
    แŒฅแˆญแˆต แˆตแ‰ตแŠแŠญแˆฑ แˆตแ‰ตแ‹แ‰ฑแ‰ฅแŠ
    แŠ แˆแ‰ฝแˆ แ‰ฅแ‹ฌ แŠฅแŠ•แŒ‚ แŠ แ‰…แˆ แ‰ขแŠ–แˆจแŠ
    แˆตแˆแŒฃแŠ‘ แ‰€แˆญแ‰ถ แˆฐแˆ‹แˆ แ‰ แˆ†แŠ•แˆแŠ
    แˆ›แŠ• แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆ†แŠ•แˆแŠ แŠ แ‹ˆแ‰ƒแ‰ฝแˆแŠ
    แˆ˜แˆณแ‹ฐแ‰ฅ แˆณแ‹ญแˆ†แŠ• แˆ˜แˆ‹แˆ˜แ‰ต แˆตแŒกแŠ

    แ‹จแŠฅแŠ“แŠ•แ‰ฐ แŠ‘แˆฎ แˆˆแŠ” แŠ“แˆแ‰€แŠ
    แ‹ซแˆˆแˆ แˆ…แ‹ญแ‹Žแ‰ต แ‰ตแ‹แ‰ณ แŠ แˆˆแ‰ฅแŠ
    แŠจแ‹šแˆ…แˆฐ แŠ‘แˆฎ แŠจแˆšแ‹ซแˆฐแ‰ƒแ‹จแŠ
    แˆ†แ‹ต แŠฅแ‹จแˆžแˆ‹ แ‰ แŠแแˆฐ แŠจแŒŽแ‹ณแŠ
    แ‹จแŠจแ‹ แ‹จแˆˆแˆ แŠฅแŠ•แŒแ‹ฒแˆต แ‹ญแ‰ฅแ‰ƒแŠ
    แ‹จแˆ˜แŒฃแ‹ แ‹ญแˆแŒฃ แˆแŠ• แŠ แˆตแŒจแŠแ‰€แŠ
    แˆˆแŒฅแ‰‚แ‰ต แˆณแ‹ญแˆ†แŠ• แˆˆแˆ…แ‹แ‰ฅ แ‹จแˆ†แŠ•แˆแŠ
    แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ดแ‰ต แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ต แˆ˜แŠ•แŒˆแ‹ต แ‹ซแˆตแ‰ฐแŠ

    แˆ˜แˆ‹ แˆแˆแŒ‰ แˆ˜แˆแˆต แˆ‹แŠฉแˆแŠ
    แ‰ฝแŒแˆญ แŠ แˆˆแ‰ฅแŠ แŠ แ‰ตแ‹ˆแŠ•แŒ…แˆ‰แŠ
    แˆ›แŠ• แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆ†แŠ•แˆ แŠ แ‹ˆแ‰ƒแ‰ฝแˆแŠ?
    แ‹จแ‹แˆตแŒคแŠ• แˆตแˆœแ‰ต แ‰ฐแˆจแ‹ณแ‰ฝแˆแŠ?
    แŠ แˆตแ‰ฐแ‹ณแ‹ฐแŒŒ แˆ˜แ‰ฝ แˆˆแ‹šแˆ… แŠแ‰ แˆญ
    แˆตแˆแŒฃแŠ• แŒจแ‰ฅแŒช แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฅ แˆ‹แˆตแ‰ธแŒแˆญ
    แ‹ซ แˆแˆ‰ แˆแŠžแ‰ตแฃ แ‹ซ แˆแˆ‰ แŒฅแˆจแ‰ต
    แŠจแˆ‹แ‹ญ แ‹ˆแŒฅแ‰ผ แŠจแŠ•แ‰ฑ แŠ แˆตแ‰€แˆจแˆแ‰ต
    แŠจแŠฅแŠ“แŠ•แ‰ฐ แ‰ แˆ‹แ‹ญ แ‰ฝแŒแˆญ แŠ แˆˆแ‰ฅแŠ
    แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฅ แˆ€แ‹ซแˆ แŠแ‹ แ‰ฐแŠแˆฑ แŠ แ‹ตแŠ‘แŠ แกแก

  4. Observer says:

    Thank you General for sharing your views with us .
    I have one question ,do you think we Ethiopians can have solutions for our political and social problems using our constitution which bases the federal structure on ethnic lines , as we see it now?

  5. Change is coming says:

    แ‹ณแ‹Šแ‰ตแก แˆ˜แˆแŠซแˆ แˆฅแˆซ แŠแ‹แค แ‰€แŒฅแˆแ‰ แ‰ตแกแก


    แˆแˆˆแ‰ต แ‰ฅแ‰ป แŠ“แ‰ธแ‹ แ‹จแ‰ฅแŠ แ‹ดแŠ• แˆแˆญแŒซแ‹Žแ‰ฝแค แˆ›แˆˆแ‰ตแˆ แˆถแˆตแ‰ฐแŠ› แ‹ˆแ‹ญแˆ แŠจแ‹šแ‹ซ แ‰ แˆ‹แ‹ญ แ‹จแˆˆแ‹แˆแกแก

    แŠฅแŠแ‹šแˆ…แˆแก แˆซแˆตแŠ• แ‰ แˆซแˆต แ‹ˆแ‹ญแˆ แ‰ แˆŒแˆŽแ‰ฝ แŠฅแˆญแ‹ณแ‰ณ แ‰ แˆ˜แ‰ณแŠจแˆ แˆ˜แ‹ณแŠ• แ‹ˆแ‹ญแˆ แˆซแˆตแŠ• แ‰ แˆซแˆต แˆ˜แŒแ‹ฐแˆแŠ“ แˆ˜แ‰€แ‰ แˆญ

    1แŠ›แก แ‰ณแŠญแˆž แˆˆแˆ˜แ‹ณแŠ• แ‰ฅแŠ แ‹ดแŠ• แˆ›แ‹ตแˆจแŒ แ‹จแˆšแŒˆแ‰ฃแ‰ธแ‹แฃ

    แˆ€แก แ‰ แ‰€แˆ‹แˆ‰ แˆ˜แˆ˜แˆˆแˆตแŠ“ แˆ˜แˆตแ‰ฐแŠซแŠจแˆ แ‹จแˆšแ‰ฝแˆ‰ แŠ แ‰ฃแˆ‹แ‰ฑแŠ• แ‰ แˆแŠญแˆญแฃ แ‰ แˆ›แˆตแ‰ฐแˆ›แˆญแŠ“ แŠจแŠ แˆตแˆแˆˆแŒˆแˆ แ‰ แ‰แŒฃ แˆˆแˆ˜แˆ˜แˆˆแˆต แˆ˜แˆžแŠจแˆญแกแก แ‹ญแˆ…แˆ แ‰ แ‰ฐแˆˆแ‹ญแˆ แŠจแ‰ฐแˆ˜แˆˆแˆฑ แ‰ แŠ‹แˆ‹ แˆŠแŒ แ‰…แˆ™ แ‹จแˆšแ‰ฝแˆ‰แ‰ตแŠ• แ‹จแˆšแˆ˜แˆˆแŠจแ‰ต แˆฒแˆ†แŠ• แŠจแ‹šแˆ… แ‹จแ‰ฐแˆˆแ‹จ แŠจแˆ†แŠ แŒแŠ• แŠ แˆตแ‰€แ‹ตแˆžแˆ แ‰ขแˆ†แŠ• แ‰ แ‰ฅแŠ แ‹ดแŠ• แ‹แˆตแŒฅ แ‰ฆแ‰ณ แˆ›แŒแŠœแ‰ต แ‹จแˆŒแˆˆแ‰ แ‰ต แˆตแˆˆแˆ†แŠ แ‹ซแˆˆแˆแŠ•แˆ แ‰€แŒ แˆฎแŠ“ แˆญแˆ…แˆซแˆ„ แˆ›แ‰ฃแˆจแˆญแกแก

    แˆˆแก แ‰ แŒ แŠ“ แ‹จแ‰ณแˆ˜แˆ™แŠ“ แŠจแˆ‹แ‹ญ แ‰ แ‰ฐแŒ แ‰€แˆฑ แ‹จแˆ›แŠจแˆšแ‹ซ แˆ˜แ‹ตแˆ€แŠ’แ‰ถแ‰ฝ แˆ›แˆˆแ‰ตแˆ แ‰ แˆซแˆต แŒฅแˆจแ‰ต แ‹ˆแ‹ญแˆ แ‰ แˆŒแˆ‹ แŠฅแˆญแ‹ณแ‰ณ แˆŠแˆ˜แˆˆแˆฑ แ‹จแˆ›แ‹ญแ‰ธแˆ‰ แŠจแˆ†แŠ‘ แˆ˜แ‹ตแˆ€แŠ’แ‰ต แ‹จแˆ›แ‹ญแŒˆแŠแˆ‹แ‰ธแ‹ แŠแ‰€แˆญแˆณแ‹ˆแ‰ฝ แˆตแˆˆแˆ†แŠ‘ แŠฅแ‹จแ‰ฐแ‰†แˆจแŒก แˆ˜แŒฃแˆ แ‹ญแŠ–แˆญแ‰ฃแ‰ธแ‹‹แˆแกแก แŠฅแŠแ‹šแˆ…แˆ แ‰ แ‰ฅแŠ แ‹ดแŠ• แ‹แˆตแŒฅ แ‹ซแˆฐแˆ›แˆซแ‰ธแ‹ แ‹จแˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ต แ‰…แŒฅแˆจแŠžแ‰ฝแŠ“ แ‰ฐแˆ‹แˆ‹แŠชแ‹Žแ‰ฝ แˆฒแˆ†แŠ‘ แ‰ แŠ แˆ›แˆซ แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฅ แˆ‹แ‹ญ แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‰ต แ‹จแˆšแ‹ซแ‹ฐแˆญแˆฑแŠ“ แŒฅแ‹แ‰ต แ‹จแˆšแˆแ…แˆ™ แŠ“แ‰ธแ‹แกแก แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต แ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แŠฅแŠ•แŒ‚ แŠ แˆ›แˆซ แŠ แ‹ญแ‹ฐแˆˆแˆแฃ แŠ แˆ›แˆซ แŠแแŒ แŠ›แก แ‹ฐแˆญแŒแก แŠฅแŠ“ แ‹จแˆ˜แˆณแˆฐแˆ‰แ‰ตแŠ• แ‰ แŠ แ‹ฐแ‰ฃแ‰ฃแ‹ญ แ‹จแˆšแˆฐแ‰ฅแŠฉแŠ“ แŠฅแˆฑแŠแ‰ฑแŠ• แˆˆแˆ›แˆณแŒฃแ‰ต แˆŒแ‰ต แŠจแ‰€แŠ• แŠฅแˆจแแ‰ต แ‹จแˆŒแˆ‹แ‰ธแ‹ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐ แŠซแˆณ แ‰ฐแŠญแˆˆแ‰ฅแˆญแˆ€แŠ•แฃ แ‰ณแ‹ฐแˆฐแฃ แŒˆแŠแ‰ต แ‹˜แ‹แ‹ดแฃ แ‰ แˆจแŠจแ‰ต แˆฒแˆžแŠ•แฃ แŠ แˆˆแˆแŠแˆ…แก แ‹จแŠญแˆแˆ‰ แ‹จแ‰ตแˆแˆ…แˆญแ‰ต แˆšแŠ’แˆตแ‰ฐแˆญแก แŠฅแŠ“ แ‹จแˆ˜แˆณแˆฐแˆ‰แ‰ต แŠฅแŠฎ แŠ“แ‰ธแ‹ แ‰ แ‰ฅแŠ แ‹ดแŠ• แ‹แˆตแŒฅ แ‹ซแˆ‰แกแก

    แˆแก แ‰ แ‰กแ‹ตแŠ• แˆ€ แ‹จแˆšแŒˆแŠœแ‹ แ‰†แˆปแˆป แ‰ฐแŒ แˆญแŒŽแŠ“ แ‰ แ‰กแ‹ตแŠ• แˆˆ แ‹จแˆšแŒˆแŠœแ‹ แŠ แ‹ฐแŒˆแŠ› แˆ˜แˆญแ‹ แ‰ฐแŠแ‰ƒแ‰…แˆŽ แŠจแ‰ฅแŠ แ‹ดแŠ• แ‰คแ‰ต แŠจแ‰ฐแ‹ˆแŒˆแ‹ฐ แ‰ แŠ‹แˆ‹ แ‹จแˆšแ‰€แŒฅแˆˆแ‹ แˆตแˆซ แ‹ฐแŒแˆž แ‰คแ‰ตแŠ• แ‰ แ‰ตแŠญแŠญแˆ แˆ›แˆฐแŠ“แ‹ณแ‰ต แˆ‹แ‹ญ แŠแ‹แกแก แŠ แˆแŒ‹แŠ• แŠจแˆณแˆŽแŠ•แก แˆถแ‹แŠ• แŠจแˆแŠแ‰ณ แŠญแแˆแฃ แˆ˜แ€แ‹ณแŒƒแŠ• แŠจแˆ›แ‰ฅแˆฐแ‹ซแก แˆ›แ‰ฅแˆฐแ‹ซแŠ• แŠจแˆ˜แ€แ‹ณแŒƒแฃ แŠ แˆ…แ‹ซแŠ• แ‰ แŠ แˆตแ‹แˆแ‰ตแก แˆ˜แŠชแŠ“แŠ• แ‰ แŒซแŠซแŠ“ แˆŒแˆ‹แ‹แŠ•แˆ แ‰ แ‹šแˆ… แˆ˜แˆแŠญ แŠฅแ‹ซแ‹ฐแˆจแŒ‰ แ‰ แŠ แˆฐแ‰ฐแ‹ณแ‹ฐแˆญ แˆตแˆ แ‰ แˆ˜แˆ˜แ‹ฐแ‰ฅ แ‹จแˆšแŒˆแŠ แŒ แ‰ƒแˆš แ‹แŒคแ‰ต แ‹จแˆˆแˆแกแก แ‰ แˆ˜แˆ†แŠ‘แˆ แˆ›แŠ• แˆแŠ• แ‹ญแ‰ฝแˆ‹แˆ แ‰ แˆ›แˆˆแ‰ต แŠฅแˆญแŒแŒ แŠ› แŠฅแ‹จแˆ†แŠ‘ แ‰ฝแˆŽแ‰ณ แ‹ซแˆ‹แ‰ธแ‹แŠ• แ‰ แˆšแ‰ฝแˆ‰แ‰ต แ‹จแˆตแˆซ แ‹˜แˆญแ แˆ˜แˆ˜แ‹ฐแ‰ฅ แ‹ญแŠ–แˆญแ‰ฃแ‰ธแ‹‹แˆแกแก แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐ แŠฅแŠ แŠ แ‹ตแˆ€แŠ–แˆ แˆแˆ‰ แ‹จแˆ›แ‹ญแ‰ฝแˆˆแ‹แŠ• แˆตแˆซ แˆˆแˆ›แ‹ญแ‰ฝแˆ แŒแˆˆแˆฐแ‰ฅ แˆ˜แˆตแŒ แ‰ต แŠ แ‹ญแŒˆแ‰ฃแˆแกแก แ‰ แˆ˜แˆ†แŠ‘แˆ แ‰ฅแŠ แ‹ดแŠ• แ‹จแŒแ‹ต แˆ›แ‹ตแˆจแŒ แ‹ซแˆˆแ‰ แ‰ต แ‰ฝแˆŽแ‰ณ แ‹ซแˆ‹แ‰ธแ‹แŠ• แˆฐแ‹Žแ‰ฝ แ‰ แˆšแ‰ฝแˆ‰แ‰ต แ‹จแˆตแˆซ แˆ˜แˆตแˆ˜แˆญ แˆ›แˆฐแˆ›แˆซแ‰ต แŠแ‹แกแก

    แˆˆแˆแˆณแˆŒ แ‹ซแˆ…แˆ แˆแŠ•แˆ แŠฅแŠ•แŠณ แ‹ญแˆ… แŠแ‹ แ‹จแˆšแ‰ฃแˆ แˆˆแ‹แŒฅ แŠ แˆแŒฅแ‰ฐแ‹‹แˆแŠ“ แŠฅแŠ“แŒจแ‰ฅแŒญแ‰ฅแˆ‹แ‰ธแ‹ แ‰ฃแ‹ญแ‰ฃแˆแˆ แ‹ซแˆˆแ‹แŠ• แˆแŠ”แ‰ณ แŠจแŒแˆแ‰ต แ‰ แˆ›แˆตแŒˆแ‰ฃแ‰ต แˆฒแ‰ณแ‹ญ แ‹จแŠญแˆแˆ‰ แ‹จแŠฅแˆญแˆป แˆ€แˆ‹แŠแ‹Žแ‰ฝ แˆแˆˆแ‰ฑแˆ แ‹จแŒแ‰ฅแˆญแŠ“ แ‹ถแŠญแ‰ฐแˆฎแ‰ฝ แˆˆแˆšแ‹ซแ‰ แˆจแŠญแ‰ฑแ‰ต แŠ แˆตแ‰ฐแ‹‹แ…แŠฆ แˆŠแˆ˜แˆฐแŒˆแŠ‘ แ‹ญแŒˆแ‰ฃแ‰ธแ‹‹แˆแกแก แ‰ แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ต แŠ แˆ›แŠซแŠแŠแ‰ต แˆ†แŠ• แ‰ฐแ‰ฅแˆŽ แŠญแˆแˆ‰ แ‰ แ‰ฐแˆˆแ‹ซแ‹จ แˆ˜แˆแŠจ แŠจ25 แŠ แˆ˜แ‰ณแ‰ต แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‰ต แ‹จแˆšแ‹ฐแˆญแˆตแ‰ แ‰ตแŠ“ แŠจแ‰ฐแŒ แ‰ƒแˆšแŠแ‰ต แ‹จแˆšแŒˆแˆˆแˆ แ‰ขแˆ†แŠ•แˆ แŠฅแŠแ‹šแˆ… แ‹จแŒแ‰ฅแˆญแŠ“ แ‰ฃแˆˆแˆ™แ‹ซแ‰ฐแŠžแ‰ฝ แŒแŠ• แ‰ แ‹˜แˆจแŒ‰แ‰ต แŠ แ‹แ‰ณแˆญ แŠฅแ‹จแ‰ฐแŠ•แ‰€แˆณแ‰€แˆฑแŠ“ แˆŒแˆŽแ‰ฝแŠ•แˆ แŠฅแ‹ซแŠ•แ‰€แˆณแ‰€แˆฑ แˆ™แ‹ซแ‰ธแ‹แŠ• แ‹ญแ‹˜แ‹ แŠฅแˆฐแŠจ แŒˆแ‰ แˆฌแ‹ แ‹ตแˆจแˆต แ‰ แˆ˜แ‹แˆˆแ‰… แŒฅแˆจแ‰ต แ‹จแˆšแ‹ซแ‹ฐแˆญแŒ‰แŠ“ แˆˆแ‹แŒฅแˆ แ‹จแˆšแ‹ซแˆ˜แŒก แŠ“แ‰ธแ‹แกแก แˆŒแˆŽแ‰ฝ แ‹จแŠญแˆแˆ‰ แ‹จแ‹šแˆ… แ‹ˆแ‹ญแˆ แ‹จแ‹šแ‹ซ แˆ€แˆ‹แŠแ‹Žแ‰ฝ แŠแŠ• แ‰ฃแ‹ฎแ‰ฝ แŒแŠ• แˆ€แˆ‹แŠแŠแ‰ณแ‰ธแ‹ แˆˆแˆซแˆณแ‰ธแ‹แŠ“ แ‰ แŒฅแˆฉแˆ แˆ†แŠ แ‰ แˆ˜แŒฅแŽ แˆแ‰ฃแ‰ธแ‹แŠ“ แˆตแˆœแ‰ณแ‰ธแ‹ แŠจแˆ›แ‹ญแˆˆแ‹จแ‹ แˆˆแˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ต แ‹จแˆšแˆ˜แˆตแˆ แŠแ‹แกแก

    แ‹ญแˆ… แ‰ แ‹šแˆ… แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ณแˆˆ แŒแŠ• แ‰ แ‰ฐแŒ“แ‹ณแŠแŠ“ แ‹ซแˆˆแˆ›แ‰‹แˆจแŒฅ แ‹จแˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ต แ‰ แŠ แˆ›แˆซ แˆ‹แ‹ญ แŒฃแˆแ‰ƒ แŒˆแ‰ฅแŠแ‰ตแŠ“ แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‰ต แˆ™แˆ‰ แ‰ แˆ™แˆ‰ แŠฅแˆตแŠจแˆšแ‹ฐแˆ˜แˆฐแˆตแŠ“ แŠฅแˆตแŠจแˆšแ‹ˆแŒˆแ‹ต แ‹ตแˆจแˆต แ‹จแˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ตแŠ• แŒ‰แ‹ต แŠฅแ‹จแŒˆแˆˆแŒก แ‰ แˆ›แŒ‹แˆˆแŒฅ แˆแˆ‰แŠ•แˆ แ‹œแŒ‹ แˆ›แˆตแ‰ฐแˆ›แˆญแฃ แˆ›แŠ•แ‰ƒแ‰ตแŠ“ แˆˆแˆซแˆฑ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฒแ‰†แˆ แˆ›แ‹ตแˆจแŒ แŒแ‹ต แ‹จแˆšแˆ แŠแ‹แกแก แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ต แŒซแŠซ แŠจแˆ˜แŒแ‰ฃแ‰ฑ แ‰ แŠแ‰ต แŒ€แˆแˆฎแŠ“ แŠจแŒซแŠซแˆ แˆ†แŠ– แŒฆแˆญแŠแ‰ต แ‰ แˆ˜แŠญแˆแ‰ต แŠ•แแˆ€แŠ• แ‹จแˆ€แŒˆแˆญ แ‹ˆแ‰ณแ‹ฐแˆฎแ‰ฝ แ‰ แŒˆแ แˆฒแŒจแˆแŒจแแŠ“ แ‹จแˆ€แŒˆแˆญ แŠ•แ‰ฅแˆจแ‰ต แˆฒแ‹ซแ‹ˆแ‹ตแˆ แŠขแ‰ตแ‹ฎแŒฒแ‹ซแŠ• แˆˆแˆ›แŒฅแ‹แ‰ต แ‹ญแ‰ปแˆˆแ‹ แ‹˜แŠ•แ‹ต แŠ แˆตแ‰€แ‹ตแˆž แˆ›แŒฅแ‹แ‰ต แ‹ซแˆˆแ‰ แ‰ต แŠ แˆ›แˆซ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆ†แŠ แ‹จแˆšแ‹ซแˆแŠ• แŠแ‹แกแก แˆตแˆแŒฃแŠ• แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐแ‹ซแ‹™ แŒ€แˆแˆฎ แ‹ญแˆ…แŠ•แŠ‘ แŠแ‹ แŠฅแ‹จแˆแ€แˆ™ แŠฅแˆฐแŠจ แ‹›แˆฌ แ‹จแˆแŠ•แŒˆแŠแกแก แ‹‹แŠแŠ› แ‰…แŒฅแˆจแŠžแ‰ปแ‰ธแ‹แˆ แˆ†แŠ‘ แ‰ฐแ‰ฃแ‰ฃแˆชแ‹ˆแ‰ปแ‰ธแ‹ แŠจแŒ…แˆแˆฉ แŒ€แˆแˆฎ แ‰ แ‰ฅแŠ แ‹ดแŠ• แ‹แˆตแŒฅ แ‹จแ‰ฐแˆฐแŒˆแˆฐแŒ‰ แŠ“แ‰ธแ‹แกแก แ‰ฅแŠ แ‹ดแŠ• แŠฅแŠฎ แ‹จแ‰ฐแˆ˜แˆฐแˆจแ‰ฐ แ‰ แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ต แˆˆแˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ต แŠแ‹แกแก แˆˆแ‹šแˆ…แˆ แŠแ‹ แ‰ฃแˆชแ‹ซ แˆˆแŒŒแ‰ณแ‹ แ‰ณแˆ›แŠ แŠ แŒˆแˆแŒ‹แ‹ญแŠแ‰ฑแŠ• แˆˆแˆ›แˆณแ‹จแ‰ต แˆฒแˆ แ‹จแˆšแˆ†แŠแ‹แŠ• แ‹จแˆšแˆ˜แˆตแˆ แ‹ตแˆญแŒŠแ‰ต แ‰ แŠ แŠ•แ‹ณแŠ•แ‹ต แŠ แ‰ฃแˆ‹แ‰ถแ‰ฝ แˆ‹แ‹ญ แŠฅแˆตแŠซแˆแŠ•แˆ แ‹ตแˆจแˆต แ‰ แŠ แˆ›แˆซ แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฅแŠ“ แˆ˜แˆฌแ‰ต แˆ‹แ‹ญ แŠฅแ‹จแ‰ฐแŠ•แ€แ‰ฃแˆจแ‰€ แ‹ซแˆˆแกแก

    แ‹จแŠ แˆ›แˆซแŠ• แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฅ แŒแŠ• แŠฅแŠแˆฑ แ‰€แˆญแ‰ถ แˆ›แŠ•แˆ แ‹ญแˆแŒฃ แˆŠแ‹ซแŒ แ‹แ‹ แ‰€แˆญแ‰ถ แˆŠแŒŽแ‹ณแ‹แˆ แŠ แ‹ญแ‰ฝแˆแˆแกแก แ‹จแŠ แˆ›แˆซ แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฅ แŠจแแ‰ฐแŠ› แ‰ฆแ‰ณ แŠฅแŠฎ แ‰ แ‰ฐแˆแŒฅแˆฎ แŠจแˆŒแˆŽแ‰ฝ แ‰ฆแ‰ณแ‹Žแ‰ฝ แ‰ แ‰ฅแˆแŒซ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐแ‰ฐแˆฐแˆซ แˆ…แŠ•แƒ แŠ แ‹ญแŠแ‰ต แˆ†แŠ– แ‹ˆแ‹ฐ แˆ‹แ‹ญ แ‹จแ‹ˆแŒฃแŠ“ แ‰ แˆแŒฆ แ‹จแˆšแ‰ณแ‹ญ แŠแ‹แกแก แ‰ณแˆ‹แ‰ แ‹จแŠ แแˆชแŠซ แŠจแแ‰ฐแŠ› แ‰ฆแ‰ณ แŠ แ‹จแ‰ฐแ‰ฃแˆˆ แ‰ แŠ แˆˆแˆ แ‹แŠแŠ›แ‹ แŠฅแŠฎ แ‹จแŠ แˆ›แˆซ แ‰ฆแ‰ณ แŠแ‹แกแก แ‹ญแˆ… แ‰ฆแ‰ณ แŠฅแŠฎ แŠแ‹ แˆˆแŠขแ‰ตแ‹ฎแŒฒแ‹ซ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐ แŠ แ‹จแˆญ แˆ˜แ‰†แŒฃแŒ แˆชแ‹ซ แˆ†แŠ– แŠจแŠ แ‹จแˆฉ แ€แ‰ฃแ‹ญ แŒ€แˆแˆฎ แŠฅแˆตแŠจ แ‹แŠ“แ‰ฅแŠ“ แˆˆแˆ แŠ แˆแˆญ แˆ€แŒˆแˆซแ‰ฝแŠ•แŠ• แ‰ฃแˆˆแˆ€แ‰ฅแ‰ต แ‹ซแ‹ฐแˆจแŒ‹แ‰ตแกแก แ‰ฆแ‰ณแ‹ แ‹จแˆšแˆฐแˆซแ‰ แ‰ตแŠ“ แ‹จแˆšแŠ•แŠจแ‰ฃแŠจแ‰ แ‹ แŒŽแ‰ แ‹ แ‹จแˆ†แŠ แˆฐแ‹ แŠ แŒฅแ‰ถ แŠฅแŠ•แŒ‚ แ‹ญแˆ… แ‰ฃแ‹ญแˆ†แŠ• แŠ–แˆฎ แŒแŠ• แˆˆแ‰ฅแ‰ปแ‹ แŠขแ‰ตแ‹ฎแŒฐแ‹ซแŠ•แŠ“ แ‹จแŒŽแˆจแ‰คแ‰ต แˆ€แŒˆแˆฎแ‰ฝแŠ•แˆ แˆ˜แ‰€แˆˆแ‰ฅ แ‹จแˆšแ‰ฝแˆ แ‰ แ‰ฐแˆแŒฅแˆฎ แˆ€แ‰ฅแ‰ณแˆ แŠแ‹แกแก แˆ…แ‹แ‰กแˆ แ‹จแˆšแˆจแ‹ณแ‹แŠ“ แ‹จแˆšแ‰†แŒชแˆˆแ‰ต แˆ˜แˆชแŠ“ แŠ แˆตแ‰ฐแ‹ณแ‹ฐแˆญ แŠ แŒฅแ‰ถ แŠฅแŠ•แŒ‚ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐ แŠฅแˆฑ แŒŽแ‰ แ‹แŠ“ แ‰ณแ‰ณแˆช แˆฐแˆซแ‰ฐแŠ› แ‹จแˆˆแˆแกแก

    แ‰ แˆ˜แˆ†แŠ‘แˆ แ‹จแˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ตแŠ• แ‰ฐแ…แŠ– แŠ แˆตแˆแƒแˆš แ‹จแˆ†แŠ‘แ‰ต แ‰ฅแ‰ป แˆณแ‹ญแˆ†แŠ‘ แˆตแˆˆแˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ต แŠ แŠ•แ‹ตแˆ แˆตแˆˆแˆแŠ•แˆ แŠ แ‹ˆแŠ•แ‰ณแ‹Š แ‰ฃแˆ€แˆช แ‹ซแˆ‹แ‰ธแ‹ แˆแˆ‰แˆ แŠจแ‰ฅแŠ แ‹ดแŠ•แˆ แˆ†แŠ แŠจแŠ แˆ›แˆซ แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฅ แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ญ แŒจแˆญแˆฐแ‹ แˆ˜แ‹ˆแŒˆแ‹ต แŠ แˆˆแ‰ฃแ‰ธแ‹แกแก แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ต แˆˆแŠขแ‰ตแ‹ฎแŒฒแ‹ซ แŒ แˆ‹แ‰ต แ‰ขแˆ†แŠ•แˆ แˆˆแˆฑ แ‹‹แŠแŠ› แŠขแˆ‹แˆ› แ‰ แŠจแ‰ฃแ‹ตแŠ“ แ‹ซแˆˆแˆ›แ‰‹แˆจแŒฅ แ‰ฐแŒ แ‰‚ แŒแŠ• แŠ แˆ›แˆซ แŠแ‹แกแก แŠจแŒฅแŠ•แ‰ต แŒ€แˆแˆฎ แ‹จแŠ แˆ›แˆซ แ‹จแˆ†แŠแŠ• แ‰ณแˆชแŠซแ‹Š แ‰ฆแ‰ณ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐ แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต แŠ แ‹ญแŠแ‰ตแŠ• แŠฅแŠฎ แŠแ‹ แ‹ˆแŠ•แ‹ แ‰ฐแˆปแŒแˆฎ แ‰ แˆ˜แˆแŒฃแ‰ต แˆ‹แˆˆแ‰แ‰ต 25 แŠ แˆ˜แ‰ณแ‰ต แ‰ แŒ‰แˆแ‰ แ‰ตแŠ“ แ‰ แˆ›แŠ• แŠ แˆˆแ‰ฅแŠแŠแ‰ต แ‰ แˆซแˆฑ แ‰แŒฅแŒฅแˆญ แˆตแˆญ แ‹ญแ‹ž แˆŒแˆ‹แŠ• แŠฅแ‹จแŒŽแ‹ณ แŠฅแˆฑ แ‰ แ‰…แŠ แŒแ‹›แ‰ต แˆ˜แˆแŠญ แŒฅแ‰…แˆ แŠฅแ‹ซแŒแ‰ แˆฐแ‰ แˆฐ แ‹จแˆšแŒˆแŠแกแก แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ต แŠฅแŠฎ แŠแ‹ แˆซแ‹ซ แŠ แ‹˜แ‰ฆแŠ• แŠจแ‹ˆแˆŽ แ‰†แˆญแˆถ แ‰ แˆ˜แ‹แˆฐแ‹ต แ‹›แˆฌ แŠฅแŠ แˆ›แ‹ญแŒจแ‹แฃ แŠฎแˆจแˆแฃ แŠ แˆ‹แˆ›แŒฃแฃ แ‹ฐแ‰ฅแˆจ แ‹ณแˆžแŠ“ แ‰ แ‹™แˆชแ‹ซแ‹ แ‹จแˆšแŒˆแŠ™ แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฆแ‰ฝ แˆแŠ”แ‰ณ แ‰ แˆšแ‹ซแˆณแ‹แŠ•แŠ“ แˆตแˆœแ‰ต แ‰ แˆšแŠแŠซ แˆ˜แˆแŠจ แ‹จแˆšแŒˆแŠ™แกแก แŠจแˆ˜แŒก แŒ€แˆแˆฎ แ‰ แŠ แˆ›แˆซ แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฅ แˆ‹แ‹ญ แ‰ แ‰ฐแˆˆแ‹ซแ‹จ แˆ˜แŠ•แŒˆแ‹ต แ‰ แˆ›แŠแŒฃแŒ แˆญ แˆแŠ• แ‹ซแˆ…แˆ แ‰ แ‹ฐแˆ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ณแ‹ฐแˆจแˆฑแŠ“ แŒฅแ‹แ‰ต แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆแŒธแˆ™ แˆแˆ‰แˆ แ‰ แ‰ณแˆชแŠจแŠแ‰ต แ‹จแ‰ฐแˆ˜แ‹˜แŒˆแ‰ แŠ“ แ‹จแˆšแ‰ณแ‹ˆแ‰… แŠแ‹แกแก แ‰ แˆ˜แˆ†แŠ‘แˆ แ‹จแˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ต แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ญ แ‰ แŠ แˆ›แˆซ แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฅ แˆ‹แ‹ญ แ‹จแˆ›แ‹ซแ‹ณแŒแˆ แŠฅแˆแ‰ฃแ‰ต แˆ›แŒแŠœแ‰ต แŠ แˆˆแ‰ แ‰ตแกแก แ‰ แŠญแˆแˆ‰ แ‰€แˆญแ‰ถ แ‹จแ‰ตแˆ แ‰ขแˆ†แŠ• แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ตแŠ• แŠ แŠ•แ‹ฐ แŒ แˆ‹แ‰ต แŠฅแŠ•แŒ‚ แ‰ แˆŒแˆ‹ แ‹จแˆšแˆ˜แˆˆแŠจแ‰ต แˆซแˆฑแŠ• แ‹ซแŒฃ แŠ แˆ›แˆซ แˆ˜แˆ†แŠ• แŠ แˆˆแ‰ แ‰ตแกแก แ‹จแ‹šแˆ… แŠ แ‹ญแŠแ‰ฑแˆ แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‰ต แˆตแˆˆแˆ†แŠ แ‰ฐแˆ˜แŠญแˆฎ แ‹จแˆ›แ‹ญแˆ˜แˆˆแˆต แŠจแˆ†แŠ แ‰ฐแŠจแ‹œแŠ• แŠ แˆปแŒแˆฎ แ‹ˆแ‹ฐแŠแˆฑ แˆ˜แˆ‹แŠญ แ‹ญแŒˆแ‰ฃแˆแกแก แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ต แˆฒแ‰ฃแˆ แŒแŠ• แ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แ‹ˆแ‹ญแˆ แ‰ตแŒแˆฌ แŠ แˆˆแˆ›แˆˆแ‰ต แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆ†แŠ แˆแˆŒแˆ แˆ˜แ‰ณแ‹ˆแ‰… แŠ แˆˆแ‰ แ‰ตแกแก

    2แŠ›แก แ‰ฅแŠ แ‹ดแŠ• แˆซแˆฑแŠ• แˆ˜แŒแ‹ฐแˆแŠ“ แˆ˜แ‰…แ‰ แˆญ แˆŒแˆ‹แ‹ แŠ แˆ›แˆซแŒช แˆฒแˆ†แŠ• แ‹ญแˆ…แˆ แˆ˜แแˆจแˆต แ‹ญแŠ–แˆญแ‰ แ‰ณแˆ แˆ›แˆˆแ‰ต แŠแ‹แกแก แ‹ญแˆ… แŒแŠ• แ‹จแˆ˜แŒจแˆจแˆป แŠ แˆ›แˆซแŒช แˆฒแˆ†แŠ• แ‰ แŠญแˆแˆ‰แˆ แˆ†แŠ แ‰ แˆ€แŒˆแˆญ แ‰€แŒฅแ‰ฐแŠ›แŠ“ แ‰ฐแ‹˜แ‹‹แ‹‹แˆช แŒŠแ‹œแ‹ซแ‹Š แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‰ต แˆŠแ‹ซแˆ˜แŒฃ แ‹จแˆšแ‰ฝแˆ แŠแ‹แกแก แ‰ฅแŠ แ‹ดแŠ•แŠ• แŠจแˆ›แแˆจแˆต แ‹ญแˆแ‰… แ‰ แ‰ฅแŠ แ‹ดแŠ• แ‹แˆตแŒฅ แŠ แแˆซแˆฝ แ‹จแˆ†แŠ‘แ‰ตแŠ• แ‰ แˆ›แˆตแ‹ˆแŒˆแ‹ต แ‰ฅแ‰ƒแ‰ต แ‹ซแˆ‹แ‰ธแ‹ แ‰ แ‰ฆแ‰ณแ‹ แ‰ฐแ‰ฐแŠญแ‰ฐแ‹ แ‰ แˆ‚แ‹ฐแ‰ต แŒแˆแ… แ‰ แˆ†แŠแŠ“ แˆแˆ‰แˆ แ‰ แˆšแˆณแ‰ฐแแ‰ แ‰ต แˆแˆญแŒซ แˆ›แŠซแˆ„แ‹ต แ‹ญแˆ˜แˆจแŒฃแˆแกแก

    แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต แ‰ฅแˆจแˆณแˆฝ แ‰€แŠœ แ‰ตแˆญแˆณแŠ

    แ‹จแ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ญ แˆ˜แแ‰ตแˆ„ แŠ แŒแŠแ‰ถ แŠจแ‰ฐแŠจแ‹œ แˆ›แ‹ถ แˆ™แˆ‰ แ‰ แˆ™แˆ‰ แ‰ แŒŽแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆญ แˆตแˆญ แŠฅแˆตแŠซแˆแˆ†แŠ แ‹ตแˆจแˆต แ‰ แŠ แˆ›แˆซแŠ“ แ‰ แ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แˆ˜แŠซแŠจแˆ แˆแŠ• แŒŠแ‹œแˆ แˆฐแˆ‹แˆ แŠ แ‹ญแŠ–แˆญแˆแกแก แ‰ แ‹šแˆ… แ‹จแˆšแ‹˜แŠ“แŒ‹ แŠซแˆˆ แ‰ฐแˆณแˆตแ‰ทแˆแกแก แŠคแˆญแ‰ตแˆซ แŠฅแŠฎ แŠจแŠฅแŒ… แˆ˜แ‹ณแ แ‹จแˆ›แ‹ญแ‰ แˆแŒฅแŠ•แŠ“ แ‹ฐแŠ•แŒ‹แ‹ญ แ‰ฅแ‰ป แˆˆแ‰ฅแˆถ แ‹‹แŒ‹ แ‹จแˆŒแˆˆแ‹แŠ• แ‰ฃแ‹ตแˆ˜แŠ• แ‰ แˆ›แˆˆแ‰ต แŠแ‹ แ‹ซแŠ• แ‹ซแˆ…แˆ แŠฅแˆแ‰‚แ‰ต แ‰ แˆแˆˆแ‰ฑแˆ แ‹ˆแŒˆแŠ• แ‹จแ‰ฐแˆแ€แˆ˜แกแก แ‹ญแˆ…แˆ แŠฅแ‹แŠแ‰ตแŠ• แ‰ แˆ˜แŠจแ‰ฐแˆแŠ“ แˆ˜แ‰ฅแ‰ตแŠ• แˆˆแˆ›แˆตแŒ แ‰ แ‰… แˆฒแ‰ฃแˆ แŠแ‹ แˆ˜แˆตแ‹‹แ‹•แ‰ต แ‹จแŠจแˆแˆ‰แกแก แ‹ซ แˆแˆ‰ แˆ†แŠ– แŒแŠ• แˆ˜แแ‰ตแˆ„แ‹ แ‰ แ‹แ‹ญแ‹ญแ‰ต แ‹จแ‰ฐแŒˆแŠœ แˆฒแˆ†แŠ• แ‰ฃแ‹ตแˆ˜ แˆˆแ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แˆณแ‹ญแˆ†แŠ• แˆˆแŠคแˆญแ‰ตแˆซ แ‰ฐแ‰ฅแˆŽ แ‰ แŠ แˆˆแˆ แŠ แ‰€แ แ‹ฐแˆจแŒƒ แŠแ‹ แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ตแŠ• แŠ แˆณแแˆฎ แ‹จแ‰ฐแ‹ˆแˆฐแŠแกแก แ‹แˆธแ‰ณแˆ แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ต แ‹ฐแŒแˆž แˆ€แŒˆแˆญ แ‰คแ‰ต แˆ˜แŒฃแŠ“ แŠจแŠ แ‹จแˆญ แŒฃแ‰ขแ‹ซแ‹ แŒ€แˆแˆฎ แก แŠ‘ แ‹แŒก แŠฅแŠ“แŠญแ‰ฅแˆญแฃ แ‹ฐแˆตแ‰ณแ‰ฝแŠ•แŠ• แ‰ แŠ แ‹ฐแ‰ฃแ‰ฃแ‹ญ แŠฅแŠ•แŒแˆˆแ…แฃ แˆˆแŠ› แ‰ฐแˆแˆจแ‹ฐแˆแŠ•แฃ แ‰ แŠ แˆˆแˆ แŠแ‰ต แˆแŠญ แˆ˜แˆ†แŠ“แ‰ฝแŠ• แ‰ณแ‹แ‰† แŠ แˆธแŠแแŠ•แŠ“ แˆŒแˆ‹แˆแก แŠ แ‹ซแˆˆ แ‰ แ‰ฃแ‹ตแˆ˜ แˆตแ‰ แ‰ฅ แˆตแŠ•แ‰ต แˆ˜แˆตแ‹‹แ‹•แ‰ต แ‹ซแˆฐแŠจแˆแˆ‰แ‰ตแŠ• แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฅ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐแŒˆแŠ“ แ‰ แ‹แˆธแ‰ต แ‹จแ‰ แˆˆแŒ  แŒ‰แ‹ฑแ‰ตแกแก แ‹ญแˆ…แˆ แŠ•แ‰€แ‰ต แ‰ฅแ‰ป แˆณแ‹ญแˆ†แŠ• แˆฐแ‹แŠแ‰ณแ‰ธแ‹แŠ• แŒจแˆญแˆฐแ‹ แ‹ซแŒก แˆ˜แˆ†แŠ“แ‰ธแ‹แŠ• แ‰ แŠ แ‹ฐแ‰ฃแ‰ฃแ‹ญ แ‹จแˆšแ‹ซแˆ˜แˆˆแŠญแ‰ต แŠแ‹แกแก

    แˆตแˆˆแ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ตแˆ› แ‹ณแŠ› แ‰€แˆญแ‰ถ แ‹ณแŠ› แ‹ซแˆแˆ†แŠแˆแฃ แ‰ตแŒแˆฌ แŠฅแŠ•แŒ‚ แ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แ‰ฐแŠจแ‹œแŠ• แˆ˜แˆปแŒˆแˆญ แŠ แ‹ญแ‰ฝแˆแˆแค แ‰ฐแˆปแŒแˆฎแˆ แŠ แ‹ซแ‰…แ‹แˆแก แ‰ แˆ›แˆˆแ‰ต แŠแ‹ แ‹ˆแ‹ฒแ‹ซแ‹ แ‹จแˆšแˆแ‹ตแˆญแ‰ฃแ‰ธแ‹แกแก 20 แŠ แˆ˜แ‰ต แ‰ฅแ‰ป แŠฅแ‹ตแˆœ แˆ‹แˆˆแ‹ แ‹จแˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ต แ‹จแŠญแˆแˆ แˆฐแˆˆแ‰ฃ แ‹จแˆ†แŠ แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ดแ‰ต แˆ†แŠ– แ‹จแ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แŠ แŠซแˆ แˆˆแˆ˜แˆ†แŠ• แ‰€แˆญแ‰ถ แ‹ญแ‰ณแˆฐแ‰ฃแˆแˆตแกแก แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต แŠ แŠซแˆ‹แ‰ฑแฃ แ‰คแ‰ฑแฃ แŠ•แ‰ฅแˆจแ‰ฑแฃ แ‰ฃแˆ…แˆ‰แฃ แ‰ณแˆชแŠฉแฃ แˆ…แ‹ญแ‹Žแ‰ฑแŠ“ แˆ›แŠ•แŠแ‰ฑ แŠจแŒ€แŒแŠ–แ‰ฝแŠ“ แŠจแŠแŒˆแˆตแ‰ณแ‰ต แŠ แŒˆแˆญ แŠจแŒฅแŠ•แ‰ณแ‹ŠแŠ“ แ‰ณแˆชแŠซแ‹Š แŒŽแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆญ แŠฅแŠ•แŒ‚ แŠจแˆ›แŠ•แˆ แŒ‹แˆญ แˆตแˆˆแˆแŠ•แˆ แ‹จแˆšแ‹ซแŒˆแŠ“แŠ แ‹จแˆˆแ‹แˆแค แŠ–แˆฎแ‰ตแˆ แŠ แ‹ซแ‹แ‰…แˆแกแก

    แ‰ณแ‹ฒแ‹ซ แŠ แˆ›แˆซ แ‹จแˆ†แŠ แˆแˆ‰ แˆตแˆˆแ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต แ‹จแŒŽแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆญ แ‹˜แˆ‹แˆˆแˆ›แ‹ŠแŠ“ แˆแˆตแŒขแˆซแ‹Š แŠ แŠซแˆแŠแ‰ต แˆˆแˆ›แˆตแŒ แ‰ แ‰… แˆฒแˆ แ‹จแˆšแŠจแˆแˆˆแ‹แŠ• แˆแˆ‰ แ‰ แ‹ฐแˆตแ‰ณแŠธ แŠฉแˆซแ‰ตแŠ“ แŒ€แŒแŠ•แŠแ‰ต แ‹ญแŠจแแˆ‹แˆแŠ“ แ‹จแˆšแ‹ˆแˆตแ‹ฐแ‹แŠ• แŒŠแ‹œ แˆแˆ‰ แ‹ญแˆฐแŒฃแˆ แŠฅแŠ•แŒ‚ แŠจแ‹šแˆ… แ‹จแ‰ฐแˆˆแ‹จ แˆŒแˆ‹ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ดแ‰ต แˆŠแˆ†แŠ• แ‹ญแ‰ฝแˆ‹แˆ แ‰ฅแˆŽ แˆˆแˆ›แˆ˜แŠ• แ‰€แˆญแ‰ถ แˆˆแˆ˜แŒˆแˆ˜แ‰ตแˆต แ‹ญแ‰ปแˆ‹แˆแกแก แ‹ญแˆ… แˆ€แ‰… แˆแŠ• แŒŠแ‹œแˆ แŠจแ‰ตแ‹แˆแ‹ต แ‰ตแ‹แˆแ‹ต แ‹จแˆšแ‰ฐแˆ‹แˆˆแแŠ“ แˆˆแˆšแˆŠแ‹ฎแŠ• แ‹˜แˆ˜แŠ“แ‰ต แ‹จแˆšแ‰€แŒฅแˆ แŠแ‹แกแก แˆˆแˆแˆˆแ‰ฑแˆ แ‹ˆแŒˆแŠ• แ‹จแˆšแ‰ แŒ… แŒแŠ• แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ถแ‰ฝแŠ“ แŒชแแŠ• แ‹ฐแŒ‹แŠแ‹ˆแ‰ปแ‰ธแ‹ แ‹จแ‹šแˆ…แŠ• แŠฅแ‹แŠแ‰ณ แŠ แ‹แ‰€แ‹ แŠจแ‰ฐแŠจแ‹œ แˆ›แ‹ถ แ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แˆณแ‹ญแˆ†แŠ• แ‰ตแŒแˆฌ แ‰ฅแ‰ป แŠแ‹ แˆ˜แˆปแŒˆแˆญ แ‹จแˆšแ‰ฝแˆ แ‹จแˆšแˆˆแ‹แŠ• แŠฅแ‹แŠแ‰ณ แ‰ แˆ˜แ‰€แ‰ แˆ แŒŠแ‹œ แˆณแ‹ญแˆ„แ‹ตแŠ“ แŠ แˆ‹แˆตแˆแˆ‹แŒŠ แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‰ต แˆณแ‹ญแ‹ฐแˆญแˆต แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ตแŠ• แˆˆแŒŽแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆญ แˆ˜แ‰ฐแ‹ แŠ แˆˆแ‰ฃแ‰ธแ‹แกแก แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ฉ แŒแŠ• แ‰ แŒŽแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆญแŠ“ แ‰ แ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แˆ˜แŠซแŠจแˆ แˆณแ‹ญแˆ†แŠ• แ‰ แŠ แˆ›แˆซแŠ“ แ‰ แ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แˆ†แŠ—แˆแกแก

    แŠจแŠ แˆแŠ• แŒ€แˆแˆฎ แ‹จแ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต แ‰ฐแ‹ˆแŠซแ‹ฎแ‰ฝ แ‰ แŠ แˆ›แˆซ แˆ˜แŠ•แŒแˆตแ‰ต แ‹แˆตแŒฅ แˆ˜แ‰€แˆ˜แŒซ แˆ›แŒˆแŠœแ‰ต แ‹ญแŠ–แˆญแ‰ฃแ‰ธแ‹‹แˆแกแก แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต แ‹จแŒŽแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆญ แŠ แŠซแˆ แˆตแˆˆแˆ†แŠ แŠฅแˆฑแŠ• แ‰ แ‰ฐแˆ˜แˆˆแŠจแ‰ฐ แˆตแˆˆแˆ›แŠ•แŠ›แ‹แˆ แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ญ แ‹จแˆšแ‹ซแŒˆแ‰ฃแ‹ แŒŽแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆญ แŠฅแŠ•แŒ‚ แŠจแ‹ˆแŠ•แ‹ แˆ›แ‹ถ แ‹จแˆšแŒˆแŠ แ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แŠ แ‹ญแ‹ฐแˆˆแˆแกแก แŠฅแŠแˆฑ แŠฅแŠฎ แ‰ แŠ•แ‰€แ‰ตแŠ“ แ‰ แˆ˜แˆณแˆชแ‹ซ แˆ€แ‹ญแˆ แŠแ‹ แ‹ˆแŠ•แ‹ แ‰ฐแˆปแŒแˆจแ‹ แ‰ แˆ˜แˆแŒฃแ‰ต แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐ แ‹ˆแˆซแˆช แˆ€แ‹ญแˆ แ‰ฆแ‰ณแ‹แŠ• แ‹จแ‹ซแ‹™แ‰ต แŠฅแŠ•แŒ‚ แ‰ แ‹แ‹ญแ‹ญแ‰ต แŠ—แˆชแ‹Žแ‰ฝ แ‰ฐแˆตแˆ›แˆแ‰ฐแ‹ แ‹ˆแ‹ญแˆ แ‰ แŠญแˆญแŠญแˆญ แ‰ฐแˆธแŠ•แˆแ‹ แŠ แ‹ญแ‹ฐแˆˆแˆแกแก แ‰ณแ‹ฒแ‹ซ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ดแ‰ต แˆ†แŠ– แŠแ‹ แ‹จแ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ตแŠ• แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ญ แ‹จแˆšแˆแ‰ณ แ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แŠแ‹ แŠฅแ‹จแ‰ฐแ‰ฃแˆˆ แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ฉแŠ• แˆˆแ‹ˆแˆซแˆชแ‹ˆแ‰ฝ แ‹ซแ‰€แˆจแ‰ก แ‹˜แŠ•แ‹ต แ‰ แ‹šแˆ… แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ญ แˆ‹แ‹ญ แ‰ฐแŒ แ‹ซแ‰‚ แ‰ แˆ†แŠ แ‹จแŠ แˆ›แˆซ แˆ˜แŠ•แŒแˆตแ‰ต แ‹จแ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ตแŠ• แŒฅแ‹ซแ‰„ แŒ€แˆฎ แ‹ณแ‰ฃ แˆแ‰ แˆต แ‰ฅแ‰ป แˆณแ‹ญแˆ€แŠ• แˆˆแˆ›แ‹ณแˆแŠ•แˆ แˆฒแˆžแŠญแˆญ แ‹จแŠ–แˆจแกแก แ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แˆตแˆ‹แˆˆ แ‰ฅแ‰ป แ‹จแ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แˆ˜แˆ†แŠ• แŠ แ‹ญแ‰ฝแˆแˆแกแกแŒŽแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆญแˆ แ‹จแŠ” แŠแ‹ แˆ›แˆˆแ‰ต แŠ แˆˆแ‰ แ‰ตแกแก แ‰ แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ต แŠขแ‰ตแ‹ฎแŒฒแ‹ซ แˆ…แŒ แˆตแˆˆแˆŒแˆˆ แŠ แŠ•แŒ‚ แ‰ แŠ แˆˆแˆ แˆ…แŒ แ‹ฐแˆจแŒƒ แŒแŠ• แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต แˆแŠ• แŒŠแ‹œแˆ แ‹จแŒŽแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆญ แŠ แŠซแˆ แŠแ‹แกแก แŠฅแŠแˆฑ แˆตแˆ‹แˆ‰ แ‰ฅแ‰ป แŠแ‹ แ‹จแˆšแ‹ซแˆฐแŠ แŠ แŠ•แ‹ณแ‰ฝแˆ แˆ…แŒ‹แ‹ŠแŠ“ แˆแŠญแŠ•แ‹ซแ‰ณแ‹Š แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ญ แ‹จแˆˆแˆแกแก แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฒแ‹ซแ‹แˆ แ‹ˆแˆซแˆชแ‹Žแ‰ฝ แ‹จแˆšแ‹ซแˆตแ‰ฅแˆ‹แ‰ธแ‹แŠ“ แ‰ แ‹ˆแŠ•แŒ€แˆˆแŠ›แŠแ‰ต แ‹จแˆšแ‹ซแˆตแ‰€แŒฃแ‰ธแ‹ แŠแ‹แกแก แˆตแˆˆแˆ†แŠแˆ แ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆแˆˆแŒˆแ‹ แ‹ญแ‰ แˆ แŠแŒˆแˆญ แŒแŠ• แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ตแฃ แŒŽแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆญแŠ“ แŠฅแˆ›แˆซ แ‹ญแˆ…แŠ• แˆ˜แ‰€แ‰ แˆ แ‹จแˆšแ‹ซแˆตแŒˆแ‹ตแ‹ต แŠ แŠ•แ‹ตแˆ แˆ…แŒ‹แ‹Š แˆแŠญแŠ•แ‹ซแ‰ต แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆŒแˆˆ แŠ แ‹แ‰€แ‹ แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ฉแŠ• แ‰ แˆซแˆณแ‰ธแ‹ แˆตแˆญ แˆ˜แ‹ซแ‹ แŠ แˆˆแ‰ฃแ‰ธแ‹แกแก

    แŠจแŠ แˆแŠ• แ‰ แŠ‹แˆ‹ แ‹จแ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต แ‰ฐแ‹ˆแŠซแ‹ฎแ‰ฝ แ‹จแŒแ‹ต แ‰ แŒŽแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆญ แŠ แˆตแ‰ฐแ‹ณแ‹ฐแˆญแˆ แˆ™แˆ‰ แ‰ฐแˆณแ‰ณแŠ แˆŠแˆ†แŠ‘ แ‹ญแŒˆแ‰ฃแˆแกแก แ‰ แˆ€แŒˆแˆญแˆ แˆ†แŠ แ‰ แ‹แŒช แˆ€แŒˆแˆซแ‰ต แ‹จแˆšแŠ–แˆฉ แ‰ฅแ‹›แ‰ตแŠ“ แ‰ฅแ‰ƒแ‰ต แ‹ซแˆ‹แ‰ธแ‹ แ‹จแ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต แ‰ฐแ‹ˆแˆ‹แŒ†แ‰ฝ แ‹ซแˆ‰ แˆฒแˆ†แŠ• แŠจแŠแ‹šแˆ… แ‹แˆตแŒฅ แˆตแˆˆแ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ญ แˆ˜แแ‰ตแˆ„ แˆ›แˆแŒฃแ‰ต แ‹จแˆšแ‰ฝแˆ แŠ แ‹จแ‰ฐแˆ˜แˆจแŒ  แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ตแŠ• แ‰ แŒŽแŠ•แˆญแˆ แˆ†แŠ แ‰ แŠ แˆ›แˆซ แ‹ฐแˆจแŒƒ แˆ˜แ‹ˆแŠจแˆ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ณแˆˆแ‰ แ‰ต แŒแ‹ต แ‹จแˆšแˆ แŠแ‹แกแก แ‰ฆแ‰ณแ‹แŠ• แ‰ แˆ…แ‹ญแˆ แ‹ญแ‹˜แ‹ แ‹จแŠ› แŠแ‹ แ‰ขแˆ‰แˆ แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต แŒแŠ• แŠจแ‰ฐแŠจแ‹œ แˆแˆ‹แˆฝ แˆแŠ• แŒŠแ‹œแˆ แŒŽแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆฌ แŠแ‹แกแก แŠ—แˆชแ‹Žแ‰ฝแˆ แŠฅแŠ› แŒŽแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆญ แŠฅแŠ•แŒ‚ แ‰ แ‹ˆแˆจแˆซ แˆ˜แˆแŠจ แˆˆแˆšแ‹ซแˆฐแ‰ƒแ‹จแŠ• แ‹จแ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แŠ แŠซแˆ แŠ แ‹ญแ‹ฐแˆˆแŠ•แˆ แŠ แ‹ซแˆ‰ แŠจ25 แŠ แˆ˜แ‰ณแ‰ต แ‰ แˆ‹แ‹ญ แ‹จแˆฐแˆš แ‹ซแˆˆแˆ… แŠฅแ‹ซแˆ‰ แŠฅแ‹จแŒฎแˆ แŠแ‹แกแก แ‹จแŠแˆฑแŠ• แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ญ แŠจแ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แŒ‹แˆญ แ‹จแˆšแ‹ซแŒˆแŠ“แŠ แŠ แŠ•แ‹ณแ‰ฝแˆ แˆ…แŒ‹แ‹Š แˆ˜แŠ•แŒˆแ‹ต แ‹จแˆˆแˆแกแก แ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แˆฒแ‹ˆแˆซแ‰ธแ‹ แŠ แ‰คแ‰ต แ‹ตแˆจแˆฑแˆแŠ• แ‹จแˆšแˆ‰ แ‹จแˆซแˆณแ‰ธแ‹แŠ• แˆฐแ‹Žแ‰ฝ แˆฒแˆ†แŠ• แ‹ญแˆ…แˆ แŒŽแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆญแฃ แŠ แˆ›แˆซแŠ“ แŠขแ‰ตแ‹ฎแŒฒแ‹ซ แŠ“แ‰ธแ‹แกแก แ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แŒแŠ• แ‰ แŒ‰แˆแ‰ แ‰ต แ‰ฆแ‰ณแŠ• แ‰ แˆ˜แ‹ซแ‹ แ‹จแŠจแˆˆแˆˆ แ‹ˆแˆซแˆชแŠ“ แ‰…แŠ แŒˆแ‹ข แˆตแˆˆแˆ†แŠ แ‹ญแˆ…แŠ• แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ญ แ‰ แ‰ฐแˆ˜แˆˆแŠจแ‰ฐ แ‰ฐแŒ แ‹ซแ‹ˆแ‰‚ แŠฅแŠ•แŒ‚ แŠ แ‰คแ‰ฑแ‰ณ แ‹จแˆšแ‰€แ‰ แˆแŠ“ แˆตแˆˆแŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ฉ แแˆญแ‹ต แ‹จแˆšแˆฐแŒฅ แ‰ แŒญแˆซแˆฝ แŠ แ‹ญแˆ†แŠ•แˆแกแก แ‹ญแˆ… แ‰ แŠฅแ‹แŠแ‰ฐ แ‹จแˆแŒ†แ‰ฝ แŒจแ‹‹แ‰ณแˆ แˆŠแ‰ฃแˆ แ‹จแˆ›แ‹ญแ‰ฝแˆ แˆแŠ•แˆ แŠ แ‹ญแŠแ‰ต แˆŽแŒ‚แŠญ แ‹จแˆŒแˆˆแ‹ แŠแŒˆแˆญ แŒแŠ• แ‰ แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ต แ‰ฅแ‰ป แˆŠแˆแ€แˆ แ‹จแˆšแ‰ฝแˆ แŠขแˆฐแ‰ฃแ‹Š แ‹ตแˆญแŒŠแ‰ต แŠแ‹แกแก

    แ‹จแˆซแ‹ซ แŠ แ‹˜แ‰ฆ แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ญ แŒˆแŠ“ แ‰ แ‰ฐแŠ•แŒ แˆแŒ แˆ แˆ‹แ‹ญ แ‹ซแˆˆ แˆฒแˆ†แŠ• แ‹ˆแ‹ฐแŠแ‰ต แŒŽแˆแ‰ถ แˆ˜แ‹แŒฃแ‰ฑ แ‹จแˆ›แ‹ญแ‰€แˆญ แŠแ‹แกแก แ‹ญแˆ…แˆ แˆแŠ”แ‰ณ แ‰ตแŠฉแˆจแ‰ต แˆŠแˆฐแŒ แ‹ แ‹ญแŒˆแ‰ฃแˆแกแก แŠจแˆแˆ‰แˆ แŠจแˆแˆ‰แˆ แ‰ แŠแ‰ต แŒแŠ• แˆ›แŠ•แŠ›แ‹แŠ•แˆ แ‹จแˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ตแŠ• แ‰€แŒฅแ‰ฐแŠ› แ‹ˆแ‹ญแˆ แ‰ฐแ‹˜แ‹‹แ‹‹แˆช แ‰ แˆ€แŒˆแˆญแˆ แˆ†แŠ แ‰ แŠญแˆแˆ แ‹ฐแˆจแŒƒ แŒฅแ‰ƒแ‰ตแฃ แ‰ฐแ…แŠ–แฃ แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‰ตแŠ“ แˆ›แŠ•แŠ›แ‹แŠ•แˆ แŠแŒˆแˆญ แˆ™แˆ‰ แ‰ แˆ™แˆ‰ แˆ˜แˆแ‰ณแ‰ตแŠ“ แˆ˜แ‹ฐแˆแˆฐแˆต แŒแ‹ต แ‹จแˆšแˆ แŠแ‹แกแก แˆŒแˆ‹แ‹ แ‰ แŠแˆฑ แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ญ แŒฃแˆแ‰ƒ แˆณแ‹ญแŒˆแ‰ฃ แŠแŒˆแˆญ แŒแŠ• แŠฅแŠแˆฑ แ‰ แˆŒแˆ‹แ‹ แˆ‹แ‹ญ แˆˆแˆ˜แŒแ‰ฃแ‰ต แˆ˜แ‰ฅแ‰ตแˆ แˆ†แŠ แˆแŠญแŠ•แ‹ซแ‰ต แ‹จแˆ‹แ‰ธแ‹แˆแกแก แŒแˆแ… แˆ˜แˆ†แŠ• แ‹ซแˆˆแ‰ แ‰ต แ‹ฐแŒแˆž แ‰แŒฅแˆซแ‰ธแ‹ แ‰ แŒฃแˆ แ‰ตแŠ•แˆฝ แ‹จแˆ†แŠแฃ แ‰ฐแˆแŒฅแˆฏแ‹ŠแŠ“ แˆฐแ‹ แˆฐแˆซแˆฝ แ‹จแˆ†แŠ‘ แ‹จแ‰ฐแˆˆแ‹ซแ‹ฉ แŠจแ‰ฃแ‹ต แ‰ฝแŒแˆฎแ‰ฝ แŠจแˆ˜แˆฌแ‰ณแ‰ธแ‹ แŒ€แˆแˆฎ แ‹ซแˆ‰แ‰ฃแ‰ธแ‹ แˆตแˆˆแˆ†แŠ‘ แ‰ แ‰ณแˆ‹แ‰… แ‹จแŠ แˆ›แˆซ แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฅ แ‰€แˆญแ‰ถ แ‰ แˆŒแˆ‹แˆ แˆ‹แ‹ญ แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‰ต แ‹จแˆ›แ‹ฐแˆจแˆต แŠ แ‰…แˆ แ‹จแˆŒแˆ‹แ‰ธแ‹ แŠ“แ‰ธแ‹แกแก แŠฅแŠ› แŠแŠ• แ‹ซแˆตแ‰ปแˆแŠ“แ‰ฝแ‹แค แ‹จแˆแŠ“แˆตแ‰†แˆ›แ‰ธแ‹แˆ แŠฅแŠ› แŠแŠ•แกแก แŠจแŠ แˆแŠ• แ‰ แŠ‹แˆ‹ แˆˆแˆšแˆแ…แˆ™แ‰ต แ‰ แ‹ฐแˆ แˆแˆ‰ แ‰ แŠ แŒฃแ‹ แˆ˜แˆ˜แˆˆแˆต แŠฅแŠ•แŒ‚ แ‰ แŠแˆฑ แˆแŠญแŠ•แ‹ซแ‰ต แˆ€แŒˆแˆญ แˆˆแ‰† แˆ˜แ‹แŒฃแ‰ตแฃ แˆ˜แˆธแˆฝแฃ แˆ˜แŒŽแ‹ณแ‰ตแฃ แŠ แŠ•แŒˆแ‰ต แˆ˜แ‹ตแ‹แ‰ตแŠ“ แˆ›แ‹˜แŠ• แ‰ แŒชแˆซแˆฝ แˆ˜แŠ–แˆญ แ‹จแˆˆแ‰ แ‰ตแˆแกแก

    แ‰ แŒแ‰ฅแˆญแŠ“ แ‹จแˆšแˆ˜แˆซ แŠขแŠฎแŠ–แˆš

    แ‹จแŠญแˆแˆ‰ แŠขแŠฎแŠ–แˆš แ‰ แŒแ‰ฅแˆญแŠ“ แˆ‹แ‹ญ แ‹จแˆšแ‹ซแ‰ฐแŠฉแˆญ แˆ˜แˆ†แŠ• แŠ แˆˆแ‰ แ‰ตแกแก แŒแ‰ฅแˆญแŠ“แ‹แŠ•แŠ“ แŠจแŠฅแˆฑ แŒ‹แˆญ แ‰ แ‰€แŒฅแ‰ณแˆ แˆ†แŠ แ‰ แ‰ฐแ‹˜แ‹‹แ‹‹แˆช แˆ˜แŠ•แŒˆแ‹ต แŒแŠ•แŠ™แŠแ‰ต แ‹ซแˆ‹แ‰ธแ‹แŠ• แˆˆแˆ›แˆณแ‹ฐแŒ แˆฒแ‰ฃแˆ แ‹จแˆšแ‹ฐแˆจแŒ แˆแˆˆแŒˆแ‰ฅ แ‹จแŠฅแ‹ตแŒˆแ‰ต แŠฅแŠ•แ‰…แˆตแ‰ƒแˆด แ‹จแˆ›แŠ•แ‹แŠญแ‰ธแˆชแŠ•แŒแŠ“ แ‹จแŠขแŠ•แ‹ฑแˆตแ‰ฐแˆช แ‹˜แˆญแŽแ‰ฝแŠ•แˆ แŒญแˆแˆญ แˆ›แˆณแ‹ฐแŒ แ‹จแˆšแ‹ซแˆตแ‰ฝแˆ แŠแ‹แกแก แŒแ‹›แ‰ฑ แ‰ แ‹แˆƒ แˆ€แ‰ฅแ‰ตแฃ แ‰ แŠ•แŒฅแˆจ แŠแŒˆแˆฎแ‰ฝ แ‹จแ‹ณแ‰ แˆจ แˆˆแˆ แˆ˜แˆฌแ‰ตแฃ แˆแ‰น แ‹จแŠ แ‹จแˆญ แ€แ‰ฃแ‹ญแŠ“ แˆˆแŠ แ‹ญแŠ•แˆ แˆ†แŠ แˆˆแˆตแˆซ แˆแ‰น แ‹จแˆ†แŠ แ‹จแˆ˜แˆฌแ‰ต แŠ แ‰€แˆ›แˆ˜แŒฅ แ‰ แ‰ฅแˆแŒซ แ‹จแ‰ณแ‹ฐแˆˆ แŠแ‹แกแก แ‹ญแˆ…แˆ แ‰ แ‰ฐแˆˆแ‹ญแˆ แˆˆแŒแ‰ฅแˆญแŠ“ แ‰ แŒฃแˆ แˆแ‰น แ‹จแˆ†แŠ แ‰ แˆ˜แˆฌแ‰ต แ‹ˆแŒˆแ‰ฅ แˆ‹แ‹ญ แ‰ณแˆ‹แ‰… แŠจแแ‰ฐแŠ› แ‰ฆแ‰ณ แ‹ซแˆตแ‰ฅแˆˆแ‹‹แˆแกแก แ‰†แŠ•แŒ† แ‹จแˆ˜แˆฌแ‰ต แŠ แ‰€แˆ›แˆ˜แŒฅ แˆฒแ‰ฃแˆ แ‹ฐแŒแˆž แ‹ˆแŒฃ แŒˆแ‰ฃแŠ“ แ‰ฐแˆซแˆซแˆ› แ‰ แˆ˜แˆ†แŠ‘ แˆฒแˆ†แŠ• แŠ แŠ•แ‹ณแŠ•แ‹ถแ‰ฝ แ‹จแ‹šแˆ…แŠ• แŠ แ‹ญแŠแ‰ต แ‹จแˆ˜แˆฌแ‰ต แŠ แ‰€แˆ›แˆ˜แŒฅ แ‰ แŠ แˆ‰แ‰ณแ‹Š แŠจแˆŒแˆ‹ แŒแˆแ‰ต แ‹แˆตแŒฅ แˆŠแ‹ซแˆตแŒˆแ‰กแ‰ต แ‹ญแ‰ฝแˆ‹แˆ‰แกแก แŠฅแ‹แŠแ‰ฑ แŒแŠ• แ‰ฐแˆซแˆซแˆ›แŠ“ แŠจแแ‰ฐแŠ› แ‰ฆแ‰ณ แˆˆแ‹แˆƒแŠ“ แˆˆแˆ˜แˆแŠซแˆ แ‹จแŠ แ‹จแˆญ แ€แ‰ฃแ‹ญ แˆแŠ•แŒฎแ‰ฝ แŠ“แ‰ธแ‹แกแก แ‹จแŠแ‹šแˆ… แŠ แ‹ญแŠแ‰ต แ‰ฆแ‰ณแ‹ˆแ‰ฝ แˆˆแ‰ฐแˆˆแ‹ซแ‹ฉ แŒฅแ‰…แˆžแ‰ฝ แ‹จแˆšแ‹แˆ‰ แˆฒแˆ†แŠ‘ แŠจแ‹แˆตแŒฃแ‰ธแ‹ แ‹‹แˆป แ‰ แˆ˜แ‰†แˆแˆญ แˆˆแŠ‘แˆฎแฃ แˆˆแˆ˜แŒ‹แ‹˜แŠ•แŠแ‰ตแฃ แˆˆแ‹แˆƒ แˆ›แŒ แˆซแ‰€แˆšแŠ“ แˆˆแˆ˜แˆณแˆฐแˆ‰แ‰ต แˆ›แ‹ตแˆจแŒ แˆฒแ‰ปแˆ แŠจแˆ‹แ‹ซแ‰ธแ‹ แˆ‹แ‹ญ แ‹ฐแŒแˆž แŒแ‰ฅแˆญแŠ“แฃ แŠฅแŠ•แˆตแˆณแ‰ต แŠฅแˆญแ‰ฃแ‰ณแŠ“ แ‹จแˆ˜แˆณแˆฐแˆ‰แ‰ตแŠ• แˆ›แŠซแˆ„แ‹ต แ‹ญแ‰ปแˆ‹แˆแกแก

    แ‹ณแŒˆแ‰ตแŠแ‰ต แ‰ฃแˆˆแ‹ แˆ˜แˆฌแ‰ต แˆ‹แ‹ญ แˆแˆ‰แŠ•แˆ แˆฐแ‰ฅแˆŽแ‰ฝ แŠจแˆ‹แ‹ญ แŠฅแˆฐแŠจ แ‰ณแ‰ฝ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐ แ‰ฃแˆ€แˆชแ‹ซแ‰ธแ‹ แ‰ แ‰…แ‹ฐแˆ แ‰ฐแŠจแ‰ฐแˆ แˆ›แˆแˆจแ‰ต แ‹ญแ‰ปแˆ‹แˆแกแก แŒˆแ‰ฅแˆต แ‰€แ‹แ‰ƒแ‹› แ‰ฆแ‰ณ แˆตแˆˆแˆšแˆแˆแŒ แŠจแŠจแแ‰ฐแŠ›แ‹ แ‰ฆแ‰ณแฃ แˆตแŠ•แ‹ด แˆ˜แŠซแŠจแˆˆแŠ› แˆ™แ‰€แ‰ต แˆตแˆˆแˆšแˆแˆแŒ แŠจแ‹šแ‹ซ แ‹ˆแˆจแ‹ต แ‰ฅแˆŽแก แŠจแ‹šแ‹ซ แ‹ˆแˆจแ‹ฐ แ‰ฅแˆŽ แ‹ฐแŒแˆž แŒคแแฃ แŠจแ‹šแ‹ซ แ‹ˆแˆจแ‹ต แ‰ฅแˆŽ แˆฉแ‹แฃ แ‰ฆแ‰†แˆŽแŠ“ แˆ›แˆธแˆ‹ แ‹จแˆ˜แˆณแˆฐแˆ‰แ‰ตแŠ• แŠจแŠ แŠ•แ‹ต แ‰ฆแ‰ณ แˆ‹แ‹ญ แˆ›แ‰ฅแ‰€แˆ แ‹จแˆšแ‹ซแˆตแ‰ฝแˆ แŠแ‹ แ‰ แŒแ‹›แ‰ฑ แ‹จแˆšแŒˆแŠ แ‹ณแŒˆแ‰ตแŠ“ แ‰แˆแ‰แˆˆแ‰ต แ‹ซแˆˆแ‰ แ‰ต แ‰ฆแ‰ณแกแก แˆแŠ• แˆˆแˆ›แˆˆแ‰ต แŠแ‹ แ‰ แŒแ‹›แ‰ฑ แ‹จแˆšแŒˆแŠ แˆแˆ‰แˆ แˆ˜แˆฌแ‰ต แ‹จแ‹แˆ€แŠ“ แ‹จแˆ˜แˆแŠซแˆ แ‹จแŠ แ‹จแˆญ แ€แ‰ฃแ‹ญ แˆแŠ•แŒช แŠจแˆ˜แˆ†แŠ‘ แŒ‹แˆญ แ‰ฐแ‹ณแˆแˆฎ แˆˆแŒแ‰ฅแˆญแŠ“แฃ แˆˆแŠฅแŠ•แˆตแˆณแ‰ต แŠฅแˆญแ‰ฃแ‰ณแฃ แˆˆแŠขแŠ•แ‹ฑแˆตแ‰ตแˆชแŠ“ แˆˆแŠ‘แˆฎ แ‹จแˆšแˆ˜แ‰ฝ แˆ˜แˆ†แŠ‘แŠ• แŠแ‹แกแก แ‰ แˆ˜แˆ†แŠ‘แˆ แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ตแŠ• แŒจแˆแˆฎ แŒแ‹›แ‰ฑ แŠซแˆˆแ‹ แŠฅแˆแ‰… แ‰ฐแˆแŒฅแˆฏแ‹Š แˆตแŒฆแ‰ณแ‹ˆแ‰ฝ แŠ แŠณแ‹ซ แ‹จแŒแ‰ฅแˆญแŠ“แ‹แŠ• แ‹˜แˆญแ แˆ›แˆณแ‹ฐแŒ แŒแ‹ต แ‹จแˆšแˆ แŠแ‹แกแก แ‹จแŠฅแˆ…แˆ แˆ›แ‰€แŠแ‰ฃแ‰ แˆชแ‹ซแŠ“ แŠฅแˆดแ‰ต แŠฅแ‹จแŒจแˆ˜แˆฉ แˆˆแ‰ฐแŒ แ‰ƒแˆš แˆ›แ‹ฐแˆจแˆต แˆ˜แ‰ปแˆ แ‹ฐแŒแˆž แˆˆแ‹šแˆ… แ‹‹แŠแŠ›แ‹ แŠ แŠซแˆ แˆŠแˆ†แŠ• แ‹ญแŒˆแ‰ฃแˆแกแก

