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Home » Commentaries, News » Beyond Derailment and Canonization: Assessing Meles’s Rule (Messay Kebede)

Messay Kebede (PhD)

Scholars loyal to the Woyanne regime, often for the sake of ethnic solidarity, but with some scruples left for the objectivity of scholarly studies engage in a risky project when they undertake the assessment of Meles’s rule of Ethiopia.  While their main intention is to bring out and defend what they consider to be undeniable achievements, their scholarly bent prevents them from simply overlooking or painting in rosy terms his obvious shortcomings and failures. So they adopt an approach that presents the good and the bad sides of Meles with the hope that the positive aspect will significantly outweigh the negative one. Unfortunately for them, even their modicum objectivity ends up by sneaking drawbacks so toxic that the general picture becomes that of a colossal fiasco.

Meles Zenawi

A case in point is Medhane Tadesse’s paper titled “Meles Zenawi and the Ethiopian State,” recently posted, to my surprise, on Aiga website. The paper is a commendable attempt at an objective assessment of Meles’s accomplishments. Medhane first explains the rise of Meles through the defeat of all his opponents, which rise he attributes to his personal qualities, such as quick intelligence, communication skills, impressive erudition, and remarkable aptitudes in political maneuvering. In view of these qualities, his rivals, who often had impressive military records, could do little to stop his rise to absolute power, which became effective in 2001 when he defeated an influential splinter group within the TPLF.

Medhane does not hesitate to say that Meles’s victory was a “serious blow to democratic centralism and collective leadership” and that the consolidation of his absolute power was done at the expense of the TPLF as a ruling party. He rightly argues that Meles marginalized the TPLF by centralizing all power, notably by uniting state power and party leadership in his person, thereby creating a power base independent of the TPLF. Clearly, the assessment is moving decisively toward a critical appraisal of Meles’s rule, and so is in line with the view of the splinter group ascribing the numerous problems that Ethiopia faces today to the missteps of a dictatorial deviation.

With great pain, Medhane manages to find the positive side in the alleged economic success of Meles’s policy. Even so, his assessment falls short of being affirmative: he does speak of the theory of developmental state as a promising orientation, but nowhere indicates that it produced notable results. Instead, his skepticism transpires when he writes: Meles “attempted to reorient Ethiopia’s political economy by carrying out far-reaching reforms, and in particular introducing the fundamentals, for what it’s worth, of an Ethiopian version of a developmental state.” Not only do we not feel any enthusiasm for the “far-reaching reforms,” but also the whole economic orientation of the country is greeted with a marked skeptical tone.

By contrast, Medhane underlines the democratic shortcomings of Meles’s regime and its “wholesale offensive against any form of independent centers of power such as free media, free organization, free business, persecution of critical journalists and enactment of repressive laws.” Thus, if on top of stifling democratic changes in the county, Meles did not score any appreciable gains in the economic field, what is left to say except that his 20 years rule was a total failure?  Hence my puzzlement as to the reason why the pro-Meles Aiga website posted the article. Is it because Aiga people did not understand the content of the article? Or is it the beginning of a critical look at Meles’s alleged achievements, especially now that it becomes clear that he left the TPLF in disarray?

But no sooner did I hope for such an evolution than I noticed that the article was removed from the website. Instead, a new paper of 20 pages criticizing the analysis of Medhane was posted, as though Aiga was correcting its mistake and forcefully reaffirming its pro-Meles stand. Written by Habtamu Alebachew and titled “Tadese Madhane and his ‘Post-Meles Reform Agenda’: Quest for Logic and Relevance,” the paper reasserts the customary position of Meles’s supporters. The paper rambles through 20 pages about political reforms and the developmental state with the clear purpose of metamorphosing preconceived ideological positions into serious theoretical insights. It denounces contradictions in Medhane’s article and is completely devoid of any critical appraisal of Meles.

It is really not necessary to go into Habtamu’s arguments because they provide nothing more than a smoke screen destined to confuse readers by tired rhetoric and laudatory exaggerations. To give you an idea, we find such laughable statements as “in clearest terms, Meles Zenawi is both a regime breaker and a regime founder as much prominent as Moa and Lenin were.”  Habtamu qualifies the post-2010 government of Meles as “a dynamic and functioning regime or the developmental state in action probably as exactly intended and designed.” He defines the government as a “success story” and entirely dismisses its so-called democratic shortcomings.