    แŠขแ‰ตแ‹ฎแŒฒแ‹ซแŠ• แŒจแˆแˆฎ แ‰ฅแ‹™ แ‹จแŠ แแˆชแŠซแŠ“ แŠ แˆˆแˆ›แ‰ต แˆ€แŒˆแˆฎแ‰ฝ แŠฅแ‹จแ‰ฐแ‰ธแŒˆแˆฉ แ‹ซแˆ‰แ‰ แ‰ตแŠ“ แˆแŠ• แŒŠแ‹œแˆแŠ“ แ‰ แ‹จแ‰€แŠ‘ แŠ แˆฐแˆแˆ‹แŒŠ แ‹จแˆ†แŠ แ‰ แŒแ‰ฅแˆญแŠ“ แˆตแˆซ แ‹จแˆšแŒˆแŠ แˆแŒแ‰ฅแŠ“ แˆ˜แŒ แŒฅ แŠแ‹แกแก แ‰ แˆ˜แˆแŠ‘แˆ แ‰ แŒแ‹›แ‰ฑ แ‹ญแˆ…แŠ• แ‹˜แˆญแ แˆ›แˆณแ‹ฐแŒ แŠ แˆ‹แˆ›แ‹ แ‹จแˆซแˆตแŠ• แ‹จแˆแŒแ‰ฅ แ‹‹แˆตแ‰ตแŠ“ แˆˆแˆ›แˆจแŒ‹แŒˆแŒฅ แ‰ฅแ‰ป แˆณแ‹ญแˆ†แŠ• แˆˆแˆŒแˆ‹แˆ แ‰ฐแŒ แ‰ƒแˆš แ‰ แˆ›แ‹ตแˆจแˆต แ‹จแ‰ แˆˆแŒ  แ‰ฐแŒ แ‰ƒแˆš แˆˆแˆ˜แˆ†แŠ• แŠแ‹แกแก แ‹จแŒแ‰ฅแˆญแŠ“แ‹แŠ• แ‹˜แˆญแ แˆˆแˆ›แˆณแ‹ฐแŒ แ‰ แŒ‹แˆซ แŠจแˆ˜แˆจแ‰ฃแˆจแ‰ฅ แ‰ แŠแ‰ต แˆตแˆˆแˆŒแˆ‹ แ‹จแˆšแ‹ซแ‹ˆแˆซ แ‹จแŠ แˆ›แˆซ แŒˆแ‹›แ‰ต แˆฐแ‹ แŠซแˆˆ แŠ แŠ•แ‹ตแˆ แ‹จแˆ›แ‹ญแŒˆแ‰ฃแ‹ แ‹ฐแŠ•แ‰†แˆฎ แŠแ‹ แ‹ˆแ‹ญแˆ แ‹ฐแŒแˆž แŒ แˆ‹แ‰ต แˆตแˆˆแˆ†แŠ แˆ†แŠ• แ‰ฅแˆŽ แˆˆแˆ˜แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‰ต แŠแ‹แกแก แŠจแˆแˆ‰ แ‰ แŠแ‰ต แŒแ‰ฅแˆญแŠ“แŠ• แˆ›แˆณแ‹ฐแŒแŠ“ แ‹จแˆซแˆตแŠ• แ‹จแˆแŒแ‰ฅ แ‹‹แˆตแ‰ตแŠ“ แˆ™แˆ‰ แ‰ แˆ™แˆ‰ แ‰ แˆ›แˆจแŒ‹แŒˆแŒฅ แˆˆแˆŒแˆ‹แˆ แŠฅแ‹ซแ‰€แˆจแ‰ก แ‰ฐแŒ แ‰ƒแˆš แˆ˜แˆ†แŠ• แŒแ‹ต แ‹จแˆšแˆ แŠแ‹แกแก แ‰ แ‰ฐแˆแŒฅแˆฎ แŠจแˆ˜แˆฌแ‰ต แ‰ แˆ‹แ‹ญ แŠจแ แ‰ฅแˆŽ แ‰ แ‰ฐแˆฐแˆซ แˆแ‰นแŠ“ แŠ แˆจแŠ•แŒ“แ‹ด แˆ˜แˆฌแ‰ต แˆ‹แ‹ญ แˆ†แŠแ‹ แŠแŒˆแˆญ แŒแŠ• แŠฅแ‹จแ‰ฐแˆซแ‰กแŠ“ แŠฅแ‹จแ‰ณแˆจแ‹™ แ–แˆˆแ‰ฒแŠซแŠ• แŒจแˆแˆฎ แˆตแˆˆแˆŒแˆ‹ แˆ›แ‹แˆซแ‰ต แ‹แˆญแ‹ฐแ‰ตแŠ“ แ‹ตแŠญแˆ˜แ‰ต แŠฅแŠ•แŒ‚ แˆŒแˆ‹ แŠ แ‹ญแ‰ฃแˆแˆแกแก

    แˆˆแˆŒแˆ‹ แˆˆแˆ˜แˆ†แŠ•แˆ แˆฒแ‰ฃแˆ แŒแŠ• แ‰ แ‰…แ‹ตแˆšแ‹ซ แˆˆแˆซแˆต แˆ˜แˆ†แŠ• แŒแ‹ต แ‹จแˆšแˆ แŠแ‹แกแก แˆˆแˆซแˆต แˆ†แŠแ‹ แˆฒแŒˆแŠ™ แ‰ฅแ‰ป แŠแ‹ แˆˆแˆŒแˆ‹ แˆˆแˆ˜แˆ†แŠ• แ‹จแˆšแ‰ปแˆแกแก แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐ แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต แ‹ซแˆˆแŠ• แŒฅแŠ•แ‰ณแ‹ŠแŠ“ แ‰ณแˆชแŠซแ‹Š แ‹จแˆ†แŠ แˆฐแŠแŠ“ แŒ แ‰ƒแˆš แ‹จแˆ†แŠแŠ• แ‹จแˆซแˆตแŠ• แ‰ฆแ‰ณ แ‰ แŠ•แ‰€แ‰ตแŠ“ แ‰ แŒ‰แˆแ‰ แ‰ต แˆˆแˆ˜แŒฃ แˆˆแ‹ˆแˆซแˆช แˆ€แ‹ญแˆ แŠ แˆตแˆจแŠญแ‰ฆ แˆˆแŠขแ‰ตแ‹ฎแŒฒแ‹ซ แˆ›แˆˆแ‰ต แˆแŠ• แˆ›แˆˆแ‰ต แŠแ‹? แˆ˜แˆแˆฑแŠ• แˆซแˆณแ‰ฝแŠ• แˆˆแ‹จแˆซแˆณแ‰ฝแŠ• แ‰ แ‰…แ‹ตแˆšแ‹ซ แŠฅแŠ•แˆ˜แˆแˆตแกแก แŠจแ‹šแ‹ซแˆ แ‰ แŒ‹แˆซ แ‹จแˆšแˆ†แŠแ‹แŠ• แ‰ แˆšแˆ†แŠ• แˆ˜แŠ•แŒˆแ‹ต แŠฅแŠ“แ‹ตแˆญแŒแกแก แˆ˜แˆ†แŠ• แ‹จแˆšแŒˆแ‰ฃแ‹ แ‹ญแˆ†แŠ• แ‹˜แŠ•แ‹ต แŒแŠ• แ‰ แ‰…แ‹ตแˆšแ‹ซ แ‰ฅแŠ แ‹ดแŠ• แ‰ณแŠญแˆž แˆ˜แ‹ณแŠ• แ‹ˆแ‹ญแˆ แˆžแ‰ถ แˆ˜แ‰€แ‰ แˆญ แŠ แˆˆแ‰ แ‰ตแกแก แ‰ แ‰ฆแ‰ณแ‹ แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฅแŠ• แ‰ แ‰ตแŠญแŠญแˆ แ‹จแˆšแ‹ˆแŠญแˆแŠ“ แ‹จแˆšแ‹ซแŒˆแˆˆแŒแˆ แŒŽแ‰ แ‹แฃ แ‹ฐแ‹แˆญแฃ แˆฐแˆซแ‰ฐแŠ›แŠ“ แ‰ฐแ‰†แˆญแ‰‹แˆช แˆ˜แ‰ฐแŠซแ‰ต แ‹ญแŠ–แˆญแ‰ฅแ‰ณแˆแกแก

  6. yabby you says:

    Dawit ,you must continue with this sort of balanced and honest presentation.It will help make those who are in the dark see the light.
    Let’s hope wisdom rather than ignorance ,violence and greed that will have the upper hand.let’s hope humanity prevail over ethnicity and man made borders.

    I heard the general say ‘right now there is no control over the executive body of EPDRF’, ‘there are more capable citizens outside EPDRF’. these are some of the issues that are ignored and mostly referred as “ye diaspora neftegna woraye’, ‘ye ESAT woraye’.
    Hopefully we will see more open and brave discussion .ethnic cadre politics must be reined and phased.

  7. Sam says:

    The General has the grasp of issues which is related to the current political crises Ethiopia is facing. I may disagree with him saying that the very cause of the current crises began when Ethnic Fedralism became the counntry’s governing principle. But in no way I question his concern for the futute of Ethiopia. After hearing what he said I come to conclusion that one statment of his sums it up: not a single ethnic group would be marginalized and Ethiopia could survive as a country. That is a very true statment. Those “internet” polticians who calculate who is going to win or lose by counting the percentage of each ethnicity will be disappointed. Ethiopia to survive as a country every ethnic group should have a say about the future of the country. As EPDRF is misguided in believing total monoply of power is a sure thing for stablity, the “internet” polticians are ignorant of what will glue together the various ethnicitie.The current “internet” polticians should graspsp the very basic fact that no ethnic group could be singled out as an enemy and Ethiopia will remain intact. The struggle in Ethiopia is between Ethiopians and EPDRF. In other words it is between two Ethiopians.

  8. Be ewnetu says:

    Awramba times- you did national issue task as a free media. TpLF is hijacked by Eritreans by kick the real TPLF natives.
    After 100% Eritrean EPRDF’TS controls the power they do what ever they want, like Zamora in military Bereket and Neway in financial, sibhat and Debretsion in policy decision. … don’t care about the nation. If you litson Tigrigna you can understand how they speak to Eritrean media as an Eritrean citizen.
    So as long as these Eritreans stay in the life long position in power our beloved country is going to hell as I said for many years. The bad governance and corruption of EPRDF is doing purposely. Like Sofia mall in kerra ….

  9. Ketema Tadesse says:

    I think I like the General because he seems an honest man who is seriously concerned about the situations Ethiopian is in.

    Now, I am very glad and a little relived to know that Ethiopia has such kind of son who isnโ€™t afraid to tell the truth as he sees it.

    I will pray for you General. I will pray for you to keep having the courage you have and to reach to your goal that to help Ethiopia not to fall into an endless ethnic conflicts.

  10. The General has proposed some good ideas, but not for the present day issues, but for the past problems. His three points could have been great, had he proposed them in 1984 and 2005. I think he missed the train.

    If he really want to see the integrity of the country preserved, the only viable path for the EPRDF would be to leave and hand power to the people. He is right when he said that Ethiopia is endowed with wise men and women. Hand that power to these people and establish a transition state government. Then, hold a genuine national election!

    You can put lipstick on a pig, but it’s still a pig!

  11. Peace H says:

    You are repeating the same mistake General. Earlier you were talking about the TPLF’s mistake not to share power with the OLF and now again you are telling us, you are suggesting that the security and military to remain under the TPLf command/dominance. First and foremost the security and military should be restructured to reflect a fair representation of all ethnic groups and then the TPLF dominance should be dislodged from all areas, politics, economy, security and so on. Advising to wait people until the next election is trying to buy time for the TPLF to grip more on its power. First of all there is no constitution in the country. The TPLF is ruling with guns, it is a military junta. The world is witnessing that anyone who went to the streets for a peaceful demonstration is gunned down. There will be no peace unless this military junta is removed by the people and members of the military & security forces from other ethnic groups. The TPLF will be history soon just like the Gadafi and Mubarek families. The more the civil disobedience continues the sooner the other ethic groups in the military and security apparatus of the TPLF abandon the dying military junta, just like what we had witnessed in Libya.

  12. Sibehat says:

    Mr. Your good will gesture is simply too late. How you think your colleagues (Tigre TPLF) terrorist group murdered these many ordinary non-Tigre citizens and the country continues in peace? Would you agree with the country to continue in peace if what have been done against non-Tigre Ethiopian citizens were done against Tigrayans by the rest of Ethiopian people? Would you? Please, don’t prescribe the drugs you wouldn’t take yourself! So, why you and your colleagues did not come to an agreement to continue in peace with Derg regime? Moreover, why are you so concerned suddenly now? Where have you been for the last 25 years when a genocidal mission had been carried out against Gemballa people, Benishangul people, Somalia Ethiopia people, and of course Oromia people over the last more than 2 decades? Where have you been especially for the last 9 months when Oromians were murdered, beaten up, dragged to TPLF concentration camp every single day? The fact of the matter is that you and likewise are suddenly worried now because the situation became bad enough to threaten you you, Tigray, the Tigre ethnic group! That is all, sir. That is the whole reason behind you and likewise have been writing so many lengthy rhetorics and the so many prescriptions that you wouldn’t be taking if you(Tigrayans) were in place of the victims of TPLF armed state terrorist group.

  13. Shiromeda says:

    it really sad that EPRDF losses the cream of one its best seasoned politician at the wrong time. The EPRDF cancer has diagnosed long ago but they do not want to take their medication when the public prescribed them . I think it is already metastasis and its sign already revealed at Rio Olympic when Father & Son did a bold scandal on international scene. If the government official does not shy to do this kind of blunder in a broad a daylight forget the other activities behind the curtain after the sunset.

  14. Awgichew Terefe says:

    This is the kind of personality that we should see in our politicians! Kudos General Tsadkan!

  15. Erta says:

    What the general talking about does make sense. The EPRDF government stopped being progressive, the EPRDF government has been very slow to respond to anything unless its core is shaken threatening its power. The military turned into to money a making cow than defending the country. The military slept on the wheel to the point where Eritrea started to control Ethiopia politically. The military canโ€™t even take any actions unless a group of people in the EPRDF party who are defending Eritrea are making the final decision. The political elites need to make political decisions based on Ethiopiaโ€™s long term and the military plan has to be to defend that. Ethiopia has to project its political power and military power together. EPRDF government has to reduce corruption. Start open political dialog inside the party first and then nationally. On order for Ethiopians a to have honest national dialog any foreign political influence has to be eliminated, particularly any political and military threat from Eritrea. Ethiopia has been doing well working with its neighbors. None of Ethiopiaโ€™s neighbors are interfering in Ethiopiaโ€™s politics except one. That has to stop. If Ethiopia can control its immediate neighbors political influence Ethiopia can limit the impact of any political influence from a distance away. The EPRDF party also should engage with people like the general. He has experience, has some brilliant ideas, and he is also pragmatic. The EPRDF government and the party needs leaders who can make decisions. The military has to defend the country from Eritrea aggression before any political dialog to proceed. Having taken care of Eritrea will wide open the door for honest political discussion abut Ethiopia. Thank you Dawit for the interview

  16. dawit enjoys the privilege of being tigre, can you name me a single non tigray”independent” journalist to interview the high rank officials ?

  17. Abay Mado says:

    This is causing a huge earthquake in the TPLF heart land. The people are panicking. The Adwa, Axum and Shire Gangs are packing.

    I know all along this day will come but I didn’t expect so soon and so fast. And it is very very much welcome for the sake of our nation and people. G. Tankan had never been part of the evil Sibhat, Abay Woldu, Abay Tshay and … TPLF gangs. He is very much respected by big part of Tigrans that are not part of the Adwa, shire and Axum gangs where most TPLF members including those on power at this moment come from. These three areas are close to each other and they are claiming as the real Tigry people and territories. Seyoum Mesfin is Agame while Eseye Abraha is Tembien.

    When G Tsadkan talked few weeks ago about his worry identifying them and the same time presenting the solutions as an individual for discussion purposes, they barked like mad, bad and primitive dogs against him. They know, he has many followers in Tigry and also in the military, security and some TPLF members from the top as well. The brainless, incompetent and uncivilized TPLF cadres (if you call them that way), thrown at him lots of dirt, name callings and you name it because of that wide range paper wrote by him was like a nuclear bomb on them.

    He was worrying about the direction the country is heading and the situation facing. But they were/are talking about them losing power. Which means they don’t care if anything happens to the country including the worst ones because of them but their power for the sake of stealing, looting and taking all by themselves.

    People, we have to stop them by any means as soon as possible before it is too late and there will be no way turning back. They are very few in numbers but acting as if they are all that and have supporters in Tigry. In reality, they have only TPLF members and their families as the only trusted supporters. The rest are like herds of animals following what they have been told or those have no choice because of they have no alternatives they can trust and relay on as G. Tsadkan is.

    I wonder how they are feeling right now. The move they made to silent him because of that paper is making him more bold and determine telling them he as everybody else has equal citizenship rights in this country. This is telling them to shut up and leave where the stolen money and looted properties are which is in the west; USA, UK, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Western Europe….?

    G. Tsadkan move would play very big and important roles in our country history if we all calm down, breathing deeply and freely and focus on the big picture which is our country instead of individuals’ pastes and blaming, accusing and finally stopping them contributing for the future that is all about and matter the most. This is not the time to blame someone because of his past as long as that past is not like that of the OLF and the likes. But come together, forgiving one another, learn from the past mistakes and correct them in the future.

    G. Tsadkan has lots of supports among the Tigreans including those are supporting TPLF because of reasons including they have no alternative till now but accepting the TPLF total domination. G. Tsadkan has supports in the military including those in the high ranks where back then when he was a defense minister, they were low ranks and foot soldiers. Samora is just the Adwa, Shire and Axum TPLF Gangs trusty has no education back ground any kind. He even didn’t complete the 12 grade school levels. As some says, he dropped out from grade 11. We have seen how general Tsadkan is including his paper not long ago and his interview on Awramba right now.

    We are hoping G. Tsadkan, G,. Abebe and the likes will come together to persuade Tigreans to join them by dropping the sinking and crumbling TPLF criminal gangs cartel institutions. We know ordinary Tigreans that are the vast majorities are panicking knowing the TPLF gangs’ era is over. We also know the TPLF gangs and their families are moving and asking asylum with lies in the west where the looted money and properties are. USA, UK, Australia, Germany, New Zealand, Canada and the likes are their destinations and the destinations of the criminals, thieves, dictators, killer and looters from all over the world including x dictatorial and criminal gangs style leaders and their families as the TPLFs are.

    This is not the time to blame one another or disrespecting and discrediting against each other. But doing the right things together focusing on the big pictures. The pictures are how to protect our nation from the dark cloud hanging on her because of TPLF gangs, how to topple TPLF without causing any damage against our country including without property damages and public unrests and how to create an inclusive Transitional government without military/gun involvements.

    G. Tsadkan is right. We need a smart and safe passage to bring changes without causing any damage against our country. The military is the most important institute we have. That means we have to do everything to be sure this very important institute is independent, united, committed, strong and stand only for the nation and its people. The defense minister who is a civilian i.e. Sirak Fergessa and also Samora who is a TPLF right hand but he could be persuaded by individuals like General Tsadkan in order to play the best roles related to the Military and the TPLF roles in it. The only hope and strength TPLF has is using guns. Those guns are the in hands of the Military, security and police. If these three are persuaded to drop the TPLF gangs and take the people sides, then TPLF is nobody.

    Therefore, individuals like G. Tsadkan can play big roles to persuade the military, security and police institutions alongside the most part of the Tigreans people and some members of TPLF. We need a peaceful and if possible a total free unrest, death or property damage transfer of power. If we want and work together for it, we can do it. Europe and the west are doing this way for generations and look at their situation in the cold and look at ours in the middle of earth and tropics.

    We must not relay on solving the issues using forces, killings and causing destructions to bring down the TPLF gangs but the best ways including what G. Tsadkan is trying to do. We must join him in the name of Ethiopia being free from the TPLF cancer diseases which is Ethnicity, religion, region and so on affiliations.

    One thing is clear, the Adwa, Shire and Axum TPLF gangs era will be over soon. There is no doubt about that. The question is how make it happen without any damage including the public day to day life where the vast majority is dependent on day today activities to earn from hand to mouth in order to reach the next day and doing the same thing all over again.

    It is important to have a transitional government together with some members of the current government including the PM, Youth minister, Defense minister and the likes in order to create unity among the population and also guarantee the stability of the economic climate. Avoid the CIA and MI6 involvements that brought TPLF to Ethiopia 25 years ago and made them the way they are ever since. Ethiopians are more than enough to solve their own problems by themselves including this one with friendly and useful nations support: not the failed state, chaos, destructions, killings and mass migrations creators by creating, supporting and closely working together with the extremists and terrorists i.e. the CIA, MI6 and the western Embassies and ….

    Good job Dawit. I hope, soon you will bring to us the meetings between Ethiopians in the country and abroad together including G. Tsadkan discussing and agreeing about the issues and future steps we are talking about our nation to achieve the transfer of power peacefully without unnecessary damages or killings.

  18. Korem says:

    แˆตแˆซ แ‰ แˆแ‰ฅ แŠแ‹ แŠฅแ‹ซแˆ‰ แ‹แˆ
    แŠญแ‰ฅแˆฉ แˆ˜แ‰ฝ แ‹ญแ‰ณแ‹ซแˆ แˆณแ‹ญแˆ˜แˆแˆต แ‹ฐแˆ
    แ‰ แŠ แ‰ฃแ‹ญ แ‹ˆแŠ•แ‹ แ‹จแ‰ฐแŠจแ‰ แ‰  แŒŽแŒƒแˆ
    แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ต แ‰ขแŒŽแ‹ณแ‹แˆ แŠ แˆแ‰ฐแŒŽแ‹ณแˆ
    แˆˆแŠแŒˆ แŒฎแˆซ แ‰ฅแˆญแˆ€แŠ•
    แ‰ แˆญแ‰ตแ‰ถ แ‹ญแˆฐแˆซแˆ แˆตแˆซแ‹แŠ•
    แ‹ซแŒฃแ‹แŠ• แˆแˆ‰ แŒแŠ• แ‹ซแˆตแˆ˜แˆแˆณแˆ
    แ‰ แ‹šแˆ… แ‰ฃแˆ…แˆชแ‹ แ‹ญแ‰ณแ‹ˆแ‰ƒแˆ

    แŒŽแŒƒแˆ แŠ แ‹˜แŠ แŠ แˆ‰แ‰ต แ‰ แ‹ตแˆˆแ‹
    แŒแ แ‰ฐแˆแ…แˆžแ‰ แ‰ต แ‰ขแŠจแ‹แ‹
    แˆแ‰ปแˆˆแ‹ แ‰ฅแˆŽ แŠฅแŠ•แŒ‚ แ‰€แŠ• แŠฅแˆตแŠจแˆšแˆ˜แŒฃ
    แˆ˜แ‰ฝ แ‹แˆ แ‰ฅแˆŽ แ‹ซแˆแ‹แˆ แŒ แˆ‹แ‰ฑแŠ• แˆณแ‹ญแ‰€แŒฃ
    แ‹จแŠ แ‰ฃแ‹ญแฃ แ‹จแŒฃแŠ“ แˆฐแ‹ แ‹จแˆˆแˆแˆˆแˆ™ แ‰ฆแ‰ณ
    แ‰‚แˆ™แŠ• แˆณแ‹ญแ‹ˆแŒฃ แˆ˜แ‰ฝ แ‹ซแ‹แ‰ƒแˆ แˆแŠแ‰ณแก
    แˆแˆตแŒ‹แŠ“ แˆฒแŒˆแ‰ฃแ‹ แŠ แˆญแˆถ แ‰ แˆ›แ‰…แˆจแ‰ก
    แ‰ แŠฅแˆฑ แˆ‹แ‹ญ แ‰ฐแŒฅแˆŽ แˆ€แŒˆแˆญ แˆ˜แ‰€แˆˆแ‰ก
    แŠจแˆ€แ‹ฒ แ‹จแˆ†แŠแŠ• แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ตแŠ• แŒฅแˆŽแ‰ แ‰ต
    แŠ แ‹ญแ‹ฐแˆˆแˆ แ‰ฐแ‰ฃแˆˆ แˆ˜แ‰ฐแˆˆแŠญ แ‹จแŠ แŠ•แ‰ฐ แŠฅแˆญแˆตแ‰ต

    แ‹˜แˆ˜แŠ• แˆฒแ‰€แ‹ซแ‹จแˆญ แˆญแŠฉแˆต แˆฒแˆ˜แˆตแˆ แ‰…แ‹ฑแˆต
    แˆฐแ‹แŠแ‰ต แ‰ แˆซแ‰€แ‹ แˆ€แŒˆแˆญ แˆตแ‰ตแ‰ณแˆ˜แˆต
    แŒŽแŒƒแˆ แ‰ฅแ‰ป แŠ แ‹ญแ‹ฐแˆˆแˆ แ‹จแ‰ฐแ‹‹แŒ  แ‰ แˆ€แ‹˜แŠ•
    แ‰ณแˆชแŠญ แˆ˜แ‹แŒแ‰ฆแ‰ณแˆ แ‰แŒฅแˆฉแŠ• แ‰ แˆšแˆŠแ‹ฎแŠ•
    แ‹ˆแ‹ญ แŠ แˆˆแˆ›แ‹ˆแ‰ƒแ‰ธแ‹ แ‹จแŒŽแŒƒแˆแŠ• แ€แ‰ฃแ‹ญ
    แˆดแ‰ท แ‹จแˆแ‰ณแˆจแŒแ‹แฃ แ‹จแˆแ‰ตแ‹ˆแˆแ‹ต แ‰ แˆ‹แ‹ญ
    แ‹ญแ‰ปแˆ‹แˆแก แ‹ญแ‰ปแˆ‹แˆ แ‹›แˆฌ แŠแŒˆ แŠฅแ‹ซแˆ‰
    แ‰†แˆญแŒฆ แˆฒแŠแˆณ แŒแŠ• แŠ แ‹ซแ‹ตแˆญแˆต แˆ›แ‹•แ‰ แˆ‰

    แˆˆแˆ˜แแ‰ตแˆ„ แˆแŠ‘ แˆ›แ‹•แ‰ แˆ‰ แˆณแ‹ญแŒ€แˆแˆญ
    แ‰ แŠแŠซแŠฉแ‰ต แ‰แŒฅแˆญ แ‹ญแ‰ณแ‹ซแˆ แˆฒแŒจแˆแˆญ
    แŠ แ‰ตแŠแŠซแŠฉแ‰ต แŠฅแˆฑแŠ• แŠจแŠแ‹˜แˆญ แˆ›แŠ•แ‹˜แˆฉ
    แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต แŒ แŒˆแ‹ด แ‹ˆแˆŽ แˆธแ‹‹ แŠ แŒˆแˆฉ
    แ‹จแŒŽแŒƒแˆ แ‹ณแˆญแ‰ป แŠ แ‰ฃแ‹ญ แˆฑแ‹ณแŠ• แˆฒแ‹ฐแˆญแˆต
    แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ต แˆแŠ• แ‹ซแ‹แ‰ƒแˆ แˆ€แŒˆแˆญ แ‹จแˆšแ‹ซแˆแˆญแˆต
    แˆˆแˆซแˆณแ‰ฝแŠ• แˆตแŠ•แˆ แˆแˆ‹แ‰ฝแŠ• แŠฅแŠ•แŒฃแˆ
    แ‰ แŠ แŠ•แ‹ฑ แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‰ต แˆŒแˆ‹แ‹ แŠ แ‹ญแ‰ฝแˆแˆ แˆ˜แŒ แ‰€แˆ
    แ‹ญแˆ… แŠแ‹ แŠ แ‰‹แˆœ แ‰ แ‹˜แˆฌ แˆ€แ‰€แŠ›
    แ‹จแˆ›แ‹ซแ‹แ‰… แ‹ญแ‹ˆแ‰€แŠ แ‹ญแŒแ‰ฃแ‹ แŒŽแŒƒแˆแŠ›แกแก

  19. Tk says:

    I really appreciated this genuine man. Eprdf cadres, extremist activist and political elites have to learn a lot from this. We need more people like him for the future well being of our country. Really appreciated interview.

    Thank yoy ,both Dawit and General Tsadkan.

  20. tewodros says:

    @ change is coming: u r defecating in ur mouth. Dirty

  21. kit says:

    this country you talking not adwa,mkele,shire…..
    this you talking ethiopia you can not rull one ethnic group the rest of the country,you can not ,can not
    ,rull your own area there tigrai.full stop.

    we have to have our share in my beloved country .

  22. Bilen says:

    If EPRDF leaves power forcefully there will be chaos in the country- that is the country they created the past 25 years.
    Chaos didnt happen when they took power from Mengistu, didnt happen when Mengistu took power from Haileselassai, didnt happen when Haileselassai took power, didnt happen!! and almost all this were revolutions. Thats why people hate them!

    Threat didnt exist when they took power, didnt exist when Mengistu took power from Hailesslaise. Threat only exist if TPLF had to go. WOW!

  23. mali says:

    look this guy fake olympic swimmer how the country is become no acounteblity
    becouse he is tigrai his father is weyane he can do what ever he wish.

    it has been for long kind of unfair in every opportunity in the country
    and you proud of but you should be ashemed of people lost their family million cried .
    well you will pay the price soon.

  24. Mereja says:

    แ‰ แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ตแฃ แŒ แŒˆแ‹ดแŠ“ แ‰ƒแ‰ฅแ‰ฒแ‹ซ แˆแˆ˜แˆซ แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฅ แˆ‹แ‹ญ แ‹จแ‰ณแ‰€แ‹ฐแ‹ แ‹ตแ‰ฅแ‰ แ‹จแˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ต แˆดแˆซ แˆฒแŒ‹แˆˆแŒฅ


    แ‰ แ‰…แ‹ตแˆšแ‹ซ แ‹ญแˆ…แŠ• แ‹ตแ‰ฅแ‰… แ‹จแ‹ˆแ‹ซแŠ”แŠ• แˆดแˆซ แ‹จแˆšแ‹ซแŒ‹แˆแŒ แ‹แŠ• แŠจแŠแ‰ตแˆญแŒ‰แˆ™ แˆˆแˆ‹แŠฉแˆแŠ• แ‹ˆแŒˆแŠ–แ‰ปแ‰ฝแŠ• แŠจแˆแ‰ฅ แŠฅแŠ“แˆ˜แˆฐแŒแŠ“แˆˆแŠ•แกแก

    แˆ˜แŒ‹แ‰ขแ‰ต 2008 (March 2016)


    แ‹แ‹ต แ‹จแˆ€แŒˆแˆซแ‰ฝแŠ• แˆฐแ‹Žแ‰ฝ แˆแŠ• แ‰ แ‹ฐแˆ แˆแ…แˆ˜แŠ• แŠแ‹ แŠ แŠแ‹šแˆ…แŠ• แˆฐแ‹แŠแ‰ณแ‰ธแ‹แŠ• แŒจแˆญแˆฐแ‹ แ‹ซแŒก แ‹ˆแˆฎ แ‰ แˆ‹แ‹Žแ‰ฝ แˆˆ25 แŠ แˆ˜แ‰ณแ‰ต แ‰ แŠ› แˆ‹แ‹ญ แ‰ แŠจแ‰ฃแ‹ต แ‰…แŒฃแ‰ต แˆ˜แˆแŠจ แ‹ซแˆฐแˆ›แˆซแ‰ฅแŠ•แกแก แ‹ญแˆ… แŠจแˆ‹แ‹ญ “แ‰ แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ตแฃ แŒ แŒˆแ‹ดแŠ“ แ‰ƒแ‰ฅแ‰ฒแ‹ซ แˆแˆ˜แˆซ แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฅ แˆ‹แ‹ญ แ‹จแ‰ณแ‰€แ‹ฐแ‹ แ‹ตแ‰ฅแ‰ แ‹จแˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ต แˆดแˆซ แˆฒแŒ‹แˆˆแŒฅ” แ‰ แˆšแˆ แŠ แˆญแˆตแ‰ต *แ‰ แŠขแ‰ตแ‹ฎแˆœแ‹ฒแ‹ซ* แ‹ตแˆ…แˆจ แŒˆแ… แˆ‹แ‹ญ แ‹จแˆšแŒˆแŠ แŠจแˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ต แ‹จแ‹ตแ‰ฅแ‰… แˆแˆตแŒขแˆญ แˆณแŒฅแŠ• แŠ แˆแˆแŒฆ แ‹จแ‹ˆแŒฃ แˆฒแˆ†แŠ• แˆ˜แˆแ‹•แŠญแ‰ฑ แ‹จแˆšแ‹˜แŒˆแŠ•แŠ• แ‰ฅแ‰ป แˆณแ‹ญแˆ†แŠ• แˆตแˆˆแŠแˆฑแŠแ‰ณแ‰ธแ‹แŠ“ แ‰ แŠแˆฑ แˆแŠญแŠ•แ‹ซแ‰ต แˆตแˆˆแ‹ฐแˆจแˆฐ แ‰ แ‹ฐแˆแŠ“ แ‹ˆแ‹ฐแŠแ‰ตแˆฐ แˆแŠ• แ‹ซแ‹ฐแˆญแŒ‰ แ‹ญแˆ†แŠ• แ‰ แˆšแ‹ซแˆฐแŠ แ‹จแˆ€แˆณแ‰ฅ แ‰ฃแˆ…แˆญ แ‹แˆตแŒฅ แˆแ‰ตแŒˆแ‰ก แ‰ตแ‰ฝแˆ‹แˆ‹แ‰ฝแˆแกแก แ‰ฅแˆ„แˆจแˆฐแ‰ฅแŠ• แŠจแ‰ฅแˆ„แˆจแˆฐแ‰ฅ แˆ›แŒ‹แŒจแ‰ต แ‹‹แŠแŠ›แ‹แŠ“ แ‹˜แˆ˜แŠ“แ‰ต แ‹ซแˆตแ‰†แŒ แˆจ แ‹จแ‹ตแ‰ฅแ‰… แ‹จแˆแˆตแŒขแˆญ แˆตแˆแˆแŠ•แ‰ณแ‰ธแ‹ แˆตแˆˆแˆ˜แˆ†แŠ‘ แŒฅแˆญแŒฅแˆญ แ‹จแˆˆแ‹แˆแกแก

    แ‰ แŠ แˆ›แˆซ แˆ‹แ‹ญ แ‹จแ‹ฐแˆจแˆฐแ‹ แˆ˜แˆแŠ“แ‰€แˆแŠ“ แ‹ซ แˆแˆ‰ แˆฐแ‰†แ‰ƒ แ‰ แŠแˆฑ แŠ แˆ›แŠซแŠแŠแ‰ต แˆŠแˆ†แŠ• แˆตแˆˆแˆšแ‰ฝแˆ แŠจแ‹šแˆ… แˆ˜แˆจแ‹ณแ‰ต แ‹ญแ‰ปแˆ‹แˆแกแก แˆ˜แˆˆแˆต แ‹œแŠ“แ‹Šแˆ แˆ†แŠ แˆŒแˆ‹ แ‹จแŠแˆฑ แ‰ฃแˆˆแˆตแˆแŒฃแŠ• แˆตแˆแŠญ แ‹ฐแ‹แˆŽ แ‹ญแˆ…แŠ• แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ณแ‰ณแ‹ฐแˆญแŒ แ‰ขแˆˆแ‹ แ‹จแ‰ตแŠ›แ‹ แ‹จแŠญแˆแˆ แˆ˜แŠ•แŒแˆตแ‰ตแฃ แ‰กแ‹ตแŠ• แ‹ˆแ‹ญแˆ แŒแˆˆแˆฐแ‰ฅ แŠแ‹ แ‹ญแˆ…แŠ• แ‰ฃแˆˆแˆ˜แ‰€แ‰ แˆ แ‰ แŠ แˆ›แˆซ แˆ‹แ‹ญ แ‹ซแ‹ฐแˆจแˆฐแ‹แŠ• แ‰ แ‹ฐแˆแŠ“ แˆฐแ‰†แ‰ƒ แˆแˆ‰ แˆŠแ‹ซแ‹ฐแˆญแˆต แ‹จแˆšแ‰ฝแˆแกแก แŠ แˆ›แˆซแŠ• แˆˆแˆ˜แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‰ตแŠ“ แ‰ฅแˆ„แˆญแŠ• แŠจแ‰ฅแˆ„แˆญ แŠฅแ‹ซแŒ‹แŒฉ แŠฅแŠแˆฑ แŒแ‰ฃแ‰ธแ‹แŠ• แˆˆแˆ›แˆณแŠซแ‰ต แ‰ แˆแˆตแŒขแˆญ แ‹ซแ‹ฐแˆจแŒ‰แ‰ต แˆตแˆˆแˆ˜แˆ†แŠ‘ แ‹ญแŠธแ‹ แˆŒแˆ‹แ‹ แ‹จแˆ›แˆจแŒ‹แŒˆแŒซ แˆแˆตแŠญแˆฉแค แŠฅแŠ•แ‰ฅแ‰กแ‰ตแกแก แˆ˜แˆชแ‹Žแ‰ฝแˆ แˆ†แŠ‘ แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฅ แŠจแ‹šแˆ… แ‰ฅแ‹™ แˆŠแˆ›แˆฉ แ‹ญแ‰ฝแˆ‹แˆแกแก แ‰ แˆ˜แˆ†แŠ‘แˆ แˆ˜แˆตแˆ›แˆ›แ‰ต แŠฅแŠ•แŒ‚ แŠฅแŠแˆฑ แ‹แˆตแŒฅ แˆˆแ‹แˆตแŒฅ แ‰ แˆšแˆฐแˆฉแ‰ต แ‹ตแ‰ฅแ‰… แ‹จแˆ›แŒฅแ‹แ‰ต แŠ แˆ‹แˆ› แŠฅแ‹จแŒˆแ‰ก แˆ˜แŒฃแˆ‹แ‰ตแˆ แˆ†แŠ แˆ˜แŒŽแ‹ณแ‹ณแ‰ต แŠ แ‹ญแŒˆแ‰ฃแˆแกแก

    แ‹ญแˆ… แ‹ตแ‰ฅแ‰ แ‹จแˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ต แˆดแˆซ แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ตแŠ•แŠ“ แˆซแ‹ซแŠ• แ‹จแˆšแˆ˜แŠจแ‰ต แˆฒแˆ†แŠ• แˆˆ25 แŠ แˆ˜แ‰ณแ‰ต แ‰ แˆแˆตแŒขแˆญ แŠฅแ‹จแ‰ฐแˆตแˆ›แˆ™ แˆตแŠ•แ‰ตแŠ“ แˆแŠ• แ‹ซแˆ…แˆ แˆŒแˆ‹ แ‹ˆแŠ•แŒ€แˆแŠ“ แ‰ แ‹ฐแˆ แŠแ‹ แ‰ แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฃแ‰ฝแŠ“ แˆ€แŒˆแˆซแ‰ฝแŠ• แˆ‹แ‹ญ แŠฅแ‹ซแ‹ฐแˆจแˆฑ แ‹ซแˆ‰ แ‹จแˆšแˆˆแ‹แŠ• แŒฅแ‹ซแ‰„ แ‹จแˆšแ‹ซแˆตแŒ แ‹ญแ‰…แŠ“ แˆ˜แˆแˆฑ แŒแŠ• แˆตแˆˆแˆ›แ‹ญแ‰ณแ‹ˆแ‰… แ‹จแˆšแ‹ซแˆณแˆตแ‰ฅ แŠแ‹แกแก แŠฅแŠแ‹šแˆ… แ‰ แŠฅแ‹แŠแ‰ต แˆˆแ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แˆฒแˆ‰ แˆ€แŒˆแˆญ แˆˆแˆ›แแˆจแˆตแŠ“ แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฅ แˆˆแˆ›แŒฅแ‹แ‰ต แ‹จแ‰ฐแˆแŒ แˆฉ แ‹จแ‹˜แˆ˜แŠ‘ แ‹แˆฝแˆตแ‰ถแ‰ฝแฃ แŠ“แ‹šแ‹Žแ‰ฝแฃ แˆ›แแ‹ซแ‹Žแ‰ฝแฃ แ‹˜แˆซแŠแ‹ˆแ‰ธแฃ แˆŒแ‰ฃแ‹Žแ‰ฝแŠ“ แˆ˜แŒฅแŽ แ‰ แˆ†แŠ แˆตแˆ แˆแˆ‰ แ‹จแˆšแŒ แ‰€แˆฑ แŠ“แ‰ธแ‹แกแก *แŠจแŠขแ‰ตแ‹ฎแˆœแ‹ฒแ‹ซ* แ‹ตแˆ…แˆจ แŒˆแ… แˆ‹แ‹ญ แŠ แŠ•แ‰กแ‰ฅแ‰ตแŠ“ แˆแŠ• แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆ†แŠ‘ แŠฅแŠ“แŠ•แ‰ฐแ‹ แ‹ˆแˆตแŠ‘แกแก

    แ‹ญแˆ…แŠ• แ‹ตแ‰ฅแ‰… แ‹จแŒฅแ‹แ‰ต แˆ˜แˆจแŒƒ แ‰ แ‰ฃแˆˆแ‰คแ‰ตแŠแ‰ต แ‹จแ‹ซแ‹™ แˆˆแŠขแ‰ตแ‹ฎแŒฒแ‹ซแ‹Šแ‹ซแŠ• แ‰ แ‹ซแˆ‰แ‰ แ‰ตแŠ“ แˆˆแŠ แˆˆแˆ แŠ แŠซแˆ‹แ‰ตแˆ แ‹จแˆšแ‹ฐแˆญแˆตแ‰ แ‰ตแŠ• แˆ˜แŠ•แŒˆแ‹ต แˆ›แˆ˜แ‰ปแ‰ธแ‰ต แ‹ญแŠ–แˆญแ‰ฃแ‰ธแ‹‹แˆแกแก แ‰ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐ แŠขแˆณแ‰ต แ‰ฃแˆ‰ แ‰ฒแ‰จ แŒฃแ‰ขแ‹ซแ‹Žแ‰ฝ แˆŠแŠแ‰ แ‰ฅแŠ“ แ‹แ‹ญแ‹ญแ‰ต แˆŠแ‹ฐแˆจแŒแ‰ แ‰ต แ‹ญแŒˆแ‰ฃแˆแกแก แ‹ญแˆ… แˆฒแˆ†แŠ• แ‰ แŒฆแˆญ แˆ€แ‹ญแˆ แŠจแ‰ฐแˆ˜แ‰ฑ แ‰ แ‰ แˆˆแŒ  แ‰ แŠขแ‰ตแ‹ฎแŒฒแ‹Šแ‹ซแŠ•แŠ“ แ‰ แŠ แˆˆแˆ แŠแ‰ต แ‹จแˆšแˆ˜แ‰ฑ แŠแ‹ แ‹จแˆšแˆ†แŠ‘แกแก แ‹จแŠ แˆ›แˆซ แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฅแŠ“ แˆ˜แŠ•แŒแˆตแ‰ต แ‹ญแˆ… แˆฒแˆซ แ‰ แŠฅแŠแˆฑ แˆ‹แ‹ญ แŠฅแ‹จแ‰ฐแˆฐแˆซ แˆ˜แˆ†แŠ‘แŠ• แŠ แ‹แ‰€แ‹ แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ฉแŠ• แ‰ แ‰ฐแˆ˜แˆˆแŠจแ‰ฐ แ‹จแˆซแˆณแ‰ธแ‹ แŠ แ‰‹แˆ แ‹ฐแŒแˆž แˆแŠ• แˆŠแˆ†แŠ• แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆšแ‰ฝแˆ แ‰ แ‰…แˆญแ‰ฅ แ‹จแˆšแ‰ณแ‹ญ แŠแ‹แกแก

    แŠฅแ‹šแˆ… แˆ‹แ‹ญ แŒแŠ• แˆ˜แŒ แ‹จแ‰… แ‹ซแˆˆแ‰ แ‰ต แŠ แŒ แ‰ƒแˆ‹แ‹ญ แˆ€แŒˆแˆญแŠ•แŠ“ แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฅแŠ• แ‰ แ‰ฐแˆ˜แˆˆแŠจแ‰ฐ แ‹ซแˆ‹แ‰ธแ‹ แ‹ตแ‰ฅแ‰… แˆตแˆแˆแŠแ‰ตแŠ“ แˆแˆตแŒขแˆซแ‹Š แŠ แ‰‹แˆ แˆแŠ• แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆ†แŠ แŠแ‹แกแก แˆ˜แ‰ฝแŠ“ แˆแŠ•แˆต แ‹ญแˆ†แŠ• แŠจแŠแˆฑ แˆŠแŒˆแˆ‹แŒแˆˆแŠ• แ‹จแˆšแ‰ฝแˆแกแก

  25. wedi Tgray says:

    Dear Tegadalay Tsadqan,
    I adress you not as general Tsadqab because tegadalay has more kibri than any military rank title.
    please shmka aytitseyiqh. If you want to leave your legacy untaineted do not betray wiyanne ,the qal swuat and your people by siding with iur enemies. NO MATTER WHAT YOU DO TO THEM YOU ARE THE ENEMY just because you are Tigraway.
    if you wanna go down in Tigray history as a harbegna jigna tegadalay you are known for mesmer hzbi aytitilem.
    Thank you.

  26. Desta says:

    Thank You L/G for sharing your concern about the future of the Ethiopia.
    I believe the politics over 40 years, THEM vs US is bleeding the country, and threaten the survival of Ethiopia as a nation State.
    Rather than focusing on own common shared values, intertwined lives of humanity and common destiny, your generation (student moment) defies evolution , unable to transform itself by braking the box it created four decades ago.
    It is still stacked in the past, by playing the cheapest card (nationalism).
    Throughout history, It has been known religion and ethnic is the easiest card to play. The problem of these cards is that it destroyed countries, torn apart the social glue that put society together. That is what Ethiopia faced today.

    Now, everyone is using the same card just to the grab the chair, where material wealth is available for themselves, not the common people.

    I suggest to you to call a national conference to discuss how to move forward before we all sink to the bottom.

  27. Mereja says:

    แ‹แˆญแ‹แˆญแŠแ‰ต แ‹ซแˆˆแ‰ แ‰ต แŠจแˆ‹แ‹ญแŠ›แ‹ แŒ‹แˆญ แ‰ฐแŒจแˆ›แˆช

    แ‰ แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ตแฃ แŒ แŒˆแ‹ดแŠ“ แ‰ƒแ‰ฅแ‰ฒแ‹ซ แˆแˆ˜แˆซ แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฅ แˆ‹แ‹ญ แ‹จแ‰ณแ‰€แ‹ฐแ‹ แ‹ตแ‰ฅแ‰ แ‹จแˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ต แˆดแˆซ แˆฒแŒ‹แˆˆแŒฅ

    แˆ˜แŒ‹แ‰ขแ‰ต 2008 (March 2016)

    แ‰ แ‰ตแŒแˆญแŠ› แ‰ฐแŒฝแŽ แ‹จแˆ…แ‹ˆแˆƒแ‰ต แ‰ฃแˆˆแˆตแˆแŒฃแŠ“แ‰ตแŠ“ แŠ แ‰ฃแˆ‹แ‰ต แ‰ฐแˆตแˆ›แˆแ‰ฐแ‹แ‰ แ‰ต แ‰ แˆ›แ…แ‹ฐแ‰… แŠฅแ‹จแ‰ฐแ‰ฐแŒˆแ‰ แˆจ แ‹ซแˆˆแŠ• แ‹ตแ‰ฅแ‰… แ‹จแˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ต แˆดแˆซ แ‹ซแ‰€แˆจแ‰ แ‹ แ‰ แ‰ฅแ‹•แˆญ แˆตแˆ™ แ‹˜แŒฝแŠฃแ‰ต แŠ แŠ“แŠ•แ‹ซ แ‰ แˆšแˆ แˆตแˆ แ‹จแˆšแ‰ณแ‹ˆแ‰… แŠฅแ‹แŠแ‰ฐแŠ› แˆตแˆ™ แŒแŠ• แŒŽแ‹ญแ‰ฐแŠฆแˆ แ‹จแˆ›แŠ แŒˆแ‰ฅแˆจแŠ แŠ•แ‹ซแŠ• แ‹จแ‰ฐแ‰ฃแˆˆ แ‰€แŠ•แ‹ฐแŠ› แ‹จแˆ…แ‹ˆแˆƒแ‰ต แˆตแ‹แˆญ แŠแ‰ณแ‹แˆซแˆช แŠแ‹แกแก


    แ‰ แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆƒแ‰ต แ‰ฃแˆˆแˆตแˆแŒฃแŠ“แ‰ตแŠ“ แŠ แ‰ฃแˆ‹แ‰ต แ€แ‹ตแ‰† แ‰ แˆแˆตแŒขแˆญ แ‰ แˆ˜แ‹ซแ‹ แŠฅแ‹จแ‰ฐแˆแ€แˆ˜ แ‹ซแˆˆ แˆตแ‹แˆญ แˆดแˆซ แ‹แˆตแŒฅ แ‰ แŒฅแ‰‚แ‰ฑแฃ

    1แŠ›แก แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ตแŠ• แ‹จแˆšแˆ˜แˆˆแŠจแ‰ต แˆฒแˆ†แŠ• แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ดแ‰ต แŠ แ‹ตแˆญแŒˆแ‹ แ‹จแˆ…แ‹แ‰กแŠ• แ‹จแŠ แˆ›แˆซแŠแ‰ต แˆตแˆœแ‰ต แˆ›แŒฅแ‹แ‰ตแŠ“ แ‹จแŠ แˆ›แˆซแŠแ‰ต แŒฅแ‹ซแ‰„ แ‹จแˆšแ‹ซแŠแˆฑแ‰ตแŠ• แˆ›แŒฅแ‰ƒแ‰ต แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ณแˆˆแ‰ฃแ‰ธแ‹ แ‹จแˆšแ‹˜แˆจแ‹แˆจ แŠแ‹แกแก แŠจแ‹šแˆ…แˆ แ‹แˆตแŒฅ

    แˆ€แก แ‹จแ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ตแŠ• แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ญ แ‹จแˆšแŠจแ‰ณแ‰ฐแˆ‰แ‰ตแŠ• แŠฅแ‹จแˆˆแ‹ฉ แˆ›แŒฅแ‰ƒแ‰ตแŠ“ แˆแŠ•แˆ แŠ แ‹ญแŠแ‰ต แˆตแˆซ แˆ˜แˆตแˆซแ‰ต แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ณแ‹ญแ‰ฝแˆ‰ แ‰ แˆšแŒˆแŠ™แ‰ แ‰ต แˆแˆ‰ แ‰ฝแŒแˆญ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฒแŒˆแŒฅแˆ›แ‰ธแ‹แŠ“ แ‰ฐแ‰€แ‰ฃแ‹ญ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ณแ‹ญแŠ–แˆซแ‰ธแ‹ แˆ›แ‹ตแˆจแŒแกแก แ‹ญแˆ…แŠ• แ‹จแˆšแ‰‹แ‰‹แˆ™ แŠซแˆ‰ แ‹ฐแŒแˆž แˆ›แˆตแ‹ˆแŒˆแ‹ตแŠ“ แŠจแ‰คแ‰ฐแˆฐแ‰ฆแ‰ปแ‰ธแ‹ แˆ˜แˆˆแ‹จแ‰ตแค แˆ›แˆˆแ‰ตแˆ แˆ˜แŒแ‹ฐแˆ แˆ›แˆˆแ‰ณแ‰ธแ‹ แŠแ‹แกแก แ‹ญแˆ…แˆ แ‰ แ‰ฐแˆˆแ‹ญแˆ แ‹แŒช แˆ€แŒˆแˆญ แ‹ซแˆ‰แ‰ตแŠ• แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐ แˆ€แŒˆแˆญ แ‰คแ‰ต แˆŠแ‰†แŒฃแŒ แˆฏแ‰ธแ‹แŠ“ แ‹จแˆแˆˆแŒ‹แ‰ธแ‹แŠ• แˆŠแ‹ซแ‹ฐแˆญแŒ“แ‰ธแ‹ แˆตแˆˆแˆ›แ‹ญแ‰ฝแˆ‰ แŒแ‹ตแ‹ซแ‹ แ‰ แ‹แŒช แ‰ แˆšแŒˆแŠ™แ‰ต แˆ‹แ‹ญ แ‹ซแ‰ฐแŠฎแˆจ แŠแ‹แกแก แ‰ แŠ แ‰ถ แ‹ฐแˆ˜แ‰€ แˆ‹แ‹ญ แ‹จแ‰ฐแˆžแŠจแˆจแ‹แˆ แ‹จแ‹šแˆ… แŠ แŠซแˆ แŠแ‹แกแก

    แˆˆแก แ‹จแŠ แˆ›แˆซ แˆดแ‰ถแ‰ฝแŠ• แŠฅแŠแˆฑ แ‰ แˆ›แŒแ‰ฃแ‰ต แˆแŒ†แ‰ฝ แˆฒแ‹ˆแˆˆแ‹ฑ แŠ แˆ›แˆซ แ‹จแˆšแ‰ฃแˆแŠ• แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ณแ‹ซแ‹แ‰แŠ“ แˆ™แˆ‰ แ‰ แˆ™แˆ‰ แ‹จแ‰ตแŒแˆฌ แˆตแˆœแ‰ต แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฒแŠ–แˆซแ‰ธแ‹ แˆ›แ‹ตแˆจแŒแกแก แ‹ญแˆ…แŠ•แˆ แŠฅแ‹ซแ‹ฐแˆจแŒ‰ แ‹ญแŒˆแŠ›แˆแกแก

    แˆแก แ‰คแ‰ฐแŠญแˆญแˆตแ‰ตแ‹ซแŠ•แˆ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐ แ‰ตแˆแˆ…แˆญแ‰ต แ‰คแ‰ตแฃ แ‰ขแˆฎแŠ“ แ‰ แˆแˆ‰แˆ แ‹˜แˆญแ แ‰ แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆšแˆ†แŠแ‹ แˆแˆ‰ แ‰ตแŒแˆญแŠ› แ‰‹แŠ•แ‰‹ แ‰ฅแ‰ป แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฒแŒ แ‰€แˆ™ แˆ›แ‹ตแˆจแŒแกแก

    แˆ˜แก แŠจแŠ แˆ›แˆซ แ‹ตแŠ•แ‰ แˆญ แŠ แ‹‹แˆณแŠ แ‹จแˆ†แŠแŠ• แŒญแˆแˆญ แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ตแŠ• แ‰ แŠ แ‹ฒแˆต แ‹จแ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แˆฐแ‹แˆชแ‹Žแ‰ฝ แˆ˜แ‹ซแ‹

    แˆ แก แˆแˆ˜แˆซแŠ• แŒจแˆแˆฎ แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต แŠจแŒŽแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆญ แŒ‹แˆญ แ‹ซแˆˆแ‹แŠ• แ‹จแŠ•แŒแ‹ตแŠ“ แ‹จแŠขแŠฎแŠ–แˆš แ‰ตแˆตแˆตแˆญ แˆ˜แˆตแ‰ แˆญแกแก แ‹ญแˆ…แˆ แ‹จแ‹แˆธแ‰ต แˆแŠญแŠ•แ‹ซแ‰ต แŠฅแ‹จแˆแŒ แˆฉ แŠจแˆฑแ‹ณแŠ• แ‰ แŠฉแˆ แ‰ แˆ˜แ‰ฐแˆ› แ‹จแˆšแŒˆแ‰ฃ แŠฅแ‰ƒ แ‹ถแŠญแˆ˜แŠ•แ‰ต แ‹จแˆˆแ‹แˆแก แˆ…แŒˆ แ‹ˆแŒฅ แŠแ‹แŠ“ แ‰ แˆŒแˆ‹แˆ แˆฐแ‰ แ‰ฅ แˆแˆ˜แˆซแŠ“ แˆŒแˆŽแ‰ฝ แ‹จแ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต แ‰ฆแ‰ณแ‹ˆแ‰ฝ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ณแ‹ญแ‹ฐแˆญแˆฐ แˆ›แ‹ตแˆจแŒแกแก แŠแŒ‹แ‹ดแ‹Žแ‰ฝแŠ•แˆ แˆ†แŠ แˆพแŒแˆฎแ‰ฝแŠ• แ‰ แ‹แˆธแ‰ต แˆ˜แ‹ˆแŠ•แŒ€แˆแŠ“ แ‰ แˆ›แˆตแˆแˆซแˆซแ‰ต แ‹ณแŒแˆ˜แŠ› แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ณแ‹ญแˆ˜แŒก แˆ›แ‹ตแˆจแŒแกแก แŠจแˆแˆ˜แˆซแˆ แˆ†แŠ แŠจแ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต แ‹ˆแ‹ฐ แŒŽแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆญ แŒแ‰ฅแ‹ญแ‰ตแก แ‹จแŠขแŠฎแŠ–แˆš แŠฅแŠ•แ‰…แˆตแ‰ƒแˆด แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ณแ‹ญแŠซแˆ„แ‹ตแŠ“ แ‹จแˆ…แ‹แ‰ฅ แŒแŠ•แŠ™แŠแ‰ต แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฒแ‹ณแŠจแˆ แˆ›แ‹ตแˆจแŒแกแก แ‰ แˆŒแˆ‹ แ‰ แŠฉแˆ แ‹ฐแŒแˆž แ‰ แˆฝแˆฌ แ‰ แŠฉแˆ แŠจแ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แŠฅแ‰ƒแ‹Žแ‰ฝแŠ• แŠฅแ‹ซแˆ˜แŒก แ‰ แˆญแŠซแˆฝ แ‹‹แŒ‹ แ‰ แˆ˜แˆธแŒฅ แ‹จแŒŽแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆญแŠ• แ‹แ‹ต แˆ›แˆตแˆ˜แˆฐแˆแŠ“ แ‹จแˆ…แ‹แ‰ฆแ‰ฝแŠ• แˆตแˆœแ‰ต แŠจแŒŽแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆญ แ‹ˆแ‹ฐ แ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‰ต แˆ›แ‹ตแˆจแŒแกแก แ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญแŠ•แŠ“ แ‰ฐแŠจแ‹œแŠ• แ‰ฐแˆปแŒแˆฎ แ‰ แ‰…แŠ แŒแ‹›แ‰ต แ‹จแ‹ซแ‹™แ‰ตแŠ• แ‹จแŒŽแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆญแŠ• แˆ˜แˆฌแ‰ต แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต แŠฅแˆตแŠจ แˆฑแ‹ณแŠ• แŒ แˆจแ แ‹ตแˆจแˆต แ‰ แˆ˜แŠ•แŒˆแ‹ต แˆ›แˆตแ‰ฐแˆณแˆฐแˆญแŠ“ แ‰ แˆ˜แˆฐแˆจแ‰ฐ แˆแˆ›แ‰ต แ‹จแ‰ฐแˆปแˆˆ แ‰ แˆ›แˆตแˆ˜แˆตแˆ แŒŽแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆญแŠ• แ‹ตแˆ€ แŠแ‹ แŠฅแ‹ซแˆ‰ แŠ—แˆชแ‹Žแ‰ฝ แ‹ˆแ‹ฐ แ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฒแˆธแˆนแ‰ต แˆ›แ‹ตแˆจแŒแกแก

    2แŠ›แก แˆซแ‹ซ แŠ แ‹˜แ‰ฆแŠ• แ‹จแˆšแˆ˜แˆˆแŠจแ‰ต แˆฒแˆ†แŠ• แ‰ แ‹šแˆ…แˆ แˆ‹แ‹ญ แˆแŠญ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐ แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต แˆซแ‹ซแ‹ˆแ‰ฝแŠ• แ‰ แˆแˆตแŒขแˆญ แˆˆแˆ›แŒฅแ‹แ‰ต แ‰ แ‹˜แˆ˜แ‰ป แˆ˜แˆแŠจ แ‰ฐแŠแˆตแ‰ฐแ‹แ‰ฃแ‰ธแ‹‹แˆแกแก แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‰ตแˆ แˆ†แŠ แˆซแ‹ซ แŠจ20 แŠ แˆ˜แ‰ต แ‰ แŠแ‰ต แ‰ แˆ…แŒˆแ‹ˆแŒฅ แˆ˜แŠ•แŒˆแ‹ต แŠจแŠแˆฑ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐแ‰ฐแŠจแˆˆแˆ‰แŠ“ แ‰ แŒ‰แˆแ‰ แ‰ต แˆˆแˆ˜แ‹ซแ‹ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆžแŠจแˆฉ แ‹จแˆšแ‰ณแ‹ˆแ‰… แˆฒแˆ†แŠ• แŠ แˆแŠ• แŒแŠ• แˆ…แ‹แ‰ก แ‹ญแˆ…แŠ• แŠฅแ‹จแ‰ฐแ‰ƒแ‹ˆแˆ˜แŠ“ แˆŠแ‰‹แ‰‹แˆ™แ‰ต แ‹จแˆšแ‹ซแˆตแ‰ฝแˆ แˆ…แŒ‹แ‹Š แˆ˜แŠ•แŒˆแ‹ต แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆŒแˆ‹แ‰ธแ‹ แ‰ แ‹ฐแŠ•แ‰ฅ แ‰ฐแˆจแ‹ตแ‰ฐแ‹แ‰ณแˆแกแก แ‹จแˆšแˆ†แŠ‘แ‰ต แˆแˆ‰ แŒญแŠ•แ‰€แ‰ต แ‰ แ‹ˆแˆˆแ‹ฐแ‹ แˆ€แˆณแ‰ฅ แ‰ แˆแˆตแŒขแˆญ แ‰ฐแˆตแˆ›แˆ˜แ‰ฐแ‹แŠ“ แ‰ฐแˆ›แˆแˆˆแ‹ แ‰ แ‹ตแ‰ฅแ‰… แ‹จแˆšแˆแ…แˆ™แ‰ต แ‹จแˆ˜แŒจแˆจแˆปแŠ“ แ‹จแˆ›แ‹ซแ‹ณแŒแˆ แŠฅแˆญแˆแŒƒ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฒแˆ†แŠ• แ‹ˆแˆตแŠแ‹ แŠแ‹แกแก แ‹ญแˆ…แˆ แ‰ แŠ แŠ•แ‹ต แ‰ แŠฉแˆ แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฆแ‰ฝ แˆซแˆณแ‰ธแ‹แŠ• แŠฅแ‹ซแŒก แ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฒแˆ†แŠ‘ แˆ›แ‹ตแˆจแŒ แˆฒแˆ†แŠ• แ‰ แŒ‰แˆแ‰ แ‰ตแก แ‰ แˆ›แŒญแ‰ แˆญแ‰ แˆญแŠ“ แ‰ แŒ‰แ‰ฆ แŠ แ‰€แˆซแˆจแ‰ฆแ‰ฝ แŠฅแ‰ฐแŒ แ‰€แˆ™แŠ“ แŠจแŠ—แˆชแ‹Žแ‰ฝ แ‹แˆตแŒฅ แŠ แŠ•แ‹ณแŠ•แ‹ต แˆ†แ‹ณแˆžแ‰ฝแŠ•แŠ“ แˆžแŠžแ‰ฝแŠ• แŠฅแ‹จแŒˆแ‹™แŠ“ แŠฅแ‹จแˆธแŠแŒˆแˆ‰ แŠแ‹แกแก แ‹จแŠ แˆ›แˆซ แŠญแˆแˆ แŠจแ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แŠ แ‹‹แˆณแŠ แ‹จแˆ†แŠ‘แ‰ตแŠ• แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฆแ‰นแŠ• แ‰ แ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แ‹ˆแˆฐแŠ• แŠจแˆšแŒˆแŠ™แ‰ต แŠฅแŒ…แŒ แ‰ แ‰ แˆˆแŒ  แ‰ แ‰ฐแˆˆแ‹ซแ‹จ แˆ˜แŠ•แŒˆแ‹ต แ‹จแˆšแŒ แ‰…แˆ›แ‰ธแ‹แŠ“ แˆˆแŠแˆฑ แ‹จแˆšแˆฐแˆซ แˆตแˆˆแˆ†แŠ แˆซแ‹ซ แŠ แ‹˜แ‰ฆแ‹Žแ‰ฝ แ‹ญแˆ…แŠ• แŒฅแ‰…แˆ แแˆˆแŒ‹ แ‹ˆแ‹ฐ แŠ แˆ›แˆซ แˆแˆ‚แ‹ต แ‹ญแˆ‹แˆ‰ แ‹จแˆšแˆ แ‹จแแˆซแ‰ป แˆ€แˆณแ‰ฃแ‰ฅแˆ แŠ แˆ‹แ‰ธแ‹แกแก แŠฅแŠ“ แ‹ญแˆ…แŠ• แŠฅแŠ“แˆตแ‰แˆ แŠแ‹ แ‹จแˆšแˆ‰แกแก

    แ‹จแˆšแ‹ซแˆตแ‰†แˆ™แ‰ต แŒแŠ• แˆˆแˆซแ‹ซ แŠ แ‹˜แ‰ฆ แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฅ แˆซแˆฐแŠ• แ‰ แˆซแˆต แˆ˜แ‹ˆแˆฐแŠ• แ‰ แˆšแˆ แ‹จแˆซแˆณแ‰ธแ‹ แ‹จแŒแˆ แˆ˜แ‰ฐแ‹ณแ‹ฐแˆชแ‹ซ แ‹ฐแŠ•แ‰ฅ แˆ˜แˆฐแˆจแ‰ต แ‹จแˆซแˆฑแŠ• แ‹žแŠ• แˆ›แˆตแ‰ฐแ‹ณแ‹ฐแˆญแŠ“ แ‰ แˆซแˆฑ แ‰‹แŠ•แ‰‹ แ‹จแˆ˜แˆ›แˆญแˆ แˆ†แŠ แ‹จแˆ˜แŒˆแˆแŒˆแˆ แŠฅแ‹ตแˆ แˆˆแˆ˜แˆตแŒ แ‰ต แ‰ แŒญแˆซแˆฝ แŠ แ‹ญแˆแˆแŒ‰แˆแกแก แ‰ตแŒแˆญแŠ› แ‰ฅแ‰ป แŠแ‹ แˆ˜แŒˆแˆแŒˆแˆ แ‹ซแˆˆแ‰ แ‰ตแกแก แ‹จแˆซแ‹ซ แŠ แ‹˜แ‰ฆ แ‹˜แˆแŠ• แ‹‹แŠแŠ›แ‹ แˆ˜แˆณแˆชแ‹ซ แˆ˜แˆฐแŠ•แ‰† แˆฒแˆ†แŠ• แŒญแˆแˆซแ‹ แ‹ฐแŒแˆž แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐ แˆ›แŠ•แŠ›แ‹แˆ แ‹ˆแˆŽแŠ“ แ‹จแŠ แˆ›แˆซ แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฅ แŠ แ‹ญแŠแ‰ต แŠฅแˆตแŠญแˆตแ‰ณ แŠแ‹แกแก แ‹จแˆ…แ‹ˆแˆƒแ‰ถแ‰ฝ แˆแˆตแŒขแˆซแ‹Š แŠฅแ‰…แ‹ตแŠ“ แŠฅแ‹จแˆฐแˆฉแ‰ แ‰ต แ‹ซแˆˆ แ‹ตแ‰ฅแ‰… แŠ แŒ€แŠ•แ‹ณ แŒแŠ• แ‰ แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ตแฃ แ‰ แˆซแ‹ซแก แ‰ แŠขแˆฎแ‰ฅแฃ แ‰ แŠฉแŠ“แˆ›แŠ“ แ‰ แŠ แ‹แˆญ แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฆแ‰ฝ แˆ‹แ‹ญ แ‹จแ‰ตแŒแˆญแŠ› แ‰‹แŠ•แ‰‹แŠ• แ‰ฅแ‰ป แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฒแŒ แ‰€แˆ™แŠ“ แ‹˜แˆแŠ“แ‰ธแ‹แˆ แŠจแ‰ แˆฎแŠ“ แŠญแˆซแˆญ แ‰ฅแ‰ป แˆ†แŠ– แ‹จแ‰ตแŒแˆญแŠ› แˆแ‰ต แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฒแŠ–แˆจแ‹ แŠแ‹แกแก แ‰ณแ‹ฒแ‹ซ แ‹ญแˆ… แ‹˜แˆญ แˆ›แŒฅแ‹แ‰ต แŠซแˆแˆ†แŠ แˆแŠ• แ‹ญแ‰ฃแˆ‹แˆแกแก แ‹จแˆฐแ‹ แˆฐแ‹แŠแ‰ฑ แ‰ฃแˆ…แˆ‰ แŠแ‹แกแก แŠฅแŠแˆฑ แŒแŠ• แ‰ฃแˆ…แˆ‰แŠ• แˆˆแˆ›แŒฅแ‹แ‰ต แŠแ‹ แ‰ แ‹ตแ‰ฅแ‰… แŠฅแ‹จแˆฐแˆฉ แ‹ซแˆ‰แกแก

    แ‰ แŠ แŠ•แƒแˆฉ แŒแŠ• แ‰ แ‰ฅแŠ แ‹ดแŠ• แ‰ แ‰ฐแˆฐแŒˆแˆฐแŒ‰ แ‹จแˆ…แ‹ˆแˆƒแ‰ต แ‰ฐแˆ‹แˆ‹แŠชแ‹Žแ‰ฝแŠ“ แ‰…แŒฅแˆจแŠžแ‰ฝ แŠ แˆ›แŠซแŠแŠแ‰ต แ‰ แŠ แˆ›แˆซ แŠญแˆแˆ แ€แŒ‰แˆญ แŠ แ‹จแˆฐแŠแŒ แ‰ แˆแ‹ฉแŠแ‰ต แ‰ แˆ˜แแŒ แˆญ แ‹žแŠ•แŠ“ แˆแ‹ฉ แŠ แˆตแ‰ฐแ‹ณแ‹ฐแˆญ แ‰ แˆšแˆ แˆฐแ‰ แ‰ฅ แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆƒแ‰ถแ‰ฝ แ‹จแˆšแ‰€แˆแ‹ฑ แŠ“แ‰ธแ‹แกแก แ‰ แŠขแ‰ตแ‹ฎแŒฐแ‹ซ แŒแ‹›แ‰ต แ‹ซแˆ‰ แˆแˆ‰แˆ แ‰ฅแˆ„แˆจแˆฐแ‰ฆแ‰ฝ แ‹จแˆซแˆณแ‰ธแ‹ แ‹จแˆ†แŠ แŠ แˆตแ‰ฐแ‹ณแ‹ฐแˆญแŠ“ แ‰‹แŠ•แ‰‹ แ‹ญแŒˆแˆˆแŒˆแˆ‹แˆ‰แกแก แ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญแŠ“ แŠฆแˆฎแˆž แ‹แˆตแŒฅ แŒแŠ• แ‹ญแˆ… แŠ แ‹ญแˆแ‰€แ‹ตแˆแกแก แ‹‹แŒแˆแˆซแŠ• แŠจแŠ แˆ›แˆซ แ‹จแˆšแˆˆแ‹จแ‹ แ‰ แŒฃแˆ แŒฅแ‰‚แ‰ต แˆแŠญแŠ•แ‹ซแ‰ต แŠแ‹แกแก แŠจแ‹˜แˆแŠ• แŠฅแˆตแŠจ แ‰ฃแˆ…แˆแŠ“ แ‰ แ‰ฅแ‹™ แŠแŒˆแˆญ แ‹ญแˆ˜แˆณแˆฐแˆ‹แˆแกแก แˆแˆ‰แˆ แˆŠแ‰ฃแˆ แ‰ แˆšแ‰ฝแˆ แˆ˜แˆแŠญ แŠ แˆ›แˆญแŠ› แ‹ซแ‹ˆแˆซแˆแกแก แŠแŒˆแˆญ แŒแŠ• แ‹จแˆซแˆฑ แ‹จแˆ†แŠ แŠ แˆตแ‰ฐแ‹ณแ‹ฐแˆญแŠ“ แ‰ แˆซแˆฑ แ‰‹แŠ•แ‰‹ แˆ˜แŒˆแˆแŒˆแˆ แˆ˜แ‰ฅแ‰ต แŠ แˆˆแ‹แกแก แŠจแ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แŠญแˆแˆ แ‹ซแˆˆ แˆซแ‹ซ แŒแŠ• แ‰แŒฅแˆฉ แ‹จแ‰ แ‹› แˆ†แŠ– แŠฅแ‹ซแˆˆแŠ“ แŠจแ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แŒ‹แˆญ แ‰ แŒฃแˆ แ‹แˆตแŠ• แ‹จแ‰‹แŠ•แ‰‹แˆ แˆ†แŠ แ‹จแ‰ฃแˆ…แˆ แŒแŠ•แŠ™แŠแ‰ต แ‹ซแˆˆแ‹ แˆ†แŠ– แ‹ซแˆˆ แŠแŒˆแˆญ แŒแŠ• แ‰ แˆซแˆต แŠจแˆ›แˆตแ‰ฐแ‹ณแ‹ฐแˆญแŠ“ แ‰ แˆซแˆต แ‰‹แŠ•แ‰‹ แŠจแˆ˜แŒˆแˆแŒˆแˆ แŒ€แˆแˆฎ แˆแŠ•แˆ แˆ˜แ‰ฅแ‰ต แˆตแˆˆแˆแŠ•แˆ แ‹จแˆˆแ‹แˆแกแก แŠขแˆฎแ‰ฅแฃ แŠฉแŠ“แˆ›แŠ“ แŠ แ‹แˆญแˆ แ‹จแ‹šแˆ… แŠ แ‹ญแŠแ‰ต แŠฅแŒฃ แŠแ‹ แ‹จแ‰ฐแˆแˆจแ‹ฐแ‰ฃแ‰ธแ‹แกแก