Unsurprisingly, in light of the undeniable success of Meles, Habtamu concludes that any talk of reform must assume one direction, which is that it must be “a reform proposal within an undergoing and unfinished reform project.” In other words, reform must deepen and perfect Meles’s project; it cannot be an advocacy of a different path or a return to a previous model of economic and political development. Here the author cannot refrain from sharing his major worry about possible reversals when he writes: “I have every reason to get alarmed about the possible abortion of this reform.”

When one contrasts the two assessments, despite obvious differences, one finds an underlying common belief. Indeed, Medhane’s criticisms presuppose the belief that Meles had a genuine desire to develop Ethiopia but failed. To validate this assumption, Medhane portrays Meles as a leader fascinated by the economic development of East Asian countries and suggests that “the main objective” of his conversion to the ideology of the developmental state “was to secure regional prominence as a stabilizing force, raise the status of the country, and increase its relevance which will in turn would attract international finances.” Thus, to make sense of Medhane’s paper, we have to keep in mind the underlying assumption, to wit, that Meles had the good intention of developing Ethiopia and that his good intention was derailed by a mistaken ideological belief in the phenomenal potential of the developmental state.

For Habtamu, the so-called derailment is actually a prerequisite for the realization of the developmental state so that what is required is not to change course but to relentless pursue  the same path  until all the fruits materialize, one of which being the progressive democratization of the country. Simply put, Meles had to suspend democratization in order to create the condition of democracy, especially in view of the fact that reactionary forces almost gained political prominence in the 2005 election.

Clearly, the two approaches agree on the good intention of Meles: the one maintains that it was derailed, the other claims that it was unfinished, but both agree in saying that Meles wanted the economic and democratic blossoming of Ethiopia. The fact that they share a basic principle (good intention) and yet end up in conflicting analyses questions nothing less than the feasibility of the basic agreement. Their divergent evaluations indicate that their point of departure is untenable and hence invite a different thesis. Since the truthfulness of the different thesis solely lies in its ability to explain the conflicting interpretations, it distinguishes itself by its coherence, which is the mark of a sound theoretical approach.

Medhane denounces the gap between theory and practice, that is, between the good intention and the actual outcomes. Habtamu retorts by saying that there is no gap; there is simply a misunderstanding of the theory, notably of its requirements. The truth is that, every time that there is a conflict between practice and theory, we should suspect the presence of what Karl Marx diagnosed as false consciousness. Far from theory guiding practice, the reverse works for false conscience in that practice guides theory but in such a way that the gap between the two is legitimized, excused, or masked.

Thus, Medhane posits good intention and interprets the gap of practice as derailment. But what if said derailment is in reality the realization of an intention that was not originally blameless? This means that Meles opted for the developmental state because it enabled him to justify a dictatorial rule, which is then the original intention. Accordingly, Meles was consistent all along: he wanted dictatorship, which he however masked by the discourse on developmental state. In justifying dictatorship as necessary to bring about development, the discourse effected a transmutation, for what serves a good cause can no longer be characterized as evil.

This is exactly how Habtamu argues: he metamorphoses the shortcomings of Meles into prerequisites for the implementation of a good cause. Consequently, there are no shortcomings or deviations since they are necessary steps in the actualization of the project. Above all, there is no dictatorship because it is the progressive actualization of a benevolent cause. The road ahead, it follows, must be the continuation of an unfinished project, and not its criticism in the name of immature concern.

Clearly, only the replacement of the good intention by a malicious one can correct the contradiction between the two approaches. The substitution explains the option for the developmental state and portrays the shortcoming, not as postponed future benefits, but as inherent outcomes of a dictatorial goal. Meles neither missed nor paced an alleged initial good intention:  he implemented what he originally wanted, namely, absolute power and control.

In this regard, Meles did not see the 2005 electoral defeat of his party as “a pointless disruption,” as Medhane claims. Nor did he perceive it as a setback caused by “internal failures” and an occasion to deepen “aggressively . . . the reform,” as Habtamu puts it. Rather, he reached the realization that his dictatorial project could not go hand in hand with democratic opening, however small the opening may be. The point is that Meles’s dictatorial project, essentially driven by his narcissistic personality, craved for popular approval, obvious as it is that his hunger for personal grandeur needed popular confirmation through regular democratic elections.