    แˆˆแˆ›แŠ•แŠ›แ‹แˆ แŒแŠ• แ‰ แˆ˜แˆธแ‰ฃแ‰ธแ‹ แŒŠแ‹œ แˆตแˆˆแˆ›แ‹ญแˆณแŠซแˆ‹แ‰ธแ‹ แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ญ แŠฅแ‹จแ‰ฐแ‰ธแŒˆแˆฉแŠ“ แŠฅแ‹ซแˆตแ‰ธแŒˆแˆฉ แ‹ซแˆ‰ แŠฅแŠ•แŒ‚ แ‰ แˆแˆตแŒขแˆญ แ‰ฐแˆตแˆ›แˆ˜แ‰ฐแ‹ แ‰ แ‹ตแ‰ฅแ‰… แ‹จแˆšแˆแ…แˆ˜แ‰ต แ‹ญแˆแŠ• แ‹ˆแ‹ญแˆ แ‰ แˆŒแˆ‹ แˆ˜แŠ•แŒˆแ‹ต แŠ แŠ•แ‹ฑแˆ แŠฅแŠแˆฑ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆšแˆแˆแŒ‰แ‰ต แˆŠแˆ†แˆ‹แ‰ธแ‹ แŠ แ‹ญแ‰ฝแˆแˆแกแก แŒฅแ‰ƒแ‰ต แŠ แ‹จแ‰ฐแˆแ€แˆ˜แ‰ แ‰ต แ‹ซแˆˆ แˆŒแˆ‹แ‹ แ‹ˆแŒˆแŠ• แˆแŠ• แˆ˜แˆฐแˆ‹แ‰ธแ‹แก แ‹ซแˆˆแŠ•แ‰ แ‰ต แ‹˜แˆ˜แŠ•แˆต 1991แฃ 1994แฃแกแกแก แ‹ˆแ‹ญแˆต 2012 แˆ˜แˆฐแˆ‹แ‰ธแ‹ แŠ แŠ•แ‹ด

    แ‹แˆ แ‰ฅแˆˆแ‹ แ‹จแˆšแ‹ฐแŠญแˆ™ แˆตแˆˆแˆ˜แˆ†แŠแ‰ฝแ‹ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐ แˆแˆณแˆŒแค

    แ‰ฃแ‹ตแˆ˜ แ‰ตแŠ•แˆฝแŠ“ แ‹ฐแŠ•แŒ‹แ‹ญ แ‹จแˆˆแ‰ แˆฐ แ‹จแˆ›แ‹ญแˆจแ‰ฃ แˆ˜แˆฌแ‰ต แŠแ‹แกแก แ‹ญแˆแŠ•แŠ“ แ‹จแˆ˜แ‰ฅแ‰ต แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ญ แŠแ‹แŠ“ แŠคแˆญแ‰ตแˆซ แก แ‹จแŠ” แ‹ญแŒˆแ‰ฃแŠ›แˆแกแก แŠจแŠขแŒฃแˆŠแ‹ซ แŒฆแˆญแŠแ‰ต แ‰ แŠ‹แˆ‹ แŠแ‹ แ‰ แˆตแˆ…แ‰ฐแ‰ต แŠจแ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แŒ‹แˆญ แ‹จแ‰ฐแ‰€แˆ‹แ‰€แˆˆแกแก แ‰ แŒฃแˆŠแ‹ซแŠ• แ‰…แŠ แŒแ‹›แ‰ต แ‹˜แˆ˜แŠ• แŒแŠ• แŠจแŠคแˆญแ‰ตแˆซ แŒ‹แˆญ แŠแ‹แก แ‰ แˆšแˆ แˆˆแŒ แ‹จแ‰€แ‰ฝแ‹ แŒฅแ‹ซแ‰„ แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆƒแ‰ต แŠ แˆปแŽแˆจแŠ แˆตแˆ‹แˆˆ แŠแ‹ แ‹ˆแ‹ฐ แŒแŒญแ‰ต แ‰ฐแ‹›แ‹แˆฎ แ‹ซ แˆแˆ‰ แ‹จแŠ•แ‰ฅแˆจแ‰ต แ‹แ‹ตแˆ˜แ‰ตแŠ“ แ‹จแˆ…แ‹ญแ‹ˆแ‰ต แˆ˜แŒฅแ‹แ‰ต แ‹จแ‰ฐแˆแ€แˆ˜แกแก แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ฉ แ‰ แŠ แˆˆแˆ แŠ แ‰€แ แแˆญแ‹ต แ‰คแ‰ต แ‰€แˆญแ‰ฆ แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆƒแ‰ต แ‰ฅแ‹™ แ‹ˆแŒช แ‰ แˆ›แ‹แŒฃแ‰ต แ‰ขแŠจแˆซแŠจแˆญแˆ แŠขแˆณแ‹ซแˆต แŒแŠ• แ‹ซแˆˆแ‰ฝแ‹แŠ• แŠ แŠ•แ‹ต แŠฅแ‹แŠแ‰ฐแŠ› แˆ˜แˆจแŒƒ แ‰ แˆ›แ‰…แˆจแ‰ฅ แ‹ซแŠ• แˆแˆ‰ แ‹จแˆ€แ‹ˆแˆƒแ‰ตแŠ• แ‹ตแŠซแˆแŠ“ แŒ‰แˆซ แ‰ฃแ‹ถ แŠแ‹ แ‹ซแˆตแ‰€แˆจแ‹แกแก

    แ‹จแŠ แˆˆแˆ แแˆญแ‹ต แ‰คแ‰ต แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐ แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆƒแ‰ต แ‹จแ‹žแˆจแ‰ แ‰ต แˆ†แŠ– แˆ…แ‹แ‰ก แˆแŠ• แ‰‹แŠ•แ‰‹ แ‹ญแŠ“แŒˆแˆซแˆ แŠฅแ‹ซแˆˆ แˆณแ‹ญแˆ†แŠ• แ‹จแˆšแˆแˆญแ‹ต แ‹จแ‰ฃแˆˆแ‰คแ‰ตแŠแ‰ต แˆ˜แˆจแŒƒ แˆ›แˆจแŒ‹แŒˆแŒซ แŠ แˆแŒฃ แŠแ‹ แ‹จแˆšแˆแกแก แ‹จแ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‰ตแˆ แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ญ แ‰ แ‹šแˆ… แˆ˜แˆแŠญ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆšแˆแ€แˆ แˆแŠ•แˆ แŒฅแˆญแŒฅแˆญ แ‹จแˆˆแ‹แˆแกแก แ‹จแˆซแ‹ซแˆ แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ญ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐแ‹šแˆ แŠแ‹แกแก แŠจแ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แŒ‹แˆญ แ‹จแˆšแ‰€แˆ‹แ‰…แˆ แŠ แŠ•แ‹ตแˆ แ‰ แˆ˜แˆจแŒƒ แ‹จแ‰ฐแ‹ฐแŒˆแˆ แˆแŠญแŠ•แ‹ซแ‰ต แ‹จแˆ‹แ‰ธแ‹แˆแกแก แ‰ฃแ‹ตแˆ˜แŠ• แŠจแ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แ‹จแˆšแˆˆแ‹ญ แ‰ฐแˆแŒฅแˆซแ‹Š แˆแŠญแŠ•แ‹ซแ‰ต แˆณแ‹ญแŠ–แˆญ แŠแŒˆแˆญ แŒแŠ• แˆˆแŠคแˆญแ‰ตแˆซ แˆฒแ‹ˆแˆฐแŠ• แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ดแ‰ต แˆ†แŠ– แŠแ‹ แ‰ฐแŠจแ‹œแŠ• แ‹ซแˆ…แˆ แ‰ณแˆ‹แ‰… แ‹ˆแŠ•แ‹ แŒŽแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆญแŠ•แŠ“ แ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญแŠ• แ‹จแˆšแŠจแˆแˆ แ‹ˆแˆฐแŠ• แˆ†แŠ– แŠฅแ‹ซแˆˆ แ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แ‹ˆแŠ•แ‹ แ‰ฐแˆปแŒˆแˆฎ แ‰ แˆ˜แˆแŒฃแ‰ต แ‹จแ‹ญแŒˆแ‰ฃแŠ›แˆ แŒฅแ‹ซแ‰„ แˆŠแ‹ซแ‰€แˆญแ‰ฅ แ‹จแˆšแ‰ฝแˆแกแก แŠฅแ‹แŠแ‰ตแˆ แˆฐแ‹แŠแ‰ณแ‰ธแ‹แŠ• แ‹ซแŒก แ‹ˆแˆฎ แ‰ แˆ‹แ‹Žแ‰ฝ แŠ“แ‰ธแ‹แค แ‹ญแˆ…แŠ• แˆแŠ• แŒŠแ‹œแˆ แˆŠแˆ†แŠ• แ‹จแˆ›แ‹ญแ‰ฝแˆแŠ• แ‹ญแˆ†แŠ“แˆ แ‰ฅแˆˆแ‹ แˆฒแ‹ซแˆตแ‰ก

    แ‰‹แŠ•แ‰‹ แŠฅแ‹จแ‰ฐแ‰ฃแˆˆ แ‹จแ‰ฆแ‰ณ แ‰ฃแˆˆแ‰คแ‰ตแŠแ‰ต แ‹จแˆšแˆฐแŠ• แŠจแˆ†แŠแˆ› แŠแŒˆ แˆˆแŠ•แ‹ฐแŠ•แŠ“ แ‰ฅแ‹™ แ‹จแŠฅแŠ•แŒแˆŠแ‹ แŠจแ‰ฐแˆžแ‰ฝ แˆˆแ‰ฃแŠ•แŒแˆ‹แ‹ดแˆฝแฃ แ“แŠชแˆตแ‰ณแŠ•แฃ แˆ…แŠ•แ‹ตแฃ แ–แˆ‹แŠ•แ‹ตแฃ แˆแˆจแŠ•แˆณแ‹ญแฃ แŒแˆชแŠญแฃ แŠ แˆจแ‰ฅ แŠฅแŠ“ แˆˆแˆŒแˆŽแ‰ฝแˆ แŠจ360 แ‰ แˆ‹แ‹ญ แ‰‹แŠ•แ‰‹ แ‰ฐแŠ“แŒ‹แˆชแ‹ˆแ‰ฝ แ‰ฐแŠจแˆแแˆ‹ แ‰ แˆ˜แŠจแˆˆแˆ แŠฅแŠ•แŒแˆŠแ‹ แˆˆแŠ•แ‹ฐแŠ•แŠ• แŒจแˆแˆฎ แ‰ฅแ‹™ แŠจแ‰ฐแˆžแ‰ฝแŠ• แ‹จแŠ แŠ•แ‰ฝ แ‰ฆแ‰ณ แŠ แ‹ญแ‹ฐแˆ‰แˆ แˆแ‰ตแ‰ฃแˆ แŠแ‹‹แกแก แŠฅแŠ•แŒแˆŠแ‹žแ‰ฝ 37 แ‰ แˆ˜แ‰ถ แ‰ฅแ‰ป แŠ“แ‰ธแ‹ แˆˆแŠ•แ‹ฐแŠ• แŠจแˆšแŠ–แˆจแ‹ 8 แˆšแˆŠแ‹ฎแŠ• แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฅ แ‹แˆตแŒฅแกแก แ‰ แˆŒแˆŽแ‰ฝ แŠจแ‰ฐแˆžแ‰ฝแˆ แˆแŠ”แ‰ณแ‹ แ‹จแ‹šแˆ… แ‰ฐแˆ˜แˆณแˆณแ‹ญ แŠแ‹แกแก แ‰ แŒ€แˆญแˆ˜แŠ•แฃ แˆแˆจแŠ•แˆณแ‹ญแŠ“ แ‰ แˆ˜แˆ‹แ‹ แ‹จแŠ แ‹แˆฎแ“แก แŠ แˆœแˆชแŠซแŠ“ แ‰ แˆ˜แˆณแˆฐแˆ‰แ‰ต แ‹จแ‹šแˆ€ แŠ แ‹ญแŠแ‰ต แŒˆแ…แ‰ณ แŠแ‹ แ‹ซแˆˆแกแก แ‰ณแ‹ฒแ‹ซ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ดแ‰ต แˆ†แŠ– แ‰ แˆšแŠ“แŒˆแˆจแ‹ แ‰‹แŠ•แ‰‹ แŠ แˆ›แŠซแŠแŠแ‰ต แˆŠแŠจแ‹แˆแˆแŠ“ แˆŠแŠจแˆˆแˆ แ‹จแˆšแ‰ฝแˆแกแก แ‹ญแˆ…แŠ• แŠฅแŠฎ แŠแ‹ แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ต แ‰ แŠขแ‰ตแ‹ฎแŒฒแ‹ซ แˆ‹แ‹ญ แŠจแˆ˜แŒฃแ‰ฃแ‰ต แŒ€แˆแˆฎ แŠฅแ‹จแˆแ€แˆ˜แ‰ฃแ‰ต แ‹จแˆšแŒˆแŠแกแก

    แ‰ แˆŒแˆ‹ แ‰ แŠฉแˆ แ‹ฐแŒแˆž แŠฅแŠ•แŒแˆŠแ‹แŠ› แ‰ฐแŠ“แŒ‹แˆช แ‰ แˆ†แŠ แˆ€แŒˆแˆญ แˆแˆ‰ แŠฅแŠ•แŒแˆŠแ‹ แŠฅแ‹จแˆ„แ‹ฐแ‰ฝ แ‹จแŠ”แŠ• แ‰‹แŠ•แ‰‹ แˆตแˆˆแˆแ‰ตแŠ“แŒˆแˆฉ แˆตแŠฎแ‰ตแˆ‹แŠ•แ‹ตแฃ แ‹ŒแˆแˆตแŠ•แŠ“ แˆฐแˆœแŠ• แŠ แ‹จแˆญแˆ‹แŠ•แ‹ต แŒจแˆแˆฎ แ‹จแŠ“แŠ•แ‰ฐ แ‰ฆแ‰ณ แ‹จแŠ” แŠแ‹ แŠฅแ‹ซแˆˆแ‰ฝ แ‰ แŠ แˆˆแˆ แˆ‹แ‹ญ แ‹จแˆšแŒˆแŠ™ แˆ€แŒˆแˆฎแ‰ฝแŠ• แˆแ‰ตแ‹ˆแˆตแ‹ตแŠ“ แˆˆแˆซแˆท แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐ แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆƒแ‰ต แˆˆแˆซแˆท แˆแ‰ตแŠจแˆแˆ แŠแ‹ แˆ›แˆˆแ‰ต แŠแ‹แกแก แ‹ญแˆ… แŠฅแŠฎ แŠแ‹ แ‹จแ‹ฐแŠ•แ‰†แˆฎ แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆƒแ‰ถแ‰ฝ แŠ แˆฐแˆซแˆญแกแก แ‰‹แŠ•แ‰‹ แŒแŠ• แ‹จแˆ˜แŒˆแˆแŒˆแ‹ซ แˆ˜แˆณแˆชแ‹ซ แŠฅแŠ•แŒ‚ แ‹จแˆ›แŠ•แŠแ‰ต แˆ˜แŒแˆˆแŒซแˆ แˆ†แŠ แˆ˜แ‰ณแ‹ˆแ‰‚แ‹ซ แŠ แ‹ญแ‹ฐแˆˆแˆแกแก แŠ แŠ•แ‹ต แˆฐแ‹ แŠ แˆแˆตแ‰ต แ‰‹แŠ•แ‰‹ แ‹ญแŠ“แŒˆแˆซแˆ แ‰ขแ‰ฃแˆแก แ‰ณแ‹ฒแ‹ซ แ‰ แˆ€แ‹ˆแˆƒแ‰ต แˆ…แŒ แˆ˜แˆฐแˆจแ‰ต แˆˆแŠ แˆแˆตแ‰ต แˆŠแ‰†แˆจแŒฅ แŠแ‹ แˆ›แˆˆแ‰ต แŠแ‹แŠ• แ‹ˆแ‹ญแˆต แŠฅแŠแˆฑ แˆ˜แ‰ผแˆ แ‹จแˆ›แ‹ซแˆ˜แŒกแ‰ต แŒ‰แ‹ต แ‹จแˆˆแˆ แˆแŠ• แˆŠแˆ†แŠ• แŠแ‹แกแก

    แ‰ แˆ˜แˆ†แŠ‘แˆ แ‹จแˆแˆˆแ‰ปแŒˆแ‹แŠ• แ‰ แˆแˆตแŒขแˆญแˆ แˆ†แŠ แ‰ แŒแˆแ… แ‹ญแˆแ‰ตแแ‰ฑแŠ“ แ‹ซแ‰กแŠฉ แŠฅแŠ•แŒ‚ แ‰ แŠ แˆˆแˆ แˆ…แŒ แˆ˜แˆฐแˆจแ‰ต แŒแŠ• แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต แŒ แŒˆแ‹ด แˆแŠ• แŒŠแ‹œแˆ แ‹จแŒŽแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆญ แŠ แŠซแˆ แŠแ‹แกแก แ‹จแˆซแ‹ซแˆ แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ญ แ‰ แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฆแ‰ฝ แ‹จแˆšแ‹ˆแˆฐแŠ• แˆฒแˆ†แŠ• แŠจแˆแˆˆแŒ‰ แŠจแ‹ˆแˆŽ แŒ‹แˆญ แ‰ฐแˆ˜แˆแˆฐแ‹ แˆˆแˆ˜แ‰€แˆ‹แ‰€แˆ แ‹จแŠ แˆˆแˆ แˆ…แŒ แˆ™แˆ‰ แ‰ แˆ™แˆ‰ แ‹จแˆšแ‹ฐแŒแˆแ‹ แŠแ‹แกแก

    แกแกแกแ‹จแŒŽแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆญแˆ แˆ†แŠ แ‹จแŠ แˆ›แˆซ แŠซแˆญแ‰ณ แ‰ฐแŠจแ‹œแŠ• แ‰ แŒŽแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆญแŠ“ แ‰ แ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แˆ˜แŠซแŠจแˆ แ‹ตแŠ•แ‰ แˆญ แ‹จแˆšแ‹ซแ‹ฐแˆญแŒ แˆ†แŠ– แ‰ตแŠญแŠญแˆˆแŠ›แ‹แŠ•แŠ“ แŠฅแ‹แŠแ‰ฐแŠ›แ‹แŠ• แŒˆแ…แ‰ณ แ‰ แˆ˜แ‹ซแ‹ แˆ˜แ‹˜แŒ‹แŒ€แ‰ตแŠ“ แˆˆแŒแˆแŒ‹แˆŽแ‰ต แˆ˜แˆ†แŠ• แŠ แˆˆแ‰ แ‰ตแกแก
    แกแกแกแ‹ญแˆ… แ‰ แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ตแฃ แŒ แŒˆแ‹ดแŠ“ แ‰ƒแ‰ฅแ‰ฒแ‹ซ แˆแˆ˜แˆซ แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฅ แˆ‹แ‹ญ แ‹จแ‰ณแ‰€แ‹ฐแ‹ แ‹ตแ‰ฅแ‰ แ‹จแˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ต แˆดแˆซ แˆฒแŒ‹แˆˆแŒฅ แ‹ˆแˆจแ‰€แ‰ต แˆ€แ‹ˆแˆƒแ‰ตแŠ• แ‰ แ‹˜แˆญ แˆ›แŒฅแ‹แ‰ตแŠ“ แ‰ แ‹ˆแˆซแˆชแŠแ‰ต แ‹จแˆšแ‹ซแŒ‹แˆแŒฅ แ‰ตแˆแ‰… แˆ˜แˆจแŒƒ แŠแ‹แŠ“ แŒฅแŠ•แ‰ƒแ‰„ แ‰ฐแ‹ฐแˆญแŒŽแ‰ แ‰ตแŠ“ แ‹ฐแˆ…แŠ•แŠ•แ‰ฑ แ‰ฐแŒ แ‰ฅแ‰† แˆˆแˆ˜แˆจแŒƒแŠแ‰ต แˆ˜แ‰€แˆ˜แŒฅ แ‹ญแŠ–แˆญแ‰ แ‰ณแˆแกแก

    • yeraya lij says:

      bale mereja yih yakerebkew mereja beteley degmo raya azebo betemelekete yakerebkew yefetera were mehonu linegrh efelgalehu lelawm bante wushet endaydenager emekralehu. yeraya azebon bicha tikkl aydelem yalkubet mknyat lelaw ga ale yalkewn chigir ynur aynur bekrbet silemalawkew new. yeraya neger gin kerassie kebalebetu belay ante litnegregn atchlm. bezih meseretm lelawnm yemtaweraw wushet endehone eteretralehu.

  28. Tatek says:

    Lt. Gen. Tsadkan deserves our thanks and sincere appreciation for taking his time to highlight his thoughtful insights and well-founded fear for his country’s ever heating political climate. As he rightly stated there was no doubt in the minds of Ethiopians that the nation is at political crossroads, and it is his and Ethiopians’ very view that our nation is just too important to have its fate tied up in a neat package and thrown into a deep political ocean. While I respect his personal claims that the Govt and its security forces were doing all they could to keep the political ship afloat, I need to highlight that Ethiopians feel as though their country is dancing on the titanic and is going down so fast. The Govt might turn all the TVs, internet lines, Social media and all other Communication off in an attempt to suppress public opposition that has been engulfing the nation like a wildfire, but this is nothing more than a little slice of oblivion before reality grabbed it by the throat again. It seems as though those who are close to the regime are sort of panicking and want the quiet days back at any cost, but they needed to deal with the chief animal: the issues facing the nation. I don’t see time for building pretty fantasies, given the circumstances the nation finds itself under. Reality needed to reign and it needed to reign now. Gen. Tsadkan deserves credit for admitting that EPRDF’s pushing of the OLF to the wall to make sure that power was fully consolidated by the former was a mistake; his reasons for this being ”EPRDF was more democratic than OLF”. I never thought OLF was democratic, for if it was, it could easily have crushed the EPRDF like a bunch of cockroaches given the nature of electrifying public support it enjoyed when it was in the Transitional Govt, but I couldn’t see how crushing public will of that magnitude to control public Authority belonged in the same bracket with democracy either. Tsadkan rightly stated that the late Colonel Meles Zenawi exponentially increased the power of the PM at the expense of parliament. For genuine democracy to develop in Ethiopia, the legislative branch needed to be strengthened, decision-making needed to be shared more widely and more people needed to be able to participate in the political process. Under EPRDF though, Parliament became a puppet institution that dances when the executive branch pulls the strings. And sadly, thanks to Ethiopiaโ€™s claims that it was an indispensable ally on the war on terror, the increasing amount of political repression, including the use of torture at the notorious Mailkelawi Special Investigation Centre, had been deliberately overlooked both by the West and Gen. Tsadkan.
    The other important thing Gen. Tsadkan touched was the size of the Federal Govt that has been growing in sync with the nation’s population. Tsadkan believes in Revolutionary Democracy and Developmental State, and in his view, the Federal Govt had to be at the center of the country’s development initiative. But the problem here is that a very big federal Govt means significantly less role by the private sector in the life of the nation’s economy. It also means extremely huge public spending that had elevated Federal Public debt to over a trillion Birr, which could soon force the Federal Govt to allocate half of its annual budget toward servicing Foreign debt. Currently the Govt pays about 40% of its annual budget for servicing Foreign debt, and despite a third of the Govts’ Federal Budget coming from donors and creditors, Govt books had never been in the black for the entire duration the EPRDF had been in power. It is this mess that the EPRDF tells us 11% economic growth. Gen. Tsadkan might have deliberately tip-toed it, but Ethiopia’s spending limits are currently sky high and the loopholes are bottomless.

    With the Govt’s continued narrative that the economy has been growing at a sky high rate of 11% over the last decade, even when 1 in 5 Ethiopian still relies on Emergency Food Aid and countless Ethiopians struggle daily to make ends meet proven a blatant lie, the only safe bet that the EPRDF could claim to cling on to power was stability; and with that boat now being daily rocked violently by the continued public demand for change, Gen. Tsadkan might just do the nation a huge favor by asking his former Comrades to look at the exit door for good.

  29. Amoraw says:

    5 Ethnic groups are crying for merci in Tigry and calling for help to be saved from the TPLF secret as well as open atrocities against them.

    Tigry is the worst kilil gives no what so ever right to other Ethnic groups living there. Other regions such as Amhara and Debub are allowing all Ethnic groups having own zone and special administrations each of them administrating by themselves and using freely own culture, language and so on in their own administration. But not in Tigry despite it has the largest Ethnic diversities in the country comparing with the population proportion in the kilils after Debub with the population proportion.

    Ethnic groups in Tigry Kilil are:

    Tigre, Amhara, Raya, Irob, Kunama and Afar. Wolkit which is from the other side of the Tekeze River in Gonder is the Amhara people historical and ancient place. It is bigger than Wales in UK or about half of The Netherlands. It is the most fertile and least populated land in Ethiopia. Until TPLF forced it to become part of Tigry kilil in 1994, it had been always part of Gonder/Amhara since the Time of Memorial. Wolkit was one of the seven provinces in Gonder and its capital was/ is Dabat while its symbolic town is Humera.

    The reasons why TPLF did that to Wolkit are because of it is the most fertile and water rich land and Tigry lacks dearly these two very important natural gifts. It is also to get boarder with Sudan as Tigry was always one of the two Ethiopian provinces landlocked within Ethiopia. They occupied wolkit by force in order to get boarders with Sudan; which is a preparation for the independent Tigry state in order to get free boarders to the outside world.

    The worst thing is their crimes happening secretly as well as openly to wipe out the native wolkites those are Amhara. We all know the secret document surfaced this week on the Ethiopian Medias exposing their secret agendas to wipe out the Amhara from Wolkit and Raya from Raya Azebo as they are doing such things against the Irob, Kunama and Afar as well for the last 25 years.

    Raya Azebo was always part of wollo and wollo is part of the Amhara region. Raya had always its provisional administration within wollo and the people do have many things in common with Wollo than anything with Tigry. Since they have been forced to be part of Tigry kilil in 1994, they are subjected to the TPLF crimes against humanity targeting them in many ways.

    Raya is a historical place within the Wollo and Ethiopian long history. Among the historical Raya and Amhara areas are Waichew, Korem, Alamata, Debre Damo and many more. Many Amhara are living in Raya. However, these places are already losing their connection with Raya and Amhara but forced to become Tigre. Look at the Raya people, their music, Eskista, way of life and so on, They have lots in common with Amhara as far as to Gojam than in Tigry close to them.

    Irob people are the historical and independent people in Tigry. They had always their own administration including during Atse Hailessellase and Durge times. But not in the TPLF era. They are losing who they are and forced to become Tigre. They are closer to Saho in Eritrea while having nothing in common with Tigre.
    Kunama and Afar Ethnic groups living in Tigry are facing with the same situation.

    We already know the problems in Tigry and now we have to find the solutions.

    Without any delay Wolkit must get its Amhara identity back legally. Wolkit must get a zone based administration status in all regions beyond the Tekeze River in Gonder, with the Amhara identity while remaining within the Tigry kilil. Wolkites must get the full rights to use their native language which is Amharic in wolkit for all activates in the zone. Tekeze River must be respected as historical and natural boarder Tigry has. Meaning no historical territory to be claimed by Tigry ever in the future beyond the Tekeze River in Gonder.

    This is the only best option TPLF in Tigry and the Ethiopian government that is run by TPLF as well have to do as soon as possible in order to stop the mass uprising in the region before it gets out of hand. Be sure, the Amhara are now like they are rising for the 25 years of humiliation, displacements, sufferings, imprisonment, disappearances, massacre, death and you name it caused by TPLF. They will never ever allow TPLF claiming the ownership of any territory from Gonder by crossing the Tekeze River which is the historical and natural boarder between Tigry and Gonder.

    TPLF and the Ethiopian government must do the same with Raya. Raya Azebo must get own zone based administration within Tigry. They must get their constitutional rights to administrate themselves using their own language and exercise culture freely. Or else, soon, they will demand to be reunited with Wollo which is Amhara as wolkit is doing for the last 25 years.

    However, the wolkit case is no more between the wolkites and the colonizers TPLF but between Amhara and Tigry and it is getting lots of international attentions. We will see who is right and who is wrong in the end as it was done with Badme in Eritrea but still occupied by TPLF. As long as the wolkit issue is not solved at least in the form of Zone based self administration with own Amhara identity, TPLF will never get peace after crossing the Tekeze river in Gonder.

    As TPLF did to the Ethiopian commercial farms and private farmers during the Dergue era in wolkit, the Gonderes will do the same against the Tigre colonizers and settlers. No one would get its way in wolkit as long as the issue is not solved as soon as possible based on the natives demand and constitutional rights.

    Irob people also must get their own Zone based administration. Meaning administrating themselves while using their own language and exercising their own culture. Kunama and Afars also must get the same treatments. We all know TPLF has been busy secretly as well as openly to create those things in the Amhara region. So, why not doing it in own Kilil which is Tigry as it has more distinct one another Ethnic groups in Tigry than within Amhara which is 5 times bigger and many times naturally gifted than Tigry.

  30. Diribba Tolla says:

    Sile gezie , bota ina condition inkwon concept yelelw
    adro xre gazetgna honbg . The timing is absolutely worng .
    le Shabia dula indmaqbel . The country is already in politica\
    turmoil and he pouring gas in the fire . politically naรฏve .

  31. Dabat says:

    very important

    ” Forceful Annexation, Violation of Human Rights and Silent genocide:

    A Quest for Identity and Geographic Restoration of Wolkait-Tegede, Gondar, Amhara, Ethiopia

    By: Achamyeleh Tamiru

    51 pages.


    Google : “A Quest for Identity and Geographic Restoration of Wolkait-Tegede, Gondar, Amhara, Ethiopia”

    This 51 pages document about the history of Wolkait Tegede from the 14th century will tell you everything you want to know about Gonder and Wolkait as it was always part of the Begemeder Gonder. It had never ever been part of Tigry even for a day for the last 600+ years.

    Big thanks to Mr. Achamyeleh Tamiru. He is great for making this remarkable job possible.

  32. Korem says:

    แŠ แˆ›แˆซ แŠแŠ แŠแแŒ แŠ›
    แ‰ แ‹˜แˆญ แˆ›แŠ•แ‹˜แˆฌ แŠ แˆญแ‰ แŠ›
    แ‰ แˆ›แ‹•แˆจแŒ แˆตแˆ แ‰ แŠแแŒ แŠ›
    แˆฒแŒ แˆฉแŠ แŠแŠ แŠฉแˆซแ‰ฐแŠ›

    แˆแ‰  แ‰แŒก แŠ แ‰ตแŠ•แŠฉแŠ แ‰ฃแ‹ญ
    แŠ แˆตแ‰ธแŒ‹แˆชแŠ• แ‹จแˆšแ‹ซแˆฐแ‰ƒแ‹ญ
    แŠ แ‰ตแŠแŠซแŠฉแ‰ต แˆตแŒกแ‰ต แˆฐแˆ‹แˆ
    แ‹ญแ‰ณแŒˆแˆณแˆ แŠฅแŠ•แŒ‚ แŠ แ‹ญแˆซแˆซแˆ
    แ‰†แˆญแŒฆ แˆฒแŠแˆณ แˆฒแ‹ซแ‰…แˆซแˆซ
    แ‹จแˆšแ‹ซแ‰†แˆ˜แ‹ แ‹จแˆˆแˆ แ‹ˆแŠ•แ‹แฃ แ‰ฐแˆซแˆซ
    แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐ แŠฅแˆณแ‰ฐ แŒˆแˆžแˆซ แˆฒแŒˆแŠแแˆ
    แ‹ซแ‰ƒแŒฅแˆ‹แˆ แ‰ แ‰ณแˆ‹แ‰… แ‹ตแˆ

    แŠ แˆ›แˆซ แŠแŠ แŠแแŒ แŠ›
    แ‰ แ‹˜แˆญ แˆ›แŠ•แ‹˜แˆฌ แŠ แˆญแ‰ แŠ›
    แˆˆแˆ˜แ‰ฅแ‰ดแฃ แˆˆแ‰ณแˆชแŠฌแฃ แˆˆแŠ•แ‰ฅแˆจแ‰ด
    แŠญแ‰แฃ แŒจแŠซแŠ แ‰ แŒ แˆ‹แ‰ด
    แŠแแŒ แŠ› แ‹จแŒ€แŒแŠ“ แˆตแˆ
    แˆ˜แˆˆแ‹ซแ‹จ แˆˆแ‹˜แˆ‹แˆˆแˆ
    แˆตแ‹ตแ‰ฅแฃ แ‹แˆญแ‹ฐแ‰ตแฃ แ‹จแˆšแˆ˜แˆตแˆˆแ‹
    แ‹ˆแˆซแ‹ณ แŠแ‹ แ‹จแˆ›แ‹ญแŒˆแ‰ฃแ‹
    แŒ‰แˆซแŒŒแฃ แŠฅแŠ” แŠแแŒ แŠ›
    แ‰ แ‹˜แˆญแฃ แˆ›แŠ•แ‹˜แˆญ แŠ แˆญแ‰ แŠ›

    แŠ แˆ›แˆซ แŠแŠ แŠแแŒ แŠ›
    แ‰ แ‹˜แˆญ แˆ›แŠ•แ‹˜แˆฌ แŠ แˆญแ‰ แŠ›
    แŠแแŒ แŠ›แŠแ‰ต แ‹จแŠญแ‰ฅแˆญ แˆตแˆ
    แ‹›แˆฌแฃ แŠแŒˆ แ‹จแˆšแ‹ฐแŒˆแˆ
    แ‰ฐแŠจแ‹œ แŠแ‹ แ‹ณแˆญแ‹ตแŠ•แ‰ แˆฉ
    แˆ›แˆˆแ แŠ แ‰ตแ‰ฝแˆแˆ แŠจแˆ˜แˆตแˆ˜แˆฉ
    แ‹แˆ แˆตแˆ‹แˆแˆ แˆ˜แˆฐแˆแˆแˆ… แˆžแŠ?
    แˆ€แˆžแ‰ต แŠซแˆˆแˆ… แŠ“ แŒแŒ แˆ˜แŠ
    แŠฅแŠ•แŠณแŠ• แŠ แŠ•แ‰ฐ แˆ›แŠ•แˆ แ‹ญแˆแŒฃ
    แ‰ แŠแแˆต แŠ แ‹แŒชแŠ แ‹ซแ‹ซแˆ แŒฃแŒฃ
    แ‹จแŠ”แŠ• แ‰ฆแ‰ณ แŠ แŠ•แ‰ฐ แˆแ‰ตแ‹ˆแˆตแ‹ต?
    แ‰€แˆแ‹ต แŠ แ‰ณแ‹แ‰…แˆ แ‰ แˆ แŠ แ‰ตแ‰€แˆแ‹ต

    แŠ แˆ›แˆซ แŠแŠ แŠแแŒ แŠ›
    แ‰ แ‹˜แˆญ แˆ›แŠ•แ‹˜แˆฌ แŠ แˆญแ‰ แŠ›
    แˆตแ‹ตแ‰ฅ แˆ˜แˆตแˆŽแˆ… แŠจแˆ†แŠ แ‰ฐแˆณแ‹ฐแ‰ฅ
    แŠฅแŠ” แŠ•แ‰ฅ แŠแŠ แŠ แŠ•แ‰ฐ แŠจแ‹แŠ•แ‰ฅ
    แˆ›แˆ›แˆญ แŠแ‹ แŠ แˆ›แˆซแŠแ‰ต
    แ‰ฅแˆแˆ€แ‰ต แŠ แˆˆแ‹ แˆ˜แ‹ตแˆ€แŠ’แ‰ต
    แˆตแˆˆแŠ” แ‰ณแˆชแŠญ แŠฅแ‹ˆแ‰…
    แ‰ฐแŒฝแŽแˆแŠ›แˆ แ‰ แŠ แˆแˆ›แ‹แฃ แ‰ แ‹ˆแˆญแ‰…แก
    แŒ‰แˆซแŒŒแฃ แŠฅแŠ” แŠแแŒ แŠ›
    แ‰ แ‹˜แˆญแฃ แˆ›แŠ•แ‹˜แˆญ แŠ แˆญแ‰ แŠ›แก

    แŠ แˆ›แˆซ แŠแŠ แŠแแŒ แŠ›
    แ‰ แ‹˜แˆญ แˆ›แŠ•แ‹˜แˆฌ แŠ แˆญแ‰ แŠ›
    แ‰ แˆ›แ‹•แˆจแŒ แˆตแˆ แ‰ แŠแแŒ แŠ›
    แˆฒแŒ แˆฉแŠ แŠแŠ แŠฉแˆซแ‰ฐแŠ›แกแก

  33. Tiger Fox says:

    The General is 100% better than Melesse the devil who dies telling the Ethiopian people lies through out his life.

  34. แ‰ แˆˆแ‹! says:

    >>>> แˆŒ/แŒ„แŠ”แˆซแˆ แƒแ‹ตแ‰ƒแŠ• แ‹จแˆ˜แˆ แˆจแ‰ฑแ‰ต แˆฅแˆญแ‹“แ‰ตแŠ“ แ‹จแˆšแŠจแ‰ฐแˆ‰แ‰ต แˆญแ‹ฎแ‰ฐแ‹“แˆˆแˆ แŠจแŒ แ‰…แˆ‹แˆ‹แ‹ แ‹จแŠขแ‰ตแ‹ฎแŒตแ‹ซ แˆ•แ‹แ‰ฅ แŒ‹แˆญ แ‹จแŒˆแŒ แˆ˜แ‹ แ‹แ‹แŒแ‰ฅ แ‹ซแ‰ฐแˆจแˆแ‹ แ‹แŒคแ‰ต แŠซแˆˆแˆแ‹ แŠ แˆตแŠจแŠแŠ“ แŒจแ‰‹แŠ แˆฅแˆญแ‹“แ‰ต แ‹จแ‰ฐแˆปแˆˆแ‰ แ‰ตแŠ• แˆ˜แˆ แˆจแ‰ณแ‹Š แŠแŒˆแˆญ แˆ•แŒˆแˆ˜แŠ•แŒแˆฅแ‰ต แˆ˜แƒแ‰ แˆ•แ‹แ‰ฅ แ‰ แ‰‹แŠ•แ‰‹แŠ“ แ‰ แ‰ฅแˆ”แˆญ แˆ˜แŠซแˆˆแˆ‰ แ‹ตแŠ•แ‰…แŠ“ แ…แ‹ตแ‰… แŠแ‰ แˆญ แŠซแˆ‰ แ‰ แŠ‹แˆ‹ แ‰ฝแŒแˆฎแ‰ฝ แˆฒแˆแŒ แˆฉ แ‹จแ‰ฐแˆแ‰ฑแ‰ แ‰ต แˆ˜แŠ•แŒˆแ‹ต แŠขแแ‰ตแˆแ‹ŠแŠ“ แŠขแ‹ฒแˆžแŠญแˆซแˆฒแ‹ซแ‹Š แˆ˜แˆ†แŠ‘ แŠ แˆแŠ• แˆ‹แˆˆแŠ•แ‰ แ‰ต แ‹แŒฅแŠ•แ‰…แŠ•แŒฅ แ‰ฝแŒแˆฎแ‰ฝ แˆ˜แˆ แˆจแ‰ต แˆ†แŠ—แˆ แ‰ฅแˆˆแ‹ แ‹จแˆšแˆ˜แˆตแˆ‹แ‰ธแ‹แŠ• แŒแˆ‹แ‹Š แˆ€แˆณแ‰ฅ แŠจแˆ˜แแ‰ตแˆ” แŒ‹แˆญ แˆฒแ‹ซแ‰€แˆญแ‰ก แˆแˆณแ‰ฃแ‰ธแ‹แŠ• แ‹จแ‹ฐแŒˆแ‰แŠ“ แˆแ‹ฉแŠแ‰ต แ‹ซแˆ‹แ‰ธแ‹แŠ• แ‰ แˆ˜แ‹ฐแ‰ฅ แŠ แˆตแ‰€แˆแŒ แ‹แ‰ณแˆ แข แˆˆแŠฅแŠ” แ‹จแ‰ƒแˆˆ แˆ˜แŒ แ‹ญแ‰ แŠ แŒˆแˆ‹แˆˆแŒฝ แ‹จแ‰ฐแˆปแˆˆ แŠแ‹ ** ” แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ต /แŠขแˆ…แŠ แ‹ดแŒ แ‹แˆตแŒฅ แŠซแˆ‰ แˆแˆ›แ‰ณแ‹Šแ‹ฒ แˆžแŠญแˆซแˆฒแ‹ซแ‹Š แ‰ฅแˆ”แˆญแ‰ฐแŠžแ‰ฝ แ‹แŒญ แˆตแˆˆแŠขแ‰ตแ‹ฎแŒตแ‹ซ แ‹จแˆšแ‹ซแˆตแ‰ก แ‹จแˆšแŒจแŠแ‰ แˆ˜แŠ–แˆซแ‰ธแ‹แŠ• แŠ แˆแŠแ‹แ‰ แ‰ณแˆ แข” แ‹ญแˆ…แŠ•แŠ• แŠซแ‹ตแˆฌแ‹ แก แŠ แ‹ตแˆญแ‰ฃแ‹ญแก แŠ แ‹แˆญแ‰ถ แŠ แ‹ฐแˆญ แŠ แ‹ญแ‰€แ‰ แˆ‰แ‰ตแˆ ! แ‰ฃแˆแˆ แˆซแ‹ แˆฅแˆซ แŠฅแ‹จแ‰ฐแ‹ˆแ‹ฐแˆฐ แ‰ แŒญแ‰ฅแŒจแ‰ฃ แ‹ฐแŠแ‰†แˆจ แŠ แ‹ฐแˆˆแˆ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ด ?แ‹‹
    แŠ แˆแŠ• แŠ แŒˆแˆซแ‰ฝแŠ• แ‹ซแˆˆแ‰ฝแ‰ แ‰ต แˆแŠ”แ‰ณ แ‹จแˆ…แ‹แ‰ฅ แŠ แˆ˜แŠ”แ‰ณ แ‰ แˆ˜แŠ•แŒแˆตแ‰ต แˆ‹แ‹ญ แ‰ แŒฃแˆ แ‹แ‰…แ‰ฐแŠ› แ‹จแˆ†แŠแ‰ แ‰ตแฃ แ‰ แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฆแ‰ฝ แˆ˜แŠซแŠจแˆ แ‹ซแˆˆแ‹ แˆ˜แ‰€แˆซแˆจแ‰ฅแŠ“ แˆ˜แ‹‹แ‹ฐแ‹ต แ‹จแ‰€แŠแˆฐแ‰ แ‰ตแฃแŒฅแˆ‹แ‰ป แŠฅแ‹จแ‰ แˆจแ‰ณแŠ“ แ‰ แŒแˆแŒฝ แŠฅแ‹จแ‰ฐแŠแŒˆแˆจแฃ แ‹จแˆ…แ‹แ‰ฆแ‰ฝ แ‹จแŠฅแˆญแˆต แ‰ แˆญแˆต แˆ˜แŠ“แ‰†แˆญ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ณแ‹ญแˆ˜แŒฃ แ‹จแˆšแˆแˆซแ‰ แ‰ต แˆตแˆˆแˆ†แŠแˆ แ‹แˆตแŒฃแ‹Š แŠ แŠ•แ‹ตแŠแ‰ณแ‰ฝแŠ• แ‰ แŒฃแˆ แ‹จแˆ‹แˆ‹แ‰ แ‰ตแฃ แ‹จแˆ˜แŠ•แŒแˆตแ‰ต แˆ˜แ‹‹แ‰…แˆญ แ‹จแˆ˜แˆแŒธแˆ แŠ แ‰…แˆ™ แ‹ฐแŠซแˆ› แ‹จแˆ†แŠแ‰ แ‰ตแฃแŠจแ‹šแˆ… แ‹จแ‰ฐแŠแˆณแˆ แˆ…แ‹แ‰ก แ‰ฐแˆตแ‹ แ‹จแ‰†แˆจแŒ แ‰ แ‰ตแฃแ‰ แ‹จแŠ แŠซแ‰ฃแ‰ขแ‹ แ–แˆˆแ‰ฒแŠซแ‹Š แ‰ฝแŒแˆฎแ‰ฝ แˆฒแŠแˆฑ แ‰ แ‰ณแŒ แ‰€ แˆƒแ‹ญแˆ (แ–แˆŠแˆตแŠ“ แˆ˜แŠจแˆ‹แŠจแ‹ซ) แ‹จแˆšแˆแ‰ณแ‰ แ‰ตแฃแˆ…แ‹แ‰ก แŠ แˆแŠ• แ‹จแˆšแ‰ณแ‹จแ‹ แ‰ฝแŒแˆญ แ‹ญแˆแ‰ณแˆแฃ แŠ แ‹ญแˆแ‰ณแˆแฃ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ดแ‰ต แ‹ญแˆแ‰ณแˆ แŠฅแ‹ซแˆˆ แŠจแแ‰ฐแŠ› แŒฅแˆญแŒฃแˆฌ แ‹แˆตแŒฅย  แ‹จแŒˆแ‰ฃแ‰ แ‰ต แˆแŠ”แ‰ณ แ‹แˆตแŒฅ แŠแ‹ แ‹ซแˆˆแ‹แขยปแ€แ‹ฐแ‰…แŠ•!
    แŠ แŠ•แ‹ฐแŠ›แฆย ยซแ‹จแ‰ตแŒฅแ‰… แ‰ตแŒแˆ‰ แŠจแ‰ฐแŒ แŠ“แ‰€แ‰€ แ‰ แŠ‹แˆ‹ แ‹ซแŠ” แˆแŠ”แ‰ณแ‹ แ‰ แˆแ‰€แ‹ฐแ‹ แˆ˜แˆฐแˆจแ‰ตย แ‰ แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฅ แ‰ฐแˆณแ‰ตแŽ แˆ•แŒˆ แˆ˜แŠ•แŒแˆตแ‰ต แŠ แ…แ‹ตแ‰€แŠ•ย แ‰ แ‹šแˆ… แˆ•แŒˆแˆ˜แŠ•แŒแˆตแ‰ต แŠฅแ‹จแ‰ฐแˆ˜แˆซแŠ• แˆ˜แŒ“แ‹ แŠจแŒ€แˆแˆญแŠ• แˆแˆˆแ‰ต แŠ แˆตแˆญแ‰ต แ‹“แˆ˜แ‰ณแ‰ต แ‰ แˆ‹แ‹ญ แŠ แˆตแ‰†แŒฅแˆจแŠ“แˆแขแ‰ แˆŒแŠ•แŒฎ แˆˆแ‰ณ แ‰ฐแˆจแ‰† แ‰ แˆ˜แˆˆแˆต แ‰ฐแ‹ฐแŠ•แ‰† 29 แˆฐแ‹Žแ‰ฝ แ‰ฐแŒ แ‰‹แ‰แˆ˜แ‹ แ‹ซแŒจแ‰ แŒจแ‰กแˆ‹แ‰ธแ‹ ?
    แˆแˆˆแ‰ฐแŠ›แฆยซโ€” แ‹ญแˆ… แŠ แˆแŠ• แ‹จแˆแŠ•แŒˆแŠแ‰ แ‰ต แ–แˆˆแ‰ฒแŠซแ‹Š แˆแŠ”แ‰ณ แŠฅแŒ…แŒ แŠ แˆณแˆณแ‰ข แˆตแˆˆแˆ†แŠ แ‰ แˆฐแˆˆแŒ แŠ แˆ˜แŠ•แŒˆแ‹ต แ‰ฐแ‹ˆแ‹ซแ‹ญแ‰ฐแŠ• แŠจแแ‰ฐแŠ› แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‰ต แŠจแˆ˜แ‹ตแˆจแˆฑ แ‰ แŠแ‰ต แŠฅแŠ•แแ‰ณแ‹แข แ‰ฝแŒแˆฉแŠ• แˆˆแˆ˜แแ‰ณแ‰ต แ‹ฐแŒแˆž แ‰ แŠขแˆ…แ‹ฐแŠ แ‹ดแŒแŠ“ แ‹ตแˆญแŒ…แ‰ฑ แ‰ แˆšแˆ˜แˆซแ‰ธแ‹ แ‹จแˆ˜แŠ•แŒแˆตแ‰ต แ‹ญแˆแŠ• แ‹จแ–แˆญแ‰ฒ แˆ˜แ‹‹แ‰…แˆฎแ‰ฝ แ‰ณแŒฅแˆจแŠ• แ‰ แˆแŠ“แ‹ฐแˆญแŒˆแ‹ แŠฅแŠ•แ‰…แˆตแ‰ƒแˆด แ‰ฅแ‰ป แˆ˜แแ‰ตแˆ„ แˆ›แˆแŒฃแ‰ต แŠ แ‹ญแ‰ปแˆแˆแข! แŠ แˆแŠ• แ‰ฐแŒˆแˆˆแŒ  แ‰ฐแŒˆแˆ‹แ‰ แŒ แ‰ฃแ‰ฝแˆ?
    แˆฆแˆตแ‰ฐแŠ›แฆแ‰ แŠ แŒˆแˆชแ‰ฑ แ‹แˆตแŒฅ แ‹จแ‰ฐแŠจแˆฐแ‰ฐแ‹ แŠจแแ‰ฐแŠ› แ‰ฝแŒแˆญ แˆ˜แแ‰ณแ‰ต แ‹จแˆšแ‰ปแˆˆแ‹ยซโ€“แˆƒแŒˆแˆญ แ‹ˆแ‹ณแ‹ต แ‹จแˆ†แŠ‘ แ–แˆˆแ‰ฒแŠซแ‹Š แˆƒแ‹ญแˆŽแ‰ฝ แ‰ แˆšแ‹ซแˆ›แˆ›แ‰ธแ‹ (แ‰ แˆšแ‹ซแˆตแˆ›แˆ›แ‰ธแ‹ แˆˆแˆ›แˆˆแ‰ต แ‹ญแˆ˜แˆตแˆ‹แˆ) แ–แˆˆแ‰ฒแŠซแ‹Š แˆ˜แ‹ตแˆจแˆป แ‰ฐแŒˆแŠ“แŠแ‰ฐแ‹ แ‰ แˆ˜แŒ€แˆ˜แˆชแ‹ซ แ‹จแˆ€แŒˆแˆซแ‰ฝแŠ•แŠ• แ‹จแˆซแˆณแ‰ฝแŠ•แŠ• แ‰ฝแŒแˆฎแ‰ฝ แˆตแŠ“แˆตแ‹ˆแŒแ‹ต แŠแ‹ แ‹จแˆšแˆ แŠฅแˆแŠแ‰ต แŠ แˆˆแŠแข”แ‹ญแˆ…แŠ•แŠ•ย แ‹ฐแŒแˆž แˆ…แŒˆแˆ˜แŠ•แŒแˆตแ‰ฑแŠ• แˆ˜แŠแˆปย แ‰ แˆ›แ‹ตแˆจแŒ แˆŠแŒ€แˆ˜แˆญ แ‹ญแ‰ฝแˆ‹แˆ แ‰ฅแ‹จ แŠ แˆตแ‰ฃแˆˆแˆแขยป
    แŠ แˆซแ‰ฐแŠ›แฆ แ‰ แŠ แŒˆแˆซแ‰ฝแŠ• แ‹จแ‰ฐแŠจแˆฐแ‰ฐแ‹ แ‹˜แˆญแˆ แ‰ฅแ‹™ แ‰ฝแŒแˆญ แˆˆแˆ›แˆˆแ แ‰ฅแ‹™ แˆแ‰ฐแŠ“แ‹Žแ‰ฝแŠ• แˆ›แˆˆแ แŒแ‹ต แŠ แŠแ‹ แŠจแ‹šแˆ แˆแŠ”แ‰ณ แŒ‹แˆญ ยซแ‹จแ‰ฐแŒฃแŒฃแˆ˜ แ–แˆŠแˆฒแŠ“ แˆตแ‰ตแˆซแ‰ดแŒ‚แ‹Žแ‰ฝแŠ• แŠ แ‹แŒฅแ‰ถ แ‰ฐแŒแ‰ฃแˆซแ‹Š แˆ›แ‹ตแˆจแŒ แ‹ญแŒˆแ‰ฃแˆแข
    แ‹จแˆƒแŒˆแˆซแ‰ฝแŠ•แŠ• แˆแŠ”แ‰ณ แ‹ซแŒˆแŠ“แ‹˜แ‰ ย แ‰ แˆ›แŠ•แŠ›แ‹แˆ แ‹ฐแˆจแŒƒ แ‰ แŒฃแˆ แŒฅแˆฉ แˆŠแ‰ฃแˆ แ‹จแˆšแ‰ฝแˆ แˆ…แŒˆ แˆ˜แŠ•แŒแˆตแ‰ต แŠ แˆˆแŠ•แขย แ‹ญแˆ…ย แˆ•แŒˆแˆ˜แŠ•แŒแˆตแ‰ต แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฆแ‰ฝ แˆแ‰…แ‹ฐแ‹ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฒแˆ˜แˆฉแ‰ แ‰ต แ‹ซแ‹ˆแŒกแ‰ต แ‹จแˆƒแŒˆแˆชแ‰ฑ แ‹จแˆ˜แŒจแˆจแˆป แˆ…แŒ แŠแ‹แขยป
    แŠ แˆแˆตแ‰ฐแŠ›แฆ ยซแˆ•แŒˆแˆ˜แŠ•แŒแˆตแ‰ฑ แ‰ แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฃแ‹Š แ‹จแ‰ตแŒฅแ‰… แ‰ตแŒแˆ‰ แ‹แˆตแŒฅ แŠ แ‰ฅแ‹ฎแ‰ณแ‹ŠแŠ“ แ‹ดแˆžแŠญแˆซแˆฒแ‹ซแ‹Š แˆ˜แŠ•แˆแˆต แ‹จแ‰ฐแˆ‹แ‰ แˆฐ แŠขแˆ…แŠ แ‹ดแŒ แ‰ แˆšแˆ˜แˆซแ‹ แˆ˜แŠ•แŒแˆตแ‰ต แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฒแŠ–แˆญ แ‹จแˆšแˆแˆˆแŒˆแ‹แŠ• แ‹จแˆ˜แŠ•แŒแˆตแ‰ต แŠ แˆฐแˆซแˆญแŠ“ แ‰ฃแˆ…แˆญแ‹ญ แˆ˜แˆˆแŠชแ‹ซ (Standard) แ‹ญแˆ†แŠ“แˆ แ‰ฅแˆˆแŠ• แ‹ซแˆตแ‰€แˆ˜แŒฅแŠแ‹ แ‹จแ‰ตแŒฅแ‰… แ‰ตแŒแˆ‰ แ‹ตแˆŽแ‰ฝ แˆ˜แ‰‹แŒซ แŠแ‰ แˆญ แŠฅแˆ‹แˆˆแˆแขยป
    แˆตแ‹ตแˆตแ‰ฐแŠ› แก แ‰ขแ‹ซแŠ•แˆต แ‰ แˆ•แŒˆแˆ˜แŠ•แŒแˆตแ‰ฑ แ‹•แ‹แ‰…แŠ“ แ‹จแ‰ฐแˆฐแŒฃแ‰ธแ‹ แˆ˜แ‰ฅแ‰ถแ‰ฝ แˆณแ‹ญแˆธแˆซแˆจแ‰ แˆ™แˆ‰ แ‰ แˆ™แˆ‰ แ‰ฐแŒแ‰ฃแˆซแ‹Š แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฒแˆ†แŠ‘ แ‹ญแˆแˆแŒ‹แˆแข แŠจแ‹šแˆ…ย แ‰ แ‰ฐแ‰ƒแˆซแŠ’แ‹ แ‹ฐแŒแˆž แˆ˜แŠ•แŒแˆตแ‰ต แŠฅแŠแ‹šแˆ…แŠ• แ‰ แˆ•แŒˆ แˆ˜แŠ•แŒแˆตแ‰ฑ แŠฅแ‹แ‰…แŠ“ แ‹จแ‰ฐแˆฐแŒฃแ‰ธแ‹ แˆ˜แ‰ฅแ‰ถแ‰ฝ แ‹จแˆšแŒˆแ‹ตแ‰ก แŠ แˆฐแˆซแˆฎแ‰ฝแŠ“ แˆ˜แˆ˜แˆชแ‹ซแ‹Žแ‰ฝ แ‰ แˆ›แ‹แŒฃแ‰ต แ‹ดแˆžแŠญแˆซแˆฒแ‹ซแ‹Š แˆแˆ…แ‹ณแˆฉ แŠฅแ‹ซแŒ แ‰ แ‰ แ‹ แ‹ญแŒˆแŠ›แˆแข แ‹ญแˆ… แˆแŠ”แ‰ณ แ‰ แˆƒแŒˆแˆซแ‰ฝแŠ• แ‹แˆตแŒฅ แˆ‹แˆˆแ‹ แ–แˆˆแ‰ฒแŠซแ‹Š แ‰€แ‹แˆต แŠ แŠ•แ‹ต แ‰ตแˆแ‰… แˆแŠญแŠ•แ‹ซแ‰ต แŠแ‹แขยปแŠฅแŠ” แ‹จแˆแˆˆแ‹ แ‹จแ‹žแŠ• แฑ แŒฆแˆ›แˆญแ‹ซแŠ• แˆตแˆˆแˆšแ‹ซแŒˆแ‰ฃแŠ• แŠฅแŠ•แŒฆแˆแˆซแˆˆแŠ• !แ‰ฅแˆˆแ‹ แ‹ญแˆ…แŠ•แŠ• แˆตแˆˆ แƒแ‰ แŠ แ‹ฐแˆˆแˆ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ด แ‰ฐแŒฃแˆแˆจแ‹ แ‹จแ‰ณแˆ แˆฉแ‰ต ? แŠฅแŠแˆ… แˆฐแ‹ แ‰ฐแŒˆแ‹ณแˆ‹แ‹ญ แˆตแˆˆแˆ†แŠ‘ แŠฅแŠ•แŒ‚ แ‰ฐแˆ˜แˆตแŒˆแŠ• แกแŠฅแˆตแŠญแŠ•แ‹ตแˆญแกแŠ แŠ•แ‹ฑแ‹“แˆˆแˆ แ…แˆแ‹‹แˆแˆ แ‰ฐแŠ“แŒแˆจแ‹‹แˆ แŠญแ‰กแˆญ แˆœแŒ€แˆญ แŒ€แŠแˆซแˆ แ‰ณแŒ‹แ‹ญ แŒ“แ‹ถแ‰ฝแŠ• แ‰€แˆญแ‰ แ‹ แ‹ญแˆแŠจแˆฉ แŠฅแˆฉแ‰… แ‹จแˆ˜แˆ แˆˆ แˆแˆ‰ แŠฅแ‹จแ‰€แˆจแ‰  แŠแ‹ แ‰ แˆˆแ‹ !แข

  35. adane birhanu says:

    i thank you to General tadekan and dawit .The govermenet must understand what is going on in ethiopia .the solution is to give democeracy and job etc for ethiopian people killing torching are not the solution .

  36. Abegaz says:

    Does G. Tsadkan agree with me?

    Fat Robel; the disgrace and shameful TPLF Olympic Swimmer!

    Have you ever seen that disgrace and shameful woyane so called Olympic swimmer before in any national, African or world swimming computation in any discipline? No. Never.

    From where they did find him? In MacDonald having quadrant Mac in his left hand and a two or three litter’s cola bottle in his right had both close to his mouth? Yes, that could be the right answer but not all. He is part of the TPLF secret as well as open members of the clubs they being always in front and on top holding powers in the country because of they are Ethnic Tigre despite they are less than 4% of the Ethiopian population.

    It is good enough to be a Tigre in order to become the next day a multi milliner business man/women, a villa owner, a CEO in government owned businesses, leader of big projects, high officer, general, a minister and you name it where up to 90% of all important positions are occupied by them. This is what is going on with that fat little head so called swimmer can be easily and always defeated by anyone who can swim including myself. You know what he said” I train everyday swimming about 3000 meter long “. Really? Lying is another TPLF/Tigre nature. We know it.

    However, it doesn’t matter to them as longs as they are getting what they want and as the result damages are causing against the nation and people physically, mentally and morally. He was there because of his father who is a milliner so called business man (not because of he is really a business man but an Ethnic Tigre as it is going on with others as well in the country). His father had a tiny jewelry shop in Nazreth selling rings and small things when TPLF arrived following guns, killings and destructions and took power by force. Now he is a milliner while others that were better business people during that time are not there anymore.

    As it is the same story elsewhere with others, the fat Robel; The TPLF Ethnic swimmer’s father is a high official in the Ethiopian sport authority. The reason he is there is not because of he has any sport background as participants or had any sport education back ground. He has none of it but he is one of them and he can get what he wants as he wish because of the country is under their merci and the population under their physical and mental torture and open prison.

    Where are our heroes such as Miruts Yifter, Belayneh Densamo, Gezahegn Abera, Derartu Tulu, Gete Wame, Fatuma Roba, Meselech Melkamu, Aselefech Mergia, of course Haile Gebreselasie, Kenenisa Bekele, Turunesh, Meseret, Genzebe and many many other our heroes when that fat Robel was allowed to carry the Ethiopian flag during the Rio Olympic opening ceremony? Miruts Yifter who is our and the world hero is in somewhere struggling to make the living while the fat robel’s father is on the top of the Ethiopian sport authority making huge money and causing so many injustices using his authority including sending his fat son to the Olympic while the Great Kenenisa Bekele, Meselech Melkamu and many many international admired best athletes crashed out of the game by own so called sport authority totally run by the TPLF like the disgrace and shameful Fat Robel’s father.

    The good news is that the international communities have seen the real story behind what is going on in our country thanks to the Fat Robel. The World knows Ethiopia as the best middle and long distance runner nation all time. If you see the Olympic medal, 90% those in this catagory particulalry 5 and 10 KM have won by Ethiopia and Kenya has won only one in 1984 Loss Angeles because of Ethiopia was not present, never by any female athlete from Kenya or Africa as a whole.

    This is a small thing telling about the whole big picture in the country under the tinny minority rule controlling everything. Look at the Wolkait Tegede Telemet and Alem wuha zuria issues in Gonder. Tekeze River is the historical and natural boundary between Gonder and Tigry since the time of memorial. This fact is supported by many international written and made documents from the 14th century including the 51 gages English written document that can be read on the internet goggling.

    Tigres were crossing the Tekeze River before the river is getting high and after it subsiding to reach Gonder. They are coming before June mainly in May as laborers to work during the rainy season, and they go back in December and January taking the money they had saved. Then another group of Tigre crosses the Tekeze River to beg after the rainy season when the river water level gets low. They were called Tigre beggars; accepting them as professional beggars doing this for living. The good thing about them was they were not engaging with stealing or other criminal activities but destitute beggars. . They stay there begging the whole summer till a week or two before Easter/fasika and they leave. This is repeating every year with the same cycle for generations.

    Dergue took power in 1974/1966 Ethiopian calendar. Few Tigres mostly from Addis Ababa University and high school including evil Sebhat was a teacher there from Tigry agreed to fight for only Tigry and they started in 1975; not fighting but just having the organization by name. Because of it was impossible to stay in Tigry because of the government solder presence there, they crossed the Tekeze River in 1979/1972EC to Gonder just with few old guns but nasty and hateful feelings against the people living there associating them with the Amhara Rulers. Then they started targeting the native Amharas like the invading and colonizing forces d; destroying their homes, farms, properties, taking their animals, killing those resisted and in the end forced them to leave their area the same way we see what the IS doing in Syria against those are not Sunni or agree with it.

    The same times the Tigre laborers in Wolkaite became land owners taking the native lands they were working there as laborers. TPLF criminals continued targeting the native Amhara with goal to take the land and widen their presence. In wolkait were other rebel Groups, too and all of them had Ethiopian ideology which is unlike TPLF that had only Tigry. Edu, EPRP, Meison, Shiftas and so were presence in Wolkaite.

    But because of they had Ethiopian principles; they taught the TPLF rebel group would be part of them abandoning their separatist plan. As a result they tolerated them instead continued fighting against each other. The same time TPLF used that opportunity and managed to get more land, resources and brought more Tigres in Wolkait which is still today legally part of Gonder; no matter what the Ethnocentric TPLF says about by having all the national matters under its own authorities and can do anything it wants based on own interests and benefits as the fat Robel is a living testimony about them and what they are capable of doing things in the country as they wish.

    Long story short, TPLF managed to destroy the government owned huge farms and private farms in Wolkait, Humera and …, they took the farms and all the equipments as their own in the 1980s. Because of the TPLF Ethnic cleansing was well planned and executed against the native Amhara is Wolkaite, their number gone down dramatically to the level of none existence and the same times they continued bringing mass exodus of Tigres from Tigry. After they took power in 1991/1983EC, TPLF main job was populating wolkait massively and widely by bringing Mass Tigres in the name of settlements. They are still doing with alarming number and speed.

    The funny thing is that they are talking about Tigrens are the majority in wolkait according to the 2005 TPLF private telling and as a result the region belongs to them. You see what kind logic these…. are having. They populated the area with massive settlements by bringing Tigres from Tigry since 1979 and mainly 1991, in some estimate more than 500,000 and the same times continued targeting, assassinating, imprisoning and chasing away the natives the same way IS is doing, and now they are talking about the Tigres numbers living there.

    However, we are living in a modern world where international laws are there to decide about the issues like the wolkait. We will see about that when the Tiny and stony Badme was handed over to Issayas in international court legally. Yet, TPLF refuses to turn it back and instead it is continuing invading and colonizing Wolkait in Gonder that is the most fertile, water rich and naturally gifted land with the size of more than half of the Nederland’s land mass.

    We are expecting TPLF will try to handover Badme to Issayas in exchange for peace and co operation knowing they are in a big trouble all over Ethiopia and they need support from Iaayas as he was the one brought them to Addis and allowed them to take power to work together for their benefits at the cost of Ethiopia. However, issayas will never reconcile with the Evil TPLF members including Sebhat, Abay woldu, Abay Thsehay and so on. As a result he is continuing searching another force coming from Tigry to work with while TPLF is waiting issayas’s death to get other Tigrigna Group to work with although Tiny Eritrea has 9 Ethnic groups and Tigrigna is one of and Tigre (in Eritrea) is the most powerful and certainly will take power working together particularly with Beja, Saho, Afar and reshida when issayas is gone.

    In the 1950s and even the first half 1960s, there were with very very tiny number of foreign people in Western Europe came from beyond Europe. Look at Europe Today. That means according to the TOPLF logic and rule of the jungle these none Europeans have the right to claim the areas they are living with the majorities number as their private region/country/city or whatever? These people came to Europe based on rules, registrations and so on legally with closed door. But the Tigreas in Wolkait are coming with open door migration as they wish in any time with massive migration settlement program with the speed they can reach millions within days and feel at home as it is going on while the natives are almost cleansed out by them.

    TPLF is everywhere including in the Olympic causing so many shame, disgrace, hurt and you name it as it is going on in the country in each and every course of life against the None Tigrians that are 96% of the population. However, it will become an end soon. No doubt about that. However, we need unity and be ready to pay some sacrifices including the hard ones as we know what kind…. they are.

  37. G.Medhin says:

    Dear Administrator;

    The last couple of days, I was searching for your e-mail address to send you an article related to the recent demonstrations. But, in vain. This is therefore to kindly request you send me your e-mail address.
    Kind regards,

  38. Mereja says:

    แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ต แ‰ แˆตแˆแŒฃแŠ• แˆ‹แ‹ญ แŠฅแˆตแŠซแˆˆ แ‹ตแˆจแˆต แ‹จแ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ญ แ‹จแˆšแˆแ‰ณ แˆณแ‹ญแˆ†แŠ• แ‹จแŠจแ‹ แŠ แ‰…แŒฃแŒซ แ‹จแˆšแ‹ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆ†แŠ แ‰ แˆ›แˆ˜แŠ• แŒŠแ‹œ แˆณแ‹ญแ‹ˆแˆตแ‹ฑแŠ“ แ‹ซแˆแˆ†แŠ แˆแŠญแŠ•แ‹ซแ‰ต แˆณแ‹ญแˆฐแŒก แ‹จแ‰ฐแŒ€แˆ˜แˆจแ‹แŠ• แŠฅแŠ•แ‰…แˆตแ‰ƒแˆด แ‰ แˆ›แŒ แŠ“แŠจแˆญ แˆแŠ”แ‰ณแ‹Žแ‰ฝ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐแ‰ฐแˆ˜แ‰ปแ‰น แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ฉแŠ• แˆˆแŠ แˆˆแˆ แŠ แ‰€แ แ‹จแ‹ˆแŠ•แŒ€แˆˆแŠ› แแˆญแ‹ต แ‰คแ‰ตแŠ“ แ‹จแ‰ฐแ‰ฃแ‰ แˆฉแ‰ต แˆ˜แŠ•แŒแˆตแ‰ณแ‰ต แ‰ แˆ›แ‰…แˆจแ‰ฅ แ‰ แ‹ˆแˆซแˆชแŠแ‰ตแฃ แ‰ แ‰…แŠ แŒˆแ‹ขแŠแ‰ตแŠ“ แ‰ แ‹˜แˆญ แˆ›แŒฅแ‹แ‰ต แŒญแˆแˆญแˆ แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ต แˆ˜แŠจแˆฐแˆต แŠ แˆˆแ‰ แ‰ตแกแก


    แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ตแŠ• แ‰ แ‰ฐแˆ˜แˆˆแŠจแ‰ฐ แ‰ แˆ€แŒˆแˆญ แ‹แˆตแŒฅแˆ แˆ†แŠ แ‰ แ‹แŒช แˆ€แŒˆแˆญ แ‰ขแ‹ซแŠ•แˆต แ‰ แ‹จแ‹ˆแˆฉ แˆˆแŠ แŠ•แ‹ต แ‰€แŠ• แ‰ แŒ‹แˆซ แˆ†แŠแ‹ แˆตแˆˆแŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ฉ แˆ›แˆฐแ‰ฅแฃ แˆ˜แŠแŒ‹แŒˆแˆญแฃ แˆ˜แ‹ˆแ‹ซแ‹จแ‰ตแŠ“ แŠ แˆตแˆแˆ‹แŒŠ แˆตแˆˆแˆ†แŠ แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ญ แˆแˆ‰ แ‹จแˆšแŠจแ‹ˆแŠ•แ‰ แ‰ต แˆŠแˆ†แŠ• แ‹ญแŒˆแ‰ฃแˆแกแก แ‰ แˆ€แŒˆแˆญ แ‹จแˆšแŒˆแŠ แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฅ แ‰ แ‹จแ‹ˆแˆฉ แ‹จแ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต แ‰€แŠ• แ‰ แˆšแˆ แˆตแ‹ซแˆœ แ‰ แˆ˜แˆฐแ‰ฃแˆฐแ‰ฅ แ‰ แŒŽแˆ‹แŠ“ แ‰ แ‹ฐแˆ˜แ‰€ แˆ˜แˆแŠญ แ‰ แˆ€แŒˆแˆญ แ‹ฐแˆจแŒƒ แˆตแˆˆแŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ฉ แ‰ แ‰…แˆญแ‰ แ‰ต แŠญแ‰ตแ‰ตแˆแŠ“ แˆตแˆˆแ‰€แŒฃแ‹ฉ แ‹แŒแŒ…แ‰ถแ‰ฝ แˆ›แ‹ตแˆจแŒ แŠ แˆˆแ‰ แ‰ตแกแก แˆˆแˆแˆณแˆŒ แ‹ซแˆ…แˆ แ‹ˆแˆญ แ‰ แŒˆแ‰ฃ แ‹จแˆ˜แŒ€แˆ˜แˆชแ‹ซ แ‰…แ‹ณแˆœ แ‹ˆแ‹ญแˆ แŠฅแˆแ‹ต แ‰ขแˆ†แŠ• แˆ˜แˆแŠซแˆ แŠแ‹แกแก แˆ˜แˆ†แŠ•แˆ แ‹ซแˆˆแ‰ แ‰ต แ‹จแŒแ‹ต แ‰ แˆฐแˆ‹แˆ›แ‹Š แˆฐแˆแ แ‰ฅแ‰ป แˆณแ‹ญแˆ†แŠ• แˆตแˆˆแŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ฉ แ‰ แŒ‹แˆซ แˆˆแˆ˜แ‹ˆแ‹ซแ‹จแ‰ตแฃ แŒˆแŠ•แ‹˜แ‰ฅ แˆˆแˆ›แˆตแ‰ฃแˆฐแ‰ฅแŠ“ แˆแŠ”แ‰ณแ‹แŠ• แŠฅแ‹จแ‰ฐแŒ‹แŒ‹แˆˆ แ‹ญแˆ„แ‹ต แ‹˜แŠ•แ‹ต แˆˆแˆ›แ‹ตแˆจแŒ แ‰ แ‰ฐแˆˆแ‹ซแ‹จ แˆ˜แˆแŠญ แˆŠแˆ†แŠ• แ‹ญแ‰ฝแˆ‹แˆแกแก แ‹ญแˆ… แ‰ฐแŒจแˆ›แˆช แŠฅแŠ•แŒ€ แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ตแŠ• แ‰ แ‰ฐแˆ˜แˆˆแŠจแ‰ฐ แŒแŠ• แ‰ แ‹จแ‰€แŠ‘ แˆ˜แŠจแ‰ณแ‰ฐแˆแŠ“ แ‹จแˆšแˆ†แŠแ‹แŠ• แˆแˆ‰ แˆ›แ‹ตแˆจแŒ แŒแ‹ต แ‹จแˆšแˆ แŠแ‹แกแก