The rise and popularity of Kinijit made him realize that the quest for a democratic approval was no longer achievable. The 2005 election result was therefore an awakening from his illusion about his popularity and underestimation of the opposition. Predictably, profoundly humiliated by the electoral success of the opposition, he reacted violently and since then opted for an attenuated version of the North Korean type of dictatorship in which he would obtain the popularity that he wants by silencing the opposition and subjecting the people to brainwashing and personality cult.

I thus agree with Medhane when he says that the reversal of democratic opening in 2005 was a strategy to “change the national mood and turn the opposition into a fringe movement and the margins of society.” Where I differ is when Medhane assumes that he planned to obtain the change by developing the country economically so that ordinary people will support him as they see improvements in their conditions of life. To say so goes against the general consensus describing Meles as well-read and smart. I do not deny that he had such qualities, but I also raise the question of knowing how a well-read and smart person launches a developmental state while perfectly knowing that he has none of the necessary political conditions, not to mention the fact that he surrounded himself by corrupt and incompetent people (on this issue, see my article Meles Zenawi’s Political Dilemma and the Developmental State: Dead-Ends and Exit, ttp://www.scribd.com/doc/58593218/Debate-on-Developmental-State-Ethiopian-Scholars).

Again, what Meles liked in the developmental state is not the economic prospects but the dictatorial aspect, that is, the centralization of all power in the name of economic development. Otherwise, he would have tried to create the necessary preconditions which, as indicated in the above cited article, include a turn toward a genuine nationalist policy and the championing of leadership competence and integrity in all decision-making apparatuses. The truth is that Meles’s grandiosity could not be content with a petty dictatorship; it needed the appearance of serving a noble cause. Since the decline of the socialist ideology and the prevalence of liberalism, what else is left of forms of dictatorial rule with some usable prestige but the developmental state?

This is so true that his successors, aware of the hollowness of Mele’s legacy, cannot see any other way of protecting their status and interests than by glorifying to the point of ridicule his person and “achievements” and vowing to continue his policy in the hope of acquiring some legitimacy. This is exactly the message of Habtamu’s article: let us not undermine by critical appraisal the form of dictatorship guaranteeing the protection of our positions and interests. The only way forward for us is to canonize Meles and to present ourselves as the disciples eager to continue the crusade for the developmental state.

Messay Kebede is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Dayton in Ohio. He taught philosophy at Addis Ababa University from 1976 to 1993. He also served as chair of the department of philosophy from 1980 to 1991.

To sum up, the only consistent evaluation of Meles’s rule is the one centered on his fundamental goal of absolute power. Nothing of what Meles has done is intelligible unless we relate it to absolute power as his driving ethos. Any other working thesis lands nowhere but in the contradictory idea of derailment or the abuse of mystification. It is high time to call a spade a spade, especially for those who are beginning to wake up from the illusions of ethnonationalist discourses.

19 Responses to “Beyond Derailment and Canonization: Assessing Meles’s Rule (Messay Kebede)”

  1. To understand how dishonest and self-aggrandizing ethnic scholars could be you need to read articles by compatriots GHELAWDEWOS["Meles Zenawi may also be remembered for his failures, which is only human. Failures and successes are organic attributes to humans; we are genetically engineered to make mistakes and learn from them, while other animals cannot do that. Animals cannot afford to fail; if they do they simply die. Therefore, one’s failures should not be exaggerated vis-à-vis the successes."]; TEODROS KIROS ["The recent death of Meles Zenawi, the architect of Ethiopian modernity has sent tremors of moral shock to the Ethiopian state and other African states, engaged in the murky business of capitalist modernity."]; ASAYEHGN DESTA[“Meles was a gifted and empowering moderator, he was loved, trusted and respected by the members of the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front which then unanimously recommended to Ethiopian Parliament that he should be the Prime Minister of Ethiopia… In quantitative terms, it is remarkable to notice that Ethiopia has almost achieved universal primary education in line with the “International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights,” (Article 13.2a). Based on the lessons learned from the 1995 Agricultural Development-Led Strategy, the 2002/03 to 2004/05, Sustainable Development and to End Poverty (PASDEP), Ethiopia launched the Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP) for the period 2010/11 to 2014/15, which is expected help Ethiopia achieve not only the Millennium Development Goals but also make it as one of the middle income countries by 2020-2023″; GORFU [“We see how messy democracy can be when we watch the political process in America where it had been exercised for over two centuries, and yet we see them pass regulations to Gerrymander and re-district some areas, or to demand an ID at the voting booth, thereby discouraging and preventing some minorities from voting, or by the outright rigging of the elections as was done in Bush’s time. Is that democracy?…for the first time in the history of Ethiopia, the common peasant has become the owner of his land, the owner of his produce, and in control of his own destiny. This is the fact…PM Meles Zenawi did the right thing to throw these couple dozen of political pundits and would be journalists into prison and focus on the real work of taking care of the masses. The need of the majority trumps up everything, every time. That is not dictatorial, that is the true meaning of democracy!”; etc.
    Note: If you want to get a better picture of what was going on go back 10, 15 years and read articles by these same scholars. Save anything you read immediately you see them posted; I have observed articles pulled down, altered or revised. Another time for showing evidence of tampering with first time articles.