    แ‹ญแˆ… แˆˆแˆแฃ แ‰ แ‹แˆƒ แˆ€แ‰ฅแ‰ณแˆแŠ“ แˆฐแŠ แ‹จแŒŽแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆญ แŠ แŠซแˆ แ‹จแˆ†แŠ แ‹จแ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต แˆ˜แˆฌแ‰ต แˆˆแ‹ฐแˆจแ‰€แŠ“ แ‰ แ‰ฐแˆแŒฅแˆฎ แ‹จแ‰ฐแˆจแŒˆแˆ˜ แˆˆแˆšแˆ˜แˆตแˆ แ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แˆแŠ• แ‹ซแˆ…แˆ แ‹ˆแˆณแŠ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆ†แŠ แŠ แˆฐแ‰€แ‹ตแˆ˜แ‹ แ‹ซแˆ˜แŠ‘แ‰ แ‰ตแŠ“ แ‰ แŒ‰แˆแ‰ แ‰ต แˆˆแˆ˜แ‹ซแ‹ แ‹จแ‹ˆแˆฐแŠ‘แ‰ แ‰ต แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ญ แˆตแˆˆแˆ†แŠ แ‰ แˆžแ‰ต แˆฝแˆจแ‰ต แ‹แŒแŒ…แ‰ตแŠ“ แ‰ตแŒแˆ แˆ‹แ‹ญ แŠ“แ‰ธแ‹แกแก แ‹ญแˆ…แŠ• แ‰ แˆ˜แˆจแ‹ณแ‰ต แ‰ฃแˆˆแˆ€แ‰ฅแ‰ฑแŠ“ แˆ…แŒ‹แ‹Š แ‰ฃแˆˆแ‰คแ‰ฑ แŠ แˆ›แˆซ แ‹ฐแŒแˆž แŠจแ‹ˆแˆซแˆชแ‹Žแ‰ฝ แ‰ แ‰ แˆˆแŒ  แ‹จแ‹ˆแˆฐแŠแŠ“ แ‰ แ‰ฐแˆˆแ‹ซแ‹จ แˆ˜แŠ•แŒˆแ‹ต แ‹จแ‰ฐแ‹˜แŒ‹แŒ€ แˆŠแˆ†แŠ• แ‹ญแŒˆแ‰ฃแˆแกแก แ‹ญแˆ…แˆ แ‰ แ‰ณแˆชแŠซแ‹Š แ‰ฃแˆˆแ‰คแ‰ตแŠแ‰ต แˆ˜แˆจแŒƒแ‹Žแ‰ฝ แˆ˜แˆฐแˆจแ‰ต แŠฅแˆตแŠญ แŠ แˆˆแˆ แแˆญแ‹ต แ‰คแ‰ตแŠ“ แ‹จแ‰ฐแ‰ฃแ‰ แˆฉแ‰ต แˆ˜แŠ•แŒแˆตแ‰ณแ‰ต แ‹ตแˆจแˆต แ‰ แˆ˜แ‹แˆˆแ‰… แŠฅแŠแˆฑแŠ• แ‰ แ‹ˆแˆซแˆชแŠแ‰ตแŠ“ แ‰ แ‹˜แˆญ แˆ›แŒฅแ‹แ‰ต แˆ˜แŠญแˆฐแˆตแŠ• แ‹ญแŒจแˆแˆซแˆแกแก แ‹จแ‹แŒญ แˆ€แŒˆแˆญ แŒ แ‰ แ‰ƒแ‹Žแ‰ฝแŠ• แˆตแˆˆแ‹šแˆ… แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ญ แˆ›แŠแŒ‹แŒˆแˆญ แ‹จแˆšแ‰ปแˆ แˆฒแˆ†แŠ• แ‹ˆแŒชแ‹แŠ• แ‹ฐแŒแˆž แ‰ แ‹แŒช แ‹จแˆšแŒˆแŠ™ แŠขแ‰ตแ‹ฎแŒฒแ‹แ‹ซแŠ• แŠซแˆˆแˆแŠ• แ‰ฝแŒแˆญ แ‰ แ‹ฐแˆตแ‰ณ แ‹ญแˆธแแŠ‘แ‰ณแˆแกแก 20.000 แŠขแ‰ตแ‹ฎแŒฐแ‹ซแ‹Šแ‹ซแŠ• แŠฅแ‹ซแŠ•แ‹ณแŠแ‹ณแ‰ธแ‹ แ‰ แŠ แˆ›แŠซแŠ 100 แ‹ถแˆ‹แˆญ แ‰ขแ‹ซแ‹‹แŒก 2 แˆšแˆŠแ‹ฎแŠ• แ‹ถแˆ‹แˆญ แŠแ‹ แ‹จแˆšแˆ†แŠ•แกแก แ‰ แˆ˜แŒจแˆจแˆป แˆ‹แ‹ญ แŒแŠ• แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ตแŠ• แ‰ แ‰ฐแˆ˜แˆˆแŠจแ‰ฐ แ‹ซแˆˆแˆ›แ‹ˆแˆ‹แ‹ˆแˆ แ‰ แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆƒแ‰ต แˆ‹แ‹ญ แ‰ แ‹ˆแŠ•แŒ€แˆˆแŠ›แŠแ‰ต แ‰ฐแŒ แ‹ซแ‰‚ แŠ แ‹ตแˆญแŒŽ แ‹จแˆšแˆแˆจแ‹ตแ‰ แ‰ต แˆตแˆˆแˆšแˆ†แŠ• แˆŒแˆ‹แ‹ แ‹ˆแŒˆแŠ• แ‹ซแ‹ˆแŒฃแ‹แŠ• แ‹ˆแŒชแˆ แŒญแˆแˆฎ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฒแŠจแแˆ แ‰ แ‰€แŒชแŠ• แ‰ตแ‹•แ‹›แ‹ แ‹จแˆšแ‰ แ‹จแŠ•แ‰ แ‰ต แŠแ‹ แ‹จแˆšแˆ†แŠ•แกแก

    แ‰ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐ แŠขแˆณแ‰ต แˆ‹แ‹ญ แˆแˆแˆซแŠ•แˆ แˆ†แŠ‘ แ–แˆˆแ‰ฒแŠจแŠžแฃ แ‰ณแŒ‹แ‹ฎแ‰ฝแก แŠ แˆญแ‰ฒแˆตแ‰ถแ‰ฝแŠ“ แˆŒแˆŽแ‰ฝแˆ แ‰ แˆ˜แ‰…แˆจแ‰ฅ แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต แˆแˆŒแˆ แ‹จแŒŽแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆญ แŠ แŠซแˆ แŠฅแŠ•แŒ‚ แŠ แŠ•แ‹ดแˆ แˆˆแ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แˆ†แŠ– แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆ›แ‹ซแ‹แ‰… แ‰ แˆšแˆŠแ‹ฎแŠ• แ‹จแˆšแ‰†แŒ แˆญ แˆ˜แˆจแŒƒ แˆตแˆ‹แˆˆ แ‹ญแˆ…แŠ• แ‰ แˆแˆตแŠญแˆญแŠแ‰ต แŠฅแ‹ซแ‹ซแ‹™ แ‹ซแˆˆแˆ›แ‰‹แˆจแŒฅแŠ“ แ‰ แˆ˜แ‹ฐแŒ‹แŒˆแˆ แˆตแˆˆแ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต แŠฅแ‹แŠแ‰ฑแŠ•แŠ“ แˆ€แ‰แŠ• แˆˆแˆ€แ‹แ‰ฅ แˆ›แˆณแ‹ˆแ‰…แŠ“ แˆ›แˆตแ‰ฐแˆ›แˆญ แ‹ญแŒˆแ‰ฃแˆแกแก แ‹˜แ‹ด แ‹ซแˆˆแ‰ แ‰ตแŠ“ แ‹จแˆšแ‹ซแ‹‹แŒฃ แˆ˜แŠ•แŒˆแ‹ต แ‹จแ‹ซแ‹™แˆˆแ‰ต แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ญ แˆแŠ• แŒŠแ‹œแˆ แŠ แˆธแŠ“แŠ แŠแ‹แกแก แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆƒแ‰ตแŠ• แ‰ แŠจแ‰ฃแ‹ต แˆแ‰ต แ‹จแˆšแŒฅแˆˆแ‹ แ‰ฅแ‹™ แˆ˜แŠ•แŒˆแ‹ต แŠ แˆˆแŠ“ แ‹ญแˆ…แŠ• แˆ˜แŠ•แŒˆแ‹ต แ‰ แˆ›แŒแŠœแ‰ต แŠ แŒฅแ‰ฅแ‰†แŠ“ แ‹ˆแˆตแŠ– แˆ˜แ‹ซแ‹ แŠแ‹ แ‹จแˆšแ‹ซแ‹‹แŒฃแกแก แ‰ แ‰ฐแˆˆแ‹ญ แ‰ฅแŠ แ‹ดแŠ•แŠ“ แŠฆแ‰ฅแ‹ดแŠฆ แŠ แŠ•แ‹ตแŠแ‰ต แˆแŒฅแˆจแ‹ แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ตแŠ• แ‰ แˆ›แŒแˆˆแˆ แˆถแˆตแ‰ฑ แ‰ณแˆ‹แˆ‹แ‰… แ“แˆญแ‰ฒแ‹Žแ‰ฝ แŠขแˆ…แŠ แ‹ดแŒแŠ• แ‹ญแ‰†แŒฃแŒ แˆฉ แ‹˜แŠ•แ‹ต แˆ›แ‹ตแˆจแŒ แˆ˜แ‰ปแˆ แŒฅแ‰…แˆ™ แ‰ แŒฃแˆ แ‰ณแˆ‹แ‰… แˆฒแˆ†แŠ• แˆ€แŒˆแˆญแŠ• แŠจแˆ˜แแˆจแˆตแŠ“ แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฅแŠ• แŠจแˆ˜แ‰ แ‰ฐแŠ• แ‹จแˆšแ‹ซแ‹ตแŠ• แŠแ‹แกแก แ‹จแˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ต แ‹จแˆ˜แŒจแˆจแˆป แŠ แˆ‹แˆ› แŒแŠ• แ‹ญแˆ… แˆฒแˆ†แŠ• แŠจแˆฑแ‹ณแŠ• แŒ‹แˆญ แ‰ แˆ˜แ‹‹แˆฐแŠ• แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ตแŠ•แŠ“ แ‰ฐแŠจแ‹œแŠ• แˆˆแ‰ฅแ‰ปแ‹ แˆˆแˆ˜แ‰†แŒฃแŒ แˆญ แ‹จแˆšแˆแˆแŒแˆ แˆŒแˆ‹แ‹แŠ• แŠ แ‰ฃแˆแ‰ถแŠ“ แˆ€แŒˆแˆญ แŠ แแˆญแˆถ แŠจแˆŒแˆ‹ แˆ˜แˆฌแ‰ต แˆฐแˆญแ‰† แ‹จแŠจแˆˆแˆˆแ‹แŠ• แ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แˆˆแˆซแˆฑ แ‹ญแ‹ž แˆˆแˆ˜แ‰€แˆ˜แŒฅ แŠแ‹แกแก แ‹ญแˆ… แŒแŠ• แˆแŠ• แŒŠแ‹œแˆ แˆŠแˆ†แŠ• แ‹จแˆ›แ‹ญแ‰ฝแˆ แˆ€แ‰… แŠแ‹แกแก แŠฅแˆฑ แ‰ แˆŒแˆ‹แ‹ แˆ‹แ‹ญ แ‹ญแˆ…แŠ• แ‹ˆแŠ•แŒ€แˆ แˆฒแ‹ซแˆตแ‰ฅแŠ“ แˆฒแ‹ซแ‹ฐแˆญแŒ แˆŒแˆ‹แ‹ แˆแŠ• แˆ˜แˆฐแˆˆแ‹แกแก

    แ‹จแˆฐแˆœแŠ• แŒŽแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆญ แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต แŠฎแˆšแ‰ด แ‹ซแˆ‹แˆฐแˆˆแˆต แˆตแˆซ แ‹ซแˆˆแˆ›แ‰‹แˆจแŒฅ แˆ˜แˆตแˆซแ‰ต แ‹ญแŒ แ‰ แ‰…แ‰ แ‰ณแˆแกแก แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ฉ แˆ€แŒˆแˆซแ‹ŠแŠ“ แŠ แˆˆแˆ›แ‰€แ‹แ‹Š แˆตแˆˆแˆ†แŠ แŠจแŠ แˆแŠ• แ‰ แŠ‹แˆ‹ แŠจแŒแ‰ก แˆณแ‹ญแ‹ฐแˆญแˆฐ แ‹จแˆšแ‹ซแ‰†แˆ˜แ‹ แ‹จแˆˆแˆแกแก แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต แˆแŠ• แŒŠแ‹œแˆ แ‹จแŒŽแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆญ แŠ แŠซแˆ แŠฅแŠ•แŒ‚ แ‹ˆแˆซแˆช แˆ˜แŒฅแ‰ถ แ‰ แŒ‰แˆแ‰ แ‰ต แ‰ แˆ˜แ‹ซแ‹ แ‹จแŠ” แŠแ‹ แˆตแˆ‹แˆˆ แ‰ฅแ‰ป แŠจแŒŽแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆญ แ‰ฐแŠแŒฅแˆแˆ แˆ›แˆˆแ‰ต แŠ แ‹ญแ‹ฐแˆˆแˆแกแก แ‰ฆแ‰ณแ‹ แŠฅแŠฎ แŠ แˆแŠ•แˆ แˆ†แŠ แ‹ตแˆฎ แ‹ซแ‹ แ‰ฃแˆˆแ‰ แ‰ต แŠจแ‰ฐแŠจแ‹œ แˆแˆ‹แˆฝ แŠแ‹แกแก แ‹จแ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แ‹ˆแˆซแˆช แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆแˆˆแŒˆแ‹ แ‹ซแ‹แˆซ แŠฅแŠ•แŒ‚ แŠจแ‰ฆแ‰ณแ‹ แŒแŠ• แ‰ฐแ‰†แˆญแˆถ แ‹จแ‰ฐแ‹ˆแˆฐแ‹ฐ แˆแŠ•แˆ แŠแŒˆแˆญ แ‹จแˆˆแˆแค แˆแˆ‰แˆ แ‰ แ‰ฆแ‰ณแ‹ แŠแ‹ แ‹ซแˆˆแกแก แ‹จแˆ…แ‹ˆแˆƒแ‰ต แ‰ตแŒแˆฌ แ‰ แˆ…แŒˆแ‹ˆแŒฅ แˆ˜แŠ•แŒˆแ‹ต แ‰ แŒ‰แˆแ‰ แ‰ต แ‰ฐแˆ›แˆแŠ– แ‹จแŠ” แŠแ‹ แ‰ขแˆแˆ แŠจแ‰ฐแŠจแ‹œ แˆแˆ‹แˆฝ แŒแŠ• แˆแŠ• แŒŠแ‹œแˆ แŒŽแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆฌ แŠแ‹แกแก แ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แŠฅแŠฎ แ‹ˆแŠ•แ‹˜ แ‰ฐแˆปแŒแˆฎ แŠ แˆแˆ˜แŒฃแˆแก แˆ˜แˆแŒฃแ‰ตแˆ แŠ แ‹ญแ‰ฝแˆแˆแกแก แ‹ˆแˆฌแŠ›แŠ“ แŒ แˆ‹แ‰ต แŠแ‹ แ‹ˆแŠ•แ‹˜ แ‰ฐแˆปแŒแˆฎ แŠจแ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แ‹จแˆ˜แŒฃ แŠฅแŠ“ แ‹ญแˆ…แŠ• แ‰ แŠจแ‰ฃแ‹ตแŠ“ แ‰ แ‰ฐแˆˆแ‹ซแ‹จ แˆ˜แŠ•แŒˆแ‹ต แ‰ แˆ›แŒฅแ‰ƒแ‰ต แˆ˜แˆแ‰ณแ‰ตแŠ“ แˆ›แ‰ฃแˆจแˆญ แŠแ‹ แ‹จแˆšแŒˆแ‰ฃแกแก แ‹จแŒŠแ‹œ แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ญ แŠฅแŠ•แŒ‚ แˆ˜แˆ†แŠ‘แˆ แ‹จแˆ›แ‹ญแ‰€แˆญ แŠแ‹แกแก

    แ‹ซแŠ• แ‹ซแˆ…แˆ แˆ…แ‹ญแ‹Žแ‰ต แŠ แˆตแŒจแˆญแˆถแŠ“ แŠ•แ‰ฅแˆจแ‰ต แŠ แˆตแ‹ˆแ‹ตแˆž แ‹จแŠฅแŒ… แˆ˜แ‹ณแ แ‹จแˆแ‰ณแŠญแˆ แ‹ฐแˆจแ‰…แŠ“ แ‹ฐแŠ•แŒ‹แ‹ญ แ‹จแˆ†แŠแ‰ฝแŠ• แ‰ฃแ‹ตแˆ˜แŠ• แ‰ แŠ แˆˆแˆ แแˆญแ‹ต แ‰คแ‰ต แ‰ฐแŒˆแ‹ถแŠ“ แ‰ฐแ‹‹แˆญแ‹ถ แ‹ซแˆตแˆจแŠญแ‰ฅ แ‹˜แŠ•แ‹ต แ‹จแ‰ฐแˆแˆจแ‹ฐแ‰ แ‰ต แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆƒแ‰ต แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ดแ‰ต แˆ†แŠ– แ‹จแ‰ณแˆ‹แ‰… แŠ แˆ›แˆซ แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฅ แˆ€แ‰ฅแ‰ต แ‹จแˆ†แŠแŠ• แŠฅแŒ…แŒ แŒ แ‰ƒแˆš แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ตแŠ• แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ณแˆฐแŠ˜แ‹ แŠฅแ‹จแˆ†แŠ แˆˆแˆ›แŒแŠœแ‰ต แ‹ญแ‰ปแˆˆแ‹‹แˆแˆตแกแก แ‹ญแˆ… แˆแŠ• แŒŠแ‹œแˆ แˆŠแˆ†แŠ• แ‹จแˆ›แ‹ญแ‰ฝแˆ แŠแ‹แกแก แˆ…แ‹แ‰ก แˆแŠ• แ‰‹แŠ•แ‰‹ แ‹ญแŠ“แŒˆแˆซแˆ แŠฅแ‹ซแˆˆ แŠ แ‹ญแ‹ฐแˆˆแˆ แ‹จแŠ แˆˆแˆ แแˆญแ‹ต แ‰คแ‰ต แ‹จแˆšแˆฐแˆซแŠ“ แแˆญแ‹ต แ‹จแˆšแˆฐแŒฅแกแก แ‰ณแˆชแŠญแŠ• แŠฅแ‹ซแŒฃแ‰€แˆฐแŠ“ แ‹จแ‰ฐแˆแ€แˆ™ แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ฎแ‰ฝ แˆแŠ• แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆ†แŠ‘ แŠฅแ‹ซแ‰ฅแŒ แˆจแŒ แˆจ แ‰ แˆ›แ‹แŒฃแ‰ต แŠฅแ‹ซแŒฃแˆซแŠ“ แŠฅแ‹แŠแ‰ฑแŠ• แŠฅแ‹ซแˆจแŒ‹แŒˆแŒ  แŠแ‹แกแก แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ต แ‰ฐแŠจแ‹œแŠ• แ‰ฐแˆปแŒแˆฎ แŠจแˆ˜แŒฃ แŠจ1979 แŠฅแŠคแŠ  แŒ€แˆแˆฎ แ‰ แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต แ‹จแŠ แˆ›แˆซ แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฆแ‰ฝ แˆ‹แ‹ญ แ‹จแˆแ€แˆ˜แ‹ แ‹จแ‹˜แˆญ แˆ›แŒฅแ‹แ‰ตแŠ“ แˆฐแ‰†แ‰ƒ แˆแˆ‰ แ‰ฅแ‰ป แˆณแ‹ญแˆ†แŠ• แŠจแ‹šแ‹ซแŠ• แŒŠแ‹œ แŒ€แˆ˜แˆฎ แ‹ซแˆฐแˆแˆจแ‹ แ‹จแ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แˆฐแ‹แˆช แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ญ แŠฅแ‹ซแŠ•แ‹ณแŠ•แ‹ท แ‰ฐแŒฃแˆญแ‰ณ แŠแ‹ แ‹จแˆแ‰ตแ‰ณแ‹ญแŠ“ แ‰ แ‹šแˆ… แˆ˜แˆฐแˆจแ‰ต แแˆญแ‹ต แ‹จแˆšแˆฐแŒฅแกแก

    แ‰ แˆ˜แˆ†แŠ‘แˆ แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ตแŠ• แ‰ แ‰ฐแˆ˜แˆˆแŠจแ‰ฐ แ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญแŠ• แŒ แ‹ญแ‰ แ‹จแˆšแ‰ฃแˆ แŠ แŠแŒ‹แŒˆแˆญ แˆ…แŒˆแ‹ˆแŒฅ แ‹จแˆ†แŠแŠ“ แ‰ แˆแŠ• แˆ˜แŠ•แŒˆแ‹ต แ‰ฐแ‰€แ‰ฃแ‹ญแŠแ‰ต แ‹จแˆŒแˆˆแ‹ แŠแ‹แกแก แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ตแŠ• แ‰ แ‰ฐแˆ˜แˆˆแŠจแ‰ฐ แˆ˜แŒ แ‹จแ‰… แ‹ซแˆˆแ‰ แ‰ต แŒŽแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆญแฃ แŠ แˆ›แˆซแฃ แŠขแ‰ตแ‹ฎแŒฒแ‹ซแŠ“ แ‹ญแˆ… แŠซแˆˆแˆ†แŠ แ‹ฐแŒแˆž แ‹จแŠ แˆˆแˆ แแˆญแ‹ต แ‰คแ‰ตแŠ“ แ‹จแ‰ฐแ‰ฃแ‰ แˆฉแ‰ต แˆ˜แŠ•แŒแˆตแ‰ณแ‰ตแŠ• แŒจแˆแˆฎ แŠ แˆˆแˆ แŠ แ‰€แ แแˆญแ‹ต แ‰คแ‰ถแ‰ฝแŠ“ แ‰ฐแ‰‹แˆ›แ‰ต แŠ“แ‰ธแ‹แกแก แ‹ฐแˆจแŒƒ แ‰ แ‹ฐแˆจแŒƒ แˆ˜แˆ†แŠ‘ แŒแ‹ดแ‰ณ แˆตแˆˆแˆ†แŠ แŠฅแŠ•แŒ‚ แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ฉ แŒแŠ• แ‰ฆแ‰ณแ‹ แ‹จแ‰ตแˆ แˆณแ‹ญแˆ†แŠ• แ‹จแŠ แˆˆแˆ แแˆญแ‹ฐ แ‰คแ‰ตแŠ“ แ‹จแ‰ฐแ‰ฃแ‰ แˆฉแ‰ต แˆ˜แŠ•แŒแˆตแ‰ณแ‰ต แŠแ‹แกแก แ‹ญแˆ…แˆ˜ แˆแŠ”แ‰ณ แ‰ แŒฅแˆžแŠ“ แˆŠแ‰ณแˆฐแ‰ฅแ‰ แ‰ต แ‹ญแŒˆแ‰ฃแˆแกแก แ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แŒแŠ• แ‰ฅแ‰ธแŠ›แ‹ แ‹จแ‰ฝแŒแˆฉ แˆแŠ•แŒช แˆ†แŠ– แŠฅแ‹ซแˆˆ แ‹ญแˆ…แŠ• แ‰ฝแŒแˆญ แŠฅแˆฑ แŠแ‹ แ‹จแˆšแˆแ‰ณแ‹ แˆ›แˆˆแ‰ต แ‹จแˆšแ‹ซแˆณแ‹แŠ• แ‰ฅแ‰ป แˆณแ‹ญแˆ†แŠ• แ‹จแˆšแ‹ซแˆณแแˆญแˆ แŠแ‹แกแก แ‰ แˆ€แŒˆแˆญ แˆ…แŒแŠ“ แˆตแˆญแ‹“แ‰ต แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆŒแˆˆ แ‰แˆแŒญ แŠ แ‹ตแˆญแŒŽ แ‹จแˆšแ‹ซแˆณแ‹ญแˆ แŠแ‹แกแก แˆˆแˆ˜แˆ†แŠ‘ แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ตแŠ• แˆ›แŠ• แŠแ‹ แˆˆแ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แ‹จแˆฐแŒ แ‹? แˆแŠญ แ‹ˆแˆซแˆชแ‹Žแ‰ฝแŠ“ แ‰…แŠ แŒˆแ‹ขแ‹Žแ‰ฝ แŠ แŠ•แ‹ฐแˆšแ‹ซแ‹ฐแˆญแŒ‰แ‰ต แˆแˆ‰ แ‰ แŒ‰แˆแ‰ แ‰ต แ‹จแ‰ฐแ‹ซแ‹˜ แŠฅแŠ•แŒ‚ แ‰ แˆ…แŒ‹แ‹Š แˆ˜แŠ•แŒˆแ‹ต แ‹จแ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แŠ แŠซแˆ แ‹จแˆ†แŠ แŠ แ‹ญแ‹ฐแˆˆแˆแกแก แˆ˜แ‰ฐแ‹ณแ‹ฐแˆชแ‹ซ แ‹ฐแŠ•แ‰ฅ แ‹จแˆšแˆ‰แ‰ต แ‹ฐแŒแˆž แˆแˆ‰แˆ แ‹จแ‰ฐแ‹˜แŒ‹แŒ€ แ‰ แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆƒแ‰ต แˆฒแˆ†แŠ• แˆ†แŠ• แ‰ฐแ‰ฅแˆŽ แŠ แˆ›แˆซ แ‰ แ‰ตแŠญแŠญแˆ แ‰ แˆšแ‹ˆแŠญแˆ‰แ‰ต แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ณแ‹ญแˆณแ‰ฐแ แ‰ฐแ‹ฐแˆญแŒ“แˆแกแก แ‰ณแ‹ฒแ‹ซ แ‰ แˆšแ‹˜แŒ‹แŒ…แ‰ แ‰ต แ‹ˆแ‰…แ‰ต แ‹ซแˆแ‰ฐแˆณแ‰ฐแˆแ‰ แ‰ตแŠ• แˆ˜แ‰ฐแ‹ณแ‹ฐแˆชแ‹ซ แ‹ฐแŠ•แ‰ฅ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ดแ‰ต แˆŠแ‰€แ‰ แˆแŠ“ แˆŠแ‹ซแŠจแ‰ฅแˆญแˆต แ‹ญแ‰ฝแˆ‹แˆ?

    แ‹ซแˆˆแ‰แ‰ต แ‹จแŒŽแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆญแˆ แˆ†แŠ แ‹จแŠ แˆ›แˆซ แŠญแˆแˆ แ‹จแˆ…แ‹ˆแˆƒแ‰ต แ‹˜แˆ˜แŠ• แŠ แˆตแ‰ฐแ‹ณแ‹ฐแˆฎแ‰ฝ แˆžแ‰ฐแ‹ แŠจแˆ†แŠ แŠแแˆณแ‰ธแ‹ แˆฒแŠฆแˆ แ‰ตแŒแ‰ฃแกแก แ‰ แˆ…แ‹ญแ‹Žแ‰ต แ‹ซแˆ‰แ‰ตแˆ แˆ€แแˆจแ‰ตแŠ“ แ‹แˆญแ‹ฐแ‰ต แ‰ แ‰แˆ แ‹ซแˆฐแ‰ƒแ‹ซแ‰ธแ‹แกแก แŠจแŠ แˆแŠ• แŒ€แˆแˆฎ แŒแŠ• แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต แ‹จแŒŽแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆญ แŠ แŠซแˆแŠ“ แ‹จแŠ แˆ›แˆซ แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ญ แˆ˜แˆ†แŠ‘ แ‰ณแˆแŠ– แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ฉ แ‹ˆแ‹ฐ แ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แˆณแ‹ญแˆ†แŠ• แ‹ˆแ‹ฐ แŒŽแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆญแฃ แ‰ฃแˆ…แˆญ แ‹ณแˆญแŠ“ แŠ แ‹ฒแˆฐ แŠฅแ‰ แ‰ฃ แŠแ‹ แˆ˜แ‰ณแ‹จแ‰ต แ‹ซแˆˆแ‰ แ‰ตแกแก แˆ˜แˆณแˆชแ‹ซ แ‹ญแ‹ž แ‰ แˆ›แˆตแŒˆแ‹ฐแ‹ต แˆ˜แˆฌแ‰ต แ‹จแ‹ˆแˆฐแ‹ฐแŠ“ แ‰ แŠ—แˆชแ‹Žแ‰ฝ แˆ‹แ‹ญ แ‹˜แˆญ แˆ›แŒฅแ‹แ‰ตแŠ• แŒจแˆแˆฎ แˆฐแ‰†แ‰ƒ แ‹จแˆแ€แˆ˜ แŠญแ‰ฃแ‹ต แ‹ˆแŠ•แŒ€แˆˆแŠ› แŠฅแŠ•แŒ‚ แ‹จแ‰ฆแ‰ณแ‹ แ‰ฃแˆˆแ‰คแ‰ต แˆŠแ‰ฃแˆ แ‰ แแแˆ แŠ แ‹ญแ‰ฝแˆแˆแกแก แ‹จแ‰ฃแ‹ตแˆ˜แŠ• แ‰ณแˆชแŠญ แˆ›แ‹ˆแ‰แŠ“ แˆˆแˆแŠ• แˆˆแŠคแˆญแ‰ตแˆซ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐ แ‰ฐแ‹ˆแˆฐแŠ แˆ˜แˆจแ‹ณแ‰ฑ แ‹ญแŒ แ‰…แˆ›แˆแกแก แ‰ แŠ แŠ•แ‹ต แ‰ แŠฉแˆ แ‰ฃแ‹ตแˆ˜ แ‹จแŠ” แŠแ‹ แ‰ แˆ›แˆˆแ‰ต แŠ แˆแˆ˜แˆแˆตแˆ แŠฅแ‹ซแˆ‰ แŠแŒˆแˆญ แŒแŠ• แ‰ แˆŒแˆ‹ แ‰ แŠฉแˆ แ‹ฐแŒแˆž แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐ แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต แ‹ซแˆˆแŠ• แˆˆแˆแŠ“ แˆ€แ‰ฅแ‰ณแˆ แˆฐแŠ แˆ˜แˆฌแ‰ต แ‹ˆแŠ•แ‹ แ‰ฐแˆปแŒˆแˆจแ‹ แ‰ แˆ˜แˆแŒฃแ‰ต แ‰ แ‹ˆแˆจแˆซแŠ“ แ‰ แ‰…แŠ แŒแ‹›แ‰ต แˆ˜แˆแŠญ แˆ˜แ‹ซแ‹ แ‰ฅแ‰ป แˆณแ‹ญแˆ†แŠ• แŒญแˆซแˆนแŠ• แˆˆแˆซแˆณแ‰ธแ‹แˆ แˆˆแˆ›แ‹ตแˆจแŒ แ‹จแˆšแˆแˆแŒ‰…….แแŒกแˆฎแ‰ฝ แŠ“แ‰ธแ‹แกแก

    -แ‹จแ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต แ‰ฐแ‹ˆแŠซแ‹ฎแ‰ฝ แ‰ แˆฐแˆœแŠ• แŒŽแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆญแŠ“ แ‰ แ‰ฃแˆ…แˆญ แ‹ณแˆญ แ‹จแŒแ‹ต แ‹ˆแŠ•แ‰ แˆญ แˆ›แŒแŠœแ‰ต แŠ แˆˆแ‰ฃแ‰ธแ‹แกแก
    -แ‹จแ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ญ แ‰ แŠ แˆˆแˆ แŠ แ‰€แ แ‹จแแˆญแ‹ต แ‰ฐแ‰‹แˆ›แ‰ต แ‰€แˆญแ‰ฆ แ‹ญแ‰ณแ‹ญ แ‹˜แŠ•แ‹ต แ‹จแ‰ฐแŒ€แˆ˜แˆจแ‹แŠ• แŠฅแŠ•แ‰…แˆตแ‰ƒแˆด แ‰ฐแŒ แŠ“แŠญแˆฎ แ‰ แˆ˜แ‰€แŒ แˆ แ‰ แ‰ตแŒ‹แ‰ตแŠ“ แ‰ แ‰ฅแ‰ƒแ‰ต แˆ˜แˆฐแˆซแ‰ต แ‹ญแŠ–แˆญแ‰ แ‰ณแˆแกแก แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆƒแ‰ต แŠจแˆตแˆแŒฃแˆ แˆ‹แ‹ญ แŠฅแˆตแŠซแˆˆ แ‹ตแˆจแˆต แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ฉ แˆˆแŠจแ‹ แŠฅแˆแ‰‚แ‰ต แ‹จแˆšแ‹ณแˆญแŒ แŠฅแŠ•แŒ‚ แ‰ แˆฐแˆ‹แˆ แ‹จแˆšแˆแ‰ณ แŠ แ‹ญแ‹ฐแˆˆแˆแกแก
    -แ‹จแŒŽแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆญ แŠซแˆญแ‰ณ แŠจแ‰ฐแŠจแ‹œ แˆแˆ‹แˆฝ แ‹ซแˆˆแŠ• แ‰ณแˆชแŠซแ‹Š แ‹จแŒŽแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆญ แŒˆแ‹›แ‰ถแ‰ฝ แ‹ญแ‹ž แˆ˜แ‹˜แŒ‹แŒ€แ‰ต แŠ แˆˆแ‰ แ‰ตแกแก แ‰ แ‰ฐแˆˆแ‹ญแˆ แ‰ แ‹แŒช แˆ€แŒˆแˆญ แ‹จแˆšแŒˆแŠ™ แ‹œแŒŽแ‰ฝ แŠจแŠ แˆแŠ• แŒ€แˆแˆฎ แ‹ญแˆ…แŠ• แˆ›แ‹ตแˆจแŒแŠ“ แ‰ แ‹šแˆ… แŠซแˆญแ‰ณ แˆ˜แŒˆแˆแŒˆแˆ แŠ แˆˆแ‰ฃแ‰ธแ‹แกแก
    -แ‰ แ‰ฅแŠ แ‹ดแŠ• แ‹แˆตแŒฅ แ‹จแ‰ฐแˆฐแŒˆแˆฐแŒ‰ แ‹จแˆ…แ‹ˆแˆƒแ‰ต แ‰…แŒฅแˆจแŠžแ‰ฝแŠ“ แ‰ฐแˆ‹แˆ‹แŠชแ‹Žแ‰ฝ แ‰ แ‰…แ‹ตแˆšแ‹ซ แˆณแ‹ญแˆ˜แŠแŒ แˆฉ แˆ›แŠ•แˆ แ‹จแŠ แˆ›แˆซ แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฅ แŠจแ‰ฅแŠ แ‹ดแŠ• แŒ‹แˆญ แˆตแˆˆแˆแŠ•แˆ แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ญ แ‹แ‹ญแ‹ญแ‰ต แˆ›แ‹ตแˆจแŒ แ‰€แˆญแ‰ถ แŠจแ‰ฆแ‰ณแ‹แˆ แˆ˜แŒˆแŠœแ‰ต แ‹จแˆˆแ‰ แ‰ตแˆแกแก แŠฅแŠแ‹šแˆ…แˆ แ‹จแŠ แˆ›แˆซ แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฅ แŒ แˆ‹แ‰ถแ‰ฝ แŠฅแŠแˆ›แŠ• แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆ˜แˆ†แŠ‘ แ‹จแˆšแ‰ณแ‹ˆแ‰ แŠ“แ‰ธแ‹แกแก
    -แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต แŒŽแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆญ แŠฅแŠ•แŒ‚ แ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แˆ†แŠ– แŠ แ‹ซแ‹แ‰…แˆ
    -แ‰ตแŒแˆฌ แŠฅแŠ•แŒ‚ แ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แ‰ฐแŠจแ‹œแŠ• แˆ˜แˆปแŒˆแˆญ แŠ แ‹ญแ‰ฝแˆแˆ
    -แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต แ‰ฅแˆจแˆณแˆฝ แ‰€แŠœ แ‰ตแˆญแˆณแŠ
    -แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต แŠ แˆ›แˆซ แŠแ‹

  39. Teller says:

    Just ALWAYS BELIVE in EPRDF ability

    1- divert the tide on enemies
    2- defeat enemies by setting them in the trap
    3 – eliminating enemies with zero mercy

    Contrary to many , we belive EPRDF comes out victories after every hurdle .


  40. Ardo says:

    The 36 years long hidden and secretive crimes against humanity in Woklaite is finally exposed. Please be part of it and spread the message all over the world mentioning those responsible and we know who they are. It is still going on for final cleansing against the natives in order to replace them totally by the settlers bringing from Tigry crossing the Tekeze River which is the natural and historical boarder between Gonder and Tigry.

    Wake up and face the reality, people. First you, then Ethiopia. Wolkait is you. If you are not good enough for something belongs particularly to you including your home which is wolkite for the Amhara, how come you can be good enough for Ethiopia. Wake up and face the reality.

  41. แˆตแˆˆแˆบ says:

    แ‰ แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ“แ‰ต แ‰ฅแˆŽแŒ แˆ†แˆญแŠ• แŠ แŒแˆญแˆต แ‹จแ‰ฐแˆˆแŒ แˆแ‹แŠ• แŒฝแˆ‘แ แˆแˆˆแ‰ด แ‰ แŒฅแŠ•แ‰ƒแ‰„ แŠ แŠ•แ‰ฅแ‰คแŠ แˆˆแˆแข แ‰ แŒแˆแŒฝ แ‹จแ‰ฐแ‰€แˆ˜แŒกแ‰ตแŠ• แŠฅแŠ•แˆ˜แˆแŠจแ‰ตแข 1/ แŒ„แŠ”แˆซแˆ‰ แˆตแˆˆ แŠขแ‰ตแ‹ฎแŒตแ‹ซ แˆแŠ”แ‰ณ แŠจแŒ“แ‹ฐแŠžแ‰ผ แŒ‹แˆญ แ‰ฐแˆ˜แŠซแŠญแˆจแŠ• แŠแ‰ แˆญ แ‰ฅแˆŽแŠ“แˆแฃ แŒ“แ‹ฐแŠžแ‰น แŠฅแŠแˆ›แŠ• แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆ†แŠ‘ แŒแˆแŒฝ แŠแ‹ 2/ แˆตแˆˆแŠขแ‰ตแ‹ฎแŒตแ‹ซ แ‹จแŠแŒˆแˆจแŠ• แ‹จแˆ›แŠ“แ‹แ‰€แ‹แŠ• แŠ แ‹ญแ‹ฐแˆˆแˆแค แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ“แ‰ตแŠ• แŠ แˆณแŒฅแ‰ถ แˆ˜แŒปแ‰ แˆˆแŠ แŠ•แ‹ณแŠ•แ‹ถแ‰ฝ แŠ แˆตแŒˆแˆซแˆš แˆ˜แˆตแˆŽ แ‹ญแ‰ณแ‹ญ แ‹ญแˆ†แŠ“แˆแข แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ฉ แŒแŠ•แฃ แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ“แ‰ต แ‰ แˆซแˆฑ แˆŠแˆˆแ‹ แ‹จแˆ›แ‹ญแ‰ฝแˆˆแ‹แŠ• แ‰ฐแˆ˜แŠซแŠญแˆจแ‹ แŠฅแ‹ซแˆˆแˆ‹แ‰ธแ‹ แŠแ‹ 3/ แˆแˆญแŒซ แ‹ญแŠ‘แˆญแฃ แ‹จแˆแˆญแŒซ แ‹แŒคแ‰ต แˆˆแˆ˜แ‰€แ‰ แˆ แˆแ‰ƒแ‹ฐแŠ› แˆ˜แˆ†แŠ• แŠ แˆˆแ‰ฅแŠ• แ‰ฅแˆŽแŠ แˆ 4/ แ‹จแˆญแˆฑ แˆƒแ‰ฅแ‰ต แˆ›แŠซแ‰ แ‰ต แ‰ แˆซแˆฑ แŒฅแˆจแ‰ต แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆ†แŠ แˆŠแ‹ซแˆณแˆแŠแŠ• แˆžแŠญแˆฏแˆ 5/ แˆตแ‹ฌแŠ• แŒ แ‰…แˆทแˆ 6/ แ‹จแŠขแ‰ตแ‹ฎแŒตแ‹ซแŠ• แˆ แˆซแ‹Šแ‰ต แ‰ แ‰ตแŠ– แ‹จแˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ“แ‰ตแŠ• แ‹ˆแ‰ณแ‹ฐแˆญ แˆ˜แ‰ฐแŠซแ‰ฑแŠ• แ‰ แ‹ˆแ‰…แ‰ฑ โ€œNational defense and economic developmentโ€แ‰ฅแˆŽ แ‹ซแ‰€แˆจแ‰ แ‹แŠ• แˆฐแŠแ‹ต แ‰†แŠ•แŒฝแˆŽ แˆ™แˆ‰แ‹แŠ• แˆฐแŠแ‹ต แˆŠแ‹ฐแ‰ฅแ‰€แŠ• แˆžแŠญแˆฏแˆ 7/ แ‹›แ‰ป แ‰ฅแŒคแˆ แŠ แˆฐแˆแ‰ทแˆแค แŠซแˆˆแ‹šแ‹ซ แ‹ฐแˆ แ‰ แ‹ฐแˆ แŠฅแŠ•แˆ†แŠ“แˆˆแŠ• แ‰ฅแˆŽแŠ“แˆแข แ‹ตแˆแ‹ณแˆœแ‹ฌ แˆแŠ•แ‹ตแŠแ‹? 1/ แ‹จแˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ“แ‰ต แŠ แŠซแˆ„แ‹ต แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆ›แ‹ซแ‹‹แŒฃ แ‰ฐแˆจแ‹ตแ‰ทแˆแค แˆตแ‹ฌ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆžแŠจแˆจแ‹ [แ‰ตแ‹ แ‹ญแˆแˆƒแˆ? แŠฅแˆตแˆญ แ‰คแ‰ฑ แŠฆแˆฎแˆแŠ› แ‹ญแŠ“แŒˆแˆซแˆ แ‹ซแˆ‹แ‰ตแŠ•?] 2/ แŒปแ‹ตแ‰ƒแŠ• แ‹ฐแ‰กแ‰ฅ แˆฑแ‹ณแŠ• แˆ‹แ‹ญ แˆˆแŠ แˆœแˆชแŠซแŠ–แ‰ฝ แŠ แˆตแ‰ฐแ‰ฃแ‰ฃแˆช แˆ†แŠ– แŠฅแ‹จแˆ แˆซ แŠแ‹แค แˆตแ‹ฌ แˆแ‹•แˆซแ‰ฅ แŠ แแˆชแŠซ แˆ‹แ‹ญแข 3/ แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ“แ‰ต แŠจแˆ˜แˆˆแˆต แˆžแ‰ต แ‰ แŠ‹แˆ‹ แˆ˜แˆตแˆ›แˆ›แ‰ต แˆตแˆ‹แˆแ‰ปแˆ‰ แŠƒ/แˆ›แˆญแ‹ซแˆแŠ• แŠ แˆตแ‰€แˆแŒ แ‹ แŠซแ‰ฅ แˆˆแŠซแ‰ฅ แŠฅแ‹จแ‰ฐแ‹ซแ‹ฉ แŠแ‹แค โ€œแŠฎแˆŒแŠญแ‰ฒแ‰ญ แˆŠแ‹ฐแˆญแˆฝแ•โ€ แ‰ แˆšแˆ แˆ›แŒญแ‰ แˆญแ‰ แˆชแ‹ซ แŠƒ/แˆ›แˆญแ‹ซแˆแŠ• แ‹ฐแ‰ฅแˆจแŒฝแ‹ฎแŠ•แฃ แ‰ แˆจแŠจแ‰ตแฃ แŠ แ‰ฃแ‹ญแฃ แ‰ฅแˆญแˆƒแŠ แŒˆ/แŠญ แŒˆแŠ•แ‹˜แ‰กแŠ• แˆฅแˆแŒฃแŠ‘แŠ• แ‰ฐแ‰€แˆซแˆแ‰ฐแ‹แ‰ณแˆแค แŠ แŠ•แ‹ฑ แ‰ฝแŒแˆญ แ‹ญแŠธ แŠแ‹แข แŠ แˆœแˆชแŠซแŠ–แ‰ฝ แ‹จแ‰ฝแŒแˆฉแŠ• แˆ˜แŒ แŠ• แ‹ซแ‹แ‰แ‰ณแˆแค แŠ แ‰ณแˆ‹แ‹ญแŠแ‰ฑ แˆตแˆˆแŒˆแ‰ฃแ‰ธแ‹ แ‹จแˆ˜แˆˆแˆต แˆ˜แ‹ˆแŒˆแ‹ต แŠฅแˆจแแ‰ต แˆฐแŒฅแ‰ทแ‰ธแ‹ แŠแ‰ แˆญแฃ แŠ แˆแŠ• แ‹ฐแŒแˆž แ‹จแ‹‹แˆˆแˆˆ แŠ แˆ˜แˆซแˆญ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฒแ‰€แŒฅแˆ แŠ แ‹ญแˆแˆแŒ‰แˆแข แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ“แ‰ต แˆถแˆ›แˆŒแŠ•แฃ แ‹ฐแ‰กแ‰ฅ แˆฑแ‹ณแŠ•แŠ• แ‰ แŠขแ‰ตแ‹ฎแŒตแ‹ซแ‹แ‹ซแŠ• แ‹ฐแˆ แŠฅแ‹ซแˆตแŒ แ‰ แ‰€แˆ‹แ‰ธแ‹ แŠแ‹แข แ‹จแŠ แŒˆแˆซแ‰ฝแˆแŠ• แ‰ฝแŒแˆญ แˆ˜แแ‰ตแˆ” แˆตแŒก แŠฅแ‹ซแˆ‹แ‰ธแ‹ แŠแ‹แข แˆˆแŠ แˆœแˆชแŠซแŠ–แ‰ฝ แ‹จแ‹ˆแŒˆแŠ–แ‰ปแ‰ฝแŠ• แ‹ฐแˆ แˆ˜แแˆฐแˆต แˆแŠ•แˆ แ‹ซแˆแˆ˜แˆฐแˆˆแ‹ แˆˆแ‹šแˆ… แŠแ‹แข แ‰ แ‰ฐแ‰ฃแ‰ แˆฉแ‰ต แˆ˜แŠ•แŒแˆฅแ‰ณแ‰ต แŒธแŒฅแ‰ณ แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ญ แŠขแ‰ตแ‹ฎแŒตแ‹ซ แ‹ˆแŠ•แ‰ แˆญ แ‹ซแŒˆแŠ˜แ‰ฝแ‹ แ‰ แŠ แˆœแˆชแŠซแŠ“ แ‰ แŠฅแŠ•แŒแˆŠแ‹ แŠฅแˆญแ‹ณแ‰ณ แŠแ‹แข แŠ แˆแŠ• แ‹จแˆšแˆแˆˆแŒˆแ‹ แŒปแ‹ตแ‰ƒแŠ• แŠ แ‹ณแŠ แˆ†แŠ– แ‹จแŠ แˆœแˆชแŠซแŠ–แ‰ฝแŠ• แ‹“แˆ‹แˆ› แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฒแ‹ซแˆตแˆแŒฝแˆ แŠแ‹แค แ‰ แ‹šแ‹ซแ‹แˆ แ‹จแˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ“แ‰ตแŠ• แ‹จแ‰ แˆ‹แ‹ญแŠแ‰ต แ‹ญแ‰ณแ‹ฐแŒ‹แˆ แˆ›แˆˆแ‰ต แŠแ‹แข แ•แˆฎแŒแˆฐแˆญ แˆ˜แˆณแ‹ญ แ‹ญแˆ…แŠ• แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ดแ‰ต แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ณแˆแ‰ฐแˆจแ‹ณแ‹ แŒˆแˆญแˆžแŠ›แˆแข แŠ แˆœแˆชแŠซแŠ–แ‰ฝ แ‰ แŠ“แ‹ญแŒ„แˆชแ‹ซ แ‹ซแ‹ฐแˆจแŒ‰แ‰ต แ‹ญแˆ…แŠ•แŠ‘ แŠแ‹แค แŒ†แŠ“แ‰ณแŠ• แŒ‰แ‹ตแˆˆแŠญ แ‰ แŒ„แŠ”แˆซแˆ แˆ™แˆแˆ˜แ‹ฑ แ‰กแˆƒแˆช แ‹จแ‰ฐแ‰ฐแŠซแ‹ แ‰ แŠ แˆœแˆชแŠซแŠ–แ‰ฝ แŠฅแˆญแ‹ณแ‰ณ แ‰ฆแŠฎแˆƒแˆซแˆแŠ• แˆˆแˆ˜แ‹‹แŒ‹แ‰ต แ‰ฐแ‰ฅแˆŽ แŠแ‹แข แ‰ฅแ‹™ แˆŒแˆ‹ แˆแ‰ฐแ‰ณ แ‰ แˆ›แ‰…แˆจแ‰ฅ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ณแˆ‹แˆฐแˆˆแ‰ฝ แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ฉแŠ• แˆˆแˆ›แˆตแˆจแ‹ณแ‰ต แ‹ซแ‰€แˆจแ‰ฅแŠฉแ‰ต แ‰ แ‰‚ แ‹ญแˆ˜แˆตแˆˆแŠ›แˆแข [แ‰ แŠแŒˆแˆซแ‰ฝแŠ• แˆ‹แ‹ญ แ‹จแˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ“แ‰ต แ‰ฅแˆŽแŒ แˆ†แˆญแŠ• แŠ แŒแˆญแˆต แ‰ แŠฅแŠ•แŒแˆŠแ‹แŠ› แ‹จแ‰ฐแˆจแŒŽแˆ™แ‰ต แˆˆแˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ“แ‰ต แŠ แˆ˜แ‰ปแ‰ฝแ‰ฐแ‹ แŠแ‹แŠ“แค แŒŠแ‹œ แŠซแŒˆแŠ›แ‰ฝแˆ แ‰ตแˆญแŒ‰แˆ™แŠ• แŠจแŠ แˆ›แˆญแŠ›แ‹ แ‰…แŒ‚ แŒ‹แˆญ แŠ แˆตแ‰ฐแ‹ซแ‹ฉแข แŠ แˆแŠ• แ‹ฐแŒแˆž แŠฅแ‹šแˆ…แŠ“ แŠฅแ‹šแ‹ซ แ‹จแŒปแ‹ตแ‰…แ‰ƒแŠ•แŠ• แŠขแŠ•แ‰ฐแˆญแ‰ชแ‹ แŠฅแ‹ซแˆฐแˆ™แŠ• แŠแ‹แข แแ‰ฅแˆŠแŠญ แˆชแˆŒแˆฝแŠ•แˆต แŠแ‹ แŠแŒˆแˆฉแค แˆˆแˆแˆญแŒซ แ‹แ‹ตแ‹ตแˆฉ แ“แˆญแ‰ฒ แŒˆแŠ“ แˆณแ‹ญแŠ–แˆญ แ‰ฐแŒ€แˆแˆฏแˆ!]แข แˆŒแˆ‹ แ‹จแˆšแ‹ซแˆฃแˆตแ‰ แ‹ แ‹จแŠแ‹ถ/แˆญ แ‰ฅแˆญแˆƒแŠ‘ แˆ˜แ‹ˆแˆ‹แŒˆแ‹ต แŠแ‹แค แŠจแˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ“แ‰ต แ‰ฃแˆ‹แŠแˆฐ แˆˆแŠ แŒˆแˆซแ‰ฝแŠ• แˆ˜แ‰…แˆ แแ‰ต แŠ“แ‰ธแ‹ แ‹จแˆšแˆ แŒแŠ•แ‹›แ‰ค แˆ‹แ‹ญ แ‹ฐแˆญแˆปแˆˆแˆแข

  42. Korem says:

    แˆ›แ‹ญแŒจแ‹แฃ แŠ แˆ‹แˆ›แŒฃแฃ แŠฎแˆจแˆ
    แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ดแ‰ต แŠแ‹ แ‹ˆแŒˆแŠ” แŠฅแŠ“แ‰ต แŠ แˆˆแˆ
    แ‰ฃแˆ€แˆ‰แฃ แŒจแ‹‹แ‰ณแ‹แฃ แŠฅแŠญแˆตแˆตแ‰ณแ‹
    แแ‰…แˆญ แ‰ƒแŠ“ แŒฃแ‹แŒช แ‹œแˆ› แˆ˜แˆฐแŠ•แ‰†แ‹
    แ‹จแ‰ตแˆ แ‰ขแ‹ฐแˆญแˆต แ‰ แŠ แˆˆแˆ แ‹™แˆฎ
    แŠฅแˆฑแŠแ‰ฑ แŠจแ‹ˆแˆŽ แ‰ แ‰ฐแˆแŒฅแˆฎ
    แ‹ฐแˆดแฃ แˆ‹แˆŠแ‰ แˆ‹แฃ แˆฐแ‰†แŒฃ
    แˆซแ‹ซ แŠฃแ‹˜แ‰ฆ แŠ แˆ‹แˆ›แŒฃ
    แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ดแ‰ต แ‹ญแˆˆแ‹ซแ‹ซแ‹ญ แ‹ญแˆ˜แˆตแˆ‹แˆ แ‰ฃแ‹•แ‹ต
    แ‹จแŠ แŠ•แ‹ต แ‹ˆแŠ•แ‹ แˆแŒ… แ‰ แˆ˜แ‹ˆแˆˆแ‹ต
    แ‹จแŒ‹แˆซแŠ• แŒ แˆ‹แ‰ต แ‰ แ‹šแˆ…แฃ แ‰ แ‹šแ‹ซ
    แ‰ฐแ‰ฃแ‰ฅแˆฎ แˆ›แˆตแ‹ˆแŒˆแ‹ต แŠแ‹ แŠฅแˆตแŠจ แˆซแ‹ซแกแก

  43. Kassa says:

    This is what has happening to them since 1979 silently in the isolation intentionally hidden by TPLF its 37 years long atrocities against the native Wolkait Amhara people. It has to be called the worst Crime and massacre against humanity for sure in the Ethiopian history and also the African history as well.

    It is all about to take their very fertile, water rich and huge land. In order to achieve that, they have had to eliminate the natives with cruelty worse than what happened to the natives in North America, Australia and so on. IS is massacring and terrorizing the people not for land but religion. . When someone terrorizing and killing you to take the land, that means you have to leave because of the land is no longer yours.

    This is exactly what has happened to the natives Wolkait in Gonder by TPLF. We are certain; this will be registered in the world history book as the longest, worst and most hidden massacre and crimes against humanity.


    Watch the horrible and cruelty TPLF atrocities against the native wolkait Gondere citizens directly from the victims:

    Youtube: “ESAT Ethiopian Community in Australia Discuss Welkait Tegede August 15 , 2016 Ethiopia”

  44. Keep working says:

    แŠฅแ‹แˆซ แŠ แˆแ‰ฃ แˆแ‹ญแˆ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆšแ‹ซแˆตแ‰€แˆแŒฅ แ‰ แˆ›แˆ˜แŠ• แŠจแ‹šแˆ… แ‰ƒแˆˆ แˆแˆแˆแˆต แŒ‹แˆญ แŠ แ‰ฅแˆฎ แˆŠแˆ„แ‹ต แ‹ญแ‰ฝแˆ‹แˆ แ‹จแˆšแˆ แŒแˆแ‰ต แˆตแˆ‹แˆˆ แŠแ‹แกแก


    แŠจแ‰ณแˆชแŠญ แˆ˜แ‹แŒˆแ‰ฅแฃ แˆˆแˆ˜แˆ†แŠ‘ แŠ แˆ›แˆซ แˆ›แŠแ‹? แ‰ แˆšแˆ แŠ แˆญแ‹•แˆตแ‰ต แ‹แˆตแŒฅ แŠจแˆšแŒˆแŠ™ แŠฅแ‹แŠแ‰ณแ‹ˆแ‰ฝ แ‹แˆตแŒฅ แ‹จแ‰ฐแ‹ˆแˆฐแ‹ฐ แŠแ‹แกแก


    ” แŠฅแŠ› แŠ แˆ›แˆฎแ‰ฝ แŠ แ‹ญแ‹ฐแˆˆแŠ•แˆแŠ“ แŠ แ‰ตแŒฅแˆ‰แŠ•แกแก”
    ” แ‰ณแ‹ฒแ‹ซ แŒ‹แˆ‹ แŠ“แ‰ธแˆ แˆ›แˆˆแ‰ต แŠแ‹? แŠฅแŠ› แŠจแŒ‹แˆ‹ แ‰ แ‰ณแ‰ฝ แˆฐแ‹ แ‹ซแˆˆ แŠ แ‹ญแˆ˜แˆตแˆˆแŠ•แˆแกแก แŠ แˆ›แˆซแŠ• แ‹จแˆแŠ•แŒ แˆ‹แŠ“ แŒ‹แˆ‹แŠ• แŒจแˆแˆฎ แˆŒแˆ‹แ‹แŠ• แŠจแŠฅแŒแˆซแ‰ฝแŠ• แˆตแˆญ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆ†แŠ แŠฅแ‹จแ‰ฐแˆฐแˆ›แŠ• แ‹จแˆแŠ•แŠ•แ‰… แŠแŠ•แก”

    แ‹จแ‹ˆแ‹ซแŠ” แˆ˜แˆชแ‹Žแ‰ฝ แˆตแˆˆแ‹แˆ›แˆซ แ‰ฐแŠ“แŒแˆจแ‹‹แˆ แŠจแˆšแ‰ฃแˆ‰แ‰ต แŠ•แŒแŒแˆฎแ‰ฝ แŠ แŠ•แ‹ณแŠ•แ‹ฑ แˆˆแŒ แˆ‹แ‰ตแˆ แŒ†แˆฎ แŠฅแŠ•แŠณแŠ• แ‹ญแ‰€แ‹แˆแข แŠฅแ‹šแˆ… แŒฅแ‰‚แ‰ถแ‰นแŠ• แŠจแŠแ‰ฐแŠ“แŒ‹แˆชแ‹ซแ‰ธแ‹ แŒ‹แˆญ แˆแŒ แ‰…แˆต แŠฅแ‹ˆแ‹ณแˆˆแˆแข

    โ€œ แ‹แˆ›แˆซ แŒ แˆ‹แ‰ต แŠแ‹โ€ (แ‹จแˆ•.แ‹ˆ.แŠ .แ‰ต. แˆ›แŠฅแŠจแˆ‹แ‹Š แŠ แ‰‹แˆ – แˆฐแŠแ‹ต)แข
    โ€œแ‹แˆ›แˆซ แˆ˜แŠ•แŒˆแ‹ต แˆ‹แ‹ญ แ‰แŒญ แ‰ฅแˆŽ แˆฒแˆˆแˆแŠ• แˆ›แ‹จแ‰ต แŠฅแˆแˆแŒ‹แˆˆแˆโ€ (แˆ˜แˆˆแˆต แ‹œแŠ“แ‹Š)แข
    โ€œแ‹แˆ›แˆซแŠ• แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐ แˆฒแŒ‹แˆซ แˆจแŒแŒ แŠ• แŒฅแˆˆแŠแ‹‹แˆโ€ (แˆตแ‹ฌ แŠ แ‰ฅแˆญแˆƒ)แข
    โ€œแŒˆแ‹ตแˆˆแŠ• แ‹จแ‰€แ‰ แˆญแŠแ‹แŠ• แ‹แˆ›แˆซ แŠ แ‰ณแŠ•แˆฑแ‰ฅแŠ•โ€ (แˆณแˆžแˆซ แ‹ญแŠ‘แˆต)แข
    โ€œแ‹แˆ›แˆซแ‹แŠ•แŠ“ แŠฆแˆญแ‰ถแ‹ถแŠญแˆฑแŠ• แˆฐแ‰ฅแˆจแŠ• แŒฅแˆˆแŠแ‹‹แˆโ€ (แŠ แ‰ฆแ‹ญ แˆตแ‰ฅแˆƒแ‰ต)แข
    โ€œแ‹แˆ›แˆซ แ‰ตแˆแŠญแˆ•แ‰ฐแŠ› แŠแ‹โ€ (แŒˆแ‰ฅแˆจแŠชแ‹ณแŠ• แ‹ฐแˆตแ‰ณ)แข


    แกแ‰€แŠ• แˆฒแˆ˜แŒฃ แˆ˜แˆˆแˆต แ‹œแŠ“แ‹ŠแŠ•แฃ แ‰ฒแ‹Žแ‹ฐแˆฎแˆต แŠ แ‹ตแˆ€แŠ–แˆแŠ•แŠ“ แˆŒแˆŽแ‰ฝแŠ•แˆ แ‰ตแŒแˆฌแ‹Žแ‰ฝแŠ•แŠ“ แ‹จแŠแˆฑ แ‰ฐแ‰ฃแ‰ฃแˆช แ‹จแˆ†แŠ‘แ‰ตแŠ• แ‹จแ‹แŒช แˆ€แ‹ญแˆŽแ‰ฝแŠ“ แ‹ตแˆญแŒ…แ‰ถแ‰ฝ แ‰ แ‹˜แˆญ แˆ›แŒฅแ‹แ‰ต แ‹จแˆšแ‹ซแˆตแŒ แ‹ญแ‰… แ‹ˆแŠ•แŒ€แˆ แŠจแˆ†แŠ‘แ‰ต แ‹แˆตแŒฅ แŠ แŠ•แ‹ฑแŠ• แ‹ญแˆ˜แˆแŠจแ‰ฑแกแก

    Youtube.com: ” The Hidden Genocide of Amharas the world need to know”

    แกWatch the horrible and cruelty TPLF atrocities against the native wolkait Gondere citizens directly from the victims:
    Youtube: โ€œESAT Ethiopian Community in Australia Discuss Welkait Tegede August 15 , 2016 Ethiopiaโ€

  45. Korem says:

    แŠฅแˆ›แˆซ แŠแŠ แ‹จแˆแ‰ตแˆ แˆแˆ‰
    แŠ แˆแŠ•แˆ แ‹ซแ‹ แŠแˆ… แ‹จแŒ แ‹แ‰ฅแˆ€ แ‹แˆ‰?

    แ‹จแˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ต แ‹˜แˆ˜แŠ• แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฒแ‹ซ แ‹จแŒŽแ‹ณแˆ…
    แ‰ แŠ แŠ•แ‰ฐ แŒฅแ‹แ‰ต แŠแ‹ แ‹ฐแŠญแˆ˜แˆ… แŠ แŒแŠแ‰ถแˆ…
    แ‹ซ แˆแˆ‰ แŒ€แŒแŠ•แŠแ‰ต แ‹ซ แˆแˆ‰ แ‹แŠ“
    แ‹ˆแ‹ดแ‰ต แ‹ฐแˆจแˆฐ? แŠ แˆณแ‹›แŠ แ‹œแŠ“
    แŠ แŠ•แ‹ต แˆแŠ•แฃ แ‰ฐแ‹ฐแˆซแŒ‚แฃ แˆˆแˆซแˆตแˆ… แŠฅแ‹ˆแ‰…
    แŠขแ‰ตแ‹ฎแŒฒแ‹ซ แŠฅแ‹ซแˆแˆ… แŠจแ‰ณแ‰ฝ แŠ แ‰ตแ‹แ‹ฐแ‰…
    แˆ€แŒˆแˆญ แ‹จแŒ‹แˆซ แ‹จแŠ แŠ•แ‰ฐ แŠแ‹ แ‹จแŒแˆ
    แˆˆแˆซแˆตแˆ… แˆณแ‰ตแˆ†แŠ• แˆˆแˆŒแˆ‹ แŠ แ‰ตแ‰ แˆแก
    แŠจแ‰ฐแˆ˜แˆจแ‰€แฃ แŠจแ‰ฐแˆ˜แˆจแŒ  แˆ˜แˆฌแ‰ต แˆ‹แ‹ญ แˆ†แŠแˆ…
    แ‹จแˆ˜แŒฃแ‹ แ‹ญแˆแŒฃ แˆแŠ• แŠ แˆตแŒจแŠแ‰€แˆ…?

    แˆˆแˆŒแˆ‹แฃ แˆˆแˆŒแˆ‹ แŠจแˆซแˆต แ‰ แŠแ‰ต
    แŠ แ‹ญแ‰ปแˆแˆ…แˆ แŠฅแŠ“ แŠฅแ‹ˆแ‰…แ‰ แ‰ต
    แˆˆแŠ แŠ•แ‰ฐแฃ แˆˆแ‰คแ‰ตแฃ แˆˆแŒŽแˆจแ‰คแ‰ต
    แˆˆแˆฐแˆแˆญแฃ แŠ แ‹แˆซแŒƒ แŠฅแˆตแŠจ แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต
    แŠจแ‹šแ‹ซแˆ แˆˆแˆ€แŒˆแˆญ แˆˆแŠขแ‰ตแ‹ฎแŒฒแ‹ซ
    แ‹ญแˆ… แŠแ‹ แŠฅแ‹แŠแ‰ณแ‹ แˆˆแŠ แŠ•แ‰ฐ แˆ˜แˆˆแ‹ซแก
    แˆซแˆตแˆ…แŠ• แŒฅแˆˆแˆ… แˆ€แŒˆแˆฌแก แˆ€แŒˆแˆฌ
    แŠฅแŠ•แŠณแŠ•แˆฐ แ‰ฅแˆตแˆ แŠ แ‹ญแˆฐแŒฅแˆ แŒฅแˆฌ

    แ‰ แŒŽแˆณแฃ แ‰ แŠฅแˆแŠแ‰ต แ‹จแˆˆแˆ… แŠญแแแˆ
    แŠขแ‰ตแ‹ฎแŒฒแ‹ซ แŠฅแ‹ซแˆแˆ€ แ‰ฅแ‰ตแŠ•แ‰ตแŠ• แŠ แ‰ตแ‰ แˆ
    แ‰ แ‹šแˆ…แฃ แ‰ แ‹šแ‹ซ แŠ แˆˆ แŒจแŠซแŠ แŒ แˆ‹แ‰ตแˆ…
    แŠ แŠ•แ‹ต แˆ€แ‹ซแˆ แˆแŠ• แˆตแ‰ตแˆ แˆˆแˆซแˆตแˆ…
    แˆˆแˆซแˆตแˆ… แˆตแ‰ตแˆ†แŠ• แŠแˆ… แˆˆแŠขแ‰ตแ‹ฎแŒฒแ‹ซ
    แˆแŠ• แŠ แŠ•แ‹ต แˆตแ‰ฅแˆตแ‰ฅ แ‰ แˆ˜แ‰ณแˆฐแˆชแ‹ซ
    แˆ˜แ‰ณแˆฐแˆชแ‹ซแ‹แˆ แŠแ‹ แˆ…แˆแ‹แŠ“
    แ‹จแŠ แˆแŠ‘ แ‹˜แˆ˜แŠ• แŠ แ‹ญแ‹ฐแˆˆแˆ แ‹จแŠ แˆแŠ“แก
    แ‰ตแŒแˆฌ แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ“แ‰ต แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฅแŠ• แŠจแ‹แแˆŽ
    แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ณแ‹ซแŠจแˆตแˆแˆ… แ‰ แŠฅแˆณแ‰ต แŠ แ‰ƒแŒฅแˆŽ

    แŠ แˆ›แˆซแŠแ‰ตแŠ• แˆ˜แ‹ซแ‹ แŠ แŒฅแ‰ฅแ‰†
    แˆฐแˆ‹แˆ แ‹ญแˆฐแŒฃแˆ แŠ‘แˆฎแŠ• แŠ แ‹ตแˆแ‰†
    แ‹จแŠขแ‰ตแ‹ฎแŒฒแ‹ซ แŠฅแˆแ‰ฅแˆญแ‰ต แ‹จแŠ แ‰ฃแ‹ญแฃ แ‹จแŒฃแŠ“
    แˆแˆŒแˆ แŠแ‹ แ‰ณแˆ‹แ‰… แˆแˆŒแˆ แŠแ‹ แŒ€แŒแŠ“
    แŠ แ‰ตแ‰ แ‰ณแ‰ฐแŠ•แฃ แŠขแ‰ตแ‹ฎแŒฒแ‹ซ แŠฅแ‹ซแˆแˆ€
    แˆแŠ•แˆ แŠ แ‰ตแ‰ฝแˆแˆ แˆˆแˆซแˆตแˆ… แŠซแˆแˆ†แŠ•แˆ…
    แ‰ฐแˆฐแ‰ฃแˆฐแ‰ฅแฃ แ‰ฐแ‹ฐแˆซแŒ‚แฃ แˆแŠ• แŠ แˆˆแ‰ต แ‹ฐแŠ•แŒ‹แ‹ญ
    แŠฅแ‹จแŒฎแˆ แŠแ‹ แŒฃแ‹ญแ‰ฑแŠ“ แ‰ แˆ‹แ‹ญ

    แ‹จแˆซแˆตแˆ…แŠ• แ‰ฆแ‰ณ แŠฅแŠ•แ‹ฐ แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต
    แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆƒแ‰ต แˆฒแ‹ˆแˆตแ‹ต แ‹แˆ แ‰ฅแˆŽ แˆ›แ‹จแ‰ต
    แ‹ซ แˆแˆ‰ แ‰ แ‹ฐแˆ แˆฒแˆแ€แˆแ‰ฅแˆ…
    แŠ แˆ‹แ‹ญแˆ แˆ›แˆˆแ‰ต แŠ แŠ•แŒˆแ‰ต แˆ˜แ‹ตแ‹แ‰ตแˆ…แก
    แˆ˜แแ‰ตแˆ„ แˆณแ‹ญแˆ†แŠ• แ‰ตแˆแ‰… แŒฅแ‹แ‰ต แŠแ‹
    แŒ แˆ‹แ‰ต แŠ แ‰ฅแ‹แ‰ถ แ‰ แˆˆแ‹ แ‹จแˆšแˆˆแ‹แก
    แˆซแˆตแˆ…แŠ• แŒ แ‰ฅแ‰… แŠ แ‰…แˆแˆ€ แŠแ‹ แˆ€แ‹ซแˆ
    แ‹จแˆšแˆแˆซแ‹แŠ• แˆ›แŠ•แˆต แ‹ญแ‹ฐแแˆซแˆ?

    แŠจแˆธแ‹‹แฃ แ‹ˆแˆŽแก แŒŽแŒƒแˆแฃ แŠจแŒŽแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆญแฃแฃแฃ
    แˆ˜แˆ‹แ‹ แŠ แˆ›แˆซ แ‰ แŠ แŠ•แ‹ต แ‰ฐแˆณแˆฐแˆญ
    แŠจแ‹ณแˆญ แŠฅแˆตแŠจ แ‹ณแˆญ แ‰ แŠขแ‰ตแ‹ฎแŒฒแ‹ซ
    แŠจแ‹‹แˆแ‰ณ แ‹‹แˆแ‰ณ แ‰ แŠ แˆˆแˆแˆ แ‹™แˆชแ‹ซ
    แŠ แˆ›แˆซ แŠแŠ แ‰ฃแ‹ญแก แ‹จแŠ แŠ•แ‰ฐ แŒ“แ‹ฐแŠ›
    แ‰ แŠ แŠ•แ‹ตแŠแ‰ต แˆแŠ‘แก แ‰…แŒก แŠ แˆ˜แ€แŠ›แก
    แˆซแˆตแŠ• แŒฅแˆŽ แˆŒแˆ‹แŠ• แˆˆแˆ›แŠ•แˆณแ‰ต
    แˆˆแˆ˜แ‰€แ‰ แˆญ แŠแ‹ แˆแˆŒแˆ แŠ แ‰ตแˆญแˆฑแ‰ตแก

    แ‹จแˆ€แ‹ˆแˆƒแ‰ต แ‹˜แˆ˜แŠ• แˆˆแ‹šแˆ… แŒฅแˆŽแŠ“แˆ
    แˆˆแ‹จแˆซแˆต แŠฅแŠ•แŒ‚ แˆแŠ• แ‹ญแ‰ แŒ€แŠ“แˆ
    แˆ€แŒˆแˆฌแฃ แˆ€แŒˆแˆฌ แ‹ซ แˆแˆ‰ แ‹แŠ“
    แ‰ แˆ…แ‹ˆแˆ€แ‰ต แ‹ˆแ‰…แ‰ต แŠแ‹ แˆ˜แŒฅแŽ แ‹œแŠ“แกแก

  46. Wolkayit Gonder says:

    แŒ€แŒแŠ“แ‹‹ แŠฅแˆญแˆตแ‰ฐ แ‹ตแˆแ…แฃ แˆ˜แŠจแ‰ณแŠ“ แŠ แˆˆแŠแ‰ณ แˆ†แŠ•แˆฝแŠ•แกแก แŠญแ‰ฅแˆญแŠ“ แˆ›แ‹•แˆจแŒ แŠ แŒŽแŠ“แ€แแˆฝแŠ•แกแก แ‹ˆแ‹ฐแˆญ แ‰ แˆŒแˆ‹แ‹ แŠ แŠฎแˆซแˆฝแŠ•แกแก

    แŠฅแˆญแˆตแ‰ฐ แˆ˜แ‰ฅแˆซแ‰ฑ แ‰ฐแˆตแ‹แ‹ฌ

    “แˆ˜แ‰ณแ‹ˆแ‰… แ‹ซแˆˆแ‰ แ‰ต แŒแŠ• แŠฅแŠ› แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ฒแ‹Žแ‰ฝ แŠฅแŠ•แŠณ แ‰ตแŒแˆฌ แŠแŠ• แ‰ฅแŠ•แˆ แ‹ซแ‰ฝ แˆ˜แˆฌแ‰ต แŒแŠ• แ‹จแŠ แˆ›แˆซ แŠ“แ‰ตแกแก แ‹ตแŠ•แ‰ แˆฌ แ‰ฐแŠจแ‹œ แŠแ‹ แ‰ฅแˆŽ แ‹จแŠ แˆ›แˆซ แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฅ แ‰ฐแŠแˆตแ‰ทแˆแกแก แˆ›แŠ•แˆ แˆฐแ‹ แ‰ แ‹šแ‹ซ แ‹จแˆšแŠ–แˆจแ‹ แˆˆแŠ แˆ›แˆซ แŒแ‰ฅแˆญ แŠฅแ‹จแŠจแˆแˆˆ แ‹จแˆ˜แŠ–แˆญ แˆ˜แ‰ฅแ‰ต แŠ แˆˆแ‹แกแก แŠจแŠฅแŠ•แŒแ‹ฒแˆ… แ‰ แŠ‹แˆ‹ แŒแŠ• แ‹จแˆแˆˆแŒ‹แ‰ธแ‹แŠ• แŒฅแ‰…แˆ›แŒฅแ‰…แˆ แ‰ แˆ›แˆณแ‹จแ‰ต แŠฅแŠ›แŠ• แ‰ แˆ›แˆžแŠœแ‰ตแˆ แˆ†แŠ แ‰ แˆ›แ‰ณแˆˆแˆ แ‹ˆแ‹ญแˆ แ‰ แˆ›แˆตแˆแˆซแˆซแ‰ต แ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต แ‰ตแŒแˆฌ แ‰ตแˆ†แŠ“แˆˆแ‰ฝ แ‰ฅแˆŽ แˆ›แˆฐแ‰ฅ แ‰ แแแˆ แˆŠแˆ†แŠ• แ‹จแˆ›แ‹ญแ‰ฝแˆ แŠแ‹แกแก แ‹จแ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ต แŒ‰แ‹ณแ‹ญ แ‹จแ‹ˆแˆแ‰ƒแ‹ญแ‰ดแ‹Žแ‰ฝ แˆณแ‹ญแˆ†แŠ• แ‹จแŠ แˆ›แˆซ แˆ…แ‹แ‰ฅ แŠแ‹แกแก แŠจแ‰ฐแŠจแ‹œ แˆแˆ‹แˆฝ แˆแˆ แŒŠแ‹œแˆ แŒŽแŠ•แ‹ฐแˆญ แŠฅแŠ•แŒ‚ แ‰ตแŒแˆซแ‹ญ แ‹จแˆˆแˆแก แˆ†แŠ–แˆ แŠ แ‹ซแ‹แ‰…แˆแกแก”

    แŠจESAT Radio 30min Tue 16 Aug 2016 แ‹จแ‰ฐแŒˆแŠœ

  47. samuel says:

    bullshit !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

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