    • hey hey alem stop talking about PASDEP…bal bla thing. At least you can’t cheet these of us who are in it, may be diaspora. It is who plan it, planed false, implemented false, most of it never implemented…becuase it is above the capacity of most government institutes, and when the time come (deadline for pasdep 1 …hahaha we just met, discussed bit and agreed to put all 100% in each and every column!. That is how we told to plan, and told to report by our cadre tplf selfless leader at our institutions. we afraid to report low achievements, as we will be examined via wetet tekor. hence we gave minimum 74 point to every bod though no or least achievement.
      It is not meles who produced the PASDEP document, it we chosen expertise…one stupid part of meles fan is that you give everything to him…this is just stupid and being ignorant!

      That is also how GTP was planned. We will tell you that in 2015 that 100% achievement, you will see the majority poor go even more poorer…few hodam and corrupt leaders and tplf negades will get richer and richer.
      hence, Alem please go and cheat these who have no idea of you are talking!
      Jib emayawkut hager hedo…min ale alu!? Kkikikik

  2. Ben Samuel November 1, 2012

    Its amazing how Ethno-centeric mentality try to cover up facts, truth, logic and commonsense and alwais failed.
    definately truth is Stronger than Cover ups

  3. The Brutal Derg Regime’s super star and Bankrupt Philosopher Mesay says “Scholars loyal to the Woyanne regime, often for the sake of ethnic solidarity…” Well, well if you just reverse this statement: “Scholars who hate the Greatest ever, most visionary, World class brain holder, economic transformer, voracious reader, brave and selfless leader Meles, often for the sake of his ethnicity…then you will clearly understand who the likes of Mesay are…

  4. Name (required) November 1, 2012

    Dr Messay is still in the same… behaviour .When he was our teacher at AAU and always preached that “never A for a student it is for me.”Still he is preaching us his wild and blind analysis on z reknowed world intellect leader as confirmed by the unbiased personalities of z globe. It is really shame to read such article based on hatred than on a sholarly bases.Any way the dogs are baking and z camels walking!

  5. In Mesay’s weird world anybody who appreciates or dislikes Meles’s extraordinary achievements has got to do with Meles’s ethnic background. This simply shows Messay’s PhD and several years of life in the most advanced & democratic USA could not help this Derg loyalist “Philosophy ASTeMaRi” to move out of his narrow mentality even for a single millimeter. Since that cruel, tragic, untimely and sudden death, the whole World has spoken highly of Meles and according to Mesay it is for the sake of ethnic solidarity. Do you think the following people who spoke so highly of Meles are all stupid and have the same ethnicity with Meles? Don’t you think these people have a better brain than that of Mesay’s twisted one? Read below carefully and judge for yourself.

    Raila Odinga, Kenyan PM (Tigrian):
    Meles Zenawi was a great leader, an intellectual, someone who was very dedicated to pan-Africanism. One will remember him for the great effort he put in to transforming the Ethiopian economy.

    Jacob Zuma, South African President (Tigrian):
    It is an absolute tragedy for Africa and the people of Ethiopia to mourn such an exceptional leader who contributed as an active role-player in various continental and global initiatives. Prime Minister Meles Zenawi had been a strong leader, not only for his country but on the African continent, acting as mediator on numerous talks, particularly in the Horn of Africa region.

    Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, President of Liberia (Tigrian):
    Meles Zenawi was an economic transformer, he was a strong intellectual leader for the continent. In our regional meetings he stood out because of his intellect and his ability to respond and to lead dialogue on matters relating to African development. He will be missed in all of our meetings and all of our endeavor.

    Ban Ki-moon, UN Secretary General (Tigrian)
    Prime Minister Zenawi will be remembered for his exceptional leadership and advocacy on African issues within and outside the continent, as well as for overseeing his country’s economic growth and development. The Secretary-General is grateful that Prime Minister Meles’s administration was a strong supporter of United Nations peacekeeping and peacemaking efforts.

    Barnaba Benjamin, South Sudanese Information Minister (Tigrian)
    It’s a very, very sad day for the people of the Republic of South Sudan and the people of the East African region as a whole. This has been a tremendous nationalist leader, a president who had always let peace come to his neighbors.

    European Commission president Jose Manuel Barroso (Tigrian)
    Prime Minister Meles was a respected African leader. He demonstrated his strong personal commitment over many years to improving the lives of not just his own but all African peoples, through his work on African unity, climate change, development and in promoting peace and stability, particularly in the Horn of Africa.

    Kenneth Kaunda, Zambia’s independence leader (Tigrian)
    He’s a young man who has contributed a lot to the development of Ethiopia, ever since he took over there has been some stability there, development in the economic field, there’s been development in the social field.

    David Cameron, British Prime Minister (Tigrian)
    Prime Minister Meles was an inspirational spokesman for Africa on global issues and provided leadership and vision on Somalia and Sudan. His personal contribution to Ethiopia’s development, in particular by lifting millions of Ethiopians out of poverty, has set an example for the region. Our thoughts are with his family and with the nation of Ethiopia. He will be greatly missed.

    Former British Prime Minister Tony Blair (Tigrian)
    It is with great sadness that I learned of Meles Zenawi’s death. He was a hugely significant figure in Ethiopia’s history, in particular helping guide his country from extreme poverty to an era of economic growth and development.
    My deepest condolences go to his family and the people of Ethiopia.

    President Obama (Tigrian)
    Tribute to Meles

    Ambassador Susan Rice (Tigrian)
    More tribute to Meles

    Tabo Mbeki (Tigrian)
    More more tribute to Meles

    President Kageme (Tigrian)
    More, more, more tribute to Meles

    President Museveni (Tigrian)
    Much more tribute

    Bill Gates (Tigrian)
    Much and much more tribute

    the list goes on….I do not think there has been and there will ever be death of any head of state that shocked the whole World like Meles did. Unfortunately, few of Meles’s country men are so intoxicated and blinded by hate. These weird creatures found it too hard to appreciate the wonderful deeds of their own blood and flesh while the whole world grieved by the loss of one of the best leaders this planet has ever seen.

    • Hailemichael November 5, 2012

      That was meles running to biuld his cult!crushing every body who stood on his way systematically even after he came to know about his sickness he couldnt take the time for peace and reconcilation.he was manifacturing “lows” and “Lows” was putting
      inocent citizens in prison with the name of Terror.He was intoxicated and blinded by hate not we Ethiopians.
      Its true he had biger dream than he has achieved (Cult) to be called as you put “one of the best leaders this planet has ever seen”. “but time was short for him.
      He died leaving his two images for those like you put in the list an intelegent,respected….in other side as well known Dictator.
      That was him.

    • Solomon, these foreign people don”t know Meles! They know his fiction economic growth report while in reality he print birr and lead to inflation and people suffering. Some of the Addis/foreign Tigrians who cry now have built big buildings or started investment in any region they want by the money their leader printed and has given them. Your frequent claim that all Ethiopians mourn for him is simply a fairy tale. Evey ppl know ur deceiving and oppression. but they don”t want to scarify at this moment.

  6. abebe Gizaw November 2, 2012

    As usual Mesay shows his articulation on the issues,though I don’t think his reference to medhane as loyal to the weyane regime is accurate. At least his track record point to the contrary: ferociously critical even in adversity.

  7. Wondinet November 2, 2012

    Ethiopia had been colonized by tiny ants for the last 120 years with no mercy and full of cruelty. The neft Amharas who have been in their infant larva stage of administration are cooperated with their British counter parts to ship slaves from their own tribe of Amhara for exampl: run away Amaharas in Burji area of Ethiopia and Mersabet of Kenya from Wolo and anfar area of Ethiopia, including the rest all Ethiopians used as material for sale for many years. These guys never stop trading Ethiopia and Ethiopians, they never stop writing some trash to take us back to the old larva age of administration; but are they real original Ethiopian? The answer is no, and not an Ethiopian by any chance except partes of Zionite Israel who have been enslaved 400 years in Egyptians hand as the result of their freedom from Egyptians, they end up in the innocent country called Ethopi. Yes they never looked alike with Meles, Meles is a true Ethiopian who have been born and died for Ethiopia like Jesus Nazareth. Mr. Mesay What a fu… you did to that country except wounding us and our country? Get the hell out of that country for stupid philosopher f.y! Leave with us peacefully or get f….ed.

  8. @ Solomon,
    This is what you have left. You see how your mind is flouting to across the world. Had it been true, you might not need to list those exaggerated and common sentences that usually delivered when someone dies. It does not show his quality. Whatever you list, whatever you mension as a witness, that stinky frog will never come back again. Thank God for His deeds. He was a horse of Satan. In this regard, Professor Mesay made his point. I am happy to have such great analyst at this point in time. I know you, parrot, will continue with your muddy ideology until the ruling party dismissed like that frog.

  9. Germame Neway November 2, 2012

    I don’t always agree with what Prof Messay writes, and he writes a lot on contemporary Ethiopian politics.But this one is well written by employing a dispassionate discourse as opposed to passion filled(fatal attraction)seldom practiced by herd mentality. It just proved itself here by respondents of this article even one goes as far as providing character witness of very powerful leaders of western powers..forgetting Hitler once was a darling of GB,FRANCE,ITALY AND THE NORDIC STATES until they learned(too late) his true nature.,the evil his regime and cohorts covered up.
    Prof,Mesay did history and yourself a good service to call a spade is a spade.

  10. good article though it may not be pleasant for the privillaged wayanne. I dont mean that they dont know the sufferring of the Ethiopian ppl under this regime but they prefer denial and blaming the victim

    • wondinet November 2, 2012

      Todays Ethiopia we have some problem with silte Gurages who are trying to sell us to Arab of their masters who have been loved them more than any other Etiopian slaves. There is no more jumping into big truck trailer to make more money than ever. Shut up!

  11. SELAMWIT SOLOMON November 3, 2012

    Dr Kebede you nailed it Sir.The So called Woyane Elites like that of Nazi Illites they Sold human intellegence for their narrow Ethnic groupie mentality

    Thank you Sir-Wonderfully Written

  12. With regard to Dr. Medahane Tadesse,though I did not have reasonably adequate time and chance to have kind of observation about the thoroughness of his knowledgebilty, his objectivity and clarity as genuine shcolar is expected to have, I personally had a chance to meet him about a decade ago (through a third person) and carefully listened to his highly inflated way of talking which sounded ‘even if I do not know,I know “type of mentality. Since then, I am one of the readers of his articles and listners of his interviews particularly as the East African analyst on certain media out lets. I remeber that I read his book – Ethio-Erirtean conflict ( I am not sure if that can be called a book in real sense of the term ). There is no doubt that his efffort is appreciated , and his points of views in certain aspects are significantly interesting. But I want to say that he sounds like an analyst who internally suffers from kind of intellectual opportunism especially when it comes to Ethiopian politics and more specifically the politics of TPLF/EPRDF. By the way, by the time I met him, he was an advisor of a foriegn student who was writing his thesis on the “Revolutioary Democracy of FPRDF.” I am not saying that tells something about his view or otherwise. I am just mentioning this to say that that was part of our very short conversation. Anyway, I think Dr.Medahane has to strive more to defeat his unhealthy mentality of dualism and prove himeself that he is an able and credible intellectual.

    With regard to Professor Messay Kebede, it would have been much more helpful if he could focus on his countr-arguement or comment and tell us his analytical views instead of quoting and paraphrasing as wel as trying to make comparison between two view points which are so clumsy to comare.

    I do not think it was and is necessary to waste our time on the very lengthy (20-page)but extremely naive and empty political propaganda by Habtamu.

    Great time to all!1

    • My point refers to medhane,a scholar who is conidered as a chief ideologue of Kinjit inside ethiopia is now categorized as loyal to the Weyane regime by opposition in the diaspora as he mentined some positive aspects but highly critical about Mles. Mesay’sargument begins with a false premise and lands at a disater conclusion.

  13. Spot on MK! Not a word waisted!


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